Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building
東京都庁舎
TokyoMetropolitanGovernmentOffice.jpg
The building in August 2005
General information
Status Complete
Type Prefecture building
Location Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan
Coordinates 35°41′23″N 139°41′32″E / 35.68972°N 139.69222°E / 35.68972; 139.69222Coordinates: 35°41′23″N 139°41′32″E / 35.68972°N 139.69222°E / 35.68972; 139.69222
Construction started April 1988
Completed December 1990
Opening April 1991
Cost ¥157 billion
Owner Tokyo Metropolitan Government
Height
Roof 242.9 meters [797 ft]
Technical details
Floor count 48
Floor area 195,764 m2 [2,107,190 sq ft]
Design and construction
Architect Kenzo Tange
Structural engineer Kiyoshi Mutō
Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building 2012.JPG

The Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building (東京都庁舎 Tōkyō-to Chōsha?), also referred to as Tokyo City Hall or Tochō (都庁?) for short, houses the headquarters of the Tokyo Metropolitan Government, which governs not only the 23 wards, but also the cities, towns and villages that make up Tokyo as a whole.

Located in Shinjuku, the building consists of a complex of three structures, each taking up a city block. The tallest and most prominent of the three is Tokyo Metropolitan Main building No.1, a tower 48 stories tall that splits into two sections at the 33rd floor. The building also has three levels below ground. The design of the building (which was meant to resemble a computer chip[1]), by architect Kenzo Tange (and associates), has many symbolic touches, most notably the aforementioned split which re-creates the look of a Gothic cathedral.

The other two buildings in the complex are the eight-story Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly Building (including one underground floor) and Tokyo Metropolitan Main Building No.2, which has 37 stories including three below ground.

The two panoramic observation decks, one in each tower on floor 45 (202 meters [663 ft] high), are free of charge to the public and contain gift shops and cafes.[2]

History[edit]

The building was finished in December 1990 at the expense of ¥157 billion (about US$ 1 billion) of public money. It replaced the former Tokyo City Hall at Yūrakuchō which was built in 1957 and designed by Kenzo Tange (who also designed the said successor building). The former Tokyo City Hall is now the site of the Tokyo International Forum.

The building held the title of the tallest building (by roof height) in Tokyo, at 243 meters [797 ft],[3] from 1990 to late 2006, when it surrendered its title upon the completion of Midtown Tower.

Though it has not gained the same degree of worldwide recognition as Tokyo Tower or Tokyo Skytree, the Metropolitan Government Building has come to represent the city in its own right. It frequently appears in Japanese science fiction as a symbol of authority or, often, serving as the basis of type scenes depicting a futuristic or post-apocalyptic Shinjuku.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kenzo Tange: Multifaceted Colossus Who Mirrored the Era (in Japanese). Nikkei Architecture - Nikkei BP. 2005. p. 118. ISBN 4-8222-0476-6. 
  2. ^ "TMG Offices Observatories". Tokyo Metropolitan Government. Retrieved 16 November 2010. 
  3. ^ "Two International Masters", ArchitectureWeek No. 235, 2005.0413, pN1.1.

External links[edit]

Records
Preceded by
Sunshine 60
Tallest building in Japan
243 m (797 ft)
1990–1993
Succeeded by
Yokohama Landmark Tower
Tallest building in Tokyo
243 m (797 ft)
1990–2007
Succeeded by
Midtown Tower