Tomson Highway at the University of the Fraser Valley in October 2011
6 December 1951 |
|Occupation||Playwright, novelist, children's author|
|Alma mater||University of Western Ontario|
|Notable works||The Rez Sisters, Dry Lips Oughta Move to Kapuskasing, Kiss of the Fur Queen|
|Notable awards||Dora Mavor Moore Award, Floyd S. Chalmers Award|
Tomson Highway, CM (born 6 December 1951) is a Canadian and Cree playwright, novelist, and children's author. He is best known for his plays The Rez Sisters and Dry Lips Oughta Move to Kapuskasing, both of which won him the Dora Mavor Moore Award and the Floyd S. Chalmers Award.
Highway has also published a novel, Kiss of the Fur Queen (1998), which is based on the events that led to his brother René Highway’s death of AIDS. He also has the distinction of being the librettist of the first Cree language opera, The Journey or Pimooteewin.
Tomson Highway was born north of Brochet, Manitoba in 1951 to Pelagie Highway, a bead-worker and quilt-maker, and Joe Highway, a caribou hunter and champion dogsled racer. Cree is his first language. He is related to actor/playwight Billy Merasty. From age six to fifteen, he attended Guy Hill Indian Residential School where he was abused by the priests who ran the school.
He obtained his B.A. in Honours Music in 1975 and his B.A. in English in 1976, both from the University of Western Ontario. While working on his degree, he met playwright James Reaney. For seven years, Highway worked as a social worker on reserves across Ontario and Canada. Subsequently, he turned the knowledge and experience gained by working in these places into novels and plays that have won him widespread recognition across Canada and around the world.
In 1986, he published the multiple-award winning play The Rez Sisters. The Rez Sisters became a hit across Canada and went on to the Edinburgh International Festival in 1988. In 1989, he published Dry Lips Oughta Move to Kapuskasing, which received the distinction of the being the first Canadian play to receive a full production at Toronto's Royal Alexandra Theatre. Both of these plays focus on the native community on a fictional reserve of Wasychigan Hill on Manitoulin Island. The Rez Sisters depicts seven women of the community planning a trip to the "BIGGEST BINGO IN THE WORLD" in Toronto and features a male trickster, called Nanabush; while Dry Lips Oughta Move to Kapuskasing depicts the men's interest in hockey and features a female trickster. Rose, written in 2000, is the third play in the heptalogy, featuring characters from both of the previous plays.
He was artistic director of Native Earth Performing Arts in Toronto from 1986 to 1992, as well as De-ba-jeh-mu-jig theatre group in Wikwemikong.
Frustrated with difficulties presented by play production, Highway turned his focus to a novel called Kiss of the Fur Queen. The novel presents an uncompromising portrait of the sexual abuse of Native children in residential schools and its traumatic consequences. Like his plays, Kiss of the Fur Queen won a number of awards and spent several weeks on top of Canadian bestseller lists.
After a hiatus from playwriting, Highway wrote Enestine Shuswap Gets Her Trout in 2005. Set in 1910, the play revolves around the visit of the "Big Kahoona of Canada" (then Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier) to the Thompson River Valley.
In 2010, Highway re-published The Rez Sisters and Dry Lips Oughta Move to Kapuskasing in Cree. Highway stated that "the Cree versions [...] are actually the original versions. As it turns out, the original ones that came out 20 years ago were the translation."
His most recent work, The (Post) Mistress, premiered as a cabaret titled Kisageetin in 2009 before being developed into a full musical, which has since been staged across Canada in both English and French versions. A soundtrack album for the play was released in 2014, and garnered a Juno Award nomination for Aboriginal Album of the Year at the Juno Awards of 2015.
Awards and recognition
Highway has been awarded eight honorary degrees, from Brandon University, the University of Winnipeg, the University of Western Ontario (London), the University of Windsor, Laurentian University (Sudbury, Ontario), Lakehead University (Thunder Bay, Ontario), l'Universite de Montreal, and the University of Toronto. In addition, he holds two "equivalents" of such honours: from The Royal Conservatory of Music in Toronto and The National Theatre School in Montreal.
In 1994, he was made a member of the Order of Canada. In 2000, Maclean's named him as one of the 100 most important people in Canadian history. In 2001, he received a National Aboriginal Achievement Award in the field of arts and culture.
Although Highway is considered one of Canada's most important playwrights, in recent years both theatre critics and Highway himself have noted a significant gap between his reputation and the relative infrequency of his plays actually being staged by theatre companies. According to Highway, theatres frequently face or perceive difficulty in finding a suitable cast of First Nations actors, but are reluctant to take the risk of casting non-aboriginal performers due to their sensitivity around accusations of cultural appropriation, with the result that the plays are often simply passed over instead. In 2011, director Ken Gass mounted a production of The Rez Sisters at Toronto's Factory Theatre. As part of an ongoing research project into the effects of colour-blind casting on theatre, he staged two readings of the play — one with an exclusively First Nations cast and one with a colour-blind cast of actors from a variety of racial backgrounds — before mounting a full colour-blind stage production.
- Tomson Highway at The Canadian Encyclopedia.
- Canadian Theatre Encyclopedia
- www.tomsonhighway.com — official web-site
- "Tomson Highway releases plays in Cree". CBC News. 8 November 2010.
- "Composer hopes cabaret will keep audience laughing". Northern Life, July 31, 2009.
- "A one-of-a-kind musical". Sudbury Star, October 25, 2012.
- "CBC Aboriginal's top 10 indigenous music picks for 2014". CBC News, December 31, 2014.
- "Tanya Tagaq, Leela Gilday nominated for 2015 Juno Awards". CBC North, January 27, 2015.
- "In conversation with Tomson Highway". Maclean's, September 30, 2013.
- "A new staging of 'The Rez Sisters' defies political correctness". The Globe and Mail, November 9, 2011.
- "Tomson Highway, "Floating down Yonge Street"". Canada Writes - CBC Books. 2012-06-21. Retrieved 2012-11-29.
- Bauch, Marc A. (2012), Canadian self-perception and self-representation in English-Canadian drama after 1967, Köln, Germany: Wiku Verlag, ISBN 9783865534071