Tomb of Jahangir

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Tomb of Jahangir
Tomb Of Jahangir.jpg
Basic information
Location Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
Affiliation Islam
Province Punjab
District Shahdara Bagh
Year consecrated 1605
Ecclesiastical or organizational status Tomb
Leadership Shah Jahan
Architectural description
Architectural type Mausoleum
Architectural style Islamic, Mughal
Completed 1627
Specifications
Capacity 2000
Materials Marble, Indian Redstone, Brick

The Tomb of Jahangir (Urdu: مقبرہُ جہانگیر‎, Punjabi: جہانگير دا مقبرہ) is a mausoleum built for Jahangir, who ruled the Mughal Empire from 1605 to 1627. The mausoleum is located in Shahdara Bagh in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.[1]

Grave of Jahangir

History[edit]

Façade of Jahangir's Tomb in 1880

Jahangir died at Rajauri in 1627 after he returned to Lahore. He was buried on the banks of the River Ravi in the large walled garden of Empress Nur Jahan three miles northwest of the region of Shahdara, in Lahore. His tomb was built and completed by Emperor Shah Jahan in 1637 AD, at the cost of ten lakh rupees.

According to some historians, the tomb suffered in the hands of Lahana Singh, one of the three hakims of Lahore before Maharajah Ranjit Singh also stripped it of its most impressive ornaments to decorate the Sikh temple of Amritsar. It housed Amise, a French officer of the Sikh army and Sultan Muhammad Khan, brother of Dost Muhammad Khan of Kabul, who caused further damage. The British government repaired the tomb in 1889 and 1890, with repairs continuing in the following years.

The tomb, along with the adjacent Akbari Sarai and the tomb of Asif Khan, is on the tentative list as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[2]

Architecture[edit]

Inlaid cenotaph
Jahangir’s Tomb and compound
Jahangir’s Tomb and compound
"Illumined Grave of His Majesty, Asylum of Pardon: Emperor Nur-ud-din Muhammad Jahangir, 1037 AH"

The entrance to the mausoleum is through two massive gateways of stone and masonry opposite each other (to the north and south) which lead to a square enclosure known as the Akbari Serai. This enclosure leads to another one, on the Western side, giving full view of the garden in front of the mausoleum, which is traversed by four bricked canals proceeding from the center, and in which many fountains were placed which are now ruined. The corridor around the mausoleum is adorned with a very elegant mosaic, representing flowers and verses from the Quran.

The mausoleum is a building with one floor. The ground floor has a square shape. Its structure consists of a platform with a tall, octagonal tower and a projecting entrance in the middle of each side. The exterior of the mausoleum, including the lowest stage of the towers, is clad with red sandstone facing with rich panel decoration inlaid with marble decorative motifs. The four corners of the tower, with the white marble cupolas, rise in five stages to a height of 100 feet (30m) with a zigzag inlay of white and yellow marble. The building is divided into a series of vaulted compartments. The interior is embellished with floral frescoes with delicate inlay work and marble of various colours.

Inside the mausoleum is the white marble cenotaph with its delicate and colourful pietra dura flowers.

The interior of the mausoleum is an elevated sarcophagus of white marble, the sides of which are wrought with flowers of mosaic in the same elegant style as the tombs in the Taj Mahal at Agra, India. On two sides of the sarcophagus the ninety-nine attributes of God are inlaid in black. Carved jali screens admit light in various patterns facing toward mecca

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Tomb of Jahangir at Wikimedia Commons