Ton Steine Scherben
|Ton Steine Scherben|
|Also known as||"die Scherben" ("the Shards")
|Origin||West Berlin, Germany|
|Genres||Folk rock, blues, German rock, protopunk, Psychedelic rock, Progressive rock|
|Labels||David Volksmund Produktion (DVP)|
Ton Steine Scherben (German pronunciation: [ˈtoːn ˈʃtaɪnə ˈʃɛːɐ̯bən]) was one of the first and most influential German language rock bands of the 1970s and early 1980s. Well known for the highly political and emotional lyrics of vocalist Rio Reiser, they became a musical mouthpiece of new left movements, such as the squatting movement, during that time in Germany and their hometown of West Berlin in particular. Today, after the band's demise in 1985, and the death of Rio Reiser in 1996, Ton Steine Scherben have retained a cult following and popularity in the related scenes. Recently, some of the remaining members have given reunion concerts under the name "Ton Steine Scherben Family".
Ton Steine Scherben's literal English translation is "Clay Stones Shards"; in German, "Ton" can mean "sound" as well, so the band's name may be considered to be an amphibology. "Ton Steine Scherben" also sounds like "Blut Schweiß und Tränen", blood sweat and tears. Singer Rio Reiser usually told journalists the name was taken from a description by pioneer archeologist Heinrich Schliemann of what he saw when he first came to the site of ancient Troy. Other members of the band claim in the biography "Keine Macht für Niemand - Die Geschichte der Ton Steine Scherben" (No power for nobody - the story of Clay Stone Shards") that it is a play on the name of the West German labor union Bau-Steine-Erden (Construction-Stones-Earths). The band name is also a tribute to The Rolling Stones and to "Die roten Steine" (The red stones), a trainee theatre group from Berlin.
Formed in 1970 by vocalist and guitarist Rio Reiser (his legal name was Ralph Christian Möbius), guitarist R.P.S. Lanrue (legally named Ralph Peter Steitz), Kai Sichtermann on bass guitar, and drummer Wolfgang Seidel when the members were all around 20 years of age. They are nowadays considered to have been one of the first genuine German-language rock bands; coming into being after the even more obscure Ihre Kinder, but well before Udo Lindenberg's Panikorchester, the first widely successful, mainstream German language rock act. Their first big-stage appearance was at an Open-Air on 6 September 1970 on the Fehmarn stage where Jimi Hendrix had had his last appearance directly before. A house right next to the stage went up in flames while they were still playing; it has been alleged that it had been set on fire by the security personnel who had just received news that the event's organizers had disappeared with all the revenues. Still many people believed that Ton Steine Scherben had set the stage on fire, which gave them tremendous credibility in the radical scene.
Die Scherben released their material through their own label. The "David-Volksmund-Produktion" (David from "David and Goliath"; Volksmund = the people's voice) released not only the LPs of the Scherben but also of "Caramboulage", a "girl band" which consisted of Angie Olbrich, Elfie-Esther Steitz-Praeker (R.P.S.'s sister) and Britta Neander (died in 2005); also they were engaged in the German gay-movement, so they released two LPs of "Brühwarm" and a Boy-Group namend "Stricher" ["hustler" or "the moneyboys"]; the last record of the David-Volksmund-Poduktion is the LP "Sternschnuppen" of the singer-song-writer Misha Schoeneberg. In 2003 the DVP was brought back to life. Due to internal disagreements, the sale of TSS music has been put on hold since 2008.
In the middle of the 1970s the pressure on the Scherben from their anarchistic fanbase grew. The Band felt more and more like a "music-box", playing for the radical scene on cue. While the band attempted a shift toward more personal lyrics, the radical scene insisted that they remain as political as before. Under this pressure the band escaped from Berlin to Fresenhagen, a little town in Nordfriesland, where they bought an old farm, which the numerous bandmembers, about 16 in all, repaired. There they tried to make their dream of "working & living together" come true.
After a period of being managed by Claudia Roth (later to become co-chairwoman of the German Green Party), they disbanded in 1985 when the band's debt became unbearable and because they thought that everything that could be said was said.
Singer Rio Reiser then embarked on a solo career until his death in 1996. At that time the rest of "Ton Steine Scherben" reunited one more time for a farewell concert. Some members of the former Ton Steine Scherben have been touring again since 2005 as Ton Steine Scherben Family, performing the band's classics.
