Tolworth

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Tolworth
Alexandra Recreation Ground, Tolworth - geograph.org.uk - 255855.jpg
Alexandra Recreation Ground, with the Tolworth Tower in the distance
Tolworth is located in Greater London
Tolworth
Tolworth
 Tolworth shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ197659
London borough Kingston
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SURBITON
Postcode district KT5, KT6
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Kingston & Surbiton
London Assembly South West
List of places
UK
England
London

Coordinates: 51°23′02″N 0°16′51″W / 51.3839°N 0.2807°W / 51.3839; -0.2807

Tolworth is a suburban area of southwest London in the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames,[1] located 11.1 miles (17.9 km) south west of Charing Cross. Neighbouring places include Long Ditton, New Malden, Kingston, Surbiton, Berrylands, Hinchley Wood, Chessington, Ewell and Worcester Park. Surbiton is the nearest, about a mile north west. Tolworth is divided in two, with part of it to the east and part of it to the west of the Kingston by-pass.

History[edit]

Tolworth, in the Domesday Book, was called Taleorde. Its Domesday assets were held partly by Picot from Richard de Tonebrige and partly by Radulf (Ralph) from the Bishop of Bayeux. It rendered: 2½ hides; also 4 hides with Long Ditton; 1 mill without dues, 8 ploughs, 10½ acres and ½ rod of meadow. It rendered £6.[2]

The Evelyn family, who had settled in Surrey, played a prominent role and established gunpowder mills at Tolworth, probably in 1561.[3]

In 1870-72, John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales described Tolworth like this: TALWORTH, a hamlet in Long Ditton parish, Surrey; 2½ miles SSE of Kingston upon Thames. Acres, 1,190. Pop., 434. Houses, 81. An ancient manor-house here was held by the Earl of Kent, uncle of Edward III.; and is now a farmhouse.[4] For much of the 19th century the Earls of Egmont were Tolworth’s principal landowners

By 1908 things were changing - the population growth was accelerating due to the development of the brickfields and the construction of Tolworth Sewage Farm (opened in 1891) [5] - both in Red Lion Lane. (Now Red Lion Road) With a proper sewerage system Tolworth was ready for development. St Matthew’s Church had been built for a congregation of 800 and trams now ran from the Red Lion.[6]

In 1919 the Medical Officer of Health reported that Surbiton was a residential neighbourhood with no dominating factories or works. The only new feature of late, he said, is the springing up of a few "Motor Garages," each employing a few hands on the care and repair of cars. He advised that the Electric Light Works and a belated resuscitation of the Tolworth Brickfields represented the leading " Works" in the Surbiton.The reference to the Brickworks probably relates to it being owned by William Alen until his bancruptcy in 1881 [7][8] The Urban District Council entered into an agreement with Callenders Cables & Construction (later to become British Insulated Callender's Cables) under which the company laid electrical supply cables around Surbiton. In 1916 the council sold the Surbiton and District Electricity Co, based in Hollyfield Road, to Callenders.[9] The opening of the Kingston by Pass (A3 road) in 1927 was a major catalyst for expansion which included six and a half miles of new residential roads, containing 2000 houses. This period also saw the construction of Tolworth Broadway, aligning with the Kingston Road, on the former Tolworth Lodge Farm.

In the 1930s and '40s the clay extraction requirements of a brickworks north of the A3 off Red Lion Road (now Red Lion Industrial Park) produced a large water-filled pit (known locally as "The Bluey") which was used as a landfill site for bomb-damage and industrial material removed from bomb-sites resulting from the "Blitz". The Civil Defence Corps used to have a training site with a full-size mock-up of a bomb-damaged housing estate. This land has been reclaimed and is now a recreation ground. The Tolworth Brickworks Company Ltd. decided in September 1946 that the company should be voluntarily wound up – a process that continued until at least 1951.[10][11][12] Clay extraction also took place at "The Wood" near Surbiton Station, Fishponds Park [13] as well as in Claygate [14][15]

Off Worcester Park Road/Old Malden Lane was the access to Tolworth Hall and nearby, along the Hogsmill River, were watercress beds.

