Toldi (tank)

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Toldi
Toldi I tank kub.jpg
Type Light tank
Place of origin  Hungary
Service history
Used by  Kingdom of Hungary
Wars World War II
Production history
Number built 202
Specifications
Weight 8.5 t (I), 9.3 t (IIa)
Length 4.75 m (15 ft 7 in)
Width 2.14 m (7 ft 0 in)
Height 1.87 m (6 ft 2 in)
Crew 3

Armour (maximum) 20 mm (Toldi I), 35 mm (Toldi II)
Main
armament
20 mm gun (Toldi I and II)
40 mm gun (Toldi IIa and III)
Secondary
armament
1 x 8 mm machine gun
Engine Bussing-Nag V8 cylinder 7.9 litres
155 bhp
Operational
range
200 km (120 mi)
Speed 47 km/h (29 mph) on road

The Toldi was the Hungarian light tank, based on the Swedish Landsverk L-60B tank. It was named after the 14th century Hungarian knight Miklós Toldi.

Production history[edit]

The 38M Toldi was produced and developed under license from Swedish company AB Landsverk between 1939 and 1942. Only 202 were produced.

Variants[edit]

  • Toldi I (k.hk. A20) - first variant armed with 20 mm gun, 80 made.
  • Toldi II (k.hk. B20) - variant with thicker front armour, 110 made.
  • Toldi IIa (k.hk. B40) - modification developed in 1942, armed with 40 mm gun - 80 tanks of earlier variant were rearmed this way.
  • Toldi III (k.hk. C40) - improved variant, only 12 made.

Combat history[edit]

Toldi tanks entered Hungarian service in 1940. They first saw action with the Hungarian Army against Yugoslavia in 1941.

These tanks were mostly used against the USSR between 1941-1944. Because of their light armour, armament and good communications equipment, they were mostly used for reconnaissance. The design was no match against Soviet T-34 medium tanks encountered during the early stages of Operation Barbarossa.

Survivors[edit]

Two known surviving 38M Toldi tanks (one Toldi I and one Toldi IIa) are preserved on display at the Kubinka Tank Museum. The Irish defense forces have a Toldi light tank that is working, one of two that they have and the other is in the National Museum in Colin's Barracks, located in Dublin 7, Ireland.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]