Tom Corbett

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Tom Corbett
Governor Corbett cropped portrait May 2014.jpg
46th Governor of Pennsylvania
Incumbent
Assumed office
January 18, 2011
Lieutenant Jim Cawley
Preceded by Ed Rendell
Succeeded by Tom Wolf (elect)
46th Attorney General of Pennsylvania
In office
January 18, 2005 – January 18, 2011[1]
Preceded by Jerry Pappert
Succeeded by William Ryan (Acting)
In office
October 3, 1995 – January 22, 1997
Preceded by Ernie Preate
Succeeded by Mike Fisher
U.S. Attorney for the Western District of Pennsylvania
In office
November 30, 1989 – May 1, 1993
Appointed by George H. W. Bush
Preceded by Charles Sheehy (Acting)
Succeeded by Frederick Thieman
Personal details
Born Thomas Wingett Corbett, Jr.
(1949-06-17) June 17, 1949 (age 65)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Susan Manbeck
Children 2
Residence Governor's Mansion
Alma mater Lebanon Valley College
St. Mary's University, Texas
Religion Roman Catholicism
Signature
Website Official website
Military service
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1971–1984
Rank US-O3 insignia.svg Captain
Unit 28th Infantry Division

Thomas Wingett "Tom" Corbett, Jr.[2] (born June 17, 1949) is an American politician who is the 46th and current Governor of Pennsylvania. A member of the Republican Party, Corbett was first elected Governor in 2010 and was sworn into office on January 18, 2011. He unsuccessfully ran for re-election on November 4, 2014. His term will expire on January 20, 2015.

Born in Philadelphia, Corbett is a graduate of the St. Mary's University School of Law and served as a captain in the Pennsylvania Army National Guard.

Corbett began his career as an assistant district attorney in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania in 1976. Corbett then joined the U.S. Department of Justice as an assistant U.S. Attorney for the Western District of Pennsylvania, serving from 1980 to 1983, upon entering private practice. In 1988 Corbett was first elected to public office as a Commissioner in the Pittsburgh suburb of Shaler, before serving as the United States Attorney for Western Pennsylvania from 1989 to 1993 in the George H.W. Bush administration. In 1995, after the resignation of Ernie Preate, Corbett was appointed to fill the remainder of Preate's term as Attorney General of Pennsylvania, until 1997. Corbett then reentered private practice and worked as the general counsel for Waste Management, Inc before being elected Attorney General of Pennsylvania in 2004. Corbett was then elected to a second term in 2008, serving a total of two non-consecutive tenures as Attorney General from 1995 to 1997, and 2005 to 2011.

After Governor Ed Rendell was term-limited from running for re-election, Corbett declared his candidacy for Governor in March 2009. Corbett defeated State Representative Sam Rohrer in the Republican primary and defeated Democratic nominee Allegheny County Executive Dan Onorato, with 54% of the vote in the general election. On November 8, 2013 he announced his bid for a second term as Pennsylvania's chief executive. Corbett, who was unopposed in the Republican gubernatorial primary in May 2014, was defeated by Democrat Tom Wolf in the November 4, 2014 general election.[3]

Early life, education, and early career[edit]

Corbett was born in Philadelphia, the son of Mary Bernardine (Diskin) and Thomas W. Corbett.[4] He received his Bachelor's degree at Lebanon Valley College and was employed as a 9th grade teacher for one year.[5] Corbett then earned his J.D. from St. Mary's University Law School. He served in the Pennsylvania Army National Guard's 28th Infantry Division from 1971 to 1984, rising to the rank of captain.

Corbett's career has been split between private practice and civil service. He began his legal career as an assistant district attorney in Pittsburgh's Allegheny County in 1976. After three and a half years, he was hired in 1980 as an assistant United States Attorney for the Western District of Pennsylvania.

In 1983, Corbett entered private practice as an associate partner at Rose, Schmidt, Hasley & DiSalle. From 1988 and 1989, Corbett won his first election as a township commissioner in the Pittsburgh suburb of Shaler Township.

