Tonio Borg

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Tonio Borg
Tonio Borg (cropped).jpg
European Commissioner for Health
Incumbent
Assumed office
1 July 2013
President José Manuel Barroso
Preceded by Himself (Health and Consumer Policy)
European Commissioner for Health and Consumer Policy
In office
28 November 2012 – 1 July 2013
President José Manuel Barroso
Preceded by Maroš Šefčovič (Acting)
Succeeded by Himself (Health)
Neven Mimica (Consumer Protection)
Deputy Prime Minister of Malta
In office
23 March 2004 – 28 November 2012
Prime Minister Lawrence Gonzi
Preceded by Lawrence Gonzi
Succeeded by Simon Busuttil
Minister of Foreign Affairs of Malta
In office
12 March 2008 – 28 November 2012
Prime Minister Lawrence Gonzi
Preceded by Michael Frendo
Succeeded by Francis Zammit Dimech
Minister of Justice
In office
15 April 2003 – 12 March 2008
Prime Minister Eddie Fenech Adami
Lawrence Gonzi
Preceded by Austin Gatt
Succeeded by Carmelo Mifsud Bonnici
Minister of Home Affairs
In office
8 September 1998 – 12 March 2008
Prime Minister Eddie Fenech Adami
Lawrence Gonzi
Preceded by Alfred Sant
Succeeded by Carmelo Mifsud Bonnici
In office
17 April 1995 – 28 October 1996
Prime Minister Eddie Fenech Adami
Preceded by Louis Galea
Succeeded by Alfred Sant
Personal details
Born (1957-05-12) 12 May 1957 (age 57)
Floriana, Malta
Political party Nationalist Party
Spouse(s) Adele Galea
Children 3
Alma mater University of Malta
Religion Roman Catholicism

Tonio Borg (born 12 May 1957) is the European Commissioner for Health and Consumer Policy replacing John Dalli as member of the College of the European Commission in the second Barroso Commission.[1]

Legal studies and career[edit]

Borg studied law at the University of Malta. As a university student he was active in the Maltese Christian Democrat Student organisation and a member of the University Students' Council. He was also a member of the youth section of the Nationalist Party holding various posts including that of President and Secretary General.

Borg graduated as a Doctor in Laws in 1979. He was called to the bar in 1980, practicing law for fifteen years, specialising in human rights cases. Between 1990 and 1995 he served as member of the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture.

Borg holds the post of lecturer in public law at the University of Malta.

He was also a Director of Mid-Med Bank (nowadays HSBC Bank Malta) between 1987 and 1992.

Maltese politics[edit]

Borg was first elected to the House of Representatives in the 1992 general election in the interest of the Nationalist Party. During this period as a backbencher he was also member of the Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly (1992–95), board member of the Maltese Planning Authority (1992–95) and member of the Joint Parliamentary Committee between the European and Maltese parliaments (1992–95).

He was appointed Minister of Home Affairs in April 1995, serving until October 1996 when his Party was voted out of office in the general election of that year. In opposition, Borg was appointed Party Spokesman for Home Affairs from October 1996 to September 1998 and again a member of the Joint Parliamentary Committee between the European and Maltese parliaments (1996–98).

Following his party's victory at the 1998 general election, Borg returned to his previous post as Minister of Home Affairs. This portfolio included, amongst other things, local government, environment and urban planning and management of state properties. He was also responsible for immigration at the time when a large number of irregular migrants started arriving by boat from Libya.[2]

Justice was added to Borg's portfolio in April 2003, following his Party's second electoral success in that year's election. When Lawrence Gonzi succeeded Edward Fenech Adami as Prime Minister and Party Leader, Borg successfully contested the post of Deputy Leader of the Nationalist Party in March 2004. In light of this he also became Deputy Prime Minister, while remaining Minister of Justice and Home Affairs. Borg also served as Leader of the House of Representatives at that time.

In March 2008, following the Nationalist Party's third electoral success, Borg was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs and Deputy Prime Minister.[3] He was also reconfirmed as Leader of the House of Representatives, a post he held until 6 January 2012. Following the resignation of his successor, he re-assumed the post of Leader of the House of Representatives later that year.

In view of his appointment as European Commissioner, Borg resigned his post of Deputy Leader of the Party, Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Foreign Affairs and as a Member of Parliament.

Political views[edit]

Borg's political views have been described as Christian Democratic inspired by Catholic social teaching. He had proposed to entrench into the Maltese Constitution the sections of the law banning abortion (a criminal offence in Malta).

Nomination as European Commissioner[edit]

Following the resignation of John Dalli as European Commissioner for Health and Consumer Affairs, the Maltese Government nominated Borg for the post. Borg's nomination was the cause of some controversy due to his political views and he was subject to some tough questioning during his hearing by the Members of the European Parliament. However, the Parliament still voted for his appointment on 21 November and he was formally appointed to the post by the European Council. Borg was sworn in as European Commissioner for Health and Consumer Affairs on November 28, 2012.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.timesofmalta.com/articles/view/20121020/local/tonio-borg-expected-to-be-nominated-european-commissioner.441660
  2. ^ Joseph St. John, Martha Delicata, Mario Azzopardi, "The Organisation of Asylum and Migration Policies in Malta", National Report 2008 of the National Contact Point of the European Migration Network, Malta, p.11
  3. ^ "New Cabinet sworn in", Times of Malta, March 12, 2008.
Political offices
Preceded by
Louis Galea
Minister of Home Affairs
1995–1996
Succeeded by
Alfred Sant
Preceded by
Alfred Sant
Minister of Home Affairs
1998–2008
Succeeded by
Carmelo Mifsud Bonnici
Preceded by
Austin Gatt
Minister of Justice
2003–2008
Preceded by
Lawrence Gonzi
Deputy Prime Minister of Malta
2004–2012
Succeeded by
Simon Busuttil
Preceded by
Michael Frendo
Minister of Foreign Affairs
2008–2012
Succeeded by
Francis Zammit Dimech
Preceded by
John Dalli
Maltese European Commissioner
2012–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Maroš Šefčovič
Acting
European Commissioner for Health and Consumer Policy
2012–2013
Succeeded by
Himself
as European Commissioner for Health
Succeeded by
Neven Mimica
as European Commissioner for Consumer Protection
Preceded by
Himself
as European Commissioner for Health and Consumer Policy
European Commissioner for Health
2013–present
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Lawrence Gonzi
Deputy Leader of the Nationalist Party
2004–2012
Succeeded by
Simon Busuttil