The Station Estate[edit]

"The Estate that never was" Plans for the Station Estate were approved by Surbiton Corporation and Surrey County Council in January 1940[16] - comprising 459 houses and 10 shops on four sites separated by the Kingston Road and the Southern Railway Chessington Branch Line (which was to be extended to Leatherhead.)

As part of the agreement the owners gave up part of the land to form the wider and re-aligned Kingston Road.

Dean Court and Drayton Court were constructed in 1959 on part of the "Station Estate" land and the Developer "Lansdowne Court Investments" is acknowledged in the naming of Lansdowne Close.[17] Earlier plans had envisaged 6 semi detached and one detached house between the Toby Jug and Tolworth Station.[18]

Wartime Bomb Damage[edit]

During World War II a number of V1 flying bombs came down on Surbiton and Tolworth, including the notorious "Derby Day Disaster" of June 1944 when 12 people were killed by a V1 at Tolworth Park Road.[19] Between 7 October 1940 to 6 June 1941 25 high explosive bombs dropped on the current Tolworth and Hook Rise ward but there were as many again in the few adjacent streets around Douglas Road which is now part of Surbiton Hill ward.[20]

The Ace of Spades[edit]

A short distance away is the Ace of Spades (junction) at Hook – this was named after the famous "Ace of Spades Roadhouse" [21][22] which became a popular venue following the opening of the Kingston by Pass in 1927 by the Minister of Transport, Stanley Baldwin. This is described as a pioneer roadhouse, with meals served at any time in a restaurant with seating for 700 to 800, dancing until 3 am, swimming pool a miniature golf course, polo ground, riding school, and an air strip. The pub was burnt down in the 1950s.[23]

Historic Bus Stop[edit]

Until 2011 the green at the junction of Ewell Road, Red Lion Road and King Charles Road opposite the former Red Lion Public house [24](a recently completed development by Linden Homes in association with CNM Estates) was the site of an extremely rare double fronted wooden bus stop [25][26] located at the former turning point of the Route 603 Trolley bus service in Tolworth, which ceased in May 1962. (previously served by trams between 1906 and 1931) The shelter was removed after TfL decided that it was the only bus stop they were not prepared to maintain, on the basis that it was wooden.

Musical Heritage[edit]

David Bowie launched his Ziggy Stardust stage show with the Spiders from Mars—Ronson, Bolder and Woodmansey—at the Toby Jug [27] pub in Tolworth on 10 February 1972.[28] Other bands to play there included Led Zeppelin, Fleetwood Mac, The Yardbirds (Eric Clapton - Guitar), John Lee Hooker, Black Sabbath, King Crimson, Blodwyn Pig, John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers, Free (band), Jethro Tull, Taste (band), Family (band), Chicken Shack and Ten Years After.[29][30][31][32][33] It is reported that there was a Maestrovox Electronic Organ attached to the piano in the pub dining room and dance hall.[34][35] The presence of this pub is remembered by the naming of the adjacent Toby Way [36]

In 1966 John Lennon's estranged father Freddie worked at the Toby Jug where he met barmaid Trudy Harris whom he married.[37]

On 12 March 1983 New Order played a gig at The Tolworth Recreation Centre.[38]

Description[edit]

Architecturally, Tolworth consists mainly of low-density 1930s semi-detached properties, and small to medium commercial and retail developments. There is a concentration of industrial activity in an area bounded on the north by A3 London-to-Portsmouth trunk route, which runs through the area. The access junction for the A3, linking it on the north with the Broadway and on the south with the A240 Kingston Road toward Epsom, is known as the Toby Jug Roundabout, named after the public house which stood beside it until it was closed and demolished in 2002 under the ownership of Tesco and its partners. The area is also served by a branch railway line running from London Waterloo to Chessington South two stops to the south, with services run by South West Trains.

Facilities[edit]

Tolworth Tower[edit]

Tolworth Tower
Tolworth Tower - geograph.org.uk - 28827.jpg
The Tolworth Tower
General information
Location Tolworth, London, England, UK
Coordinates TQ197659
Completed 1964
Height 265 ft (81 m)
Technical details
Floor count 22

The principal shopping centre is situated west of the A3 in Tolworth Broadway, with the landmark Tolworth Tower,[39] at its junction with the A3. Tolworth Tower, built on the site of the former Tolworth Odeon Cinema [40] is an office block designed by George Marsh of R. Seifert and Partners[41] and opened in 1963.[42] The tower is 265 feet high with 22 floors. The ground floor of the building is occupied largely by a single retail unit, originally a Fine Fare[42] - currently a Marks and Spencer supermarket - and smaller retail units along the Broadway, the remainder taken up with access to the other floors. The remaining floors of the building were originally occupied by commercial and government offices, but the north wing has recently re-opened as a Travelodge hotel. The building is a local landmark and is the tallest building for miles around.

