Tomb Raider II

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Tomb Raider II
Tomb Raider II.png
Developer(s) Core Design (Windows & PS)
Westlake Interactive (Mac OS)
Publisher(s) Eidos Interactive
Aspyr (Mac OS)
Producer(s) Core Design
Designer(s) Gavin Rummery
Neil Boyd
Heather Gibson
Stuart Atkinson
Writer(s) Vicky Arnold
Composer(s) Nathan McCree
Series Tomb Raider
Platform(s) Microsoft Windows, PlayStation, Mac OS
Release date(s) Microsoft Windows & PlayStation
  • NA 31 October 1997
  • EU 1 November 1997
JP 22 January 1998 (PS only)[1]

NA 27 August 2009 (PSN)
EU 7 September 2011 (PSN)[2]
INT 30 May 2012 (GOG)[3]
INT 28 November 2012 (Steam)
Mac OS
NA 1 January 1998 (Retail)
NA 27 October 2011 (Online)

Genre(s) Action-adventure
Mode(s) Single player

Tomb Raider II is an action-adventure video game in the Tomb Raider series and is the sequel to the 1996 video game Tomb Raider. Developed by Core Design and published by Eidos Interactive, the game was originally released for Microsoft Windows and PlayStation in 1997 and Mac OS in 1998.

The game was an astounding commercial success, selling over 8 million copies worldwide as of 2003, and is considered one of the best-selling games of all time.[4]

Gameplay[edit]

The gameplay of Tomb Raider II builds upon the basic set up of the original game. For a detailed discussion of its features, see the gameplay section of Tomb Raider. Innovations in Tomb Raider II include, new weapons, extra moves, a small set of vehicles, larger levels, many more enemies, mostly human enemies and dynamic lighting (in the original gun fire did not briefly light up the immediate area and flares did not exist). As well as these new features, the player may now save wherever and whenever they choose, save for a few special locations, as opposed to its predecessor's crystal saving feature.

In terms of movement, Lara can now climb ladders and perform a mid-air roll used to land in the opposite direction of which the player was facing. The range of weapons has been expanded to include a harpoon gun (though more correctly termed a speargun), a grenade launcher, an M16 rifle, which requires Lara to assume an aiming stance to fire, and automatic pistols, which replace the magnums from Tomb Raider. The item inventory now includes pyrotechnic flares, which are used to light up dark corners and take advantage of the improved lighting system implemented by the developers. The two vehicles in the game are a motorboat (in Venice) and a Snowmobile (in Tibet). Both are used to travel long distances across the map and can speed up on ramps or run over enemies.

The object of the game remains unchanged from the previous game: each level must be finished by solving various puzzles, collecting key items, and performing difficult jumps. However, this time there is an emphasis on gun fights and the killing of human opponents as well. Secrets no longer immediately reward the player with weapons or medipacks. Instead, each secret is marked by a coloured dragon ornament: silver (or stone), jade, and gold, according to the difficulty of their location. Only when Lara collects the last of all three dragons in a level will she receive a bonus, which usually consists of medipacks and ammunition, and infrequently a new weapon.

Tomb Raider II also offered the player an expanded version of "Croft Manor", Lara's mansion. Designed as a gameplay tutorial, players can wander through the massive building, most notably her personal gymnasium with a variety of platforms, objects, and traps set up for Lara to maneuver through. This let players acclimate themselves to the game's controls and Lara's large arsenal of moves at their own pace in a relaxed, controlled environment. As a bit of comic relief, Lara's old butler slowly follows Lara around the house, with the sound of rattling tea cups on his tray accompanying him (and by proxy, the player) along the way. If Lara bumps him, he grunts or groans and will even occasionally break wind. Versions of Lara's mansion would return in Tomb Raider III and then later in Tomb Raider: Legend.

Plot[edit]

The story of Tomb Raider II surrounds the mythical 'Dagger of Xian', a weapon which was used by an Emperor of China to command his army. By plunging the weapon into its owner's heart, the weapon has the power to turn its bearer into a dragon. A flashback reveals that the last battle which was fought with the Dagger ended in defeat when the warrior monks of Tibet succeeded in removing the knife from the Emperor's heart, whereupon the Emperor died. The Dagger was then returned to its resting place within the Great Wall.

