|41st Governor of Wisconsin|
January 3, 1983 – January 5, 1987
|Preceded by||Lee Dreyfus|
|Succeeded by||Tommy Thompson|
April 12, 1936 |
|Spouse(s)||Jane Nemke Earl|
|Profession||Prosecutor / Attorney|
Anthony ("Tony") Scully Earl (born April 12, 1936) is a United States politician and a member of the Democratic party and served as the 41st Governor of Wisconsin from 1983 until 1987. He graduated from Michigan State University in 1958 and earned a J.D. from the University of Chicago. After four years in the Navy, including two years as a legal officer, Earl made his way to Wisconsin in 1965.
Early political career
Earl was first elected to the Wisconsin State Assembly in 1969, filling the seat vacated by David Obey, who was elected a member of the United States House of Representatives. In 1974, Earl left the Assembly to run for Wisconsin Attorney General, but was defeated in the primary by Bronson La Follette. Upon his defeat, then-Gov. Patrick Lucey named Earl secretary of the Department of Administration. Later, Earl became Secretary of the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (DNR) where his list of accomplishments include addressing the State's surface water pollution.
Governor of Wisconsin
In 1982, Earl ran for Governor when Lee S. Dreyfus unexpectedly declined to run for re-election, and soon the Wisconsin Democratic Party's hopes of reclaiming the Governor's mansion became very real. As head of the state DNR, Earl was well-received as a staunch defender of the environment and a problem-solver. Earl used that reputation to defeat former Acting Governor Martin J. Schreiber (1977–79) in the Democratic primary for Governor. Earl went on to defeat the Republican candidate, Terry Jodok Kohler, in a landslide victory.
However, Earl's tenure as governor was a challenge from the start. By the time he took office, Wisconsin was marred by a budget deficit of nearly $1 billion and a 12% unemployment rate. Earl signed legislation making the 5% sales tax permanent and also added a 10% surtax on state income tax which was later reduced. Once the state was fiscally sound, Earl passed initiatives improving the environment, education, and equal opportunity. Earl appointed Doris Hanson, the State's first and only female to hold the office of secretary of the Department of Administration and Howard Fuller, the first African-American appointed to a cabinet position heading the Department of Employee Relations. Due to disagreements over healthcare reform, prison staffing, wage freezes and other matters, Earl's relations with state labor soured and made his tenure as governor all the more complicated.
After restoring the state following one of the worst economic predicaments in state history, Governor Earl was ousted after one term. State Assembly Minority Leader Tommy Thompson, a Republican, staunchly opposed Earl's policies and was elected in 1986 to the first of four consecutive terms.
Earl currently serves on the governing board of Common Cause in Wisconsin, a non-partisan, non-profit citizen's lobby affiliated with national Common Cause. CC/WI promotes campaign finance reform, ethics and lobby reform, open meetings laws and other issues concerning the promotion and maintenance accountable government. Earl is also on the board of the Joyce Foundation, a non-profit based in Chicago that supports efforts to protect the natural environment of the Great Lakes, to reduce poverty and violence in the region, and to ensure that its people have access to good schools, decent jobs, and a diverse and thriving culture. In July 2004, Earl was recognized at the 12th Annual Outreach Awards for his acknowledgment of the needs of the gay and lesbian community during his term in office; he received the organization's Political Courage Award. Earl also served on the Board of Directors of the American Transmission Company which assumed ownership, operation, planning, maintenance and monitoring of all the electrical transmission assets formerly owned by a number of Wisconsin utility companies, cooperatives and municipal utilities. Earl was formerly a partner in one of the largest law firms (more than 400 lawyers) in the state of Wisconsin, Quarles and Brady.
- 1988 election for U.S. Senate (Democratic Primary)
- Herb Kohl (D), 47%
- Tony Earl (D), 38%
- 1986 election for Governor
- Tommy Thompson (R), 53%
- Tony Earl (D) (inc.), 46%
- 1982 election for Governor
- Tony Earl (D), 57%
- Terry Jodok Kohler (R), 42%
- Doug Moe (2012-02-22). "Doug Moe: Former governor, new wife are 'giddy'". Wisconsin State Journal. Retrieved 2012-02-22.
- JAMES WIGDERSON (2006-07-27). "Opinions: James Wigderson". Retrieved 2008-09-14.
- ANN RICHARDS (2008-09-02). "Two Mott grantees honored by American Bar Association". Archived from the original on 2008-09-14. Retrieved 2008-09-14.
- "Madison Public Library Board Meeting Minutes". Retrieved 2008-09-14.
Lee S. Dreyfus
|Governor of Wisconsin