In 1988, a judge appointed him to monitor the Allegheny County jail while it was under the court's supervision. In 1989, Senators John Heinz and Arlen Specter recommended to President Bush that he nominate Corbett as U.S. Attorney for the Western District of Pennsylvania.[6][7] Corbett served in the post until May 1993, when he was dismissed by President Bill Clinton.[8]

Corbett then returned to private practice, also serving as an adviser to the gubernatorial campaign of Tom Ridge. Following Ridge's victory, Corbett served on a number of state commissions including the Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and Delinquency, which he served as chairman.

Corbett left office in 1997 and again went into the private sector, first as general counsel for Waste Management, Inc., then opening his own practice.

Attorney General[edit]

1995 appointment[edit]

In 1995, Corbett was appointed to the position of State Attorney General by Governor Ridge to fill the remainder of the term left by the conviction of Ernie Preate.[9] As a condition of his Senate confirmation, Senate Democrats required him to pledge that he would not run for re-election in 1996. This is a common practice in Pennsylvania for appointments to elected offices. Jerry Pappert made the same pledge in 2003 when he succeeded Mike Fisher as State Attorney General.

2004 election[edit]

After early returns were reported, the Associated Press called the race in Democratic nominee Jim Eisenhower's favor, only to retract that call later as the numbers closed. Corbett declared victory the following morning, having defeated Eisenhower by nearly 110,000 votes, winning 50.4% to 48.3%. Green party candidate Marakay Rogers captured 1.3% of the vote.[10]

2008 election[edit]

Tom Corbett speaking at a Pittsburgh rally for presidential candidate John McCain in 2008

Corbett was re-elected in 2008. He won with the largest vote total of any Republican in the state's history.[5] He defeated Democrat John Morganelli, bucking the trend of Democratic success in Pennsylvania that year.

Healthcare reform[edit]

On March 23, 2010, Corbett, along with 13 other state attorneys general, filed a lawsuit against the mandates in the just-signed federal Healthcare Bill, claiming it is unconstitutional. As of January 2011, a total of 27 states have joined this lawsuit.[11]

Jerry Sandusky child sex abuse scandal[edit]

Corbett convened a grand jury in 2009 to investigate longstanding allegations of child sexual abuse by former Penn State assistant football coach Jerry Sandusky.[12] The grand jury uncovered evidence of criminal misconduct, and a 40-count indictment against Sandusky was issued in 2011, ultimately leading to Sandusky's criminal conviction in 2012. Corbett has been criticized for the three year time span between the grand jury investigation and Sandusky's indictment, and for his gubernatorial staff approving a $3 million grant to Sandusky's Second Mile charity for children, which, according to the grand jury findings, served as a repository for potential sex-abuse victims.[13] Former FBI Director Louis Freeh's report on the Penn State scandal did not fault Corbett's handling of the Sandusky case.[14]

Governor of Pennsylvania[edit]

2010 election[edit]

On March 17, 2009, it was reported that Corbett had formed an exploratory committee and had begun filing the paperwork necessary to begin a run for Governor of Pennsylvania. On September 15, 2009, Corbett formally declared his candidacy.[15] He faced State Representative Sam Rohrer in the May 18, 2010, Republican primary and defeated him with nearly 70% of the vote.[16] In the general election, he faced Allegheny County Chief Executive Dan Onorato, who won the Democratic primary with 45% of the vote.

In May 2010 Corbett filed a criminal subpoena against Twitter ordering them to divulge "any and all subscriber information" of the person(s) behind two accounts that were criticizing the Republican candidate.[17] Corbett's office denied that the subpoenas were related to the criticism, but rather to an ongoing grand jury investigation. Corbett's office ultimately withdrew the subpoenas.[18]

In July 2010, Corbett garnered attention for suggesting that some of the unemployed are exploiting the extension of unemployment benefits prior to seeking employment, and later noted the prevalence of "help wanted" ads in the newspapers as evidence of the availability of employment/[19][20]

In September 2010, at the first gubernatorial debate, Corbett again gained attention for seemingly violating his "no-tax pledge" in suggesting that he would consider raising the payroll contribution tax.[21]

