Iommi onstage with Heaven & Hell in 2009
|Birth name||Anthony Frank Iommi|
19 February 1948 |
Birmingham, United Kingdom
|Genres||Heavy metal, hard rock, blues rock|
|Occupations||Musician, songwriter, producer|
|Instruments||Guitar, keyboards, flute|
|Labels||Warner Bros., I.R.S., Rhino|
|Associated acts||Black Sabbath, Heaven & Hell, Jethro Tull, Mythology, Velvett Fogg|
Anthony Frank "Tony" Iommi (born 19 February 1948) is an English guitarist, songwriter and producer. Best known as a founding member of the pioneering heavy metal band Black Sabbath, he is the group's sole continual member.
Born in Birmingham, England, Iommi worked at a factory where he lost the tips of two of his fingers in an accident. The first major band he played in was Jethro Tull, after which he co-founded Black Sabbath. In 2000, he released his first solo album Iommi, followed by 2005's Fused, which featured his former bandmate Glenn Hughes. After releasing Fused, he joined Heaven & Hell, which disbanded after Ronnie James Dio's death in 2010.
Iommi is widely considered to be one of the greatest and most influential rock guitarists of all time. A prolific riff-maker, he was ranked number 25 in Rolling Stone magazine's list of the "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time".
In 2011, he published an autobiographic work, titled Iron Man: My Journey through Heaven and Hell with Black Sabbath.
Anthony Frank Iommi was born on 19 February 1948, the only child to Anthony Frank and Sylvia Maria Iommi (née Velenti). Born and raised in Handsworth, Birmingham, Tony Iommi initially wanted to play the drums, but due to the noise they produce he picked up the guitar as a teenager, after being inspired by the likes of Hank Marvin and The Shadows. He plays guitar left-handed. In an industrial accident at the age of 17 on his last day of work in a sheet metal factory, he lost the tips of the middle and ring finger of his right hand.
After the injury Iommi considered abandoning the guitar. However, his manager encouraged him to pursue music by playing a recording of famous jazz guitarist Django Reinhardt. As Iommi would later write:
My friend said, "Listen to this guy play," and I went, "No way! Listening to someone play the guitar is the very last thing I want to do right now!" But he kept insisting and he ended up playing the record for me. I told him I thought it was really good and then he said, "You know, the guy's only playing with two fingers on his fretboard hand because of an injury he sustained in a terrible fire." I was totally knocked back by this revelation and was so impressed by what I had just heard that I suddenly became inspired to start trying to play again.
To compensate for his injury Iommi attempted to learn to play right-handed, but eventually returned to left-handed playing and strung his guitars with lighter strings and made thimbles to extend his fingers.
Iommi had played in several blues/rock bands, the earliest of which was the Rockin' Chevrolets from 1964 to 1965. The band had regular bookings and when they were offered work in Germany, Iommi decided to leave his factory job to take up the opportunity. From 1966 to 1967 Iommi played in a band named The Rest. This was the first time Iommi played with future Black Sabbath drummer Bill Ward.
From January 1968 until July 1968 Iommi was guitarist in Mythology, with Ward joining a month later in mid-February. In May 1968 police raided the group's practice flat and found cannabis resin, which resulted in a £15 fine and a two-year conditional discharge for Iommi, Ward, Smith and Marshall. Mythology split up after a gig in Silloth on 13 July 1968.
In August 1968 at the same time as the breakup of Mythology, a band called Rare Breed also broke up. Rare Breed vocalist John "Ozzy" Osbourne and rhythm guitarist Terry "Geezer" Butler joined with Iommi and Ward from Mythology and also slide guitarist Jimmy Phillips and saxophonist Alan "Aker" Clarke. The six-piece band, now with Butler as bassist, were named the Polka Tulk Blues Company. After just two gigs (the last of which was at the Banklands Youth Club in Workington), Phillips and Clarke were dismissed from the band, which soon after shortened its name to Polka Tulk.
Earth and Jethro Tull
Iommi, Butler, Ward and Osbourne renamed the band Earth in September 1968. They carried on under this moniker until December 1968 when Iommi briefly departed to join Jethro Tull. However after only one performance (an appearance on "The Rolling Stones Rock & Roll Circus" in which the band mimed "A Song for Jeffrey", which Ian Anderson sang live), Iommi was back with Earth once more.
