Tomb of Jahangir
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|Tomb of Jahangir|
|Ecclesiastical or organizational status||Tomb|
|Architectural style||Islamic, Mughal|
|Materials||Marble, Indian Redstone, Brick|
The Tomb of Jahangir (Punjabi: جهانگير دا مقبرہ, Urdu: جهانگير کا مقبرہ) is a mausoleum built by Jahangir, who ruled the Mughal Empire from 1605 to 1627. The mausoleum is located in Shahdara Bagh in Lahore, Punjab.
Jahangir died at Rajauri in 1627 after he returned to Lahore. He was buried on the banks of the River Ravi in the large walled garden of Empress Nur Jahan three miles northwest of the region of Shahdara, in Delhi. His tomb was built and completed by Emperor Shah Jahan in 1637 AD, at the cost of ten Lakhs Rupees.
According to some historians, the tomb suffered in the hands of Lahana Singh, one of the three hakims of Lahore before Maharajah Ranjit Singh also stripped it of its most impressive ornaments to decorate the Sikh temple of Amritsar. It housed Amise, a French officer of the Sikh army and Sultan Muhammad Khan, brother of Dost Muhammad Khan of Kabul, who caused further damage. The British government repaired the tomb in 1889 and 1890, with repairs continuing in the following years.
The entrance to the mausoleum is through two massive gateways of stone and masonry opposite each other (to the north and south) which lead to a square enclosure known as the Akbari Serai. This enclosure leads to another one, on the Western side, giving full view of the garden in front of the mausoleum, which is traversed by four bricked canals proceeding from the center, and in which many fountains were placed which are now ruined. The corridor around the mausoleum is adorned with a very elegant mosaic, representing flowers and verses from the Quran.
The mausoleum is a building with one floor. The ground floor has a square shape. Its structure consists of a platform with a tall, octagonal tower and a projecting entrance in the middle of each side. The exterior of the mausoleum, including the lowest stage of the towers, is clad with red sandstone facing with rich panel decoration inlaid with marble decorative motifs. The four corners of the tower, with the white marble cupolas, rise in five stages to a height of 100 feet (30m) with a zigzag inlay of white and yellow marble. The building is divided into a series of vaulted compartments. The interior is embellished with floral frescoes with delicate inlay work and marble of various colours.
Inside the mausoleum is the white marble cenotaph with its delicate and colourful pietra dura flowers.
The interior of the mausoleum is an elevated sarcophagus of white marble, the sides of which are wrought with flowers of mosaic in the same elegant style as the tombs in the Taj Mahal at Agra, India. On two sides of the sarcophagus the ninety-nine attributes of God are inlaid in black. Carved jali screens admit light in various patterns.
- "Tombs of Jahangir, Asif Khan and Akbari Sarai, Lahore". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2013-12-03.
Media related to Tomb of Jahangir at Wikimedia Commons
- SN Bukhari (2010-06-24). "Tomb of Jahangir Lahore". YouTube. Retrieved 2013-12-07.
- Pakistan's PhotoBlog - Snaps of Jahangir's Tomb
- Photograph of the left side of the mausoleum
- Conservation of the mausoleum