Tombelaine

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Tombelaine and Mont Saint Michel (to the right)

Tombelaine is a small tidal island off the coast of Normandy in France. It lies a few kilometres north of Mont Saint-Michel. At low tide the island can be reached on foot (with a guide) from the coast of Cotentin, 3.5 km (2.2 mi) to the north-east, and from Mont Saint-Michel.[1] The island lies just to the south of the course of the Sélune river, which has to be forded to access the island from Cotentin. The island is 250 m (820 ft) by 150 m (490 ft), and 45 m (148 ft) high. It is composed of granite. It is in the commune of Genêts.

Name[edit]

Tombelaine and Mont Saint Michel seen from the saltmarsh

According to popular etymology the name means "the tomb of Hélène", from a princess named Hélène, daughter of King Hoël, said to have been buried on the rock.

The name could also come from tumulus belenis, the "tumulus of Belenos", a Celtic god, or from Celtic words meaning "the little mountain", in contrast with Mont St-Michel.[2]

History[edit]

In the 11th century, two monks from Mont Saint-Michel were hermits on Tombelaine. In 1137 Bernard du Bec founded a priory on the island, and it became a place of pilgrimage.

On 11 February 1423, in the Hundred Years War, Tombelaine was occupied by the English as a base to attack Mont Saint-Michel. In the 16th century French religious wars Gabriel, comte de Montgomery, leader of the Huguenot armies, occupied the island.

In 1666 the marquis de la Chastrière ordered the destruction of the island's fortifications, in case they were again used by the English.

The island was purchased by the state in 1933, and was declared a historic monument by a decree of 1936.[3] It became a bird reserve in 1985.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Map of Mont St Michel Bay, showing crossing routes
  2. ^ Genets website (in French)
  3. ^ Notice PA00110408, Base Mérimée
  4. ^ Sinsoilliez, Robert (2000). Tombelaine, L'îlot de la baie du mont Saint-Michel (in French). p. 192. ISBN 2-84141-157-5. .

Coordinates: 48°39′36″N 01°30′46″W / 48.66000°N 1.51278°W / 48.66000; -1.51278