Iommi on his brief working relationship with Jethro Tull vocalist Ian Anderson:
I learned quite a lot from him, I must say. I learned that you have got to work at it. You have to rehearse. When I came back and I got the band (Earth) back together, I made sure that everybody was up early in the morning and rehearsing. I used to go and pick them up. I was the only one at the time that could drive. I used to have to drive the bloody van and get them up at quarter to nine every morning; which was, believe me, early for us then. I said to them, "This is how we have got to do it because this is how Jethro Tull did it." They had a schedule and they knew that they were going to work from this time till that time. I tried that with our band and we got into doing it. It worked. Instead of just strolling in at any hour, it made it more like we were saying, "Let’s do it!"
In August 1969, following the confusion with another group named Earth (who had minor success in England), the group renamed themselves Black Sabbath. His aforementioned factory accident affected the Black Sabbath sound later on, as by 1970 Iommi had detuned his guitar from E to D# (a minor second down), and from 1971's Master of Reality album, had detuned it further to C# (a minor third down), in order to ease the tension on his fingers. Black Sabbath bassist Geezer Butler did the same to match Iommi. Sabbath were among the first bands to detune, and the technique became a mainstay of heavy metal music. Iommi combined blues-like guitar solos and dark, minor-key riffing with a revolutionary high-gain, heavily distorted tone with his use of a modified treble-boosting effect-pedal and a Gibson SG, as well as plugging his guitar into his amp's bass input.
By the mid-1970s, incessant drug usage, managerial problems and constant touring had taken its toll on the band and Ozzy Osbourne was fired in 1979. Osbourne was replaced with Ronnie James Dio, the former vocalist for Rainbow. With Dio, Black Sabbath produced Heaven and Hell, prior to replacing Bill Ward with Vinny Appice. With Iommi and Geezer Butler the only original members, this line-up produced Mob Rules. During the '80s and '90s Iommi rebuilt the band with many lineup changes with vocalists including Ian Gillan (formerly of Deep Purple), Glenn Hughes, Tony Martin and Ray Gillen. After Ian Gillan departed the band in 1984 Iommi recorded his first solo album, entitled Seventh Star. The album featured Glenn Hughes (formerly of Deep Purple) on vocals, but due to label pressures, it was billed as a release by "Black Sabbath featuring Tony Iommi."
In 1992 Iommi appeared at the Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert, playing four songs with the remaining members of Queen and other guest artists. In the following year Iommi teamed up with fellow Black Country band Diamond Head and co-wrote the song "Starcrossed (Lovers in the Night)" for their 1993 Death and Progress album. At Ozzy's "farewell" concert at Costa Mesa in 1992, Dio refused to perform and abruptly left the band. As a result Rob Halford was recruited to perform as the vocalist for two gigs (Halford also sang at one of the dates on the 2004 Ozzfest tour, when Ozzy couldn't perform due to bronchitis). Following Osbourne's solo set, the show concluded with Ozzy bringing out the other members of the original Black Sabbath line-up for a 4-song reunion.
Black Sabbath went on to record two further albums with Tony Martin before the original line-up reunited as a touring band in 1997. While Bill Ward played at the two initial reunion shows at Birmingham NEC in December 1997, he was not present for the following two reunion tours, his second absence due to a heart attack. Ward was replaced by Mike Bordin and then Vinny Appice.
On 11 November 2011, the original band members announced that they were reuniting and recording a new album.
In 2000, Iommi released his first proper solo album, titled Iommi. The album featured several guest vocalists including Ian Astbury, Henry Rollins, Serj Tankian, Dave Grohl, Billy Corgan, Phil Anselmo, Peter Steele and Ozzy Osbourne. Also in the vocal mix was Skin (of Skunk Anansie). In late 2004 Iommi's second solo album was released, entitled The 1996 DEP Sessions. This album was originally recorded in 1996 but was never officially released. However, a copy with a drum track by Dave Holland was available as a bootleg called Eighth Star. Glenn Hughes performed vocals on the album and he furthered his collaboration with Hughes with the release of his third solo album, Fused. Released on 12 July 2005, John Mellencamp drummer Kenny Aronoff completed the trio on the album.
