Tokyo Metro Yūrakuchō Line

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"Yūrakuchō Line" redirects here. For the Seibu Ikebukuro Line's branch line connecting between Kotake-mukaihara and Nerima stations, see Seibu Yūrakuchō Line.
     Tokyo Metro Yūrakuchō Line
Subway TokyoYurakucho.png
Trains of Yurakuchouline.JPG
Yūrakuchō Line EMUs (from left: 10000 series, 07 series, 7000 series)
Overview
Type Heavy rail rapid transit
Locale Tokyo
Termini Wakōshi
Shin-Kiba
Stations 24
Daily ridership 927,104 (2010)[1]
Operation
Opening October 30, 1974
Owner Tokyo Metro
Depot(s) Wakō, Shin-Kiba
Rolling stock 7000 series, 10000 series, Seibu 6000 and 6050 series, Tobu 50070 series
Technical
Line length 28.3 km (17.6 mi)
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification 1,500 V DC overhead catenary
Operating speed 80 km/h (50 mph)
Route map
Yurakucho.png

The Tokyo Metro Yūrakuchō Line (有楽町線 Yūrakuchō-sen?) is a subway line owned and operated by Tokyo Metro. The line connects Wakōshi Station in Wakō, Saitama and Shin-Kiba Station in Kōtō, Tokyo. On maps, diagrams and signboards, the line is shown using the color "gold" (), and its stations are given numbers using the letter Y.

The proper name as given in an annual report of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport is Line No. 8 Yūrakuchō Line (8号線有楽町線 Hachi-gō-sen Yūrakuchō-sen?).[2] According to the Tokyo urban transportation plan, however, it is more complicated. The line number assigned to the section south from Kotake-Mukaihara to Shin-Kiba is Line 8, but that of north of Kotake-Mukaihara to Wakōshi is Line 13, which indicates the section is a portion of Fukutoshin Line which shares the same number.[citation needed]

Services[edit]

The Yūrakuchō Line has inter-running counterparts on its northern side, both of which are "major" Japanese private railway companies in Greater Tokyo. One is the Tōbu Railway at Wakōshi, north to Shinrinkōen. The other is the Seibu Railway at Kotake-Mukaihara with its bypass line Seibu Yūrakuchō Line connecting to its main Ikebukuro Line, through trains north to Kotesashi or Hannō.

According to the Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation, as of June 2009 the Yūrakuchō Line is the fifth most crowded subway line in Tokyo, at its peak running at 173% capacity between Higashi-Ikebukuro and Gokokuji stations.[3]

Semi-express (準急?) services ran on the Yūrakuchō Line between June 14, 2008 and March 6, 2010, operating twice hourly between Wakōshi and Shin-Kiba. Between Wakōshi and Ikebukuro, semi-express trains stopped only at Kotake-Mukaihara; between Ikebukuro and Shin-Kiba, trains stopped at all stations. The semi-express trains ran between rush hours during weekdays and more frequently on weekends and holidays. These services were abolished and replaced with local services on March 6, 2010.[4]

Station list[edit]