The Dagger of Xian as seen in Tomb Raider III.

The game begins in the present day near the remains of the Great Wall, where Lara Croft investigates the legend of the Dagger. Upon reaching the door which leads to the dagger, she is attacked by a thug who claims to work for Marco Bartoli, a Venetian Mafia leader who has an obsession with the ancient lore of the Dagger. After traveling to Venice, Lara makes her way through Bartoli's hideout and an opera house where Bartoli's men are plotting a heist. Lara manages to follow Bartoli aboard his aeroplane, but she is knocked unconscious before she can confront him.

The plane is headed toward an oil platform. At the site, the cult of Xian have killed all the rig's staff, dumping the bodies into the sea and are carrying out excavations on a sunken ship called the Maria Doria, a luxury ocean liner which was owned by Marco's Father that sank two years ago. When Lara regains consciousness, she learns that the crew have taken her weapons and equipment. She retrieves her weapons and makes her way through the oil rig. She later learns from an imprisoned Tibetan monk, Brother Chan, that the shipwreck carries an ancient Tibetan artefact called the Seraph. Lara dives alongside a submersible and arrives at the shipwreck. There she successfully retrieves the Seraph. Having obtained this, she heads towards the monastery via aeroplane.

As Lara heads to the Tibetan monastery the plane suffers engine failure and crash lands. As the plane is skidding along the ground she manages to escape using a parachute and arrives at the Barkhang Monastery in Tibet. There she is helped by monks in confronting the thugs of Marco Bartoli. With the help of the monks, she finds and uses five prayer wheels to open a door that leads to a room to hold the Seraph. She continues her journey inside the catacombs to find the Talion, a key used to open the door which leads to the dagger. After confronting several yetis, she recovers the Talion. The FMV cutscene shows Lara exiting the caves. She takes off in a jeep while a guard is patrolling outside. Another jeep with two guards follows Lara, but she manages to escape.

Back in China, Lara opens the door to the chamber holding the Dagger. Before she reaches the artefact, however, Lara is plunged into the catacombs beneath the Great Wall. She makes her way back to the chamber too late, as Bartoli has already used the dagger and is carried through a portal to another realm. Lara goes through the portal to a place with green floating islands and warriors which come alive when triggered. She finally moves to the room where she witnesses Bartoli, transformed into a dragon. In the final fight, Lara manages to temporarily render the creature unconscious and pulls the dagger from Bartoli's heart. Soon after this, the whole tomb begins to collapse, and a part of the Great Wall is destroyed. In the epilogue, Lara returns home and is shown cleaning the dagger when she hears an alarm going off. She discovers the remainder of Marco Bartoli's men have tracked her down to England and are planning to invade her mansion. Luckily she overpowers them. The final shot is of Lara, disrobing before entering the shower. She turns to the camera and says: "Don't you think you've seen enough?" She then blasts her shotgun at the camera.

Characters[edit]

Development[edit]

Development of Tomb Raider II was already in its conceptual stages before the first game was released. As Core Design came to the home stretch of Tomb Raider '​s development, additional ideas and suggestions for the game had piled up, some of which were still able to be incorporated in the first game, and others which would form foundation for the sequel.[5]

While two key members of the original team had left – most notably Lara's creator Toby Gard, who was replaced by Stuart Atkinson – the design team for Tomb Raider II was expanded to more than double its original size.[5] A decision was made early on to keep the engine from the first Tomb Raider, adopting a tweak-and-improve approach, rather than starting over from scratch.[5] This, combined with the larger development team, led to a shorter development time than that of the original game.[5] Minor camera issues and polygon glitches were fixed, while new features were added, such as dynamic lighting and a more flexible control system. With the improvements to the graphics engine, a larger number of polygons could be rendered on screen, allowing large outdoors areas and more atmospheric effects.

Lara's appearance in Tomb Raider II was given a make-over by the new designer, Stuart Atkinson, giving her a free-flowing ponytail, smoother features, and several new outfits which changed over the course of the game.[6] While in China and Venice she sported her signature "Tomb Raider outfit" (a tanktop and shorts), in the ocean-based levels she donned a half-body wetsuit and in Tibet she wore a flight jacket. Lara's revolving wardrobe would become a trademark of the series going forward.

