Tomb of Jahangir
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|Tomb of Jahangir|
|Ecclesiastical or organizational status||Tomb|
|Architectural style||Islamic, Mughal|
|Materials||Marble, Indian Redstone, Brick|
The Tomb of Jahangir (Punjabi: جهانگير دا مقبرہ, Urdu: جهانگير کا مقبرہ) is the mausoleum built for the Mughal Emperor Jahangir who ruled from 1605 to 1627. The mausoleum is located in Shahdara Bagh in Lahore, Punjab.
Jahangir died in 1627 CE at Rajauri on his way back to Lahore. He was buried in the large, walled garden of Empress Nur Jahan called Dilkusha at Shahdara on the banks of the river Ravi, three miles northwest of the town. His tomb was built and completed by Emperor Shah Jahan at the cost of 10 lakhs Rupees in 1637 CE.
According to some historians, the tomb suffered much a the hand of Lahana Singh, one of the three hakims of Lahore before Maharajah Ranjit Singh also stripped it of most of its choicest ornaments to decorate the Sikh temple of Amritsar. It was also used a residence of Amise, a French officer of the Sikh army and Sultan Muhammad Khan, brother of Dost Muhammad Khan of Kabul, which caused further damage to the mausoleum. The British government repaired it in 1889-90 which was continued in the following years.
The entrance to the mausoleum is through two massive gateways of stone and masonry opposite each other (to the north and south) which lead to a square enclosure known as the Akbari Serai. This enclosure leads to another one, on the western side, giving full view of the garden in front of the mausoleum, which is traversed by four-bricked canals proceeding from the centre, and in which many fountains were placed which are now in ruins. The corridor around the mausoleum is adorned with a most elegant mosaic, representing flowers and Quranic verses.
The mausoleum is a single storey structure. The ground plan is square, the structure consists of a platform with a tall, octagonal tower and a projecting entrance in the middle of each side. The exterior of the mausoleum, including the lowest stage of the towers, is clad with red sandstone facing with rich panel decoration inlaid with marble decorative motifs. The four corner of the tower, with the while marble cupolas rise in five stages to a height of 100 feet with a zigzag inlay of white and yellow marble. The building is divided into a series of vaulted compartments. The interior is embellished with floral frescoes with delicate inlay work and marble intarsia of various colours.
The interior of the mausoleum is an elevated sarcophagus of white marble, the sides of which are wrought with flowers of mosaic in the same elegant style as the tombs in the Taj Mahal at Agra, India. On two sides of the sarcophagus the ninety-nine attributes of God are inlaid in black. Carved jali screens admit light in various patterns.
- "Tombs of Jahangir, Asif Khan and Akbari Sarai, Lahore". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2013-12-03.
Media related to Tomb of Jahangir at Wikimedia Commons
- SN Bukhari (2010-06-24). "Tomb of Jahangir Lahore". YouTube. Retrieved 2013-12-07.
- Pakistan's PhotoBlog - Snaps of Jahangir's Tomb
- Photograph of the left side of the mausoleum
- Conservation of the mausoleum