Tomb of National Heroes (Ljubljana)

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Tomb of National Heroes
Coordinates 46°3′N 14°30′E / 46.050°N 14.500°E / 46.050; 14.500
Location Ljubljana
Designer Architect Edo Mihevc and the sculptor Boris Kalin
Type Sculpture
Completion date 1949 (1949)

The Tomb of National Heroes[1] (Slovene: Grobnica narodnih herojev) in Ljubljana, Slovenia is a tomb and a monument for the national heroes of the World War II resistance struggle in Slovenia, created in 1949. The designers of the tomb and the monument were the architect Edo Mihevc and the sculptor Boris Kalin. It stands at National Heroes Square, to the west of the National Assembly. It is protected memorial heritage.[2]

The tomb is located underground, and a monument in the shape of a sarcophagus stands beside it, in the shade of the trees on the western side of the Slovenian parliament building. Since it was installed, the monument has been modified several times and placed on a granite base. The eastern and western faces of the sarcophagus are covered by bronze reliefs depicting scenes from the Second World War. The verses placed along the top edge were written by the poet Oton Župančič:

Domovina je ena nam vsem dodeljena, in eno življenje in ena smrt.
Svobodi udani za borbo smo zbrani, in kaj je življenje in kaj je smrt?
Bodočnost je vera, kdor zanjo umira, se vzdigne v življenje, ko pade v smrt.
"One homeland is given to each of us, and one life and one death.
"Dedicated to freedom, we're mustered for the fight, and what is life and what is death?
"The future is the faith, he who dies for it, rises into life when he falls into death."

National heroes of Yugoslavia buried in the tomb[edit]

  • Named on the northern face of the sarcophagus
    • Tone Tomšič, a.k.a. Gašper (1910–1942), main resistance organizer in Slovenia, arrested and executed by Italian forces
    • Slavko Šlander, a.k.a. Aleš (1909–1941), resistance organizer, arrested and executed by German forces
    • Miloš Zidanšek, a.k.a. Vencelj (1909–1942), resistance organizer and commander, killed in battle with Italian forces
    • Franc Rozman, a.k.a. Stane (1911–1944), head commander of Slovenian partisan units, killed in an accident
    • Ivan Kavčič, a.k.a. Nande (1913–1943), resistance commander, killed in battle with Italian forces and the Slovenian White Guard
  • Named on the western face of the sarcophagus
    • Miha Marinko (1900–1983), resistance commander, later a prominent politician in Slovenia
    • Stane Semič, a.k.a. Daki (1915–1985), resistance commander, the first Slovenian recipient of the Order of the National Hero
  • Named on the eastern face of the sarcophagus
  • Named on the southern face of the sarcophagus
    • Milovan Šaranović (1913–1943), Montenegrin officer, Slovenian partisan commander
    • Dragan Jevtić (1914–1943), Serbian officer, Slovenian partisan commander
    • Ljubo Šercer (1915–1941), resistance organizer and commander, arrested and executed by Italian forces
    • Janko Premrl, a.k.a. Vojko (1920–1943), resistance commander, killed in battle
    • Majda Šilc (1923–1944), resistance nurse, killed in battle
    • Boris Kidrič (1912–1953), resistance politician, first prime minister of Slovenia
    • Dušan Kveder, a.k.a. Tomaž (1915–1966), resistance commander, later a diplomat and encyclopedist
    • Vinko Simončič, a.k.a. Gašper (1914–1944), resistance commander, killed in battle with German forces

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.bsi.si/en/banknotes-and-coins.asp?MapaId=1402
  2. ^ "Ljubljana - Grobnica narodnih herojev". Registry of Immovable Cultural Heritage of Slovenia. Ministry of Culture, Republic of Slovenia. Retrieved 19 February 2012.