Core Design used a custom built level editor that made it possible to explore each stage as it was being created, allowing levels to be play tested on the fly and eliminating glitches.[5] A team of six playtesters continually tested the game up until the final hours before it was sent to Sony for final approval.[7]

While the original Tomb Raider was released on both the PlayStation and Sega Saturn game consoles, Tomb Raider II was no longer designed for the Sega Saturn despite having been confirmed as a target platform for the game in the first place. Following the cancellation announcement, Adrian Smith cited technical limitations of the console to program an adequate conversion.[8] In September 1997, Sony Computer Entertainment America signed a deal with Eidos to make console releases for the Tomb Raider franchise exclusive to the PlayStation, preventing the Sega Saturn or the Nintendo 64 from having any Tomb Raider game released for it until 2000, a deal that would prove very beneficial to Sony both in terms of revenue dollars and also in further cementing the PlayStation's growing reputation as the go-to system for must-have exclusive titles.[9]

Shelley Blond did not reprise her role as Lara Croft from the previous game. Instead, Judith Gibbins voiced Lara in Tomb Raider II.

Versions and expansions[edit]

Tomb Raider II was released for Windows 95, Macintosh and PlayStation. There are only slight differences between the three versions and they have nothing to do with the game itself. The PlayStation version has a loading screen with a picture of the current country when loading levels. The Mac version has a loading bar in the same style font as the rest of the game text. However the PC version has no loading screens. Tomb Raider II has now been available for download for the PlayStation 3 via the PlayStation Network store. On 27 October 2011, it was released for Mac OS X and sold via the Mac App Store.[10]

Tomb Raider II: Golden Mask[edit]

In 1999, Tomb Raider II was re-released for PC as Tomb Raider II Gold in North America and Tomb Raider II: Golden Mask elsewhere. The game comprises the scenarios of the original Tomb Raider II and four new bonus levels in a separate mini-adventure entitled "The Golden Mask". Unlike the other two Gold games, however, The Golden Mask contains no story ties to its corresponding game from the main Tomb Raider series. Its plot is completely unique.

The story involves Lara Croft coming across some clues referring to a small island in the Bering Sea: a faded photograph showing an Inuit whale hunter holding what looks like an ancient Golden Mask, an old newspaper from 1945 referring to a conflict over an Alaskan gold discovery, and a secret kind of fortified military mine base. Lara is primarily interested in finding the Mask, as it is rumoured to be the famed Golden Mask of Tornarsuk, a greater spirit said to bestow powers of re-animation on the mask wearer.[11]

Reception[edit]

Reception
Aggregate scores
Aggregator Score
GameRankings (PC) 86.20%[12]
(PS1) 82.71%[13]
Metacritic (PS1) 85/100[14]
Review scores
Publication Score
GameSpot (PC) 8.2/10[15]
(PS1) 5.7/10[16]
IGN (PS1) 8/10[17]
Official PlayStation Magazine (US) 4.5/5[19]
PlayStation Magazine 10/10[18]

Reviews[edit]

Tomb Raider II received highly positive reviews from most critics. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100, the game received an average score of 85 for the PlayStation version, based on 13 reviews, which indicates "favorable reviews".[14] As one of the most hotly anticipated games of 1997, Tomb Raider II was an immediate commercial success, quickly surpassing the sales of Tomb Raider. As the first game, the game was critically successful, though not as much as its predecessor. The UK GameSpot game the PC version an 8.2/10 saying "Taking its cue from the previous game, Tomb Raider II sees Croft becoming embroiled in a brand new globe-trotting hunt for treasure. Again, levels are lushly appointed with colorful textures, taking you on a visual voyage from the waterways of Venice to eerie subterranean catacombs, this time in search of the Dagger of Xian, a relic that supposedly bestows great power upon its bearer." The US GameSpot gave the PlayStation version a 5.7/10 indicating "mediocre", saying "Most of Tomb Raider II's improvements are cosmetic, and even those aren't really anything special." somewhat complimenting the games graphics stating "The graphics have been bumped up a bit, but are still terribly pixelated. This is forgivable, however, considering the sheer size of some of the levels. The enemy characters are a bit smoother looking (and definitely more of them), but it's obvious that most of the development cycle was spent making Lara look better. This year's model is a lot more curvy, a bit skinnier, and sports a fully functioning ponytail (I shudder to think how many hours were spent getting her hair to move just right)."[16] Other reviews were more positive, such as IGN, giving the game an 8/10. Saying, "If you played Tomb Raider, you know how vast and complex the levels can be. Well, Core has pushed the game even further this time, adding 25% to each level, making it more of a challenge. Puzzles are less obvious this time, and require some definite backtracking and exploration to figure out." They rounded off their review answering the question if Tomb Raider II is superior to the first game, saying, "That still leaves the question open: is it a better game? In my humble opinion, no, but it is just as good, and makes a worthy sequel."[17] The other review websites gave similar reviews and scores. Of particular praise from other critics were Tomb Raider II's improved graphics, the use of vehicles to add variety to gameplay and the more action oriented objectives.[20]