Musical traits, lyrical themes and influence 
Their lyrics were at the beginning anti-capitalist and anarchist. They didn't think the socialism of the Soviet Union was anywhere near real socialism, and had connections to the squatter scene  (e.g. Rauch-Haus-Song) and the German Red Army Faction terrorists  during the time before the latter turned to violent crime and murder. Later Ton Steine Scherben toned down on political issues and explored more personal themes like freedom, love, drugs, and sadness. They also contributed to two full-length concept album about homosexuality which were issued under the name Brühwarm (literally: boiling warm) in cooperation with a gay-revue group.
All their albums were self-published and promoted. Revenues from the albums were slim and the band was often expected by other leftists to give free "solidarity concerts" at political events, both of which contributed to the band's perpetually poor financial situation and its eventual dissolution. Only few singles were released, which rarely received commercial attention. The Scherben were also on so called "black lists" due to their perceived left extremism, and were thus not played on Germany's public radio stations of the time (private radio was only legalized in Germany in the late 1980s, after the band's dissolution).
Founding members 
- R.P.S. Lanrue -- guitar (1970–1985)
- Rio Reiser -- vocals, guitar(1970–1985)
- Wolfgang Seidel -- drums (1970–1971)
- Kai Sichtermann -- bass guitar (1970–1985, except 1974–1975)
Last line-up 
- R.P.S. Lanrue -- guitar(1970–1985)
- Rio Reiser -- vocals(1970–1985)
- Funky K. Götzner -- drums (1974–1985)
- Kai Sichtermann -- bass guitar (1970–1985, except 1974–1975)
- Martin Paul -- keyboards (1981–1985)
- Misha Schoeneberg -- management, stage- and lightdesign (1981–1985)
- Claudia Roth -- management (1982–1985)
- Dirk Schlömer -- guitar (1983–1985)
Former members 
- Nikel Pallat -- vocals, saxophone, management (1970–1978)
- Jörg Schlotterer -- organising, flute
- Sven Jordan -- drums (1971)
- Oliver Lietzau -- drums (1972)
- Angela Olbrich -- chorus, percussions (1972–1981, except 1976–1977)
- Captain Hynding -- drums, guitar (1972)
- Helmut Stöger -- drums (1973)
- Werner "Gino" Götz -- bass guitar (1974–1975)
- Britta Neander -- percussions, chorus (1974–1982)
- Elfie-Esther Steitz-Praeker -- chorus, catering (1979–1982)
- Elser Maxwell -- management (1981–1982)
- Marius del Mestre -- choir/chorus, guitar (1981–1982)
Current members of Ton Steine Scherben Family 
- Funky K. Götzner -- drums
- Kai Sichtermann -- bass guitar
- Marco Schmedje -- (lead guitar)
- Angie Olbrich -- chorus, percussions
- Nikel Pallat -- vocals, saxophone, management
- Marius del Mestre -- vocals, guitar
- Elser Maxwell -- management
- 1971 - Warum geht es mir so dreckig? ("Why am I so miserable?")
- 1972 - Keine Macht für Niemand ("No power for nobody")
- 1974 - Wenn die Nacht am tiefsten… ("When the night is at its darkest…")
- 1980 - IV
- 1981 - Auswahl I
- 1983 - Scherben("Shards")
- 1984 - In Berlin (live)
- 1985 - Live I
The following albums were issued after the band ceased recording:
- 1996 - Live II
- 2006 - Live III
- Leggett, Steve. "Biography". Allmusic. AllMusic.com. Retrieved 2007-06-11. "Ton Steine Scherben were one of Germany's first real homegrown rock bands [...], and although they weren't commercially successful in the normal sense, the group's influence in Germany has been long-lasting. [...] Ton Steine Scherben [...] released several independent records on their own dime, recordings that were frequently highly political and controversial. In time, Ton Steine Scherben shifted ground just slightly and explored more personal territory in their lyrics, but they never abandoned a sort of renegade stance, what in later years would be dubbed 'punk.'"
- Sichtermann, Kai; Jens Johler, Christian Stahl (2003). Keine Macht für Niemand - Die Geschichte der Ton Steine Scherben. Schwarzkopf & Schwarzkopf. ISBN 978-3-89602-468-8.
- Seidel, Wolfgang (2005). Scherben: Musik, Politik und Wirkung der Ton Steine Scherben. Ventil. ISBN 978-3-931555-94-8.
- Skai, Hollow (2006). Das alles und noch viel mehr. Rio Reiser - Die inoffizielle Biografie des Königs von Deutschland. Heyne. ISBN 978-3-453-12038-9.
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