Heaven & Hell
In October 2006 it was reported that Iommi would tour with Ronnie James Dio, Geezer Butler and Bill Ward again, but under the moniker Heaven & Hell. Later it was announced that Ward had decided not to participate and Vinny Appice was hired as his replacement. Rhino Records released "The Dio Years" (under the 'Black Sabbath' moniker) album on 3 April 2007. The album showcased older tracks with Dio and also included three brand new songs recorded with Dio and Appice.
The band started an American tour in April 2007 with Megadeth and Down as opening acts. The tour finished in November in England with the prospect of an album to follow in 2008. During this period the band's show at the New York Radio City Music Hall was released as both a live DVD and CD with a vinyl release in the UK in 2008. During the summer of 2008 the band embarked on the Metal Masters Tour along with Judas Priest, Motörhead and Testament. The band's first and only studio album, The Devil You Know, was released on 28 April 2009.
In November 2008 Iommi had a star revealed on the Birmingham Walk of Stars. Dio passed away due to stomach cancer in May 2010 and on 14 June 2010, Iommi announced that Heaven & Hell would perform a one-off tribute to Ronnie James Dio at the High Voltage Festival, London on 24 July 2010. This was the band's last performance under the name.
Eurovision Song Contest
Iommi wrote the song "Lonely Planet", to be sung by Gor Sujyan for Armenia in the 2013 Eurovision Song Contest, which will be watched by an estimated 120 million people. Iommi is very proud of this song and is hoping that it will be very successful, though is worried that it will be "slagged [off], like everything else does". The song will compete in the second semi-final on 16 May in Malmö (Sweden) for a place in the final on 18 May, where it will compete against the likes of Germany's Cascada and the United Kingdom's Bonnie Tyler, among many others. It made the final and ended up placing ahead of both, finishing 18th, one place ahead of UK and a further 2 ahead of Germany.
Iommi has been married four times.
- During the 1970s Iommi was married to Susan Snowden, who was related to British Royal photographer Lord Snowdon.[page needed] This relationship lasted for some eight years, and Iommi said in a 1991 Guitar World interview that the troubled recording and mixing of Black Sabbath's 1976 album Technical Ecstasy caused the end of his marriage.
- Iommi married an American model named Melinda in 1980. They had a daughter, Toni-Marie Iommi, divorced in the mid-1980s.[page needed]
- In 1986-7 Iommi met an Englishwoman named Valery, and after a six-year relationship they married. She had a son from a previous relationship named Jay. They divorced in the late 90s.[page needed]Iommi confirmed in the same Guitar World interview referenced above (a co-interview with Metallica's James Hetfield) that he has a son. He told Hetfield regarding the band's so-called "Black Album," that "my son gave me a copy of your latest album..."
- In 2005, Iommi married Maria Sjöholm, formerly vocalist for the metal band Drain STH. They met around 1998, when Tony was working on music for Drain STH. After a year of talking on the phone, in 1999, Maria moved to England and moved into Tony's home. On August 19, 2005, without telling anyone, Maria and Tony were wed at the Sunset Marquis hotel, with only one witness present. On page 312 of his book, Tony calls the low-key wedding the "Best thing I ever did!" 
- He has a daughter from a previous marriage, Toni-Marie, who was the vocalist for the now-defunct band LunarMile. Mikko "Linde" Lindström, guitarist with Finnish band HIM became engaged to Toni-Marie Iommi in August 2010.
During the mid-1980s Iommi was romantically involved with, and briefly engaged to, Lita Ford. He co-produced her album The Bride Wore Black, which to date remains unreleased. Ford said in a 1989 Kerrang! interview, "there's a certain amount of bad blood between Tony Iommi and I."
In early 2012, Iommi was diagnosed with early stages of lymphoma, for which he has undergone successful treatment as of January 2013. Black Sabbath's 2013 tour dates have been arranged so that Iommi is free to return to the UK once every six weeks to have an antibody administered.
