Tokyo Toden

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"Toden" redirects here. For the electry utility also known as Tōden, see Tokyo Electric Power Company.
Toden cars crossing

The Tokyo Toden (東京都電 Tōkyō Toden?) or simply Toden, is the streetcar network of Tokyo, Japan. Of all its former routes, only one, the Toden Arakawa Line, remains in service. The Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation operates the Toden. The formal legal name is Tokyo-to Densha. Its nickname, "Toden," distinguished it from the "Kokuden" (electrified lines of the Japanese National Railways).

History[edit]

At its peak, the Toden system boasted 41 routes with 213 kilometers of track. However, the increase in reliance on automobile traffic resulted in reductions in ridership, and from 1967 to 1972, 181 km of track were abandoned as the Bureau changed its emphasis to bus and subway modes of transportation.

  • 1903: The Tokyo Horse-drawn Railway changed its motive power to electricity and, under the name Tokyo Electric Railway (or Tōden, 東電) commenced operations between Shinagawa and Shinbashi.
  • 1904: The Tokyo Electric Railway (Sotobori Line) connecting Shinbashi Station and Ochanomizu opened.
  • 1905: The three companies published the "Tokyo Geography Education Streetcar Song" to promote knowledge of the geography of Tokyo.
  • 1906: The three companies merged to form the Tokyo Railways.
  • 1911: Tokyo City purchased the Tokyo Railways, established its Electric Bureau, and inaugurated the Tokyo City Streetcar (東京市電) system.
  • 1911–1922: The streetcar network expands, with various new companies and lines serving areas in the city and to the west.
  • 1933: The route from Shinagawa Station to North Shinagawa Station is abandoned.
  • 1933–1943: New companies, mergers, and realignments alter the network.
  • 1943: Tokyo City is abolished and the larger Tokyo Prefecture assumes its administrative functions. The Tokyo City Streetcar bureau becomes the Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation.
  • 1944: Service is stopped on nine segments.
  • 1952: The segment of the Imai Line between Higashi Arakawa and Imaibashi Stations was replaced with trolley buses.
  • 1953, 1961: Two segments (one in Shinjuku and the other connecting Shinbashi Station and Shiodome) stop operating.
  • 1967–1972: A plan for financial restructuring is put into effect in seven stages, resulting in the closing of routes.
  • 1974: A plan for abandoning the remaining track is cancelled. The remaining routes are consolidated into a single line, named the Arakawa Line.
  • 1978: One-man operation begins.
  • 1990: The 8500 Series rolling stock is introduced. It is the first new design in 28 years.
  • 2000: A new station, Arakawa Itchūmae, opens between two existing stations.
  • 2007 (projected): 9000 Series rolling stock is scheduled for introduction.

Former lines[edit]

Lines[edit]

This is the list of former lines, listed according to their official names. Correspnding routes are those of 1962. The first section of the lines opened in the listed opening years, while the last section of the lines closed in the listed closing years.

Lines primary made by Tōkyō Electric Railway (Tōden)[edit]

  • Azumabashi Line; Route 24 and 30.
Ueno-Ekimae — Honjo-Azumabashi
1904 — 1972
  • Hondōri Line; Route 1, 4, 19, 22 and 40.
Shimbashi — Sudachō
1903 — 1971
  • Kanasugi Line; Route 1 and 4.
Mita — Shimbashi
1903 — 1969
  • Kuramae Line; Route 22 and 31.
Kaminarimon — Asakusabashi
1904 — 1971
  • Muromachi Line; Route 22 and 31.
Asakusabashi — Marunouchi-Itchōme
1904 — 1971
  • Shinagawa Line; Route 1, 3 and 7.
Kita-Shinagawa — Mita
1903 — 1967
Trains from the Keihin Electric Railway (the current Keihin Electric Express Railway) directly entered a section from Shinagawa Station to Kita-Shinagawa Station.
  • Ueno Line; Route 1, 19, 20, 24, 30, 37 and 40.
Sudachō — Ueno-Ekimae
1903 — 1972

Lines primary made by Tōkyō Urban Railway[edit]

