|Mother house||Cockersand Abbey|
|Diocese||Diocese of Galloway|
|Founder(s)||Alan, Lord of Galloway|
Tungland or Tongland Abbey was a Premonstratensian monastic community located in Tongland in Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland. It was probably founded circa 1218 by Alan, Lord of Galloway, although the church of Tongland had previously been granted to Holyrood Abbey by his grandfather Uchtred in the early 1160s. Few of its early abbots are known and its history is more generally covered by a cloud of obscurity.
One notable abbot (1504-1509) was the Italian alchemist John Damian who, if a satirical account in two poems by William Dunbar is based in fact, may have made an attempt at human-powered flight from the walls of Stirling Castle.
The fabric and discipline of the abbey had degnerated by the early sixteenth century. There is no evidence that John Damien ever resided in the abbey and he may have resigned his title in 1509 when King James IV made a petition to Rome for the title to pass to "David bishop of Galloway" with a commission to "reform the discipline and repair the ruins". This petition was repeated under King James V and Tongland was eventually granted to the bishop in 1529, and confirmed in 1541.
Tongland remained a possession of the bishop until the commendatorship of William Melville (1588-1606), but afterwards reverted into the bishop's hands.
The village of Tongland exists now at the site.
- Cowan, Ian B. & Easson, David E., Medieval Religious Houses: Scotland With an Appendix on the Houses in the Isle of Man, Second Edition, (London, 1976), p. 103
- Watt, D.E.R. & Shead, N.F. (eds.), The Heads of Religious Houses in Scotland from the 12th to the 16th Centuries, The Scottish Records Society, New Series, Volume 24, (Edinburgh, 2001), pp. 210–13
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Category:Tongland.|
- Stewartry Kirks Project. http://stewartrykirks.org.uk/?page_id=82
- Abbot of Tongland, for a list of abbots and commendators
- Priscilla Bawcutt, The Poems of William Dunbar Volume 2, Notes and Commentary. Association for Scottish Literary Studies, Glasgow, 1998. pp.295-6