Legacy and influence
Tony Iommi is widely considered to be one of the greatest rock guitarists of all time. In 2005, Metal Hammer magazine ranked him number 1 on the poll of the "Riff Lords", praising his "highly distinctive style of fretsmanship that's economical yet crushingly effective". In 2007, Classic Rock magazine ranked him number 6 on their list of the "100 Wildest Guitar Heroes". In 2011, Rolling Stone magazine ranked him number 25 in their list of the "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time". Joel McIver ranked him the greatest metal guitarist of all time. In 2012, readers of Guitar World ranked Iommi the 7th-greatest rock guitarist of all time. Editors of the same magazine ranked him the greatest heavy metal guitarist of all time.
Ian Anderson of Jethro Tull has said: "Tony managed to turn his physical impairment around into something that makes him one of the guitar legends – if not for his dexterity of playing but at least for the fact that his contribution to rock music is a unique one". Gene Simmons of Kiss regards him as "the man who came up with the riffs that launched an army of guitar players".
Furthermore, Iommi is recognized by many as the main creator of heavy metal music. Brian May of Queen considers him "the true father of heavy metal", Eddie Van Halen states that "without Tony, heavy metal wouldn't exist. He is the creator of heavy!" and James Hetfield of Metallica, who was profoundly influenced by Iommi, defines him "The king of the heavy riff". Rob Halford, vocalist for Judas Priest, when filling in for Ozzy Osbourne during an August 2004 concert in Philadelphia, introduced Iommi to the audience as "The man who invented the heavy metal riff".
He has been credited as the forerunner of other styles: Martin Popoff defines him "the godfather of stoner rock"; Jeff Kitts and Brad Tolinski of Guitar World assert that "grunge, goth, thrash, industrial, death, doom... whatever. None of it would exist without Tony Iommi". According to the Hawaii Public Radio: "it is hard to imagine Nirvana, Soundgarden, Pearl Jam or Alice In Chains without Black Sabbath, and without Tony Iommi. Judas Priest, Iron Maiden, Scorpions, Metallica, Slayer, Pantera and essentially every metal band can be traced to the musical framework found in Iommi compositions".
Many musicians of the hard rock and heavy metal scenes count him among their major influences, some of them include Dimebag Darrell, Paul Gilbert, Slash, Scott Ian, Zakk Wylde, Tom Morello, Cliff Burton, Jerry Cantrell, Billy Corgan, Ross the Boss, Gary Holt, James Murphy, Kim Thayil, Mike Clark, Gus G, Dino Cazares and Nick Oliveri.
Iommi's deep and heavy sound was partly born out of necessity—his "revolutionary signature sound" being the result of the accident and the subsequent downtuning by three semi-tones. He said that his "extreme volume" was likewise necessary, "because we were fed up with people talking over us while we were playing."
- Jaydee Custom SGs
Built in Birmingham by luthier John Diggins sometime between 1975 and 1978, the guitar was first used for overdubs on the 'Heaven and Hell' album and later became one of Iommi's main guitars. The guitar is equipped with a 24 fret neck with custom cross inlays, four control knobs (three of which are functional), a disconnected second output jack, a hole for a master volume knob on the pick guard covered up with a black stopper and a highly distressed finish. He had two more built for him. One was made to the same specifications of his first Jaydee SG with a red finish. Another one was made and used during the Born Again era, which can be seen on the music videos for "Trashed" and "Zero the Hero." The differences are the finish, headstock, use of a stoptail bridge, and use of rail humbuckers, as opposed to the 18-pole humbuckers on his two other versions.
- Gibson SG, aka "Monkey"
A 1965 Gibson SG Special in red finish fitted with a Gibson P-90 pickup in the bridge position and a custom-wound John Birch Simplux, a P-90 style single coil in the neck position. The guitar became Iommi's main instrument after his white Stratocaster's neck pickup failed during the recording of Black Sabbath's self-titled album.
- Gibson Custom Shop SG
The guitar was built by the Gibson Custom Shop in Nashville after Iommi's specifications and finished in 1997. The guitar is one of two made as prototypes for the Gibson Custom Shop Limited Edition Iommi Special SG. The guitar features a neck with 24 frets and four control knobs, of which only two are active (much like his old Jaydee Custom guitar).
