Tonbridge (UK Parliament constituency)

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Tonbridge
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
1918–February 1974
Number of members one

Tonbridge was a parliamentary constituency in Kent, centred on the town of Tonbridge. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

The constituency was created for the 1918 general election, replacing the previous Tunbridge constituency. It was abolished for the February 1974 general election, when it was replaced by the new Tonbridge and Malling constituency.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1918 Herbert Spender-Clay Conservative
1937 by-election Sir Adrian Baillie, Bt Conservative
1945 Gerald Williams Conservative
1956 by-election Richard Hornby Conservative
Feb 1974 constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Tonbridge[1]

Electorate 37,448

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist 14,622 68.1 n/a
Labour John Palmer 5,006 23.3 n/a
Liberal Capt. Thomas Fowell Buxton 1,851 8.6 n/a
Majority 9,616 44.8 n/a
Turnout 57.4 n/a
Unionist win
  • endorsed by the Coalition Government

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1922: Tonbridge[2]

Electorate 38,543

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Herbert Henry Spender-Clay 14,797 53.0
Labour Joseph Thomas Davies 7,665 27.4
Liberal Albert Charles Crane 5,472 19.6
Majority 7,132 25.6
Turnout 72.5
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1923: Tonbridge[3]

Electorate 39,594

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Herbert Henry Spender-Clay 13,910 49.8 -3.2
Liberal Albert Charles Crane 7,433 26.6 +7.0
Labour Joseph Thomas Davis 6,610 23.6 -3.8
Majority 6,477 23.2
Turnout 70.6 -1.9
Unionist hold Swing -5.1
General Election 1924: Tonbridge[4]

Electorate 40,198

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Herbert Henry Spender-Clay 17,392 58.2
Labour W F Toynbee 6,564 22.0 +1.6
Liberal J F Tucker 5,898 19.8
Majority
Turnout 74.3
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1929: Tonbridge[5]

Electorate 52,885

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Herbert Henry Spender-Clay 19,018 49.8
Liberal Gordon Alchin 10,025 26.2
Labour W F Toynbee 9,149 24.0
Majority 8,993 23.6
Turnout 72.3
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Tonbridge[6]

Electorate 56,095

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt Hon. Herbert Henry Spender-Clay 30,602 78.8
Labour Mrs Constance Elizabeth M Borrett 8,208 21.1
Majority 22,394 57.7
Turnout 38,810 69.2
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1935: Tonbridge[7]

Electorate 56,106

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt Hon. Herbert Henry Spender-Clay 23,460 61.3
Labour F M Landau 9,405 24.6
Liberal Ladislaus Herbert Richard Pope-Hennessy 5,403 14.1
Majority 14,055 36.7
Turnout 68.2
Conservative hold Swing
Tonbridge by-election, 1937[8]

Electorate 56,717

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Adrian William Maxwell Baillie 18,802 56.9
Labour H Smith 8,147 24.7
Liberal Richard Borlase Matthews 6,073 18.4
Majority
Turnout 58.2
Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Tonbridge[10]

Electorate 63,248

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Lt-Cmdr. Gerald Wellington Williams 23,081 49.9
Labour Vera Dart 16,590 35.8
Liberal John Metcalfe 5,351 11.6
Independent Dr. E F St John Lyburn 1,249 2.7
Majority 6,491 14.0
Turnout 73.2
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: Tonbridge[11]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Gerald Wellington Williams 27,893 51.9
Labour Brian Ralph Clapham 19,525 36.3
Liberal Leslie Albert Willard 5,634 10.5
Independent Conservative Dr E F St. John Lyburn 739 1.4
Majority 8,368
Turnout 53,791 83.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Tonbridge[12]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Gerald Wellington Williams 31,377 59.8
Labour A Bernard Bagnari 21,109 40.2
Majority 10,268
Turnout 52,486 80.6
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Tonbridge[13]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Gerald Wellington Williams 29,521 60.4
Labour Robert L Fagg 19,325 39.6
Majority 10,196
Turnout 48,846 75.5
Conservative hold Swing
Tonbridge by-election, 1956[14]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard Phipps Hornby 20,515 52.0
Labour Robert L Fagg 18,913 48.0
Majority 1,602
Turnout 39,428
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1959: Tonbridge[15]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard Phipps Hornby 31,687 59.9
Labour Kenneth W May 21,181 40.1
Majority 10,506 19.9
Turnout 52,868 78.5
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1964: Tonbridge[16]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard Phipps Hornby 27,802 49.2
Labour Donald Savage 19,037 33.7
Liberal Edward Babbs 9,682 17.1
Majority 8,765 15.5
Turnout 56,521 78.7
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1966: Tonbridge[17]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard Phipps Hornby 26,896 46.7
Labour Eric William Wolff 20,068 34.9
Liberal Colin Bloy 10,586 18.4
Majority 6,828 11.9
Turnout 57,550 77.3
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Tonbridge[18]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard Phipps Hornby 31,890 53.2
Labour Maureen Morfydd Colquhoun 17,897 29.9
Liberal Harry E Hill 10,167 17.0
Majority 13,993 23.3
Turnout 59,954 72.0
Conservative hold Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  2. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  3. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  4. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  5. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  6. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  7. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  8. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  9. ^ The Liberal Magazine, 1939
  10. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  11. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  12. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  13. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  14. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1973
  15. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1973
  16. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1973
  17. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  18. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig