Tonight (David Bowie album)
|Studio album by David Bowie|
|Released||1 September 1984|
|Studio||Le Studio, Morin Heights, Quebec, Canada|
|Label||EMI America – DB 1|
|David Bowie chronology|
|Singles from Tonight|
Tonight is the sixteenth studio album by David Bowie, released in 1984. He described the album, released immediately after his previous album's tour wrapped up, as an effort to "keep my hand in, so to speak," and to retain the new audience that he had recently acquired. The album reached No. 1 in the UK album charts in October 1984.
- 1 Album production
- 2 Singles and videos
- 3 Critical reception
- 4 Track listing
- 5 Reissues
- 6 Production credits
- 7 Charts
- 8 References
David Bowie worked on Tonight after finishing up his Serious Moonlight Tour in support his previous album Let's Dance. He did not have much luck writing while on tour, so he described the process of recording the album Tonight this way:
It was rushed. The process wasn't rushed; we actually took our time recording the thing; Let's Dance was done in three weeks, Tonight took five weeks or something, which for me is a really long time. I like to work fast in the studio. There wasn't much of my writing on it 'cause I can't write on tour and I hadn't assembled anything to put out. But I thought it a kind of violent effort at a kind of Pin-Ups.
Bowie purposefully sought to keep the sound of the band he'd used on the previous album and tour, feeling that the new fans he'd accumulated would expect to hear the same thing on the new album that they'd heard before, hence the inclusion of the "Borneo Horns" players on the album.
Like Let's Dance but unlike most previous Bowie albums, Bowie played no instruments on the record, and in fact he delegated almost all responsibility for the music played to his musicians, only occasionally offering critical input.
Bowie brought in Derek Bramble and Hugh Padgham to produce the record, the former receiving the nod from Bowie due to some of the demos he'd recently produced for English female singer Jackie Graham. As with Let's Dance, Bowie prepared for the album by recording some demos before hand, this time showing up with 8 of the 9 songs that would appear on the album. This surprised collaborator Carlos Alomar, who said "it was the first time in the eleven years that I've been with the damn man that he's brought in anything."
Iggy Pop spent a good deal of time in the studio with Bowie and the band while the album was being recorded, stating "I worked extensively on that album. There's a lot more work there than is reflected in just the simple co-writing credit for two songs and some of the old stuff." When asked why Bowie included so much Pop-written material on the album, Iggy could only guess. "I think he just wanted the songs heard more," a sentiment Bowie would mirror when covering Pop's "Bang Bang" on his next album, Never Let Me Down.
Track production details
Some of the demo tracks were not yet named, but they were numbered, called simply "1," "2" and "3." "1" would turn into the "irreligious" album track "Loving the Alien." Bowie described "Alien" as a very personal bit of writing that he didn't feel fit in with the rest of the album because it's such a dark song amidst lighter fare. He said, ""Alien" came about because of my feeling that so much history is wrong - as is being rediscovered all the time - and that we base so much on the wrong knowledge that we've gleaned." Bowie cut the demo for the song in Montreux (Switzerland) with a guitarist and a drummer he had drafted from a local Swiss band.
Demo songs "2" and "3" were not finished for the album, much to Padgham's regret. He said:
They were really just jams. David had some riffs on a tape, in his head, and the band would jam on them and we'd make a bit of a song out of it. But they were quite raunchy songs. At one point, David asked me what my least favorite song out of the eleven or twelve we had was, and I said 'Blue Jean.' I thought it was a bit lightweight. I would have rather had "2" in its place. I couldn't tell you why he didn't put them on the album. But I would have loved to have finished them.
Two songs were covers of older Iggy Pop songs: "Neighborhood Threat" and "Tonight," the former of which stands out as a track Bowie wishes he hadn't done, with him later calling it "disastrous." "That's one I wish I'd never touched, or at least touched it differently. It went totally wrong. It sounded so tight and compromised, and it was such a gas doing it. It was the wrong band to do it with -- wonderful band, but it wasn't quite right for that song."
"Don't Look Down", which was one of Bowie's returns to a reggae-style track (after Lodger's "Yassassin"), perplexed Bowie: "I tried it every which way. I tried it jazz-rock, I tried it as a march, and then I just hit on an old ska-sounding beat, and it picked up life. Taking energy away from the musical side reinforced the lyrics and gave them their own energy. I think working with Derek Bramble helped because he played popper reggae bass lines."
For "Tonight", the title track and the other reggae-style track on the album, Bowie eliminated Iggy's original spoken-word introduction, calling it an "idiosyncratic thing" of Iggy's that "seemed not part of my vocabulary. ... I guess [removing the spoken introduction] changed the whole sentiment around. It still has that same barren feeling, but it's out of that specific area that I'm not at home in." Pop approved of Bowie's changes. For the vocals to the song, Bowie and Turner sang face-to-face, although Bowie went back and re-recorded the first verse after deciding to sing his part in a higher octave.
"Dancing with the Big Boys", which Bowie also co-wrote with Pop, was written and recorded in eight hours as they egged each other on. In what was described as an "exhilarating rush," Bowie and Pop "went in [to the studio] with a few bottles of beer and would virtually bellow out anything that came into their heads," said Padgham. "And I just recorded it all." The song is about the "little guy" being crushed by "oppressive corporate structures." The lyrics were taken from a backlog of unused lyrics; the line "this dot marks your location" was a reference to a "lengthy irritating stay" at a New York Hotel (Bowie had been looking at the hotel room's fire escape map), and "Your family is a football team" was a reference to the immigrant families working in New York; "the whole family [has] to work together for survival." The track elicited this from Bowie:
There's a particular sound I'm after that I haven't really got yet; I'll either crack it on the next album or retire from it. I think I got quite close to it on "Dancing with the Big Boys." ... I got very musical over the last couple of years - trying to write musically and develop things the way people used to write in the Fifties. I stayed away from experimentation. Now, I think I should be a bit more adventurous. And in "Big Boys," Iggy and I broke away from all that for one track, and it came nearer to the sound I was looking for than anything else.
Singles and videos
The album spawned three singles: "Tonight", "Blue Jean" and "Loving the Alien". "Blue Jean" in turn spawned several videos, including an "elaborate" 20-minute long collaboration with Julien Temple which was described as more of a "minifilm" than a video, and represented Bowie's interest in making actual movies.
|Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
Despite some positive contemporary reviews of the album, other contemporary reviews recognized this effort as "more of a stopgap than a startling new burst of creativity" and Padgham, who co-produced the album, admitted at the time it wasn't as innovative as other Bowie albums. One reviewer later dismissed the album as "rotten".
Bowie would later distance himself from the album, acknowledging that it wasn't one of his stronger efforts. In 1989 when working with Tin Machine, he mused "There's stuff on [the album] that I could really kick myself about. When I listen to those demo it's, 'How did it turn out like that?' You should hear "Loving the Alien" on demo. It's wonderful on demo. I promise you! (laughs). But on the album, it's ... not as wonderful."
LP: EMI DB 1 (UK)
- "Loving the Alien" (David Bowie) - 7:11
- "Don't Look Down" (Iggy Pop, James Williamson) - 4:11
- "God Only Knows" (Brian Wilson, Tony Asher) - 3:08
- "Tonight" (Bowie, Pop) (performed by Bowie and Tina Turner) - 3:46
- "Neighborhood Threat" (Bowie, Pop, Ricky Gardiner) - 3:12
- "Blue Jean" (Bowie) - 3:11
- "Tumble and Twirl" (Bowie, Pop) - 5:00
- "I Keep Forgettin'" (Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller) - 2:34
- "Dancing with the Big Boys" (Bowie, Pop, Carlos Alomar) (performed by Bowie and Pop) - 3:34
CD: Virgin CDVUS97 (UK)
- "This Is Not America" (1985 single release) - 3:51
- "As the World Falls Down" (from the Labyrinth soundtrack 1986) - 4:46
- "Absolute Beginners" (from the Absolute Beginners soundtrack 1986) - 8:00
- 1995 reissue
- Carlos Alomar: guitars
- Derek Bramble: bass guitar, guitar, synthesiser, backing vocals
- Carmine Rojas: bass guitar
- Mark King: bass guitar on "Tumble and Twirl"
- Sammy Figueroa: percussion
- Omar Hakim: drums
- Guy St. Onge: marimba
- Robin Clark, George Simms, Curtis King: vocals
- Tina Turner: vocals on "Tonight"
- Iggy Pop: vocals on "Dancing with the Big Boys"
- The Borneo Horns:
Carlos Alomar used the following guitars in the recording and production of the album: an Alembic stereo, a Stratocaster, a Kramer, a prototype Steinberger, a Martin 12-string acoustic, "an old Guild" six-string acoustic, and a gut-string cuarto guitar. Derek Bramble played the following synthesizers: an Oberheim OB-Xa, a Jupiter 8, a Yamaha DX7, a PPG a Fairlight and a Roland 6-707 guitar synthesizer. He also played a Steinway piano and a Music Man Cutlass bass. Carmine Rojas played a Fender Precision bass and two ESP custom basses. Omar Hakim played a Gretsch drum set and a Simmons SDS-5 electronic drum kit.