Station
Number
Station Japanese Distance (km) Limited
Express
Transfers Location
Between
stations
From Y-01
Y-01 Wakōshi 和光市 - 0.0  [* 1] Subway TokyoFukutoshin.png Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line (F-01) (same tracks)
Tōbu Tōjō Line (some through services)
Wakō Saitama
Y-02 Chikatetsu-Narimasu 地下鉄成増 2.2 2.2 Subway TokyoFukutoshin.png Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line (F-02) (same tracks)
Tōbu Tōjō Line (Narimasu)
Itabashi Tokyo
Y-03 Chikatetsu-Akatsuka 地下鉄赤塚 1.4 3.6 Subway TokyoFukutoshin.png Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line (F-03) (same tracks)
Tōbu Tōjō Line (Shimo-Akatsuka)
Nerima
Y-04 Heiwadai 平和台 1.8 5.4 Subway TokyoFukutoshin.png Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line (F-04) (same tracks)
Y-05 Hikawadai 氷川台 1.4 6.8 Subway TokyoFukutoshin.png Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line (F-05) (same tracks)
Y-06 Kotake-Mukaihara 小竹向原 1.5 8.3 Subway TokyoFukutoshin.png Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line (F-06) (same tracks)
Seibu Yūrakuchō Line (through trains from Ikebukuro)
Y-07 Senkawa 千川 1.0 9.3 Subway TokyoFukutoshin.png Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line (F-07) Toshima
Y-08 Kanamechō 要町 1.0 10.3 Subway TokyoFukutoshin.png Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line (F-08)
Y-09 Ikebukuro 池袋 1.2 11.5 Subway TokyoMarunouchi.png Tokyo Metro Marunouchi Line (M-25), Subway TokyoFukutoshin.png Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line (F-09)
Yamanote Line, Saikyō Line, Shōnan Shinjuku Line
Tōbu Tōjō Line
Seibu Ikebukuro Line
Y-10 Higashi-Ikebukuro 東池袋 0.9 12.4 Toden Arakawa Line (Higashi-Ikebukuro-yon-chōme)
Y-11 Gokokuji 護国寺 1.1 13.5   Bunkyō
Y-12 Edogawabashi 江戸川橋 1.3 14.8  
Y-13 Iidabashi 飯田橋 1.6 16.4 Subway TokyoTozai.png Tokyo Metro Tōzai Line (T-06), Subway TokyoNamboku.png Tokyo Metro Namboku Line (N-10)
Chūō-Sōbu Line
Subway TokyoOedo.png Toei Ōedo Line (E-06)
Shinjuku
Y-14 Ichigaya 市ヶ谷 1.1 17.5 Subway TokyoNamboku.png Tokyo Metro Namboku Line (N-09)
Chūō-Sōbu Line
Subway TokyoShinjuku.png Toei Shinjuku Line (S-04)
Chiyoda
Y-15 Kōjimachi 麹町 0.9 18.4  
Y-16 Nagatachō 永田町 0.9 19.3 Subway TokyoHanzomon.png Tokyo Metro Hanzōmon Line (Z-04), Subway TokyoNamboku.png Tokyo Metro Namboku Line (N-07)
Subway TokyoGinza.png Tokyo Metro Ginza Line at Akasaka-mitsuke (G-05), Subway TokyoMarunouchi.png Tokyo Metro Marunouchi Line at Akasaka-mitsuke (M-13)
Y-17 Sakuradamon 桜田門 0.9 20.2  
Y-18 Yūrakuchō 有楽町 1.0 21.2 Subway TokyoHibiya.png Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line (Hibiya: H-07), Subway TokyoChiyoda.png Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line (Hibiya: C-09)
Yamanote Line, Keihin-Tōhoku Line
Subway TokyoMita.png Toei Mita Line (Hibiya: I-08)
Y-19 Ginza-itchōme 銀座一丁目 0.5 21.7   Chūō
Y-20 Shintomichō 新富町 0.7 22.4  
Y-21 Tsukishima 月島 1.3 23.7 Subway TokyoOedo.png Toei Ōedo Line (E-16)
Y-22 Toyosu 豊洲 1.4 25.1 Yurikamome Kōtō
Y-23 Tatsumi 辰巳 1.7 26.8  
Y-24 Shin-Kiba 新木場 1.5 28.3 Keiyō Line
Rinkai Line
  1. ^ The limited express Romancecar service Bay Resort runs between Shin-Kiba and Hon-Atsugi on the Odakyū Odawara Line two to three times a month, connecting via tracks between Sakuradamon and Kasumigaseki to the Chiyoda Line.

Rolling stock[edit]

All types are operated as 10-car sets.

