Tomás Marín de Poveda, 1st Marquis of Cañada Hermosa

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Don
Tomás Marín de Poveda
Marqués de Cañada Hermosa
Caballero de Santiago
MarinDePoveda.JPG
Royal Governor of Chile
In office
January 6, 1692 – December 23, 1700
Monarch Charles II
Preceded by José de Garro
Succeeded by Francisco Ibáñez
Personal details
Born (1650-02-26)26 February 1650
Lúcar, Almería Province, Spain
Died 8 October 1703(1703-10-08) (aged 53)
Santiago, Chile
Spouse(s) Juana Urdanegui
Profession Lieutenant General
Religion Catholic

Tomás López Marín y González de Poveda, 1st Marquis of Cañada Hermosa (Spanish: Tomás López Marín y González de Poveda, primer Marqués de Cañada Hermosa) (February 26, 1650 – October 8, 1703) was a Spanish colonial administrator who served as Royal Governor of Chile.

Early life[edit]

Tomás Marín de Poveda was born in Lúcar, Almería Province, the son of Tomás López Marín and María González de Poveda.[1] He came to America in 1687 with his uncle, who had been named Archbishop of Charcas, in present-day Bolivia. Afterwards, in 1670, he moved to Chile for the first time with the retinue of governor Juan Henríquez.

He later returned to Spain, where he was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant General and named Royal Governor of Chile on July 1, 1683. However, he was forced to wait for the term of the serving governor, José del Garro, to expire before travelling to take up his post, this meant that he could not assume until 1692.

On August 9, 1687, he was made a knight of the Order of Santiago. In 1689, he wrote a Funereal Prayer for Marie Louise of Orléans (Spanish: Oracion Funebre a Doña María Luisa de Orleans) to mark the death of the Queen.[2]

As Governor of Chile[edit]

His administration was marked by a brief flare-up of the Arauco War. In 1694 the Toqui Millalpal and the Mapuche were incited to revolt by the unauthorized activities of Antonio Pedreros, the Commissary for Indian Affairs, against their machis, whom Pedreros had tried to violently isolate and relocate.[3] Pedreros died of wounds when his force tried to cross the Quepe River to attack Millalpal.

The Spanish army of the Kingdom of Chile was then sent against Millalpal under Maestre de Campo Alonso de Cordova and the Sargento Mayor Alonso Cobarrubias was impossible for Millalpal to resist and he had to capitulate. The governor then called the Parliament of Choque-Choque with the Mapuche, realizing Pedreros had been the source of the dispute and made a peace that lasted for nearly thirty years.

Also Poveda had to deal with the expeditions of various pirates against Chilean trade, and the competition between the various functionaries of the Real Audiencia of Chile. During his term, he founded the cities of Rengo (Villa Hermosa) and Chimbarongo.

After his tenure, he received the title Marquis of Cañada Hermosa. He died in Santiago a year later, in 1703.

Additional information[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Medina, José Toribio (1906). Diccionario Biográfico Colonial de Chile (in Spanish). Santiago, Chile: Imprenta Elzeviriana. p. 500. 
  2. ^ Medina, José Toribio (1906). Diccionario Biográfico Colonial de Chile (in Spanish). Santiago, Chile: Imprenta Elzeviriana. p. 501. 
  3. ^ Cordoba y Figueroa, Pedro de (1862). Historia de Chile (1492-1717) (in Spanish). Santiago, Chile: Imprenta del Ferrocarril. p. 310. 

Sources[edit]

Spanish nobility
Preceded by
New title
Marquis of Cañada Hermosa
1701-1703
Succeeded by
José Marín de Poveda
Government offices
Preceded by
José de Garro
Royal Governor of Chile
1692-1700
Succeeded by
Francisco Ibáñez