|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Oklahoma's 4th district
January 3, 2003
|Preceded by||J. C. Watts|
|Oklahoma Secretary of State|
|Preceded by||Glo Henley|
|Succeeded by||Michael Hunter|
|Born||Thomas Jeffery Cole
April 28, 1949
Shreveport, Louisiana, U.S.
|Alma mater||Grinnell College
University of Oklahoma
Thomas Jeffery "Tom" Cole (born April 28, 1949) is the U.S. Representative for Oklahoma's 4th congressional district, serving since 2003. He is a member of the Republican Party. He is a Deputy Majority Whip. The chairman of the National Republican Congressional Committee (NRCC) from 2006 to 2008, he was, during his tenure, the fourth-ranking Republican leader in the House. As of 2012, Cole – a member of the Chickasaw Nation – is one of only two registered Native Americans in Congress (the other being fellow Oklahoman Markwayne Mullin).
Early life, education, and educating career
Cole was born in Shreveport, Louisiana, the son of Helen Te Ata (née Gale) and John D. Cole. He is a fifth-generation Oklahoman, having been raised in Moore, Oklahoma. He graduated from Grinnell College in 1971 with a B.A. in history. His postgraduate degrees include an M.A. from Yale University (1974) and a Ph.D. from the University of Oklahoma (1984), both in British history. Cole did research abroad as a Thomas J. Watson Fellow and was a Fulbright Fellow (1977–78) at the University of London. He was a college professor in history and politics before becoming a politician.
Early political career
Following his mother Helen, who served as a state representative and senator, Cole served in the Oklahoma Senate from 1988 to 1991, resigning mid-term to accept a job in Washington. From 1995 to 1999, he was Oklahoma's Secretary of State under Governor Frank Keating, and assisted with the recovery efforts following the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing. He has also served as Chairman of the Oklahoma Republican Party.
Cole has been heavily involved in national politics as well, having served both as Executive Director of the NRCC and as Chief of Staff of the Republican National Committee (RNC).
Cole spent two years working as a paid consultant for the United States Chamber of Commerce, but his primary involvement in politics was as a political consultant for candidates. Along with partners Sharon Hargrave Caldwell and Deby Snodgrass, his firm (Cole, Hargrave, Snodgrass and Associates) played a large part in the reconstruction of Oklahoma's political landscape, and backed a number of candidates that took office during the Republican Revolution of 1994. Among their clients have been Keating, J.C. Watts, Tom Coburn, Frank Lucas, Mary Fallin, Wes Watkins, Steve Largent, former Mississippi congressman Chip Pickering, and Hawaii governor Linda Lingle.
U.S. House of Representatives
During his initial campaign for the House of Representatives in 2002, Cole received the endorsement of Watts, the popular outgoing congressman. This helped him win a hard-fought general election over Democratic nominee and former Oklahoma State Senator Darryl Roberts. Cole subsequently won easy re-election campaigns in 2004, 2006, 2008, 2010, and 2012.
Following the 2006 election cycle, the members of the House Republican Conference elected Cole to the post of NRCC Chairman, placing him in charge of national efforts to assist Republican candidates for Congress.
His voting record during his nine years in the House marks Cole as a solid conservative with occasional libertarian sympathies. He has consistently voted pro-life and pro-business positions, and established himself as a supporter of free trade, gun rights, the military, veterans, and American Indian issues. He favors loosening immigration restrictions and imposing stricter limits on campaign funds. In 2012, he sponsored H.R. 5912 which would prohibit public funds from being used for political party conventions. The legislations passed the House in September but awaits action by the Senate.
Cole has consistently voted against positions supported by lobbies for senior citizens, labor unions, and teachers' unions. However, he was critical in brokering protections for DOD civilian workers.
In June 2013, after another failure of the United States farm bill in Congress, Cole called the failure of the legislation inexcusable. His district in Oklahoma includes some of the state’s farming communities, and if the Farm Bill passed, it would have saved $40 billion over a ten-year period.
As Chairman of the House Appropriations Subcommittee on the Legislative Branch, Cole was responsible for introducing the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2015 (H.R. 4487; 113th Congress). The bill would appropriate $3.3 billion to the legislative branch for FY 2015, which is approximately the same amount it received in FY 2014. According to Cole, the bill meets its goals "in both an effective and efficient manner, and has done so in a genuinely bipartisan, inclusive and deliberative fashion."
As of the 112th United States Congress, Tom Cole is a member of the following U.S. House committees:
- Committee on Appropriations
- Committee on the Budget
|2002||Darryl Roberts||91,322||46%||Tom Cole||106,452||54%|
|2004||(no candidate)||Tom Cole||198,985||78%||Charlene K. Bradshaw||Independent||56,869||22%|
|2006||Hal Spake||64,775||35%||Tom Cole||118,266||65%|
|2008||Blake Cummings||79,674||29%||Tom Cole||180,080||66%||David E. Joyce||Independent||13,027||5%|
|2010*||(no candidate)||Tom Cole||32,589||77%||RJ Harris||Republican||9,593||23%|
|2012||Donna Marie Bebo||71,155||27%||Tom Cole||176,561||68%||RJ Harris||Independent||11,725||5%|
|2014||Bert Smith||Tom Cole||Dennis B. Johnson||Independent|
- In 2010, no Democrat or independent candidate filed to run in OK-4. The results printed here are from the Republican primary, where the election was decided.
Cole and his wife, Ellen, have one son, Mason. He is a member of the United Methodist Church and lives in Moore.
Cole has said, "... [My] mother Helen Cole was... extraordinarily proud of our Native American history and was, frankly, the first Native American woman ever elected to state senate in Oklahoma."
- "H.R. 5912: To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to prohibit the use of public funds for political party conventions". Retrieved 12 October 2012.
- Casteel, Chris (June 21, 2013). "Oklahoma Reps. Tom Cole, Jim Bridenstine Disagree on Farm Bill". NewsOK. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
- "H.R. 4487 - All Actions". United States Congress. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
- Marcos, Cristina (25 April 2014). "Next week:Appropriations season begins". The Hill. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
- Hess, Hannah (2 April 2014). "Legislative Branch Bill Keeps House Spending in Check". Roll Call. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
- "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
- Jim East, "Legislation would give home school families access to education tax deduction", The Ripon Advance, August 28, 2013. (Retrieved August 28, 2013)
- Native American Heritage Month Keynote Address (Speech). Library of Congress. 2007-11-06. Retrieved 2008-09-01.
- Helen Cole
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tom Cole.|
- Congressman Tom Cole official U.S. House site
- Tom Cole for Congress
- Tom Cole at DMOZ
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Project Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at The Library of Congress
- Profile at SourceWatch
- Lawton Politics
- Interview at LawtonTownCrier.com
- Biography and Videos - Chickasaw.TV
|United States House of Representatives|
J. C. Watts
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Oklahoma's 4th congressional district
|Party political offices|
|Chairperson of the National Republican Congressional Committee
|United States order of precedence (ceremonial)|
|United States Representatives by seniority