Sales and certifications
Now That's What I Call Music 3 by Various artists
|UK number one album
6–12 October 1984
The Unforgettable Fire by U2
Diamond Life by Sade
|Dutch Mega Chart number-one album
13 October 1984
- Murray, Charles Shaar (25 October 1984), "Let's Talk, A Conversation with David Bowie", Rolling Stone magazine (433): 14, 18, 74
- Fricke, David (December 1984), "David Bowie Interview", Musician magazine (74): 46–56
- Isler, Scott (August 1987), "David Bowie Opens Up - A Little", Musician (106): 60–73
- Erlewine, Stephen. "Tonight". AllMusic. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- Amsterdam Glass Spider Press Conference, 30 March 1987
- "CG: david bowie". Robert Christgau. Retrieved 4 April 2012.
- "David Bowie: Album Guide | Rolling Stone Music". Rollingstone.com. Retrieved 4 April 2012.
- "Learning to love the Alien: Bowie haunts a calculated, kaleidoscopic seance" by Timothy White, Musician magazine, December 1984, pages 98-99
- "Bowie: Boys Keep Swinging," Melody Maker magazine, 24 March 1990, pp 24-26
- Mary Campbell for the Associated Press, 6 August 1993
- Cohen, Scott (September 1991), "David Bowie Interview", Details magazine: 86–97
- "Boys Keep Swinging", Q magazine, June 1989
- Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, NSW: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
- "David Bowie – Tonight – austriancharts.at" (ASP) (in German). Retrieved 31 January 2014.
- "Top Albums/CDs - Volume 41, No. 10" (PHP). RPM. 10 November 1984. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
- "dutchcharts.nl David Bowie – Tonight" (ASP). dutchcharts.nl. MegaCharts. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
- "Hit Parade Italia – Gli album più venduti del 1984" (in Italian). hitparadeitalia.it. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
- Oricon Album Chart Book: Complete Edition 1970-2005. Roppongi, Tokyo: Oricon Entertainment. 2006. ISBN 4-87131-077-9.
- "charts.org.nz David Bowie – Tonight" (ASP). Recording Industry Association of New Zealand. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
- "norwegiancharts.com David Bowie – Tonight" (ASP). Retrieved 31 January 2014.
- Salaverri, Fernando (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN 84-8048-639-2.
- "swedishcharts.com David Bowie – Tonight" (ASP). Sverigetopplistan. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
- "David Bowie – Tonight – hitparade.ch" (ASP). Retrieved 10 October 2013.
- "David Bowie > Artists > Official Charts". UK Albums Chart. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
- "allmusic ((( Tonight > Charts & Awards > Billboard Albums )))". allmusic.com. Retrieved 31 August 2011.
- "Album Search: David Bowie – Tonight" (ASP) (in German). Media Control. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
- "RPM Top 100 Albums of 1984". RPM. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
- "Canadian album certifications – David Bowie – Tonight". Music Canada. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
- "French album certifications – Bowie D. – Tonight" (in French). InfoDisc. Select BOWIE D. and click OK
- "Solo Exitos 1959–2002 Ano A Ano: Certificados 1979–1990". Solo Exitos 1959–2002 Ano A Ano.
- "British album certifications – David Bowie – Tonight". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 25 May 2013. Enter Tonight in the field Keywords. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Select Gold in the field By Award. Click Search
- "American album certifications – David Bowie – Tonight". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 25 May 2013. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH