Tom Green County, Texas

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Tom Green County, Texas
Tom Green County Courthouse, San Angelo, TX IMG 4399.JPG
Tom Green County Courthouse in San Angelo
Seal of Tom Green County, Texas
Seal
Map of Texas highlighting Tom Green County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded March 13, 1874
Named for General Thomas Green
Seat San Angelo
Largest city San Angelo
Area
 • Total 1,541 sq mi (3,991 km2)
 • Land 1,522 sq mi (3,942 km2)
 • Water 19 sq mi (49 km2), 1.2%
Population
 • (2010) 110,224
 • Density 67/sq mi (26/km²)
Congressional district 11th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.tom-green.tx.us
Judge Edd B. Keyes Annex Building across from the Tom Green County Courthouse

Tom Green County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 110,224.[1] Its county seat is San Angelo.[2]

Tom Green County is included in the San Angelo, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The county was established by the state legislature on March 13, 1874, and named after Thomas Green, a Confederate brigadier general. It originally comprised an area of over 60,000 square miles (160,000 km2).

The original county seat was the town of Ben Ficklin. In 1882, flood waters of the Concho River destroyed the town and drowned 65 people. The county seat was moved to Santa Angela. In 1883, the town's name was officially changed to San Angelo by the United States Post Office.

Tom Green County has an unusual shape, with a long, narrow strip of land extending to the west. This feature is due to the fact that Reagan County to the west used to be part of Tom Green County, and the state of Texas required that all counties have a contiguous land route to their county seat. Therefore the small strip of land served to connect the two main regions. In 1903, the residents of the western section voted to form their own county (Reagan County), while in the same vote it was decided that the connecting strip would remain as part of Tom Green County.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,541 sq mi (3,990 km2), of which 1,522 sq mi (3,940 km2) is land and 19 sq mi (49 km2) (1.2%) is covered by water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 3,615
1890 5,152 42.5%
1900 6,804 32.1%
1910 17,882 162.8%
1920 15,210 −14.9%
1930 36,033 136.9%
1940 39,302 9.1%
1950 58,929 49.9%
1960 64,630 9.7%
1970 71,047 9.9%
1980 84,784 19.3%
1990 98,458 16.1%
2000 104,010 5.6%
2010 110,224 6.0%
Est. 2012 113,281 2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1850-2010[6]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[7] of 2000, 104,010 people, 39,503 households, and 26,783 families resided in the county. The population density was 68 people per square mile (26/km2). There were 43,916 housing units at an average density of 29 per mi2 (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 50.76% White, 4.13% Black or African American, 0.65% Native American, 0.86% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 12.82% from other races, and 2.39% from two or more races. About 30.71% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race, 13.2% were of German, 10.7% American, 8.2% English and 7.2% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

Of the 39,503 households, 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.10% were married couples living together, 11.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.20% were not families. About 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the county, the population age was distributed as 26.10% under the age of 18, 12.80% from 18 to 24, 27.10% from 25 to 44, 20.60% from 45 to 64, and 13.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,148, and for a family was $39,482. Males had a median income of $27,949 versus $20,683 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,325. About 11.20% of families and 15.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.20% of those under age 18 and 11.80% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

View from U.S. Highway 87 northwest of San Angelo in Tom Green County

The following school districts serve Tom Green County:

Colleges[edit]

Communities[edit]

Former Texas Theater in downtown San Angelo

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated areas[edit]

Historical communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 26, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ http://www.reporternews.com/lifestyle/ask-doug-shaping-tom-green-county
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 26, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Texas Almanac: County Population History 1850-2010". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved December 26, 2013. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°25′N 100°28′W / 31.41°N 100.46°W / 31.41; -100.46