The city hall building in Toledo
Location in Oregon
|• Mayor||Ralph Grutzmacher|
|• Total||6.24 km2 (2.41 sq mi)|
|• Land||5.65 km2 (2.18 sq mi)|
|• Water||0.60 km2 (0.23 sq mi)|
|Elevation||18.0 m (59 ft)|
|• Estimate (2012)||3,462|
|• Density||613.7/km2 (1,589.4/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||1151301|
Toledo is a city located on the Yaquina River and along U.S. Route 20 in Lincoln County, Oregon, United States. The population was 3,465 at the 2010 census. The city is a 2009 All-America City Award finalist.
The modern town of Toledo was first settled in 1866 by John Graham, his son Joseph, and William Mackey, who claimed land made available by the Homestead Act. It was called "Graham's Landing" until a post office was established two years later. Joseph D. Graham, John's son, named the post office for Toledo, Ohio because he was homesick. William Mackey was the first postmaster.
When Toledo was made the county seat of the newly established Lincoln County in 1893, it appointed its first mayor, Charles Barton Crosno. The city incorporated in 1905.
After the formation of the Spruce Production Division of the U.S. Army Signal Corps in November 1917, Toledo was to be home to one of four major sawmills processing the old growth Sitka Spruce needed for the production of airplanes for the United States Army Air Service. The mill was not yet complete when World War I ended.
As of the census of 2010, there were 3,465 people, 1,331 households, and 907 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,589.4 inhabitants per square mile (613.7 /km2). There were 1,474 housing units at an average density of 676.1 per square mile (261.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89.9% White, 0.6% African American, 3.8% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from other races, and 3.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.7% of the population.
There were 1,331 households of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.5% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.9% were non-families. 22.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.02.
The median age in the city was 37.6 years. 24.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.2% were from 25 to 44; 28.5% were from 45 to 64; and 11.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.
As of the census of 2000, there are 3,472 people in the city, organized into 1,312 households and 926 families. The population density is 1,602.2 people per square mile (617.8/km²). There are 1,474 housing units at an average density of 680.2 per square mile (262.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city is 91.88% White, 3.37% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 0.23% African American, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.52% from other races, and 3.40% from two or more races. 2.59% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 1,312 households out of which 37.7% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% are married couples living together, 14.0% have a female householder with no husband present, and 29.4% are non-families. 23.0% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.5% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.65 and the average family size is 3.05.
In the city the population is spread out with 29.6% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.6% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 34 years. For every 100 females there are 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 92.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $34,503, and the median income for a family is $39,597. Males have a median income of $35,104 versus $22,297 for females. The per capita income for the city is $14,710. 19.3% of the population and 18.6% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 26.6% of those under the age of 18 and 8.9% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
There are two public schools in Toledo, which are part of the Lincoln County School District: Toledo Elementary School (K-6) and Toledo High School (7-12). Toledo High School is a combination junior high and high school, and serves students in seventh through twelfth grade.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-02.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Oregon town named All-America City finalist from the Portland Business Journal
- McArthur, Lewis A.; McArthur, Lewis L. (2003) [First published 1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 961. ISBN 9780875952772. OCLC 53075956.
- Toledo High 7-12 from the Lincoln County School District website
Media related to Toledo, Oregon at Wikimedia Commons
- Entry for Toledo in the Oregon Blue Book
- Historic images of Toledo from the Salem Public Library Historic Photograph Collection