On November 2, 2010, Corbett was elected Governor of Pennsylvania, defeating Onorato by 2,172,763 votes (54.5%) to 1,814,788 (45.5%). Corbett assumed the office of Governor on January 18, 2011, succeeding term-limited Democrat Ed Rendell.[22]

Tenure[edit]

Job creation[edit]

Since Corbett took office, more than 100,000 private sector jobs have been created.[23] Through the efforts of Corbett's administration, Royal Dutch Shell has announced they are considering putting a "cracker" plant in Southwestern Pennsylvania. Shell said it expects construction of the plant to employ up to 10,000 people. Once operational, the operation will need several hundred full-time employees.[24] Corbett also helped ensure that the three refineries in Southeastern Pennsylvania would stay open.[25]

According to data from the federal Bureau of Labor Statistics, between January 2011, when Corbett took office, and June 2014, the most recent month for which data is available, Pennsylvania gained a net 124,800 jobs during that period. This ranked Pennsylvania 47th in the nation for job creation - ahead of only New Mexico (1 percent), Alaska (1.58 percent) and Arkansas (1.91 percent). Economist Tara Sinclair noted that Pennsylvania suffered fewer job losses during the recession from 2008-2010, so it might be expected to experience a "less robust recovery". In addition, government employment in the state declined 7% during Corbett's term.[26][27]

Liquor store privatization[edit]

On January 30, 2013, Corbett unveiled his plan to privatize Pennsylvania’s state-run wine and spirits stores.[28] Corbett estimated the sale of retail and wholesale licenses would raise an estimated 800 million to $1 billion. His administration has pledged to use this money for an educational block grant used toward school safety, enhanced early education programs, individualized learning and science, technology, engineering and mathematics courses and programs.[28]

Public opinion[edit]

Recent polling reflects that most Pennsylvanians disapprove of Governor Corbett's job performance, including his decision to privatize the Pennsylvania Lottery, but support Corbett's desire to sell off state owned liquor stores and fix Pennsylvania's ailing transportation system. Governor Corbett and his wife have been criticized for accepting gifts as reported in the Philadelphia Daily News. Some politicians have claimed that the Governor violated the code of conduct of his office.[29] Franklin & Marshall College conducts polling across Pennsylvania and commented on the fact that Corbett is the least-popular Governor in their poll's eighteen-year history.[30] Their August 2013 poll found that only 17% of voters thought Corbett was doing an "excellent" or "good" job, only 20% thought he deserved to be re-elected and 62% said the state was "off on the wrong track".[31] In November 2013, Public Policy Polling announced that Corbett was the most unpopular Governor in the country, with 65% of registered voters and 51% of registered Republicans disapproving of his job performance.[32]

Budget[edit]

Corbett became governor on January 18, 2011. One of his first actions was the proposal of a new state budget that would decrease spending by 3%. The proposed budget received significant criticism due to its cuts in state-supported higher education by 50%. Under the new budget, funding granted to the 14 universities of the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education and state-related universities Penn State, Pittsburgh, Temple, and Lincoln would be cut in half, totaling $625 million. Corbett has said, however, that he will not attempt to limit collective bargaining, as have Republican Governors John Kasich of Ohio and Scott Walker of Wisconsin.[33]

Corbett's 2013-14 budget included a $90 million increase to basic education, as well as increases to programs that help people with mental and physical disabilities.[34]

Natural gas[edit]

Governor Corbett gives a speech in March 2014

As governor, Corbett maintains that Pennsylvania should not institute a natural gas extraction tax, due to its already high corporate net income tax.[35][36][37] In February 2011, Corbett repealed a four month old policy regulating natural gas drilling (including hydraulic fracturing) in park land, deeming it "unnecessary and redundant" according to a spokesperson. The Pennsylvania Democratic Party called the repeal a "payoff" to oil and gas interests which donated a million dollars to Corbett's campaign.[38] According to Corbett, "had they not given me a dime, I would still be in this position, saying we need to grow jobs in Pennsylvania".[39]