Legacy[edit]

During the late 1990s, Lara was at the height of her fame. Talks for a screen adaptation of the series were in progress, Lara Croft was featured prominently in several SEAT and Lucozade commercials, and U2 famously used her image during their 1997 PopMart Tour. Like its predecessor, the game was eventually made part of PlayStation's "Greatest Hits" line. The follow up, Tomb Raider III: Adventures of Lara Croft, would follow in 1998, marking the third Tomb Raider release.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "電撃スパイク『トゥームレイダー: アニバーサリー』システム紹介 – 電撃オンライン". Dol.dengeki.com. Retrieved 2012-07-04. 
  2. ^ "Looking to revisit a classic Tomb Raider title?". Officialtombraiderblog.tumblr.com. Retrieved 2012-07-04. 
  3. ^ http://www.gog.com/news/release_tomb_raider_123
  4. ^ "All Time Top 20 Best Selling Games". 21 May 2003. Archived from the original on 21 February 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-01. 
  5. ^ a b c d e Boyer, Crispin (November 1997). "Reinventing the Raider: The Evolution of Tomb Raider 2". Electronic Gaming Monthly. pp. 82–96. Retrieved 2007-05-28. 
  6. ^ Meyer, Bill (1997). "Tomb Raider 2 – An Inside Look". Gamecenter. Archived from the original on 12 June 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-02. 
  7. ^ Newsweek (10 June 1997). "Article in Newsweek". Newsweek. Archived from the original on 25 April 2005. Retrieved 2007-08-02. 
  8. ^ Next Generation Online (18 June 1997). "Interview with Adrian Smith". Next Generation Online. Archived from the original on 2 July 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-02. 
  9. ^ "Sony Computer Entertainment America Signs Exclusive Deal with Eidos for Tomb Raider Franchise; Lara Croft Videogames to Be Exclusive to the PlayStation for Game Consoles". Business Wire. CBS Interactive Business UK (BNet). 18 September 1997. Retrieved 2010-01-20. 
  10. ^ "Tomb Raider II Bringing Adventure to the Mac App Store". Aspyr. Retrieved 2 November 2011. 
  11. ^ "Tomb Raider II Gold: The Golden Mask – Product Info". Tomb Raider Chronicles. Retrieved 2009-09-26. 
  12. ^ "Tomb Raider II for PC". GameRankings. Retrieved 2011-08-01. 
  13. ^ "Tomb Raider II for PlayStation". GameRankings. Retrieved 2011-08-01. 
  14. ^ a b "Tomb Raider II for PlayStation Reviews, Ratings, Credits, and More at Metacritic". Metacritic.com. Retrieved 2011-08-01. 
  15. ^ "Tomb Raider II Review". gamespot.com. 15 December 1997. Retrieved 2014-11-19. 
  16. ^ a b "Tomb Raider II Review". gamespot.com. 1 November 1997. Retrieved 2014-11-19. 
  17. ^ a b "Tomb Raider II – PlayStation Review at IGN". Uk.psx.ign.com. Retrieved 2012-07-04. 
  18. ^ Official PlayStation Magazine, Future Publishing issue 26, (December 1997)
  19. ^ Official PlayStation magazine review
  20. ^ The Croft Times (30 November 1997). "Tomb Raider II Review". The Croft Times. Archived from the original on 27 February 2005. Retrieved 2007-08-02. 

External links[edit]