Tolland County, Connecticut

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Tolland County, Connecticut
Map of Connecticut highlighting Tolland County
Location in the state of Connecticut
Map of the United States highlighting Connecticut
Connecticut's location in the U.S.
Founded 1785
Seat none (since 1960)
Tolland (1785-1889)
Rockville (1889-1960)
Largest town Vernon
Area
 • Total 417 sq mi (1,080 km2)
 • Land 410 sq mi (1,062 km2)
 • Water 6.8 sq mi (18 km2), 1.6%
Population
 • (2010) 152,691
 • Density 372/sq mi (144/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Tolland County is a county located in the northeastern part of the U.S. state of Connecticut. As of the 2010 census, the population was 152,691.[1] Tolland County is incorporated into thirteen towns and was originally formed on 13 October 1785 from portions of eastern Hartford County, Connecticut and western Windham County, Connecticut.

Tolland County is included in the Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Counties in Connecticut have no governmental function: all legal power is vested in the state, city, and town governments. The office of High Sheriff in Connecticut counties was officially abolished by ballot in 2000, and corrections and court service were transferred to the state marshals. Tolland County has the same boundaries as the Tolland Judicial District.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 417 square miles (1,080 km2), of which 410 square miles (1,100 km2) is land and 6.8 square miles (18 km2) (1.6%) is water.[2] It is the second-smallest county in Connecticut by land area and smallest by total area.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 13,251
1800 14,319 8.1%
1810 13,779 −3.8%
1820 14,330 4.0%
1830 18,702 30.5%
1840 17,980 −3.9%
1850 20,091 11.7%
1860 20,709 3.1%
1870 22,000 6.2%
1880 24,112 9.6%
1890 25,081 4.0%
1900 24,523 −2.2%
1910 26,459 7.9%
1920 27,216 2.9%
1930 28,659 5.3%
1940 31,866 11.2%
1950 44,709 40.3%
1960 68,737 53.7%
1970 103,440 50.5%
1980 114,823 11.0%
1990 128,699 12.1%
2000 136,364 6.0%
2010 152,691 12.0%
Est. 2013 151,377 −0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[3]
1790-1960[4] 1900-1990[5]
1990-2000[6] 2010-2013[1]
Old Tolland County Jail

As of the year 2000, there were 136,364 people, 49,431 households, and 34,156 families residing in the county. The population density was 332/sq mi (128/km²). [1] There were 51,570 housing units at an average density of 126/sq mi (49/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.34% White, 2.72% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 2.27% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.08% from other races, and 1.35% from two or more races. 2.84% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 14.9% were of Irish, 14.1% Italian, 9.9% English, 8.8% French, 8.2% German, 8.0% Polish and 5.7% French Canadian ancestry according to Census 2000. 90.5% spoke English, 2.9% Spanish and 1.6% French as their first language.

There were 49,431 households out of which 33.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.00% were married couples living together, 8.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.90% were non-families. 23.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.10% under the age of 18, 12.90% from 18 to 24, 30.70% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 10.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 100.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $59,044, and the median income for a family was $70,856. Males had a median income of $46,619 versus $34,255 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,474. 5.60% of the population and 2.90% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 4.60% are under the age of 18 and 5.20% are 65 or older.

Demographic breakdown by town[edit]

Income[edit]

Data is from the 2010 United States Census and the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates.[7][8]

Rank Town Per capita
income
Median
household
income
Median
family
income
Population Number of
households
1 Bolton Town $42,312 $89,432 $93,472 4,980 1,915
2 Tolland Town $41,883 $99,764 $108,564 15,052 5,312
3 Hebron Town $39,416 $108,444 $112,894 9,686 3,398
4 Andover Town $38,710 $84,274 $96,286 3,303 1,244
5 Ellington Town $37,322 $81,582 $95,547 15,602 6,257
6 Columbia Town $36,865 $85,893 $102,353 5,485 2,154
7 Somers Town $35,134 $98,977 $108,636 11,444 3,328
8 Coventry Town $34,524 $86,244 $91,931 12,435 4,783
9 Vernon Town $33,160 $61,103 $77,649 29,179 12,976
10 Union Town $32,032 $79,911 $84,750 854 334
11 Willington Town $29,616 $62,500 $96,422 6,041 2,423
12 Stafford Town $28,027 $64,494 $69,789 12,087 4,767
13 Mansfield Town $21,579 $65,839 $84,128 26,543 5,586

Race[edit]

Data is from the 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, ACS Demographic and Housing Estimates, "Race alone or in combination with one or more other races."[9]

Rank Town Population White Black Asian American
Indian
Other Hispanic
1 Vernon Town 29,199 88.5% 8.8% 4.0% 0.8% 1.8% 7.1%
2 Mansfield Town 26,130 84.4% 6.2% 10.7% 0.3% 1.8% 6.3%
3 Ellington Town 15,394 96.0% 1.6% 2.7% 0.3% 0.2% 1.1%
4 Tolland Town 14,931 97.2% 1.9% 2.4% 1.5% 0.4% 3.1%
5 Coventry Town 12,402 97.1% 1.6% 1.7% 0.6% 0.3% 2.1%
6 Stafford Town 12,055 97.4% 1.2% 1.6% 0.6% 0.9% 3.3%
7 Somers Town 11,385 85.3% 10.0% 2.8% 0.6% 4.0% 5.8%
8 Hebron Town 9,620 99.0% 0.0% 1.6% 0.9% 0.5% 2.4%
9 Willington Town 6,070 98.9% 3.7% 0.2% 0.7% 0.2% 2.4%
10 Columbia Town 5,449 97.8% 1.9% 1.7% 1.9% 0.4% 2.1%
11 Bolton Town 5,006 98.0% 2.9% 0.0% 0.9% 0.8% 4.5%
12 Andover Town 3,143 96.5% 3.0% 1.7% 1.3% 0.0% 0.0%
13 Union Town 990 99.4% 0.0% 0.7% 1.6% 0.0% 1.3%

Communities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Other communities[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

Tolland County is briefly referenced in the novel Moby-Dick by Herman Melville as the place that the ill-fated ship mate, Pip, comes from.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 11, 2014. 
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 11, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 11, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 11, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 11, 2014. 
  7. ^ "SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  8. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  9. ^ "ACS DEMOGRAPHIC AND HOUSING ESTIMATES 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-08. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°51′N 72°20′W / 41.85°N 72.33°W / 41.85; -72.33