The term tôle, derived from the French tôle peinte, "painted sheet metal", is synonymous in English usage with japanning on tin, such as the tôle shades for bouilotte lamps and other candle shades, and trays and lidded canisters, in which stenciling and gilding often features. almost always on a black ground. Pontypool and Usk in South Wales made a reputation for tôle imitating Japanese lacquer starting in the early 19th century.
In the collectibles and antique industry, toleware refers to kitchen-related objects created from metal, typically tin or thin steel, and are often in decorative styles such as Arts and Crafts and Pennsylvania Dutch. Decorative painting on these items is common but not necessary. This style of decorative art spread from Europe to the United States in the 18th century, and was popular in US kitchens in the 18th and 19th centuries.
- John Fleming and Hugh Honour, Dictionary of the Decorative Arts, 1977 s.v. "tôle".
- [ntiques.about.com/od/decorativeaccessorie1/ss/ThreeTypesTole060111_2.htm "Three types of toleware"].
- National Gallery of Art Narrative from "Toleware Box", accessed July 28, 2011
- Polson, Mary Ellen "Treen & Tole Ware in Early America", Early Homes, Spring/Summer 2010, accessed July 28, 2011
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