  • Aoyama Line; Route 6, 9 and 10.
Miyakezaka — Shibuya-Ekimae
Circa 1904 — 1968
  • Bammachi Line; Route 10.
Hanzōmon — Kudanshita
Circa 1905 — 1963
  • Chiyodabashi Line; Route 15, 28 and 38.
Ōtemachi — Eitaibashi
Circa 1904 — 1972
  • Edogawa Line; Route 15 and 39.
Kudanshita — Waseda
Circa 1905 — 1968
  • Hamachō Line
Ningyōchō — Ryōgoku
Circa 1904 — 1944
  • Hanzōmon Line; Route 8, 9, 10 and 11.
Hibiya-Kōen — Hanzōmon
1903 — 1968
  • Hongō Line; Route 19.
Circa Sudachō — Hakusan-ue
1904 — 1971
  • Hōraibashi Line
Miharabashi — Hōraibashi
Circa 1904 — circa 1909
  • Ichigaya Line; Route 12.
Circa 1905 — 1970
  • Kandabashi Line; Route 2, 5, 15, 25, 35 and 37.
Hibiya-Kōen — Ogawamachi
1903 — 1968
  • Kiridōshi Line; Route 16 and 39.
Bunkyō-Kuyakusho-mae — Ueno-Hirokōji
Circa 1904 — 1971
  • Kōtōbashi Line; Route 25, 29 and 38.
Ryōgoku-Nichōme — Kinshibori
Circa 1905 — 1972
  • Kudan Line; Route 10, 12 and 15.
Ogawamachi — Kudanshita
Circa 1904 — 1970
  • Mita Line; Route 2, 5, 35 and 37.
Mita — Hibiya-Kōen
Circa 1904 — 1968
  • Narihira Line; Route 16, 23 and 24.
Midorichō-Itchōme — Fukujimbashi
Narihirabashi — Asakusa-Ekimae (the current Tōbu Narihirabashi Station.)
Circa 1905 — 1972
  • Ryōgokubashi Line; Route 10, 12, 25 and 29.
Ogawamachi — Ryōgoku-Nichōme
1903 — 1972
  • Shinjuku Line; Route 11, 12 and 13.
Hanzōmon — Shinjuku-Ekimae
1903 — 1970
  • Suzaki Line; Route 28 and 38.
Eitaibashi — Tōyō-Kōen-mae
Fukushimabashi (Eitai-Nichōme) — Kamezumichō (Fukagawa-Itchōme)
Circa 1904 — 1972
  • Toranomon Line; Route 3 and 8.
Sakuradamon — Kamiyachō
Toranomon — Reinanzaka
Circa 1905 — 1968
  • Tsukiji Line; Route 8, 9, 11 and 36.
Hibiya-Kōen — Kayabachō (— Ningyōchō)
1903 — 1971
  • Umayabashi Line; Route 16 and 39.
Ueno-Hirokōji — Honjo-Itchōme
Circa 1905 — 1971

Lines primary made by Tōkyō Electric Railway (Sotobori Line)[edit]

  • Dobashi Line; Route 17.
Shin-Tokiwabashi — Shimbashi-eki-Kitaguchi
Circa 1904 — 1968
  • Hiroo Line; Route 7.
Aoyama-Itchōme — Tengenjibashi
Circa 1905 — 1969
  • Hōraibashi Line; Route 6.
Miharabashi — Toranomon
Circa 1905 — 1967
  • Nishikichō Line
Ochanomizu — Shin-Tokiwabashi
Circa 1904 — 1944
  • Ochanomizu Line; Route 13 and 19.
Iidabashi — Akihabara-eki-Higashiguchi
Circa 1905 — 1971
  • Shinanomachi Line; Route 7 and 33.
Yotsuya-Sanchōme — Kita-Aoyama-Itchōme
Circa 1905 — 1969
  • Tameike Line; Route 3 and 6.
Toranomon — Yotsuya-Mitsuke
Circa 1905 — 1967
  • Ushigome Line; Route 3 and 12.
Yotsuya-Mitsuke — Iidabashi
Circa 1905 — 1970

Lines primary made by Tōkyō Railways[edit]

  • Furukawa Line; Route 4, 5, 7, 8 and 34.
Tengenjibashi — Kanasugibashi
Circa 1910 — 1969
Near Ichinohashi, the tracks ran on the center lane of the roadways.
  • Hakusan Line; Route 2, 18 and 35.
Bunkyō-Kuyakusho-mae — Hakusan-ue
Circa 1910 — 1968
  • Izumibashi Line; Route 13 and 21.
Doshūbashi — Ueno-Ekimae
Circa 1910 — 1970
On Shōwa Street near Ueno Station, the tracks ran on the center lane of the roadways.
  • Minowa Line; Route 21 and 31
Circa 1910 — 1969
  • Ōtsuka Line; Route 16 and 17.
Denzūin-mae — Ōtsuka-Ekimae
Circa 1910 — 1971
  • Senju Line; Route 22.
Komagata-Nichōme — Minami-Senju
Circa 1910 — 1971
  • Sugamo Line; Route 2, 18 and 35.
Hakusan-ue — Sugamo-Shako-mae
Circa 1910 — 1968
  • Suidōbashi Line; Route 2, 17, 18 and 35.
Shin-Tokiwabashi — Bunkyō-Kuyakusho-mae
Circa 1910 — 1968
  • Takahashi Line; Route 23.
Monzen-Nakachō — Midorichō-Itchōme
Circa 1910 — 1972
  • Tomisaka Line; Route 16, 17 and 39.
Ōmagari — Bunkyō-Kuyakusho-mae
Circa 1910 — 1971