On February 17, 2012, Corbett signed The Marcellus Shale Law (House Bill 1950).[40] The law subjects natural gas drillers to an impact fee to offset any environmental or community impacts of drilling. In 2012, the law generated over 200 million dollars for Pennsylvania municipalities, twice the estimated amount of an extraction tax. The law also changes the zoning laws applicable to Marcellus Shale well drilling, which is more commonly known as hydraulic fracturing. Some of its provisions are that all municipalities must allow Marcellus Shale well drilling in all zoning districts, including residential and municipalities may not limit hours of operation. Water and wastewater pits must also be allowed in all zoning districts, including residential. Compressor stations must be allowed in industrial and agricultural zoning districts and towns may not limit hours of operation. Gas processing plants are allowed in industrial zoning districts and hours of operation cannot be limited. Gas pipelines must be allowed in all zoning districts, including residential.[40] The law helps gain access to land for new pipelines,[41] one of which will transport natural gas from Pennsylvania to export terminals in Maryland,[42][43][44][45] from which it will be shipped to Europe and Asia.[46][47] Others contend that the pipeline's purpose is to transport the gas to Maryland and D.C. markets.[42][48] There are also concerns that exporting natural gas will result in more jobs going overseas, leading to increased unemployment in Pennsylvania and other states as gas prices rise globally.[49]

The Marcellus Shale Law (House Bill 1950) also contains a provision that allows doctors in Pennsylvania access to the list of chemicals in hydraulic fracturing fluid in emergency situations only, but forbids them from discussing this information with their patients.[50] The information can only be used for emergency medical treatment, and the doctor must immediately verbally agree to keep the information confidential and later sign a document to that effect.[51] The bill also reduces the legal responsibility of vendors, service providers, and operators regarding the identity and impact of contents of the hydraulic fracturing fluid they use.[51]

Gay marriage/incest remark[edit]

In an interview broadcast on October 4, 2013, Corbett was on WHP-TV in Harrisburg when an anchor asked a question regarding a member of his staff comparing the union of gay couples to that of 12 year-old children. Corbett replied: "It was an inappropriate analogy, you know." "I think a much better analogy would have been brother and sister, don't you?" Later Friday, Corbett issued a statement saying his "words were not intended to offend anyone" and apologizing if they did. His office said the interview was taped Monday. "I explained that current Pennsylvania statute delineates categories of individuals unable to obtain a marriage license," he said. "As an example, I cited siblings as one such category, which is clearly defined in state law. My intent was to provide an example of these categories." He said the legal status of same-sex marriage will be decided with "respect and compassion shown to all sides." A federal judge struck down Pennsylvania's ban on same-sex marriage on May 20, 2014.[52][53]

Cannabis[edit]

Corbett is against both the decriminalization of cannabis for recreational use and the legalization of medical cannabis. He believes cannabis to be a "gateway drug that creates all of the drug problems we see in the United States." [54][55]

2014 election[edit]

Tom Corbett speaking in Allentown, Pennsylvania in November 2013 during his reelection campaign tour

Corbett formally announced his candidacy for reelection on November 8, 2013.[56]

Corbett was considered vulnerable, as reflected in his low approval ratings. An August 2013 Franklin & Marshall College poll found that only 17% of voters thought Corbett was doing an "excellent" or "good" job, only 20% thought he deserved to be reelected, and 62% said the state was "off on the wrong track".[31] Politico has called Corbett the most vulnerable incumbent governor in the United States,[57] The Washington Post ranks the election as the most likely for a party switch,[58] and the majority of election forecasters rate it "likely Democratic".

Despite Corbett's unpopularity and speculation that he would face a primary challenge,[59] he was ultimately unopposed in the Republican primary. Attorney and conservative activist Bob Guzzardi had announced a run against Corbett.[60] However, the state Supreme Court ordered Guzzardi's name struck from the ballot due to his failure to file a statement of financial interest, leaving Corbett unopposed for the Republican nomination.[61]

In the general election, Corbett faced Democratic nominee Tom Wolf, a businessman and former Secretary of the Pennsylvania Department of Revenue. Polling indicated a very difficult path to reelection for Corbett; he had trailed Wolf in every single poll taken since March 2013. RealClearPolitics reports an average lead of 10.8% for Wolf.[62] HuffPost Pollster's model estimated has Corbett losing to Wolf 54.2% to 36.8% and reported that the probability Wolf will beat Corbett is 99%.[63]

On November 4, 2014, Corbett lost to Democratic nominee Tom Wolf in the general election. He received 45.1% of the vote while Wolf won 54.9%. His term expires on January 20, 2015.

