National Olympic Stadium (Tokyo)

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National Stadium
Kokuritsu Kyōgijō
Yamazaki-nabisco-Cup final 2004.jpg
Location 10-2, Kasumigaoka-machi, Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan
Owner Japan Sport Council
Capacity 48,000 (seated)
57,363
Record attendance 80,000 (L'Arc-en-Ciel, 21–22 March 2014)
Field size 105 × 68 m
Surface Grass
Construction
Opened 1958
Closed 2014
Construction cost 1 billion USD (2019 reconstruction)
Architect Mitsuo Katayama
Tenants
1958 Asian Games
1964 Summer Olympics
1980–2001 Intercontinental Cup
1991 World Championships in Athletics
1976–1993 Coca-Cola Classic
1967-Present Emperor Cup (finals venue)
Japanese Super Cup
2019 Rugby World Cup
2020 Summer Olympics
2020 Summer Paralympics

National Stadium (国立霞ヶ丘陸上競技場 Kokuritsu Kasumigaoka Rikujō Kyogijō?), is a stadium in Kasumigaoka, Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan. The stadium served as the main stadium for the opening and closing ceremonies, as well as being the venue for track and field events at the 1964 Summer Olympic Games. The Japan national football team's home matches and major football club cup finals are currently held at the stadium.

The current stadium, which opened in 1958 is planned to be demolished in 2015. The site will be redeveloped with a new larger-capacity National Olympic Stadium designed by architect Zaha Hadid.[1] The new stadium is set to be the main venue for the 2020 Summer Olympics and Paralympic Games, as well as the 2019 Rugby World Cup.

History[edit]

The stadium was completed in 1958 as the Japanese National Stadium on the site of the former Meiji Shrine Outer Park Stadium. Its first major event was the 1958 Asian Games.

The venue was unscathed by the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami. Yasuhiro Nakamori, international relations director for the Japanese Olympic Committee, told Around the Rings he attributes the lack of damage to Japan's stringent building codes.[2]

Redevelopment[edit]

After Tokyo submitted their bid for the 2020 Summer Olympics, there had been talk of possibly renovating or reconstructing the National Olympic Stadium. The stadium would host the opening and closing ceremonies as well as track and field events.[3] It was confirmed in February 2012 that the stadium would be reconstructed and redeveloped, and receive a $1 billion upgrade.

In November 2012, renderings of the new national stadium were revealed. The new national stadium will be built to a design by architect Zaha Hadid. It is planned that the existing stadium is to be demolished in 2015 and the new one completed in March 2019.[4]

The new stadium will be the Tokyo 2020 venue for athletics, rugby and certain football finals, as well as the opening and closing ceremonies.[5] It will also be the main venue for the 2019 Rugby World Cup.

Events[edit]

In addition to the 1964 Summer Olympics, the stadium has held many other significant events, most notably the 1991 World Athletics Championships, the Mirage Bowl games from 1976–1993, and the Intercontinental Cup (Toyota Cup) from 1980–2001. As the National Stadium of Japan, the Japan national football team has home games at the venue, which also hosts the final game of the Emperor's Cup on New Year's Day, and the J. League Cup in November, as well as the Fuji Xerox Cup in the end of February or early March, every year. It is also the venue, every year in early January, for the semifinals and final of the All Japan High School Soccer Tournament, which is commonly known as Winter Kokuritsu.

The stadium's official capacity is currently 57,363, but the real capacity is only 48,000 seats. Rugby games are also played at this venue, including the annual university rugby semi-finals and finals, as the nearby Chichibunomiya Rugby Stadium's capacity is insufficient for the number of student fans the event attracts.

As of 2014, many groups have held concerts at the National Stadium. By order of appearance they are: SMAP, Dreams Come True, Arashi,[6] L'Arc-en-Ciel,[7][8] Momoiro Clover Z, and AKB48.

With pending renovations to prepare the stadium for the 2020 Olympics, a special farewell concert『Sayonara National Olympic Stadium Final Week Japan Night』consisting of 13 acts was held on May 28 and 29.[9]

Artists performing on the 28th(Yell for Japan):Ikimono-gakari, Ukasukajī(Kazutoshi Sakurai & GAKU-MC), Kaori Kishitani, The Gospellers, Kazuyoshi Saito, Sukima Switch, Naoto Inti Raymi, Funky Kato, Yuzu

Artists performing on the 29th(JAPAN to the World):SEKAI NO OWARI, Perfume, Man with a Mission, L'Arc〜en〜Ciel

Access[edit]

Access to the stadium is from Sendagaya or Shinanomachi stations along the JR Chūō-Sōbu Line; from Kokuritsu Kyogijo Station on the Toei Oedo Line; and from Gaienmae Station on the Tokyo Metro Ginza Line.

See also Yoyogi National Gymnasium

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Stadio Olimpico
Rome
Summer Olympics
Opening and Closing Ceremonies (National Stadium)

1964
Succeeded by
Estadio Olímpico Universitario
Mexico City
Preceded by
Stadio Olimpico
Rome
Olympic Athletics competitions
Main Venue

1964
Succeeded by
Estadio Olímpico Universitario
Mexico City
Preceded by
Stadio Flaminio
Rome
Summer Olympics
Football Men's Finals (National Stadium)

1964
Succeeded by
Estadio Azteca
Mexico City
Preceded by
Two-legged
finals
Intercontinental Cup
Final Venue

1980–2001
Succeeded by
International Stadium Yokohama
Yokohama
Preceded by
Vacant
( Two-legged finals )
AFC Champions League
Final Venue

2009, 2010
Succeeded by
Jeonju World Cup Stadium
Preceded by
Estádio do Maracanã
Rio de Janeiro
Summer Olympics
Opening and Closing Ceremonies (National Stadium)

2020
Succeeded by
TBA

Coordinates: 35°40′41″N 139°42′53″E / 35.67806°N 139.71472°E / 35.67806; 139.71472