View from the top of Tolworth Tower over the local area
View from the top of Tolworth Tower over the local area

The offices and studios of Radio Jackie, a commercial radio station broadcasting to south-west London and north Surrey, can be found on the Broadway in what had been the Crown Post Office.[43] The broadcast mast is sited, with many other antennae, atop Tolworth Tower.

The Tolworth Greenway[edit]

Love it or hate it the Tolworth Greenway is now a reality along Tolworth Broadway. The barrier on the central reservation has been removed which itself has been widened. The smart stripey green "sureset" resin surface allows users to walk the length of Tolworth Broadway on the Greeway and to cross the Kingston ByPass (A3) at street level. This was part of the Mayor's "Great Outdoors" initiative. The scheme aims to revitalise Tolworth Broadway improving safety and reducing traffic speeds whilst detractors believe that the area will be more dangerous as pedestrians cross the road wherever they choose to.[44][45]

Tolworth Court Farm[edit]

A historic farm site dating back to Norman times now a Local Nature Reserve and consists of a system of fields and hedgerows. Previously owned by the London Borough of Lambeth, it was purchased by the Royal Borough of Kingston in the 1980s so as to formalise public access. The park is situated to the West of Kingston Road (A240) and is accessed from Jubilee Way.[46]

Community Centre[edit]

Tolworth is the home of its own community arts centre: The CornerHOUSE (Previously known as the Douglas Centre).[47]

Police Stations[edit]

Surbiton Police station was opened in 1888 on the site of the previous Toll House on the corner of Ditton Road/Ellerton Road and Ewell Road.[37] The red brick building was demolished many years ago but the site continued with police related use as a car compound and with staff operating from temporary cabins. The site is due to be developed by CNM Estates The Police station moved to the former St Matthew's School building on the other side of the Ewell Road in 1977 where there was vehicle parking. It was also near the Metropolitan Police Garage in Hollyfield Road acquired in 1968 - formerly used by the Cooper Car Company. All have now been vacated by the Police but Sutherland Education,[48] already located elsewhere in Ewell Road, have taken over the former school building and sympathetically restored it.[49][50][51] The Neighbourhood Office in Millbank House which opened in 2011 has also now closed [52]

Tolworth Hospital[edit]

Tolworth Hospital originally built as an isolation Hospital provides services for South West London and St George's Mental Health NHS Trust.[53] The Trust provides mental health and social care service to the residents of Kingston, Richmond, Merton, Sutton and Wandsworth boroughs, as well as a number of specialist regional and national services.

Development[edit]

The Tolworth area is set to develop further over the next few years with the expectation that, having stood derelict for so long, a developer will come forward with proposals acceptable to the community for the former MAFF Site beside the Kingston By Pass. CNM Estates have obtained planning permission for a 142 bed hotel, conferencing facility and associated parking close to Tolworth Station [54] and they also plan to re-develop the original Surbiton Police Station site near Ditton Road.

Tesco Owned Former Green Fields, Tolworth[edit]

An 11 acre site bounded by the railway line serving Tolworth to the east, the A240 to the north and Hook Rise South & the A3 to the West. Plans were drawn up in the 1930s for the site to be used for circa 130 family homes in a similar style to much of Tolworth - this was part of a larger development to be known as the "Station Estate" (see above)

As part of the war effort, the land was taken over by the Ministry of Works and developed from green fields in the 1940s. It became an extensive but discreet development of low single story brick building covering the majority of the site. It remained in Government hands for a variety of uses from the MAFF and Ministry of Defence to the Directorate of Overseas Surveys, in its heyday it was reported to have employed over 1,000 people. It was finally vacated by the last 370 MAFF staff in October 1998 in preparation for sale.[55]

