Tonawanda (town), New York
|Town of Tonawanda|
|— Town —|
|• Type||Town Council|
|• Town Supervisor||Anthony F. Caruana (NPA)|
|• Town Council|
|• Town Clerk||Marguerite Greco (D)|
|• Total||20.4 sq mi (52.7 km2)|
|• Land||18.8 sq mi (48.7 km2)|
|• Water||1.6 sq mi (4.0 km2)|
|Elevation||617 ft (188 m)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0979551|
Tonawanda (formally, the Town of Tonawanda) is a town in Erie County, New York, United States. As of the 2010 census, the town had a population of 73,567. The town is at the north border of the county and is the northern suburb of Buffalo. It is sometimes referred to, along with its constituent village of Kenmore, as "Ken-Ton." The town was established in 1836 and up to 1903 it included what is now the city of Tonawanda.
It was the first town in the United States to exceed a population of 100,000 people.
This area was under French control from the 17th Century until ceded to the British after the French and Indian War.
The first settlers arrived around 1805.
Rapid growth began after the construction of the Erie Canal, completed in 1825.
Tonawanda occupies the northwest corner of Erie County and is bounded on the north by the Erie Canal, which here follows Tonawanda Creek.
The town of Tonawanda was established in 1836, by separation from the Town of Buffalo (now part of the City of Buffalo). At that time it included land that later became part of Town of Grand Island (established 1852) and the entire City of Tonawanda (established 1903).
In 1899, Kenmore incorporated as a village of the town.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 20.4 square miles (52.7 km²), of which 18.8 square miles (48.7 km²) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.0 km²) (7.66%) is water.
The north border of the town is the City of Tonawanda and Tonawanda Creek, which is part of the Erie Canal, and the west border is the Niagara River. Ellicott Creek flows parallel to Tonawanda Creek in the northern part of the town, with a confluence just east of the Niagara River. The east border, marked by U.S. Route 62 (Niagara Falls Boulevard), is the Town of Amherst. Forming the southern border is the Village of Kenmore and the City of Buffalo.
Adjacent cities and towns 
- Fort Erie, Ontario - west
- City of Buffalo - south
- Town of Amherst - east
- City of Tonawanda - north
- City of North Tonawanda - north
- Town of Grand Island - northwest
Major highways in the Town of Tonawanda 
- Interstate 190 (Niagara Section), passes through the western part of town from the Buffalo city line to the South Grand Island Bridges onto Grand Island north to Niagara Falls,NY and Niagara Falls,ON.
- Interstate 290 (Youngmann Expressway), travels through the town from I-190 to US 62 and beyond to Amherst, NY.
- U.S. Route 62, North-South highway that marks the east town line as Niagara Falls Blvd.
- New York State Route 265 (Military Rd.), North-South Highway through western part of town from the Buffalo city line to the city of Tonawanda line.
- New York State Route 266 (River Rd.), North-South roadway paralleling the Niagara River in the town from the Buffalo city line to the city of Tonawanda line.
- New York State Route 324 (Sheridan Dr., Grand Island Blvd.), East-West Highway through the town from Niagara Falls Blvd. (US 62) to River Rd. (NY 266) where it crosses the South Grand Island Bridge onto Grand Island.
- New York State Route 325 (Sheridan Dr.), North-South Road from Sheridan Dr./Grand Island Blvd. (NY 324) to River Rd (NY 266). It is the only part of Sheridan Dr. not signed as NY 324 and continues Sheridan westward from where it NY 324 becomes Grand Island Blvd.
- New York State Route 384 (Delaware Ave.), North-South Highway in the town from the Kenmore village line to the city of Tonawanda line.
- New York State Route 425 (Twin Cities Memorial Hwy.), North-South Highway in the northern part of town beginning at the I-290 and Colvin Blvd interchange that heads north into the city of Tonawanda by way of the Twin Cities Memorial Hwy.
|Historical Population Figures|
As of the census of 2000, there were 78,155 people, 33,278 households, and 21,164 families residing in the town. The population density was 4,156.3 people per square mile (1,605.1/km²). There were 34,634 housing units at an average density of 1,841.8 per square mile (711.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.97% White, 1.41% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 1.15% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.36% from other races, and 0.82% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.30% of the population.
Most residents are of European descent. As of 2000, the major ancestry groups of the town was: German 37.7%, Irish 23.3%, Italian 21.9%, Polish 14.2%, English 13.2%, French 4.5%, Scottish 3.0%, Hungarian 1.8%, Dutch 1.6%, and Native American 1.5%.
There were 33,278 households out of which 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.9% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.95.
In the town the population was spread out with 21.9% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 20.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 87.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $41,453, and the median income for a family was $51,416. Males had a median income of $39,273 versus $27,022 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,947. About 4.8% of families and 6.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.8% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.
One of the Town of Tonawanda's best known landmarks is the blue Korean War-era Grumman F9F-6P Cougar Naval airframe found in Walter M. Kenney Field at the northwest corner of Brighton Road and Colvin Boulevard. The "blue jet," as it is often called, has been on loan to the town from the U.S. government since May 1959. Immediately behind the F9F-6P airframe is the Town of Tonawanda Veterans Memorial, dedicated on August 18, 2009. Retired U.S. Army General and former U.S. Secretary of State Colin L. Powell delivered the keynote address during the memorial's dedication ceremony before a crowd of more than 1,500.
The Town of Tonawanda Historical Society operates a museum out of a former German Evangelical Church constructed in 1849. This facility, located at 100 Knoche Road, is the oldest building in the town.
Notable natives and residents 
- Nick Mendola, radio host at WECK, owner of soccer team, FC Buffalo
- Wolf Blitzer, journalist and author, graduated from Kenmore West High School
- Joe Mesi, former professional boxer
- Bill Scherrer, former MLB pitcher, current assistant GM for Chicago White Sox
- Ed Gibson, former astronaut, Skylab 4
Communities and locations 
- Brighton – A neighborhood by the east town line.
- Brighton Park – A park and golf course in the northeast part of the town.
- Green Acres – A neighborhood in the northeast corner of the town.
- Kenilworth – A neighborhood in the southeast corner of the town.
- Kenmore – A village completely within the borders of the town. It is one of the largest incorporated villages in the state.
- Lincoln Park – A park in the southeast corner of the town.
- Old Town – A neighborhood on the western edge of the town, between the industrial area and Niagara River.
- Parkview – A neighborhood in the northeast corner of the town, bordering Ellicott Creek Park.
- Sheridan Park – A park and golf course in the western part of the town.
- Sheridan Parkside – A neighborhood on the western part of the town, just east of Sheridan Park.
- Tonawanda – A census-designated place within the town.
See also 
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Elizabeth Shogren, Sandra Bartlett, and Kristin Lombardi (2011-11-10). "N.Y. Plant's Neighbors Expose Regulatory Gaps : NPR". NPR.org. Retrieved 2011-11-17.
- "Statistics - Population". Town of Tonawanda. Retrieved February 23, 2013.
- "ADAMCZYK: Defending Ken-Ton for 50 years".
- Joyce Kryszak. "Powell Helps Dedicate Tonawanda Veterans Memorial".
- "ADAMCZYK: Something incredible just happened".
- "St. Joseph's collegiate Institute on USGS map". Retrieved 2009-03-25.
- Town of Tonawanda municipal website
- Town of Tonawanda Paramedics
- Tonawanda at the Open Directory Project
- Early Tonawanda history