Personal life[edit]

Susan Corbett, First Lady of Pennsylvania from 2011–2015.

Corbett married Susan Manbeck Corbett in 1972. The couple met as students at Lebanon Valley College in Annville. Mrs Corbett has worked as a teacher and a legal secretary. Lately, her career has been in arts administration: as special projects manager for the President’s Office at Carnegie Museums and the Director’s Office of Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh. She served as Assistant Producer and then Executive Director of Pittsburgh Arts and Lectures and Vice-President for Programs and Development for the Gettysburg Foundation.[64]

Susan Corbett is Pennsylvania's Honorary Chair of the Girl Scouts 100th anniversary celebration.[65]

Corbett and his wife, Susan, have two children, Tom and Katherine. Tom is an associate producer with EA Games, currently teaching a superset of chimeric fur shader game design at Carnegie Mellon University,[66] and Katherine is a prosecutor in the Philadelphia District Attorney's office.[67]

Electoral history[edit]

Pennsylvania Attorney General election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Corbett 2,730,718 50.4%
Democratic Jim Eisenhower 2,621,927 48.3%
Green Marakay J. Rogers 70,624 1.3%
Pennsylvania Attorney General election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Corbett (incumbent) 3,002,927 52.36%
Democratic John Morganelli 2,619,791 45.84%
Libertarian Marakay J. Rogers 109,856 1.89%
Pennsylvania gubernatorial election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Corbett 2,172,763 54.5%
Democratic Dan Onorato 1,814,788 45.5%
Totals 3,987,551 100.0%
Pennsylvania gubernatorial election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tom Wolf 1,899,318 54.9%
Republican Tom Corbett (incumbent) 1,560,057 45.1%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Romeo, Tony (January 18, 2011). "Corbett To Take Oath Of Office In Pennsylvania". CBS Philly. Retrieved November 13, 2011. 
  2. ^ https://pennstatelaw.psu.edu/_file/student_orgs/Corbett.pdf
  3. ^ "NBC News Projects: PA's Corbett Ousted by Democrat Tom Wolf". NBC News. November 4, 2014. Retrieved November 4, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Corbett's campaign is finishing 'on a glide'". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 
  5. ^ a b O'Toole, James (September 15, 2009). "Corbett announces he will run for governor in 2010". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 
  6. ^ Guydon, Lynda (December 1, 1989). "New U.S. attorney takes office on interim basis". The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved January 15, 2012. 
  7. ^ "THIEMAN FAVORED FOR U.S. ATTORNEY AMBROSE, LANCASTER, DEL SOLE SUGGESTED FOR U.S. COURT SEATS". The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. May 27, 1993. Retrieved January 15, 2012. 
  8. ^ CORBETT CONFIRMED AS PA. ATTORNEY GENERAL, The Morning Call, October 3, 1995
  9. ^ Roddy, Dennis B. (April 28, 2004). "Corbett, Eisenhower win in attorney general race". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved November 13, 2011. 
  10. ^ Panchuk, Kerri (May 14, 2010). "Seven states join Texas in health care fight". Dallas Business Journal. Retrieved November 13, 2011. 
  11. ^ Becker, Jo (November 10, 2011). "Abuse Inquiry Set Tricky Path for a Governor". The New York Times. Retrieved July 19, 2012. 
  12. ^ Bissinger, Buzz (November 21, 2011). "Penn State's New Villain: Pennsylvania Gov. Tom Corbett". The Daily Beast. Retrieved July 19, 2012. 
  13. ^ Storm, Jennifer (July 18, 2012). "Corbett got the Jerry Sandusky case right". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved July 19, 2012. 
  14. ^ O'Toole, James (September 15, 2009). "Corbett announces he will run for governor in 2010". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved November 13, 2011. 
