|United States Senator
March 4, 1929 – January 3, 1953
|Preceded by||Earle B. Mayfield|
|Succeeded by||Price Daniel|
|Born||Thomas Terry Connally
August 19, 1877
Eddy, Falls County
|Died||October 28, 1963
|Spouse(s)||(1) Louise Clarkson Connally (died 1935)
(2) Lucile Sanderson Sheppard Connally
|Alma mater||Baylor University|
Thomas Terry "Tom" Connally (August 19, 1877 – October 28, 1963) was an American politician, who represented Texas in both the U.S. Senate and the House of Representatives, as a member of the Democratic Party. He served in the US House of Representatives from 1917 – 1928, and the U.S. Senate from 1929 – 1953.
Early life and education
His family home still stands and has a Texas State Historical Survey Committee marker on the front of the house.
Connally studied at Baylor University, and according to the Baylor Alumni Directory, 1917, earned his A.B. in 1896. He later attended the University of Texas School of Law, earning his LL.B. in 1898. While there, Connally was a close friend of future Governor of Texas Pat Neff and future United States Senator Morris Sheppard.
Connally's first wife was Cincinnati Conservatory trained vocalist Louise Clarkson of Marlin, Texas, who died in her husband's Senate office of a sudden heart attack in 1935. Their son was Houston attorney Ben Clarkson Connally, a U.S. district judge. Connally was a widower when he married the former Lucile Sanderson, the widow of the other Texas senator, Morris Sheppard of Texarkana.
Connally was the step-grandfather of Lucile's grandson, Connie Mack, III, a Republican U.S. Senator from Florida (1989–2001), and the step-great-grandfather of Mack's son, Connie Mack, IV, former U.S. Representative from Florida.
As Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, he was instrumental in the ratification of the treaty creating the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. He was also a member and vice-chairman to the United Nations Conference on International Organization in 1945 that chartered the United Nations.
a very typical, exuberant Southern figure with the appearance and mannerisms of an old-fashioned actor and a gay and hearty manner which conceals lack both of strength and of clear public principles. He is normally the spokesman of the Administration and, in particular, of the Department of State. His voting record is that of a straight interventionist. His principal point of deviation from Mr. [Cordell] Hull's policies is the subject to which Mr. Hull has dedicated a large portion of his life, namely, the policy of reciprocal trade. Representing as he does, a great cattle breeding State, his enthusiasm for free trade with, e.g., the Argentine, is not ardent. He has been a solid supporter of the department's policies toward, e.g., France and North Africa. His support of its economic policies is regarded as doubtful. On internal issues he shares all the beliefs and prejudices of the South.
Connally was the author of the noted "Connally Reservation," which amended the U.S. ratification of the U.N. charter to bar the International Court of Justice from having jurisdiction over domestic matters '"as determined by the United States"'. The self-defining proviso was and is seen as something of a repudiation of the authority of the world court. From an American perspective, the proviso would protect the U.S. against potential overreach by the international group.
On October 20, 1951, when General Mark Wayne Clark was nominated by President Harry Truman to be the U.S. emissary to the Holy See, Connally protested against the decision along with other Protestant groups and Clark later withdrew his nomination on January 13, 1952.
Connally died on October 28, 1963. He is buried in Marlin, Texas next to his first wife in Calvary Cemetery.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tom Connally.|
- Blodgett, Dorothy, Terrell Blodgett, and David L. Scott (2007). The Land, the Law, and the Lord: The Life of Pat Neff. Home Place Publishers Publishing. p. 19. ISBN 978-0-9761152-2-9.
- Hachey, Thomas E. (Winter 1973–1974). "American Profiles on Capitol Hill: A Confidential Study for the British Foreign Office in 1943". Wisconsin Magazine of History 57 (2): 141–153. JSTOR 4634869.
- Tom Connally at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Thomas Terry Connally from the Handbook of Texas Online
- Time magazine: Sept. 5, 1960