Tomás Medina Caracas
Tomás Medina Caracas aka Tomás Molina Caracas aka Negro Acacio (March 15, 1965 – September 1, 2007) was a Colombian guerrilla member of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) considered by Colombian authorities the man in charge of the illegal drug trade business and the head of the Eastern Bloc's 16th Front of this rebel group. He gained notoriety during the FARC-Government peace process (1999-2002) acting as a negotiator. He was also known for being the associate of Brazilian drug dealer Fernandinho Beiramar and for participating in an illegal arms deal of 10,000 AK-47s for the FARC through the Peruvian government official Vladimiro Montesinos, an adviser of former president of Peru, Alberto Fujimori. Medina Caracas was killed on September 1, 2007 in a Colombian Army military operation in eastern Colombia within the municipality of Cumaribo near the border with Venezuela.
Medina Caracas had between 17 and 23 legal processes pending with the Attorney General of Colombia, requesting his capture and a red corner notice issued by the INTERPOL. The Colombian Army spent two years searching for Medina Caracas escaping from most of these operations. Just in Colombia Medina Caracas was charged with narcotrafficking, delinquency, kidnapping, torture, first degree murder, terrorism, extortion and robbery.
Medina Caracas was of Caucan origin. He became a teacher in a public school in the town of Santander de Quilichao, northern Cauca Department near the vereda known as Mary López where he was born. He later joined the FARC in May 1987 when he was 22 years old under the supervision of guerrilla leader Iván Márquez, a high-ranking member within the FARC chain of command. Apparently his nickname "Negro Acacio" was given by "Mono Jojoy" after one of the "heroes" of the Cuban Revolution.
- (Spanish) El Tiempo: El capo de las drogas de las Farc eltiempo.com Accessed 03 September 2007.
- (Spanish) El Espectador: Confusa muerte de 'El Negro Acacio' elespectador.com Accessed 03 September 2007.
- (Spanish) Revista Semana: Mindefensa dice que dieron muerte en combate al ‘Negro Acacio’, el hombre duro en el tráfico de droga de las Farc semana.com Accessed 03 September 2007.
- Medina-Caracas, Tomas DEA profile