The Maroons originated as a semi-pro football team known as the Toledo Athletic Association, in 1902. The Association formed the Toledo Maroons in 1906 as a farm team for teenagers who could later move up to playing for the Association's senior team. However in 1908, the Association was forced to disband the owners of Armory Park, where the team played, no longer wanted the field torn up by cleats. Despite the setback, the Maroons kept playing on other fields. By 1909, the former teenagers were adults, still playing organized football, and they began to play against numerous amateur and semi-pro opponents from outside the area.
When the American Professional Football Association was organized in 1920, Toledo chose to remain an independent team. However in 1922, the Maroons joined the league, now renamed the National Football League.
The Maroons finished fourth with a 5–2–2 record that season, then dropped to 3–3–2 in 1923. Attendance was poor in Toledo, so the franchise moved to Kenosha, Wisconsin, and dropped out of the league after an 0–4–1 record in 1924. The Maroons ran up a 5–2–2 record in their initial 1922 season. However the level of competition was suspect. Their opponents' combined mark was only 7–23–2. The Maroons scheduled easy opponents again in 1923 and finished this season at 3–3–2. However, when they were blasted 28–0 in the last game of the season by the Canton Bulldogs, the Toledo squad played its last game.
After the 1923 season ended, the league ordered the team to either transfer or suspend operations. The team's players and personnel did eventually move to Kenosha, Wisconsin to play as the Kenosha Maroons for the 1924 season. However no conclusive evidence exists that the Toledo franchise was officially transferred to Kenosha.
^ abCarroll, Bob; Gershman, Michael; Neft, David et al., eds. (1997). Total Football: The Official Encyclopedia of the National Football League. Harper Collins. p. 96. "It appears, though no conclusive evidence exists, that the Toledo Franchise was transferred to Kenosha"|displayeditors= suggested (help)