Tonawanda (town), New York

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Not to be confused with Tonawanda (city), New York.
Town of Tonawanda
Town
Location of Tonawanda within Erie County
Location of Tonawanda within Erie County
Town of Tonawanda is located in New York
Town of Tonawanda
Town of Tonawanda
Location within the State of New York
Coordinates: 42°58′53″N 78°51′19″W / 42.98139°N 78.85528°W / 42.98139; -78.85528Coordinates: 42°58′53″N 78°51′19″W / 42.98139°N 78.85528°W / 42.98139; -78.85528
Country United States
State New York
County Erie
Government
 • Type Town Council
 • Town Supervisor Anthony F. Caruana (NPA)
 • Town Council
 • Town Clerk Marguerite Greco (D)
Area
 • Total 20.4 sq mi (52.7 km2)
 • Land 18.8 sq mi (48.7 km2)
 • Water 1.6 sq mi (4.0 km2)
Elevation 617 ft (188 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 73,567
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 716
FIPS code 36-75000
GNIS feature ID 0979551

Tonawanda (formally, the Town of Tonawanda) is a town in Erie County, New York, United States. As of the 2010 census, the town had a population of 73,567.[1] The town is at the north border of the county and is the northern suburb of Buffalo. It is sometimes referred to, along with its constituent village of Kenmore, as "Ken-Ton." The town was established in 1836 and up to 1903 it included what is now the city of Tonawanda.

A house almost completely buried in snow in the blizzard of 1977 (January 30, 1977)

It was the first town in the United States to exceed a population of 100,000 people.

History[edit]

This area was under French control from the 17th Century until ceded to the British after the French and Indian War.

The first settlers arrived around 1805.

Rapid growth began after the construction of the Erie Canal, completed in 1825.

Tonawanda occupies the northwest corner of Erie County and is bounded on the north by the Erie Canal, which here follows Tonawanda Creek.

The town of Tonawanda was established in 1836, by separation from the Town of Buffalo (now part of the City of Buffalo). At that time it included land that later became part of Town of Grand Island (established 1852) and the entire City of Tonawanda (established 1903).

In 1899, Kenmore incorporated as a village of the town.

In 2009, citizen environmental monitoring of air quality problems resulted in "civil and criminal enforcement actions" by the EPA against Tonawanda Coke.[2]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 20.4 square miles (52.7 km²), of which 18.8 square miles (48.7 km²) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.0 km²) (7.66%) is water.

The north border of the town is the City of Tonawanda and Tonawanda Creek, which is part of the Erie Canal, and the west border is the Niagara River. Ellicott Creek flows parallel to Tonawanda Creek in the northern part of the town, with a confluence just east of the Niagara River. The east border, marked by U.S. Route 62 (Niagara Falls Boulevard), is the Town of Amherst. Forming the southern border is the Village of Kenmore and the City of Buffalo.

Adjacent cities and towns[edit]

Major highways in the Town of Tonawanda[edit]

  • I-190.svg Interstate 190 (Niagara Section), passes through the western part of town from the Buffalo city line to the South Grand Island Bridges onto Grand Island north to Niagara Falls,NY and Niagara Falls,ON.
  • US 62.svg U.S. Route 62, North-South highway that marks the east town line as Niagara Falls Blvd.
  • NY-265.svg New York State Route 265 (Military Rd.), North-South Highway through western part of town from the Buffalo city line to the city of Tonawanda line.
  • NY-266.svg New York State Route 266 (River Rd.), North-South roadway paralleling the Niagara River in the town from the Buffalo city line to the city of Tonawanda line.
  • NY-324.svg New York State Route 324 (Sheridan Dr., Grand Island Blvd.), East-West Highway through the town from Niagara Falls Blvd. (US 62) to River Rd. (NY 266) where it crosses the South Grand Island Bridge onto Grand Island.
  • NY-325.svg New York State Route 325 (Sheridan Dr.), North-South Road from Sheridan Dr./Grand Island Blvd. (NY 324) to River Rd (NY 266). It is the only part of Sheridan Dr. not signed as NY 324 and continues Sheridan westward from where it NY 324 becomes Grand Island Blvd.
  • NY-384.svg New York State Route 384 (Delaware Ave.), North-South Highway in the town from the Kenmore village line to the city of Tonawanda line.
  • NY-425.svg New York State Route 425 (Twin Cities Memorial Hwy.), North-South Highway in the northern part of town beginning at the I-290 and Colvin Blvd interchange that heads north into the city of Tonawanda by way of the Twin Cities Memorial Hwy.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 1,261
1850 2,072 64.3%
1860 2,489 20.1%
1870 3,039 22.1%
1880 4,909 61.5%
1890 7,666 56.2%
1900 8,626 12.5%
1910 2,175 −74.8%
1920 5,505 153.1%
1930 25,006 354.2%
1940 32,155 28.6%
1950 55,270 71.9%
1960 105,032 90.0%
1970 107,282 2.1%
1980 91,269 −14.9%
1990 82,464 −9.6%
2000 78,155 −5.2%
2010 73,567 −5.9%
Est. 2012 73,398 −0.2%
Historical Population Figures[3]

As of the census[4] of 2010, there were 78,155 people, 33,278 households, and 21,164 families residing in the town. The population density was 4,156.3 people per square mile (1,605.1/km²). There were 34,634 housing units at an average density of 1,841.8 per square mile (711.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 93.01% White, 1.41% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 1.30% Pacific Islander, 0.36% from other races, and 1.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.70% of the population.

There were 32,951 households out of which 22.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.1% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.4% were non-families.

Culture[edit]

Landmarks[edit]

An F9F-6P Cougar sits in front of the Town of Tonawanda Veterans Memorial in Walter M. Kenney Field.

One of the Town of Tonawanda's best known landmarks is the blue Korean War-era Grumman F9F-6P Cougar Naval airframe found in Walter M. Kenney Field at the northwest corner of Brighton Road and Colvin Boulevard.[5] The "blue jet," as it is often called, has been on loan to the town from the U.S. government since May 1959.[5] Immediately behind the F9F-6P airframe is the Town of Tonawanda Veterans Memorial, dedicated on August 18, 2009. Retired U.S. Army General and former U.S. Secretary of State Colin L. Powell delivered the keynote address during the memorial's dedication ceremony before a crowd of more than 1,500.[6][7]

The Town of Tonawanda Historical Society operates a museum out of a former German Evangelical Church constructed in 1849.[8] This facility, located at 100 Knoche Road, is the oldest building in the town.[8]

Notable people[edit]

Education[edit]

Tonawanda has two public high schools, Kenmore West Senior High School and Kenmore East High School.

The town is also home to St. Joseph's Collegiate Institute, Mt. St. Mary's and Cardinal O'Hara High School.[9]

Communities and locations[edit]

  • Brighton – A neighborhood by the east town line.
  • Brighton Park – A park and golf course in the northeast part of the town.
  • Green Acres – A neighborhood in the northeast corner of the town.
  • Kenilworth – A neighborhood in the southeast corner of the town.
  • Kenmore – A village completely within the borders of the town. It is one of the largest incorporated villages in the state.[citation needed]
  • Lincoln Park – A park in the southeast corner of the town.
  • Old Town – A neighborhood on the western edge of the town, between the industrial area and Niagara River.
  • Parkview – A neighborhood in the northeast corner of the town, bordering Ellicott Creek Park.
  • Sheridan Park – A park and golf course in the western part of the town.
  • Sheridan Parkside – A neighborhood on the western part of the town, just east of Sheridan Park.
  • Tonawanda – A census-designated place within the town.

See also[edit]

[10]==References==

External links[edit]