On August 11, 2010, Iommi announced on his website that this guitar was stolen from the RJD tribute show that Heaven & Hell performed at High Voltage on July 24, 2010. He is asking that anyone with information or leads let them know. He is offering a reward for its safe return.
- Epiphone P94 Iommi SG
- Gibson SG Standard
A regular left-handed version of the SG fitted with two extra frets to give Iommi the full two octaves which he prefers. The guitar is equipped with his signature pickup. Iommi was the first guitarist to have a signature pickup designed and built by Gibson. He also has another model fitted with a Floyd Rose floating tremolo.
- Fender Stratocaster
Iommi played a Fender Stratocaster that was spraypainted white by Iommi and his father during the early days with Black Sabbath. However, the pickup malfunctioned during the recording of their first album so Iommi quickly turned to his backup Gibson SG to finish the record. Currently Iommi owns two Stratocasters, one of which has been modified with his signature pickup in the bridge position.
- BC Rich Ironbird
Custom built for Iommi by BC Rich. Features include Dimarzio pickups, two built-in preamps, scalloped fretboard and Iommi's trademark cross inlays. This guitar can be seen in Tony's Star Licks Video, for Star Licks Productions along with a left handed BC Rich mockingbird.
- Gibson Barney Kessel
A rare left-handed version of the jazz guitarist Barney Kessel artist model, built sometime in the first half of the 1960s.
- Epiphone Riviera 12 string
Originally a regular right-handed version in red finish that was converted by Epiphone to a left-handed version to fit Iommi.
- Tycobrahe Octavia
- Tycobrahe Wah Pedal
- Korg Rackmount Delay Model SDD1000
- Boss Chorus pedal
- Korg DL8000R multi-tap delay
- Peavey Addverb III
- Boss Octave Divider
- Drawmer LX22 Compressor
- Dallas Rangemaster Treble Booster
- Laney TI100 Tony Iommi Signature: Current main amp. Two channel version of the GH100TI.
- Laney GH 100 TI Tony Iommi Signature amplifiers: Iommi's main up from 1993 - early 2012.
- ENGL Powerball Amplifiers: only used in 2009
- Laney 4×12 cabinets
- Various Marshall amplifiers: from early to mid-1980s to 1993, including 9005 Power Amplifiers and 9001 Preamps, 4×12" speaker cabinets, 2554 Silver Jubilee Combo, 2558 Silver Jubilee Combo, Paul Reed Smith modded JCM800 head.
- Laney Supergroup heads: his main amplifier from 1968 to 1979
- Orange 1972 w/ 4x12 cab Only used for the filming of the music videos for Iron Man and Paranoid.
- Laney Klipp: used on Master of Reality (Requires source verification?)
- Mesa Boogie Mark series heads: from the mid-1980s to the early 1990s
with Black Sabbath
with Heaven & Hell
- Live from Radio City Music Hall (2007)
- The Devil You Know (2009)
- Neon Nights: 30 Years of Heaven & Hell (2010)
Guest & other appearances
- Various Artists – Heavy Metal Soundtrack (1981)
- Various Artists – Rock Aid Armenia (1989)
- Various Artists – Guitar Speak II (1990)
- Comic Relief – Hale & Pace: "The stonk" / Victoria Wood: "The smile song" (1991)
- Queen & Various Artists – The Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert (1992)
- Diamond Head – Death and Progress (1993)
- Ozzy Osbourne – Live & Loud (1993)
- Cathedral – The Carnival Bizarre (1995)
- Various Artists - Twang! – A Tribute to Hank Marvin & The Shadows (1996)
- Ozzy Osbourne – The Ozzman Cometh (1997)
- Necromandus – Orexis of Death (1999, recorded 1973)
- Various Artists – Party at the Palace: The Queen’s Concerts, Buckingham Palace (2002)
- Ian Gillan – Gillan's Inn (2006)
- Ian Gillan & Tony Iommi (WhoCares) – Ian Gillan & Tony Iommi: WhoCares (2012)
- Iommi 2011, p. 1.
- Iommi, Tony (November 8, 2012). "Chapter 1: The birth of a Cub". Iron Man: My Journey Through Heaven and Hell with Black Sabbath. Simon & Schuster Ltd. ISBN 978-1849833219.
