|• Mayor||Uroš Brežan|
|• Total||1.7 km2 (0.7 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,284/km2 (3,330/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+01)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+02)|
Tolmin (pronounced [tɔlˈmiːn]; Italian: Tolmino, German Tolmein) is a small town in northwestern Slovenia. It is the centre of the Municipality of Tolmin in the Littoral traditional region and the Coastal–Karst statistical region.
Tolmin, the old town that gave the name to the entire Tolmin area (Slovene: Tolminsko), is the largest settlement in the Upper Soča Valley (Slovene: Zgornje Posočje), as well as its economic, cultural and administrative centre. It is located on a terrace above the confluence of the Soča and Tolminka rivers. It is positioned beneath steep mountainous valleys.
Early inhabitatians were Illyrians in Tolmin area. It was ruled succcessively by Roman Empire, Odoacker, Ostrogoths, Eastern Rome Empire and Lombards till 781. Ancestors of Slovenes came to this area end of 7th century during Avar raids. In 781, Carolengians conquered it. It was passed to Lotharingia in 843 after Treaty of Verdun. It was passed to March of Verona, which were in firstly Duchy of Bavaria in 952, then in Duchy of Carinthia, in 951. It was passed to Patria del Friuli in 1077 before becoming part of Republic of Venice in 1420. Finally Tolmin was conquered by Habsburgs in 1509.
In 1713 Tolmin was the centre of a peasant revolt against count A. Coronini. It was part of Illyrian Provinces, which were part of Napoleonic French Empire between 1809 and 1814 before returning to Austrian rule.
Until 1918, the town (bilingual names TOLMEIN - TOLMIN) was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), head of the district of the same name, one of the 11 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in the Austrian Littoral province. Later it was ruled by Kingdom of Italy between 1918 to 1943 (nominally to 1947). It was a county (comune) center in Province of Gorizia between 1918 and 1923 and again between 1927 and 1943 (nominally to 1947) and in Province of Friuli between 1923 and 1927 during Italian rule as "Tolmino". After the Italian caputilation, it was occupied by Nazi Germany in 1943 and was part of Operational Zone of the Adriatic Littoral before liberation by Yugoslav partisans. After temporary divison of Julian March by Morgan Line, Tolmin was part of Zone-B, which was under Yugoslav administators. It was officially passed from Italy to Yugoslavia in 1947 after Treaty of Paris. Finally Tolmin was passed to Slovenia after break up of Yugoslavia in 1991.
A post-office was opened in October 1850 under the German name (only).
Tolmin is known for the Metalcamp since 2004. Today the festival is called Metaldays and every year many people come from whole Europe and other parts of world. It's considered[by whom?] as the most beautiful metal festival in Europe.
The area is home to a multitude of vestiges from World War I. The most significant relic of the time is the Javorca Church, dedicated to the Holy Spirit built above the Polog shepherds outpost in the Tolminka Valley by Austro-Hungarian soldiers to commemorate their deceased comrades.
The museum, library, schools, and the town’s open spaces provide venues for a variety of events, exhibitions, and presentations all year round. The Tolmin region is also a popular destination for artists from Slovenia and abroad.
Notable natives and residents
Notable natives and residents of Tolmin include:
- Andrea Bresciani (1923-?), illustrator
- Pino Bosi (1933–), writer and historian
- Ivan Čargo (1898–1958), painter
- Jan Cvitkovič (1966–), film director
- Anton Haus (1851–1917), grand admiral of the Austro-Hungarian Navy
- Ciril Kosmač (1910–1980), writer
- Karel Lavrič (1818–1876), politician
- Giancarlo Movia (1937–), philosopher
- Ivan Pregelj (1883–1960), writer
- Albert Rejec (1899–1976), founder and head of TIGR
- Jožko Šavli (1943–), writer and historian
- Saša Vuga (1930–), writer
Twin towns — Sister cities
Tolmin is twinned with:
- "Tolmin". Place Names. Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
- trilingual name Tolmein, Tolmino, Tolmin in: Gemeindelexikon, der im Reichsrate Vertretenen Königreiche und Länder. Bearbeit auf Grund der Ergebnisse der Volkszählung vom 31. Dezember 1900. Herausgegeben von der K.K. Statistischen Zentralkommission. VII. Österreichisch-Illyrisches Küstenland (Triest, Görz und Gradiska, Istrien). Wien 1906
- Treasures of Yugoslavia, An encyclopedic touring guide, Beograd, 1982.
- Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm KLEIN, 1967
- Tolmin museum site
- Koper Diocese list of parishes and churches
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