Lines made by Ōji Electric Tramway[edit]

  • Akabane Line; Route 27.
Ōji-Ekimae — Akabane
1926 — 1972
  • Arakawa Line; Route 27 and 32.
Kumanomae — Ōji-Ekimae
1913 — still operational
The current Arakawa Line.
  • Mikawashima Line; Route 27.
Minowabashi — Kumanomae
1913 — still operational
The current Arakawa Line.
  • Takinogawa Line; Route 32.
Ōji-Ekimae — Ōtsuka-Ekimae
1911 — still operational
The current Arakawa Line.
  • Waseda Line; Route 32.
Ōtsuka-Ekimae — Waseda
1925 — still operational
The current Arakawa Line.

Lines made by Jōtō Electric Tramway[edit]

  • Ichinoe Line; Route 26.
Higashi-Arakawa — Imaibashi
1925 — 1952
Commonly called Imai Line. An isolated line with no transfer stations to other lines in the network.
  • Komatsugawa Line; Route 25, 29 and 38.
Kinshibori — Nishi-Arakawa
1917 — 1972
On the Keiyō Road near Kameido Station, the tracks ran on the center lane of the roadways.
  • Sunamachi Line; Route 29 and 38.
Suijimmori — Suzaki
1921 — 1972

Lines made by Tamagawa Electric Railway[edit]

  • Naka-Meguro Line; Route 8.
Shibuyabashi — Naka-Meguro
  • Tengenjibashi Line; Route 8 and 34.
Shibuya-Ekimae — Tengenjibashi

Lines made by the former Seibu Railway[edit]

They were the only lines with a gauge of 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in). The rest of the network had a gauge of 1,372 mm (4 ft 6 in).

  • Kōenji Line; Route 14.
Shinjuku-Ekimae — Kōenji-Itchōme
1921 — 1963
Commonly called Suginami Line.
  • Ogikubo Line; Route 14.
Kōenji-Itchōme — Ogikubo-Ekimae
1921 — 1963
Commonly called Suginami Line.

Other lines[edit]

