Tomaszów Mazowiecki

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Tomaszów Mazowiecki
Knothe's Villa (Kościuszko Sq.)
Knothe's Villa (Kościuszko Sq.)
Flag of Tomaszów Mazowiecki
Flag
Coat of arms of Tomaszów Mazowiecki
Coat of arms
Tomaszów Mazowiecki is located in Poland
Tomaszów Mazowiecki
Tomaszów Mazowiecki
Coordinates: 51°31′N 20°1′E / 51.517°N 20.017°E / 51.517; 20.017
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Łódź
County Tomaszów Mazowiecki County
Gmina Tomaszów Mazowiecki (urban gmina)
Established 18th century
Town rights 1830
Government
 • Mayor Marcin Witko
Area
 • Total 41.3 km2 (15.9 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 66,705
 • Density 1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 97-200
Area code(s) +48 44
Car plates ETM
Website http://www.tomaszow-maz.eu

Tomaszów Mazowiecki pronounced [ tɔˈmaʂuf mazɔˈvjɛt͡ski ] is a town in central Poland with 67,159 inhabitants (2004). Situated in the Łódź Voivodeship (since 1999), it was previously part of Piotrków Trybunalski Voivodeship (1975–1998). Tomaszów occupies an area of 41.3 kilometres (25.7 mi) as of 2002.

The town is situated on the banks of three rivers, the Pilica, Wolbórka, and Czarna Bielina, and is near the Zalew Sulejowski reservoir and the edge of the Puszcza Spalska wilderness area.

History[edit]

Tomaszów Mazowiecki was granted the status of an industry and trade settlement (osada fabryczno-handlowa) in 1824, and was designated a city in 1830 during the November Uprising in Congress Poland against the Russian Empire. A year later the Jewish Qahal was founded.[1]

By 1931 the Jewish population of the city grew to 11,310 inhabitants, or about 30% of the general population of Tomaszów.[1] During the Nazi-Soviet invasion of Poland of 1939 the city was overrun by Nazi Germany. Next month the Great Synagogue was burned to the ground as first on 16 October 1939; the remaining two synagogues were destroyed on 7–14 November.[1] The Ghetto for the imprisonment of 16,500 Polish Jews was created in December 1940, and closed off from the outside in December 1941. Hunger was rampant, followed by the typhus epidemic. In December 1942 some 15,000 Jews were deported aboard Holocaust trains to Treblinka extermination camp. Some 200 Jews from Tomaszów are known to have survived World War II.[1]

Land usage[edit]

According to data from 2006, Tomaszów Mazowiecki has an area of 41.3 km2; about 45% of the land is put to agricultural use, 13% is forested, and the city itself covers about 4.03% of the area.

Education[edit]

  • I High School im. Jaroslawa Dabrowskiego at Mościckiego Street
  • II High School im. Stefana Zeromskiego at Jalowcowa Street
  • III High School im. Stanislawa Hojnowskiego at Nadrzeczna Street
  • IV High School at Strefowa Street
  • Branch of University of Łódź

Transportation[edit]

Several national and regional routes cross each other in the city:

Zalew Sulejowski[edit]

Main article: Zalew Sulejowski
A view of the Zalew Sulejowski

The Zalew Sulejowski is a large reservoir built from 1969–1973 in order to help meet the demand for fresh drinking water in the city of Łódź and the city of Tomaszów Mazowiecki. The actual reservoir is situated on the territory of three gmin: Tomaszów, Piotrków and Wolbórz.

Konewka Bunkers[edit]

The Konewka Bunkers is a complex of various technical and headquarters buildings, among which is a large bunker capable of protecting a train from an air raid, normally serving as a station to unload the cargo of the train.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Tomaszów Mazowiecki is twinned with:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Fronczkowski M. (2015). "History of Tomaszów Mazowiecki". "Tomaszowscy Żydzi", Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Tomaszowa Mazowieckiego. Muzeum Historii Żydów Polskich POLIN. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  2. ^ "Офіційний сайт міста Івано-Франківська" (in Ukrainian). mvk.if.ua. Retrieved 7 March 2010. 

References[edit]

Coordinates: 51°32′N 20°01′E / 51.533°N 20.017°E / 51.533; 20.017