- Gill, Chris (December 2008). "The Eternal Idol". Guitar World.
- Black, Johnny (14 March 2009). "Black celebration: the holy grail of Black Sabbath". Music Week. UBM Information Ltd. Retrieved 27 August 2009.
- Iommi, Tony (1997). "Never Say Die: Overcoming overwhelming odds, and the right way to play 'Paranoid'." GuitarWorld, August, 1997.
- "Tony Iommi Interview Outtakes, Guitar World". Guitarworld.com. 2008-10-17. Retrieved 13 November 2010.
- Kitts, Jeff; Brad Tolinski (2002). "Tony Iommi: I'll try anything to sound heavier". Guitar world presents one hundred greatest guitarists of all time from the pages of Guitar world magazine. Hal Leonard. p. 13. ISBN 978-0-634-04619-3.
- "Black Sabbath, Live in Paris 1970". 20 December 1970. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- Baltin, Steve (11 November 2011). "Black Sabbath Announce New Album Produced by Rick Rubin". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 11 November 2011.
- "Toni Iommi To Make Movies?". Downtuned.net. 29 July 2009. Retrieved 17 October 2010.
- "Bill Ward not participating in Heaven & Hell".[dead link]
- "Judas Priest Head Up The Metal Masters Tour With Heaven & Hell, Motorhead and Testament - antiMUSIC News". Antimusic.com. 2008-04-22. Retrieved 13 November 2010.
- Cohen, Jonathan (10 February 2009). "Heaven & Hell Feeling Devilish On New Album". Billboard. Retrieved 19 March 2009.[dead link]
- "Sabbath star Tony Iommi writes Eurovision entry". BBC News. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "Black Sabbath's Tony Iommi writes Armenian Eurovision entry". NME.com. Retrieved 7 March 2013.
- "Black Sabbath's Tony Iommi says Eurovision song may be 'slagged off'". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
- Brey, Marco. "It's Cascada for Germany!". European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 14 February 2013.
- "Bonnie to represent the UK at Eurovision". BonnieTyler.com. Retrieved 7 March 2013.
- "Iommi on Rockschool". YouTube. Retrieved 5 August 2011.
- Iommi 2011.
- Iommi, Tony. Iron Man: My Journey through Heaven and Hell with Black Sabbath. De Capo Press. p. 312.
- "LunarMile's Biography at Myspace". Web. Retrieved 3 August 2011.
- "HIM Guitarist Engaged To TONY IOMMI's Daughter". BlabberMouth.
- "Tony Iommi". IMDb. Retrieved 26 July 2011.
- "Lita Ford History: Sleaze Roxx". Retrieved 26 July 2011.
- Coleman, Andrew (Apr 2 2010). "Music: Tony Iommi to reunit with Ian Gillan for charity". Birmingham Mail.
- "Tony Iommi to undergo treatment for lymphoma". BBC News. 9 January 2012. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
- "Black Sabbath's Iommi is Metal Hammer's No. 1 Metal Guitarist". Blabbermouth.net. 17 March 2005. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
- "Jimi Hendrix, Dimebag, Tony Iommi, Eddie Van Halen Are Among 'Wildest Guitar Heroes". Blabbermouth.net. 6 March 2007. Retrieved 15 January 2013.
- Hinds, Brends. "100 Greatest Guitarists: 25) Tony Iommi". AllMusic. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
- "Joel McIver: The 100 Greatest Metal Guitarists". Retrieved 10 February 2013.
- "Readers Poll Results: The 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time". Guitar World. 10 October 2012. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
- "GUITAR WORLD's 100 Greatest Heavy Metal Guitarists Of All Time". Ballbermouth.net. 23 January 2004. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
- "Interview with IAN ANDERSON (JETHRO TULL)". dmme.net. August 2006. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
- Interview taken from the tv program Gene Simmons' Rock School, 2005
- "Tony Iommi: London Book-Signing Event Announced". blabbermouth.net. 15 September 2011. Retrieved 18 May 2013.
- "Metal/Hard Rock Musicians Pay Tribute To BLACK SABBATH's 'Paranoid'". Blabbermouth.net. Retrieved 18 May 2013.