  • Asukayama Line; Route 19.
Komagome-Ekimae — Asukayama
Circa 1920 — 1971
  • Awajimachi Line; Route 37.
Awajimachi — Soto-Kanda-Sanchōme
Circa 1920 — 1967
  • Dōzaka Line; Route 20, 37 and 40.
Ueno-Kōen — Sengoku-Itchōme
Late 1910s — 1971
Ueno-Kōen-mae — Nezu-Itchōme (the line along the edge of Shinobazu Pond) ran on its own right-of-way.
  • Ebisu Line
Tengenjibashi — Ebisu-Chōjamaru
1913 — 1944
Also called Toyosawa Line, or Tengenji Line.
  • Fudanotsuji Line; Route 3 and 8.
Iikura-Itchōme — Fudanotsuji
Circa 1912 — 1967
  • Gokokuji Line; Route 17 and 20.
Sengoku-Itchōme — Gokokuji-mae
Circa 1920 — 1971
  • Gotanda Line; Route 4.
Seishōkō-mae — Gotanda-Ekimae
Late 1920s — 1967
  • Hatchōbori Line; Route 5.
Baba-Sakimon — Eitaibashi
Circa 1920 — 1967
  • Ikebukuro Line; Route 17.
Gokokuji-mae — Ikebukuro-Ekimae
Early 1930s — 1969
  • Isarago Line; Route 4, 5 and 7.
Furukawabashi — Sengakuji
Circa 1912 — 1969
  • Ishiwara Line; Route 16.
Ishiwarachō-Itchōme — Kinshichō-Ekimae (Kitaguchi)
Taiheichō-Sanchōme — Kameido-Tenjimbashi
Late 1920s — 1971
  • Itabashi Line; Route 18 and 41.
Sugamo-Shako-mae — Itabashi-Ekimae
Late 1920s — 1966
Sometimes included to Shimura Line.
  • Kachidokibashi Line; Route 11.
Tsukiji-Tsukishima
1947 — 1968
  • Kasaibashi Line; Route 29.
Sakaigawa — Kasaibashi
Early 1940s — 1972
  • Kasumichō Line; Route 6.
Tameike — Minami-Aoyama-Gochōme
Late 1910s — 1967
  • Kita-Senju Line; Route 21.
Senju-Ōhashi — Senju-Yonchōme
Late 1920s — 1968
  • Komagome Line; Route 19.
Mukōgaoka-Nichōme — Komagome-Ekimae
Late 1910s — 1971
  • Marunouchi Line; Route 28 and 31.
Marunouchi-Itchōme — Tochō-mae
Circa 1920 — 1969
  • Meguro Line; Route 4 and 5.
Gyoranzaka-shita — Meguro-Ekimae
Circa 1912 — 1967
  • Mukōjima Line; Route 30.
Honjo-Azumabashi — Higashi-Mukōjima-Nichōme
Late 1920s — 1969
  • Otowa Line; Route 20.
Gokokuji-mae — Yaraishita
Late 1920s — 1971
  • Roppongi Line; Route 3, 8 and 33.
Hamamatsuchō-Itchōme — Kita-Aoyama-Itchōme
1912 — 1969
  • Ryōgoku-eki Leading Line; Route 12.
Ryōgoku-Nichōme — Ryōgoku-Ekimae
1923 — 1968
  • Sarue Line; Route 28 and 36.
Kinshichō-Ekimae (Minamiguchi) — Tōyō-Kōen-mae
Late 1920s — 1972
  • Senzoku Line; Route 31.
Kuramae-Itchōme — Minowa-Shako-mae
Circa 1920 — 1969
  • Shibaura Line
Tōkyō-Kōguchi — Shibaura-Nichōme
1910 — 1969; The passenger service started from 1920s.
  • Shimura Line; Route 18 and 41.
Itabashi-Ekimae — Shimurabashi
Early 1940s — 1966
  • Shin-Ōhashi Line; Route 9 and 36.
Kayabachō — Sumiyoshichō-Nichōme
Circa 1912 — 1971
  • Totsuka Line; Route 15.
Takadanobaba-Ekimae — Omokagebashi
? — 1968; The opening year unknown.
  • Tsukishima Line; Route 23.
Monzen-Nakachō — Tsukishima
Circa 1920 — 1972
  • Tsunohazu Line; Route 13.
Iidabashi — Yotsuya-Sankōchō
Circa 1912 — 1970

Routes[edit]

As of 1962, there were 41 routes in operation; the largest number in Japanese history.

