Tominaga Nakamoto

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Tominaga Nakamoto (富永 仲基 Tominaga Nakamoto?, 1715–1746) was a Japanese philosopher.[1] He belong to Kaitokudo school, which was formed by mercantile class of Osaka. The school was not attached to any of the predominant religious schools of his time (the Tokugawa Era), and Tominaga belong to Japanese rationalist school of thought and advocated Japanese variation of atheism, Mukishinron (No gods or demons).

He was also a merchant in Osaka. He was critical of Shintoism which was seen by him as deeply obscurantist, especially in its habit of secret instruction. As he always said, "hiding is the beginning of lying and stealing".[2][3] In his study of Buddhist scriptures, he asserted that Hinayana school of scriptures preceded Mahayana scriptures but also asserted that vast majority of Hinayana scriptures are also composed much later than the life of Gautama Buddha, the position which is later supported by modern scriptural studies.


  1. ^ Katō, Shūichi (1967). "Tominaga Nakamoto, 1715-1746: A Japanese Iconoclast". Monumenta Nipponica 22 (1/2): 177–193. JSTOR 2383230. 
  2. ^ Hajime Nakamura, Ways of Thinking of Eastern People: India, China, Tibet, Japan
  3. ^ Ketelaar, James Edward (1993). Of Heretics and Martyrs in Meiji Japan: Buddhism and Its Persecution. Princeton University Press. p. 21. ISBN 978-0-691-02481-3.