Tonkolili District

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Tonkolili District
Location of Tonkolili District in Sierra Leone
Location of Tonkolili District in Sierra Leone
Coordinates: 8°40′N 11°40′W / 8.667°N 11.667°W / 8.667; -11.667Coordinates: 8°40′N 11°40′W / 8.667°N 11.667°W / 8.667; -11.667
Country Sierra Leone
Province Northern Province
Capital Magburaka
Largest city Magburaka
Government
 • Type District Council
 • Council Chairman Alusine Sesay (APC)
Area
 • Total 7,003 km2 (2,704 sq mi)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 375,363
Time zone Greenwich Mean Time (UTC-5)

Tonkolili District is a District in the Northern Province of Sierra Leone. Its capital and largest city is Magburaka. The other major towns include Mabonto, Bumbuna, Makali, Masingbi, Yele, Bendugu, Mile 91, Bumbuna, Yonibana and Matotoka. The towns of Mathora, Magbass and Masanga each are, respectively, a host of a Senior Secondary school (the Government Secondary School For Girls), a Sugar factory and a major Leprosy Hospital. As of 2010, the District had a population of 385,322.[1] The district occupies a total area of 7,003 km2 (2,704 sq mi) and comprises eleven Chiefdoms.

Tonkolili District borders Bombali District to the northwest, Kono District to the east, Kenema District and Bo District to the southeast, Port Loko and Koina du Districts. Tonkolili is strategically located in the center of Sierra Leone. The district is criss crossed by many rivers including the Pampana River and Sierra Leone's longest river, the Rokel.

Demographics[edit]

The population is mostly Muslim and the people are largely from the Temne ethnic group.

Economy[edit]

Economically, there is significant potential for an extractive economy, specifically the mining of iron ore, bauxite gold and to a lesser extent diamonds. Today the biggest iron ore deposit in Africa and the third largest in the world, African Minerals Tonkolili Project, are found in the hills around Bumbuna, Mabonto and Bendugu. Agriculture also plays a significant role in the economy, the biggest bio energy company in Africa, Addax Petroleum, operates mostly in Mar in constituency 60. There is also a significant agricultural activity at the Magbass sugar production facility and refinery. A rubber factory is about to be established in the Mile 91 area. There are several hydroelectric power systems in the district, especially at Bumbuna. There is also as game reserve at Mamunta. However, economic development was hindered by the destruction of facilities during the 1991-2002 civil war.

Echo Bar Industry[edit]

Due to the intense nature of the Sierra Leone climate, the Tonkolili District has always had a vast harvest of cocoa beans each year. In 2003, the Echo Bars Ltd. Company lead a private acquisition of 85% of all cocoa production in the district. The chief taster, Echo Mufasa, (not to be confused with Mr. Eko) led this purchase to reasonable success, increasing production and efficiency in most areas of the cocoa production in the district. In 2009, the company went into recession and the land was rebought by the local government.

Education[edit]

Before the civil war, education was highly esteemed, especially in Arabic and English. Since the end of the conflict, schools have been rebuilt to a large extent and even new ones created, including an Arabic college. As of 2004, the district was home to 310 primary schools which had nearly 74,000 students. It was also home to 15 secondary schools.

Government[edit]

Tonkolili District currently has nine Representatives in the Sierra Leonean Parliament, of which eight members were elected for a 5-year term. Below are the District representatives in Parliament and their affiliations:

Subdivisions - chiefdoms[edit]

Tonkolili District is administratively divided into eleven chiefdoms, listed below with their administrative centres in parentheses:[2]

Notable people from Tonkolili District[edit]

Mining[edit]

Tonkolili is the site of new iron ore mine, including a 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) railway between the mine and Port Pepel. This railway to Port Pepel with an extension to deeper waters at Tagrin Point would be about 200 km long.[3] While built by the African Minerals company, the railway would be open access to other users at commercial rates.[4][5] There is also a large deposit at Kasafoni.

References[edit]

External links[edit]