Route 1
Shinagawa-Ekimae — Shinagawa Line — Kanasugi Line — Hondōri Line — Ueno Line — Ueno-Ekimae
Route 2
Mita — Mita Line — Kandabashi Line — Suidōbashi Line — Hakusan Line — Sugamo Line — Tōyō-Daigaku-mae
Route 3
Shinagawa-Ekimae — Shinagawa Line — Fudanotsuji Line — Roppongi Line — Toranomon Line — Tameike Line — Ushigome Line — Iidabashi
Route 4
Gotanda-Ekimae — Gotanda Line — Meguro Line — Isarago Line — Furukawa Line — Kanasugi Line — Hondōri Line — Ginza-Nichōme
Route 5
Meguro-Ekimae — Meguro Line — Isarago Line — Furukawa Line — Mita Line — Kandabashi Line — Hatchōbori Line — Eitaibashi
Route 6
Shibuya-Ekimae — Aoyama Line — Kasumichō Line — Tameike Line — Hōraibashi Line — Shimbashi
Route 7
Yotsuya-Sanchōme — Shinanomachi Line — Hiroo Line — Furukawa Line — Isarago Line — Shinagawa Line — Shinagawa-Ekimae
Route 8
Naka-Meguro — Naka-Meguro Line — Tengenjibashi Line — Furukawa Line — Fudanotsuji Line — Roppongi Line — Toranomon Line — Hanzōmon Line — Tsukiji Line — Tsukiji
Route 9
Shibuya-Ekimae — Aoyama Line — Hanzōmon Line — Tsukiji Line — Shin-Ōhashi Line — Hamachō-Nakanohashi
Route 10
Shibuya-Ekimae — Aoyama Line — Hanzōmon Line — Bammachi Line — Kudanshita Line — Ryōgokubashi Line — Sudachō
Route 11
Shinjuku-Ekimae — Shinjuku Line — Hanzōmon Line — Tsukiji Line — Kachidokibashi Line — Tsukishima
Route 12
Shinjuku-Ekimae — Shinjuku Line — Ushigome Line — Ichigaya Line — Kudan Line — Ryōgokubashi Line — Ryōgoku-eki Leading Line — Ryōgoku-Ekimae
Route 13
Shinjuku-Ekimae — Shinjuku Line — Tsunohazu Line — Ochanomizu Line — Izumibashi Line — Suitengū-mae
Route 14
Shinjuku-Ekimae — Kōenji Line — Ogikubo Line — Ogikubo-Ekimae
Route 15
Takadanobaba-Ekimae — Totsuka Line — Waseda Line — Edogawa Line — Kudan Line — Kandabashi Line — Chiyodabashi Line — Kayabachō
Route 16
Ōtsuka-Ekimae — Ōtsuka Line — Tomisaka Line — Kiridōshi Line — Umayabashi Line — Narihira Line — Ishiwara Line — Kinshichō-Ekimae
Route 17
Ikebukuro-Ekimae — Ikebukuro Line — Gokokuji Line — Ōtsuka Line — Tomisaka Line — Suidōbashi Line — Dobashi Line — Sukiyabashi
Route 18
Shimura-Sakaue — Shimura Line — Itabashi Line — Sugamo Line — Hakusan Line — Suidōbashi Line — Kandabashi
Route 19
Ōji-Ekimae — Takinogawa Line — Asukayama Line — Komagome Line — Hongō Line — Ochanomizu Line — Ueno Line — Hondōri Line — Tōri-Sanchōme
Route 20
Edogawabashi — Otowa Line — Gokokuji Line — Dōzaka Line — Ueno Line — Sudachō
Route 21
Senju-Yonchōme — Kita-Senju Line — Minowa Line — Izumibashi Line — Suitengū-mae
Route 22
Minami-Senju — Senju Line — Kuramae Line — Muromachi Line — Hondōri Line — Shimbashi
Route 22 Temporal
Kaminarimon — Kuramae Line — Muromachi Line — Hondōri Line — Shimbashi
The branch route was treated as a temporal route.
Route 23
Fukujimbashi — Narihira Line — Takahashi Line — Tsukishima Line — Tsukishima
Route 24
Fukujimbashi — Narihira Line — Azumabashi Line — Ueno Line — Sudachō
Route 25
Nishi-Arakawa — Komatsugawa Line — Kōtōbashi Line — Ryōgokubashi Line — Kandabashi Line — Hibiya-Kōen
Route 26
Higashi-Arakawa — Ichinoe Line — Imaibashi
Already discontinued in 1952.
Route 27
Minowabashi — Mikawashima Line — Arakawa Line — Akabane Line — Akabane
Route 28
Kinshichō-Ekimae — Sarue Line — Suzaki Line — Chiyodabashi Line — Marunouchi Line — Tochō-mae
Route 29
Kasaibashi — Kasaibashi Line — Sunamachi Line — Komatsugawa Line — Kōtōbashi Line — Ryōgokubashi Line — Sudachō
Route 29 Temporal
Kasaibashi — Kasaibashi Line — Sunamachi Line — Suzaki Line — Chiyodabashi Line — Nihombashi
The temporal route operated at morning and evening.
Route 30
Higashi-Mukōjima-Nichōme — Mukōjima Line — Azumabashi Line — Ueno Line — Sudachō
Route 31
Minowabashi — Mikawashima Line — Senzoku Line — Kuramae Line — Muromachi Line — Marunouchi Line — Tochō-mae
Route 32
Arakawa-Shako-mae — Arakawa Line — Takinogawa Line — Waseda Line — Waseda
Route 33
Yotsuya-Sanchōme — Shinanomachi Line — Roppongi Line — Hamamatsuchō-Itchōme
Route 34
Shibuya-Ekimae — Tengenjibashi Line — Tengenjibashi
Route 35
Sugamo-Shako-mae — Sugamo Line — Hakusan Line — Suidōbashi Line — Kandabashi Line — Mita Line — Nishi-Shimbashi-Itchōme
Route 36
Kinshichō-Ekimae — Sarue Line — Shin-Ōhashi Line — Tsukiji Line — Tsukiji
Route 37
Mita — Mita Line — Kandabashi Line — Ryōgokubashi Line — Awajichō Line — Ueno Line — Dōzaka Line — Sendagi-Nichōme
Route 38
Kishinbori-Shako-mae — Kōtōbashi Line — Komatsugawa Line — Sunamachi Line — Suzaki Line — Chiyodabashi Line — Nihombashi
Route 39
Waseda — Edogawa Line — Tomisaka Line — Kiridōshi Line — Umayabashi Line — Umayabashi
Route 40
Shimmeichō-Shako-mae — Dōzaka Line — Ueno Line — Hondōri Line — Ginza-Nanachōme
Route 41
Shimurabashi — Shimura Line — Itabashi Line — Sugamo-Shako-mae

See also[edit]