  15. ^ Benenson, Bob. Pennsylvania Governor: Corbett vs. Onorato. CQ Politics. May 18, 2010.
  16. ^ Corbett subpoenas Twitter for critics' names. The Philadelphia Inquirer. May 20, 2010. Retrieved on November 9, 2010.
  17. ^ "Tom Corbett Squashes (sic) Subpoena For Twitter Critics' IDs". WTAE. May 19, 2010. Retrieved January 20, 2012. [dead link]
  18. ^ Panaritis, Maria. (July 10, 2010) Corbett says some would rather get unemployment checks than work. The Philadelphia Inquirer. July 10, 2010. Retrieved on November 9, 2010.
  19. ^ Panaritis, Maria. (July 28, 2010) Corbett dips a toe in old controversy. The Philadelphia Inquirer. July 28, 2010. Retrieved on November 9, 2010.
  20. ^ Panaritis, Maria. (October 2, 2010) Democrats pounce on Corbett's jobless-fund comments. The Philadelphia Inquirer. October 2, 2010. Retrieved on November 9, 2010.
  21. ^ "2010 General Election". Elections Information. Pennsylvania Department of State. November 2, 2010. Retrieved November 2, 2010. 
  22. ^ "Pa Department of Economic and Community Development". 
  23. ^ "Shell picks Beaver County for 'cracker' plant". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. March 16, 2012. 
  24. ^ "Gov. Tom Corbett Honored By Petroleum Distributors For Keeping Strong Refinery Presence In Southeast Pennsylvania". PR Newswire (Press release). Retrieved 2013-07-19. 
  25. ^ "Democratic group says Pennsylvania is 49th in job creation under Gov. Tom Corbett". Tampa Bay Times. 2014-07-22. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  26. ^ Sabadish, Natalie; Herzenberg, Stephen. "Pennsylvania’s Still-Lagging Economic Growth". Keystone Research Center. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  27. ^ a b "Liquor privatization: Pa. Gov. Corbett wants to shut state-run stores, auction licenses". 30 January 2013. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  28. ^ "Corbett, wife accepted thousands in gifts from biz execs, lobbyists - Philly.com". Articles.philly.com. 2013-03-06. Retrieved 2013-04-07. 
  29. ^ Mathis, Joel. "Tom Corbett is Least Popular Governor in Poll's History I The Philly Post". Blogs.phillymag.com. Retrieved 2013-04-07. 
  30. ^ a b "Franklin & Marshall College poll". Franklin & Marshall College. August 28, 2013. 
  31. ^ "Corbett's numbers just keep getting worse". Public Policy Polling. November 26, 2013. 
  32. ^ Mauriello, Tracie; Olson, Laura (March 8, 2011). "Corbett swings budget ax at schools, colleges". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 
  33. ^ "Gov. Corbett lays out budget proposal". 
  34. ^ "Dispute over Pa. gas drilling fees". 15 May 2013. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  35. ^ Levy, Marc (March 29, 2011). "Corbett defends education cuts, stance against taxing gas drilling". Republican Herald. Associated Press. Retrieved November 13, 2011. 
  36. ^ Krawczeniuk, Borys (March 18, 2011). "Corbett: Natural gas tax could hurt Pa.". The Times-Tribune. Retrieved November 13, 2011. 
  37. ^ Hopey, Don (February 24, 2011). "Corbett repeals policy on gas drilling in parks". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved April 19, 2011. 
  38. ^ "Corbett refuses to budge on gas tax policy". The Times Leader. April 19, 2011. Retrieved November 13, 2011. [dead link]
  39. ^ a b "Local zoning provisions in Pa.'s gas drilling law". USA Today. Associated Press. 3 March 2012. Retrieved 23 February 2012. [dead link]
  40. ^ Prezioso, Jeanine (28 July 2011). "Analysis: U.S. shale gas sector girds for next battle: pipeline". Reuters. Retrieved 6 March 2012. 
  41. ^ a b Crable, Ad (11 March 2012). "Plans for natural gas pipelines include Lancaster County: Companies drilling in Pennsylvania need better distribution network". LancasterOnline. Retrieved 26 March 2012. 
