Tomah, Wisconsin

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Tomah
City
Downtown Tomah
Downtown Tomah
Tomah is located in Wisconsin
Tomah
Tomah
Location within the state of Wisconsin
Coordinates: 43°59′6″N 90°30′14″W / 43.98500°N 90.50389°W / 43.98500; -90.50389Coordinates: 43°59′6″N 90°30′14″W / 43.98500°N 90.50389°W / 43.98500; -90.50389
Country United States
State Wisconsin
County Monroe
Government
 • Mayor John Rusch
Area[1]
 • Total 7.86 sq mi (20.36 km2)
 • Land 7.46 sq mi (19.32 km2)
 • Water 0.40 sq mi (1.04 km2)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 9,093
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 9,294
 • Density 1,218.9/sq mi (470.6/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 54660
Area code(s) 608
Website http://www.tomahonline.com/

Tomah (Hoocąk: Ho'ųnį Xųnųnįk [4]) is a city in Monroe County, Wisconsin, United States. As of July 1, 2011, it had a population of 9,093. The city is located partially within the Town of Tomah.

History[edit]

Tomah was founded by Robert E. Gillette in 1855 and incorporated as a city in 1883.[5] Tomah is named after Thomas Carron (ca. 1752–1818), the second son of Thomas Carron (ca. 1700–1780), a trader at Green Bay that had integrated into the Menominee tribe. The Menominees pronounced the name Tomah or Tomau and he became known as Chief Tomah. Tomah was adopted as the name for the settlement in Monroe County on the unsubstantiated belief that Chief Tomah had once held a tribal gathering in the area.[6]

Geography[edit]

Tomah is located at 43°59′6″N 90°30′14″W / 43.98500°N 90.50389°W / 43.98500; -90.50389 (43.985089, -90.503922).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.86 square miles (20.36 km2), of which, 7.46 square miles (19.32 km2) is land and 0.40 square miles (1.04 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Post office

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 9,093 people, 3,900 households, and 2,194 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,218.9 inhabitants per square mile (470.6 /km2). There were 4,196 housing units at an average density of 562.5 per square mile (217.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.9% White, 2.6% African American, 1.7% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 1.1% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.0% of the population.

There were 3,900 households of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.3% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.7% were non-families. 37.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.96.

The median age in the city was 38 years. 24.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.3% were from 25 to 44; 26.2% were from 45 to 64; and 15.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.2% male and 49.8% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 8,419 people, 3,451 households, and 2,098 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,148.2 people per square mile (443.5/km²). There were 3,706 housing units at an average density of 505.4 per square mile (195.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.95% White, 1.03% Black or African American, 1.65% Native American, 0.67% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, and 1.15% from two or more races. 1.41% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,451 households out of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.2% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.2% were non-families. 33.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,986, and the median income for a family was $42,881. Males had a median income of $31,612 versus $21,377 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,409. About 8.4% of families and 12.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.7% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

Tomah is a regional transportation hub because of its location where Interstate 90 and Interstate 94 diverge, with Interstate 90 continuing west to La Crosse, Wisconsin and Interstate 94 heading north to Eau Claire, Wisconsin and the Twin Cities.

Tomah is served by an Amtrak Station on the Empire Builder route.

Bloyer Field Airport is located 1 mile east of Tomah.

Education[edit]

The Tomah Area School District has nine public schools: seven elementary schools, a middle school, and a high school.

Health and medical[edit]

Four health care facilities are located in Tomah: Tomah Memorial Hospital, a Veteran's Administration Medical Center, Lake Tomah Clinic of Franciscan Skemp Mayo Health System, and the Tomah Clinic of Gundersen Lutheran.[9]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  4. ^ "Locations". Hoocąk Waaziija Haci Language Division, A Division of The Ho-Chunk Nation. Retrieved 2014-04-06. 
  5. ^ http://www.tomahwisconsin.com/cityhistory.php Tomah
  6. ^ Vogel, Virgil J. 1991. Indian Names on Wisconsin's Map. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, p. 42.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ Welcome to the Tomah VA Medical Center
  10. ^ 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1960,' Biographical Sketch of Glenn L. Henry, pg. 35
  11. ^ 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1970,' Biographical Sketch of Kyle Kenyon, pg. 58

External links[edit]