Tokyo Metro[edit]

Other operators[edit]

Depots[edit]

7000 series undergoing inspection at Shin-Kiba Depot
  • Wakō Depot (和光検車区?) (main depot)
  • Shin-Kiba Depot (新木場検車区?) (responsible for minor inspections; for major ones, EMUs are forwarded to the Ayase Depot (綾瀬車両基地?) on the Chiyoda Line via underground connecting tracks)
  • Shin-Kiba Car Renewal (新木場CR?) (specializes in railcar refurbishment: also used for Chiyoda and Hanzōmon Line railcars)

History[edit]

Sakuradamon Station exit in front of the former Ministry of Justice building
  • October 30, 1974: Ikebukuro - Ginza-itchōme opens.
  • March 27, 1980: Ginza-itchōme - Shintomichō opens.
  • June 24, 1983: Eidan Narimasu (present Chikatetsu Narimasu) - Ikebukuro
  • October 1, 1983: Seibu Railway Seibu Yūrakuchō Line Kotake-Mukaihara - Shin-Sakuradai opened, through operation.
  • August 25, 1987: Wakōshi - Eidan Narimasu. Through service to Tōbu Tōjō Line.
  • June 8, 1988: Shintomichō - Shin-kiba, current line completed.
  • March 18, 1993: 07 series EMUs introduced.
  • December 7, 1994: Quadruple-track from Kotake-Mukaihara to Ikebukuro. New double track section was named "Yūrakuchō New Line", all trains made Ikebukuro their terminus, and did not stop at Senkawa nor Kanamechō. Through service from Shin-Kinba or Ikebukuro (on the New Line) to Nerima on Seibu Yūrakuchō Line due to completion of the line.
  • March 26, 1998: Through operation to Seibu Ikebukuro Line .
  • April 1, 2004: According to its privatization, the management subject changed from Teito Rapid Transit Authority (TRTA, Eidan) to Tokyo Metro.
  • October 31, 2005: Women-only cars introduced.
  • September 1, 2006: 10000 series introduced.
  • May 3, 2008: Limited Express "Bay Resort" (operated first from/to Odakyu Line)
  • June 14, 2008: Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line began service. Yurakuchō New Line annexed to a part of Fukutoshin Line, and Yurakuchō Line share double tracks with Fukutoshin Line between Wakōshi and Kotake-Mukaihara. Semi-Express service started.
  • October 2008: CS-ATC enabled on the Yurakuchō Line.
  • March 6, 2010: Semi-express services abolished.

From 10 September 2012, 10-car 5050-4000 series sets entered revenue service on the Yūrakuchō Line, with inter-running through to the Tobu Tojo Line.[5]

Future developments[edit]

A branch line has been planned since the early 1980s from Toyosu Station, heading north via Kameari Station (on the Jōban Line) to Noda in northwest Chiba Prefecture.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tokyo Metro station ridership in 2010 Train Media (sourced from Tokyo Metro) Retrieved May 28, 2012.
  2. ^ 株式会社電気車研究会・鉄道図書刊行会。鉄道要覧 (Tetsudō Yōran?)。 (Issued every September)
  3. ^ Metropolis, "Commute", June 12, 2009, p. 07. Capacity is defined as all passengers having a seat or a strap or door railing to hold on to.
  4. ^ 3月6日(土)有楽町線・副都心線のダイヤ改正 (Japanese) February 3, 2010. Accessed March 6, 2010.
  5. ^ "東急5050系4000番台が東武東上線・地下鉄有楽町線で営業運転開始" [Tokyu 5050-4000 series enters service on the Tobu Tojo Line and Tokyo Metro Yurakucho Line]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 11 September 2012. Retrieved 11 September 2012. 
  6. ^ 平成22年度予算案プレス発表(仮称)江東区地下鉄8号線建設基金を創設 (Japanese)
  • Shaw, Dennis and Morioka, Hisashi, "Tokyo Subways", published 1992 by Hoikusha Publishing

External links[edit]