Tesco purchased the site by private treaty in 2002 meaning it was never offered for sale on the open market.[56] In 2000 the vacant possession value of the site was stated in Hansard as being £9.6 million.[57] A number of surrounding buildings were purchased by Chinacorp a developer working with Tesco.[58]

The site is zoned by the local authority, Kingston Council for residential and community use. The site has been subject to a number of planning applications for the construction of a retail store of up to 89,000 Sq Ft and up to 660 dwellings in buildings up to 12 storeys high.[56][59]

Transport[edit]

National Rail[edit]

Tolworth is served by South West Trains with its own train station located just a short was from the main shopping area called Tolworth Broadway. Tolworth railway station has train services direct to London Waterloo (Northbound) and Chessington South (Southbound). Trains come to the station every half hour from a little after 06:30 until 21:00 after which it is hourly until the last train a little after 23:00. Trains also stop at Raynes Park, Wimbledon, Clapham Junction and Vauxhall.

London Buses[edit]

London Buses connect Tolworth with long distance buses and local buses with destinations shown below:

Road[edit]

Standing on the A3 from London to Guildford, Tolworth has good connections to London and to the M25 motorway. Kingston town centre (which includes Marks & Spencer, John Lewis and the Bentall Centre) is just 2 miles distant. Surbiton town centre is just under 1 mile away.

Nearby attractions[edit]

Also nearby are Rose Theatre, Kingston, Chessington World of Adventures,[60] Richmond Park,[61] Sandown Park,[62] Hampton Court [63] Mercedes-Benz World [64] Brooklands Museum [65] Kempton Park Racecourse [66] Kingstonian F.C. [67] AFC Wimbledon[68] Harlequin F.C. [69] Ham House,[70] Horton Country Park [71] Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Bushy Park [72] and Morden Hall Park

In the area[edit]

Many things to do are situated around the Tolworth Broadway which is practically the heart of the community with shops, banks, cafes, fast food shops, barbers, an M&S supermarket, Tolworth Tower, a Travelodge hotel and 'Charrington Bowl'. Also near Tolworth railway station there is a Goals Soccer Centre and a Carting track.[73] Alexandra Park.[74] Fishponds Park (Fishponds was a Georgian house built between 1740-1742, part of the estate of Sir Frederick Butler of the tobacco family, bought by Surbiton Urban District Council in 1935).[75][76] Tolworth Court Farm. Harrier Jump Jet serial number XZ130 is parked up about 10 minutes walk from Tolworth railway station, it can be seen in the lead photo from this Surrey Comet article. You can see it in a Google Maps satellite view too.

Local geography[edit]

Industry[edit]

Apart from the MoD and DOS sites on the south side of the A3, Gala Cosmetics had a large production facility (at the start of Oakcroft Road) as did Andre Rubber Co [77] (who specialised in bonding rubber to metal and made components for cars, docks, armoured fighting vehicles, hospitals, warships and diving helmets) - now the site of the Hook Rise South Industrial Park. Founded by Theodore Bernard Andre [78] they boasted of having three acres of specialised rubber technology.

Prior to the construction of Sundial Court [79] there was a camping goods supplier - the previous building having been partially demolished due to road widening. Siebe Gorman[80] a company that developed diving and breathing equipment purchased 6 acres of land at Tolworth in 1938 - the new building was named Neptune Works, on Davis Road (off Cox Lane) and near to King George's Field - although this would probably be regarded as Chessington nowadays.[81] Local businessman Eric Miller recalls a part-time job filling breathing masks with carbon granules at Siebe Gorman and also with the nearby J. Lyons and Co. bakery in Cox Lane.

