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38M Toldi (Toldi I variant)
|Place of origin||Hungary|
|Used by||Kingdom of Hungary|
|Wars||World War II|
|Variants||Toldi I, Toldi II, Toldi IIa, Toldi III|
|Weight||Toldi I: 8.5 t
Toldi IIa: 9.3 t
|Length||4.75 m (15 ft 7 in)|
|Width||2.14 m (7 ft 0 in)|
|Height||1.87 m (6 ft 2 in)|
|Armour||Toldi I: 20 mm maximum
Toldi II: 35 mm
|20 mm gun (Toldi I and Toldi II)
40 mm gun (Toldi IIa and Toldi III)
|1x 8 mm machine gun|
|Engine||Bussing-Nag V8 7.9 litres
|200 km (120 mi)|
|Speed||47 km/h (29 mph) on road|
The 38M Toldi was produced and developed under license from Swedish company AB Landsverk between 1939 and 1942. Only 202 were produced.
- Toldi I (k.hk. A20) - first variant armed with 20 mm gun, 80 made.
- Toldi II (k.hk. B20) - variant with thicker front armour, 110 made.
- Toldi IIa (k.hk. B40) - modification developed in 1942, armed with 40 mm gun - 80 tanks of earlier variant were rearmed this way.
- Toldi III (k.hk. C40) - improved variant, only 12 made.
These tanks were mostly used against the USSR between 1941-1944. Because of their light armour, armament and good communications equipment, they were mostly used for reconnaissance. The design was no match against Soviet T-34 medium tanks encountered during the early stages of Operation Barbarossa.
Two known surviving 38M Toldi tanks (one Toldi I and one Toldi IIa) are preserved on display at the Kubinka Tank Museum. The Irish defense forces have a Toldi light tank that is working, one of two that they have and the other is in the National Museum in Colin's Barracks, located in Dublin 7, Ireland.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Toldi (tank).|
- Hungary's Toldi Tank at wwiivehicles.com