- "10 Great Left-Handed Guitarists". gibson.com. 14 July 2008. Retrieved 24 May 2013.
- CMJ New Music Monthly, April 2001, Num. 92, p.85
- Jeff Kitts, Brad Tolinski, Guitar World Presents the 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time!, Hal Leonard Corporation, 2002, p.8
- "Tony Iommi "Iron Man" Interview". hawaiipublicradio.org. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- Bob Gulla, Guitar Gods: The 25 Players who Made Rock History, ABC-CLIO, 2009, p.8
- "Interview with Paul Gilbert". metal-temple.com. 2 August 2005. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
- "Slash on Ozzy Osbourne Tour Setlist - "It Is Basically A Snapshot Of My Entire Career Delivered At Maximum Velocity And Attitude"". bravewords.com. 15 January 2011. Retrieved 18 May 2013.
- "Interview:Scott Ian and Charlie Benante On Composing Music Of Mass Destruction". musiciansfriend.com. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
- "Zakk Wylde: Guitar Boot Camp". guitarworld.com. 10 april 2013. Retrieved 18 May 2013.
- Jon Wiederhorn, Katherine Turman, Louder Than Hell: The Definitive Oral History of Metal, HarperCollins, 2013
- Joel McIver, To Live is to Die: The Life and Death of Metallica's Cliff Burton, Jawbone Publishing Corp., 2009, p.27
- "1996 Guitar World Interview: Jerry Cantrell of Alice In Chains Discusses Songwriting and Band's New Self-Titled Album". guitarworld.com. 15 november 2011. Retrieved 18 May 2013.
- "Smashing Pumpkins: 'There Are Always More Riffs Than Words'". ultimate-guitar.com. 26 april 2010. Retrieved 24 May 2013.
- "Exclusive interview with Ross The Boss of Manowar and The Dictators". metalsucks.net. 9 March 2009. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
- "Interview: Exodus (Tom Hunting/Gary Holt)". getreadytorock.com. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
- "Rocket Interviews Ex-Death Guitarist James Murphy". themetalden.com. 15 july 2009. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
- "Interview: Soundgarden's Kim Thayil". premierguitar.com. Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "Interview with Mike Clark of Suicidal Tendencies". earcandymag.com. October 2010. Retrieved 21 May 2013.
- "Firewind". battlehelmarchives.com. Retrieved 18 May 2013.
- "Fear Factory: Just a Little Ol' L.A. Band". membrane.com. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
- "Nick Oliveri: 'The New QOTSA Record, I Can't Wait For People To Hear It'". ultimate-guitar.com. 18 February 2013. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- iNet Technologies, www.inetzone.com (2003-01-14). "Vintage Guitar magazine : Features :". Vintageguitar.com. Retrieved 13 November 2010.[dead link]
- "Jaydee Custom S.G. (a.k.a. No. 1, The Old Boy)". Iommi.com. Retrieved 19 October 2010.
- "Red Gibson SG (Monkey)". Iommi.com. Retrieved 19 October 2010.
- "Red Gibson Custom Shop S.G.". Iommi.com. Retrieved 17 October 2010.
- "Custom Guitar Stolen". Iommi.com. 11 August 2010. Retrieved 17 October 2010.
- "Epiphone P94 Iommi model". Iommi.com. Retrieved 17 October 2010.
- "The Story of the Gibson Tony Iommi Signature Pick-up". Iommi.com. Retrieved 17 October 2010.
- "Tony's First Left-handed Guitar". Iommi.com. Retrieved 17 October 2010.
- "Artist Model Gibson". Iommi.com. Retrieved 17 October 2010.
- "Epiphone Riviera 12 string". Iommi.com. Retrieved 17 October 2010.
- "Tony Iommi's Equipment". Iommi.com. Retrieved 11 February 2013.
- "Chicago Iron Tycobrahe Octavia". Retrieved 15 February 2013.
- "Tony Iommi Flies Solo". Gibson.com. Retrieved 7 February 2008.[dead link]
- Clement, Mike. "The Tony Iommi/Laney collaboration". Retrieved 17 October 2010.
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