Hillaldam & Galleon[edit]

Hillaldam Coburn [82] (previously known as E. Hill Aldam and Co) a sliding door gear manufacturer operated from Earlsfield before moving to Brittanic Works, Red Lion Road, Tolworth in 1959 [83] where they remained until 1989

They were a sister company of English Fireplaces (Wimbledon) Ltd set up by Ernest Hill Aldam, Kenneth Aldam and Donald Aldam using the Galleon Trade Mark. The company was established in May 1938 operating from Haslsemere Avenue, Earlsfield, SW18. In September 1953 the company resolved to purchase the former Brickworks in Tolworth as tenants in common with E Hill Aldam & Co for a cost of £30,000 being shared between the companies.[84][85] (The Tolworth Brickworks Company Ltd. had opted to be voluntarily wound up - see above). English Fireplaces and Hillaldam then set about redeveloping the site demolishing existing buildings - there had previously been buildings with 5 chimneys on the site. In 1955 the company became English Fireplaces (Galleon) Ltd. and in 1979 became Galleon Claygate Ltd. Galleon now have showrooms in the Ewell Road.[86] The leases of cottages at 220-236 Red Lion Road were purchased in 1961 and a number of properties fronting Red Lion Road were subsequently demolished to form car parking.

Radar[edit]

Decca Radar's Radar Research and Development laboratories moved to the Tolworth roundabout in the former Fox and Nicholl factory. Decca's standards department was located at 456 Ewell Road.[87] Decca's well-resourced sports ground existed until recently as "Deckers" but has now become a 5-a-side football centre.[88]

Motor Industry[edit]

Fox and Nicholls were a pre-war Lagonda [89] car specialist based adjacent to the Tolworth roundabout. HRG Engineering Company also known as HRG,[90] was a British car manufacturer based in Oakcroft Road, (then Tolworth) which had been founded in 1936 by Major Edward Halford, Guy Robins and Henry Ronald Godfrey. They ceased trading in 1966 although production had finished 10 years earlier. Nearby at 243 Ewell Road and in Hollyfield Road was the Cooper Car Company founded in 1947 [91] - according to an article by Phil Cooper in "The Good Life" newspaper during the 1950s, F1 cars were regularly driven along the Ewell Road by Cooper Car Company.[92] Other motoring connections nearby included Jack Brabham [93] whose workshop was in Chessington and AC Cars in Thames Ditton owwned by (William) Derek Hurlock who lived in Long Diton.[94]

Aircraft and Armaments Manufacture[edit]

Fox and Nicolls moved to wartime aircraft industry production - handling large quantities of sheet metal work, sub-assemblies.[95] LF Peatty [96] and Southborough Sheet Metal also manufactured parts for the de Havilland Mosquito [97][98]

Nash and Thompson was a British engineering firm established by Archibald Frazer-Nash and Henry Ronald Godfrey. (See also HRG). They were based in Oakcroft Road and specialised in the production of hydraulically-operated gun turrets for aircraft. The company was also an important manufacturer of hydraulic powered radar scanners [99]

United Insulator Co manufactured capacitors and were suppliers to the aircraft industry. They were based in Oakcroft Road.[100]

Commerce[edit]

Tolworth was dominated for many years by a number of retailers The Co-op (RACS), Woolworths, Victor Towler who had 8 shops in the Broaway at their peak and Bryants along with many others that are fondly remembered including Beswicks, Bata, Edmund Goodrich, Hallewells, Beths and Veritys. You could fill your car up at the Blue Star garage [101] and your milk would be delivered by Jobs Dairy from 432 Ewell Road - (the company was sold to Unigate in 1987).[102] In Lenelby Road was the Royal Windsor Laundry employing 100 girls by 1920.

Education[edit]

For education in Tolworth see the main Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames article.

Sport and recreation[edit]

Tolworth has a King George's Field in memorial to King George V, where Corinthian-Casuals F.C. (two semi-pro football teams that have since merged) plays its home games.

Alexandra Park on King Charles Road has a basketball court, as featured on the basketball website.[103]

Tolworth is also the current home of several amateur football teams, Tolworth Athletic (who play in the Surrey South Eastern Combination League) and West London Blues.[104][105]

Kingston University also has a sports ground at Tolworth Court, Old Kingston Road [106]

Tolworth has always had enthusiastic support for the Scouting movement, and is today represented by 1st Tolworth Scouts [107]

A 32 lane Bowling Alley is situated near the Toby Jug roundabout - this was a joint venture between Excel Bowling and Bass Charrington. The original name "Excel Bowl" was changed in 1974 when Charrington & Co. took over Excel Bowling.[108]

Cultural references[edit]

Tolworth is mentioned in the first episode of Monty Python's Flying Circus, in the sketch 'Picasso/Cycling Race'. It is also mentioned in Dave Gorman's book Googlewhack.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]