  42. ^ Brune, Michael (5 March 2012). "Don't export LNG in Maryland. Proposed Cove Point facility would set back the state's efforts to make environmental progress". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 26 March 2012. 
  43. ^ "LNG Exports Dominion Receives DOE Authorization to Export LNG". Dominion. October 2011. Retrieved 6 March 2012. [dead link]
  44. ^ Gies, Erica (24 February 2012). "Push to Export Natural Gas Could Threaten U.S. Energy Security". Green Tech (Forbes). Retrieved 4 March 2012. 
  45. ^ Kemeny, Matthew (9 October 2011). "Virginia firm wants to export Marcellus Shale's gas". Patriot news. Patriot News/PennLive. Retrieved 26 March 2012. 
  46. ^ Rascoe, Ayesha (7 February 2012). "Sierra Club opposes Maryland LNG export terminal". Reuters. Retrieved 5 March 2012. 
  47. ^ "$1B natural gas pipeline proposed for Pa., would connect to Baltimore, DC areas". Associate Press. 2 March 2012. Retrieved 6 March 2012. 
  48. ^ Domm, Patti (7 March 2012). "Will the US Export Natural Gas?". CNBC. Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  49. ^ Sheppard, Kate (23 March 2012). "For Pennsylvania's Doctors, a Gag Order on Fracking Chemicals. A new provision could forbid the state’s doctors from sharing information with patients exposed to toxic fracking solutions.". Mother Jones. Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  50. ^ a b "Pennsylvania House bill 1950". Retrieved 2013-07-19. 
  51. ^ "Federal judge: Same-sex marriage ban in Pennsylvania unconstitutional - CNN.com". CNN. 20 May 2014. 
  52. ^ "Tom Corbett, Pennsylvania GOP Governor, Compares Gay Marriage To Incest".  The Huffington Post. Published on 2013-10-04. Retrieved on 2014-01-27.
  53. ^ Hall, Peter. "Legal pot unlikely in Pennsylvania anytime soon". mcall.com. Retrieved 11 October 2014. 
  54. ^ Pound, Mike. "Five thoughts on Wolf-Corbett Debate III". post-gazette.com. Retrieved 11 October 2014. 
  55. ^ O'Toole, Jim; Langley, Karen (November 6, 2013). "Corbett begins uphill fight, announces campaign for second term". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved November 8, 2013. 
  56. ^ Schultheis, Emily (May 13, 2013). "Pa. Dems line up to run vs. hobbled Corbett". PoliticsPA. Retrieved May 14, 2013. 
  57. ^ http://www.politicspa.com/wapo-pa-gov-1-most-likely-to-switch-parties/49415/
  58. ^ Keegan Gibson (December 5, 2012). "Exclusive: Castor Mulling Primary Challenge to Corbett". PoliticsPA. Retrieved May 21, 2014. 
  59. ^ "PPP Poll: Corbett Continues to Sink, Trails All Dems". PoliticsPA. 2013-03-12. Retrieved 2013-04-07. 
  60. ^ Jackson, Peter (1 May 2014). "Corbett's GOP foe Bob Guzzardi ordered off Pa. primary ballot". The Delaware County Daily Times. Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  61. ^ "Pennsylvania Governor - Corbett vs. Wolf". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved November 1, 2014. 
  62. ^ "2014 Pennsylvania Governor: Corbett vs. Wolf". HuffPost Pollster. Retrieved November 1, 2014. 
  63. ^ "The First Family". 
  64. ^ "Pennsylvania First Lady Susan Corbett Celebrates the Girl Scouts 100th Anniversary by Camping with Lehigh Valley Scouts". [dead link]
  65. ^ "Game Designer Tom Corbett". 
  66. ^ "Governor Tom Corbett". Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Retrieved November 13, 2011. 

External links[edit]

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Preceded by
Charles Sheehy
Acting
United States Attorney for the Western District of Pennsylvania
1989–1993
Succeeded by
Frederick Thieman
Preceded by
Ernie Preate
Attorney General of Pennsylvania
1995–1997
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Michael Fisher
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Jerry Pappert
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2005–2011
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William Ryan
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