Tony La Russa
|Tony La Russa|
|Infielder / Manager|
October 4, 1944 |
|Batted: Right||Threw: Right|
|May 10, 1963 for the Kansas City Athletics|
|Last MLB appearance|
|April 6, 1973 for the Chicago Cubs|
|Runs batted in||7|
|Career highlights and awards|
|Vote||100.0% (Expansion Era Committee)|
Anthony "Tony" La Russa, Jr. (//; born October 4, 1944) is an American professional baseball player, manager, and executive. He is best known for his tenures as manager of the Chicago White Sox, Oakland Athletics, and St. Louis Cardinals of Major League Baseball (MLB). His MLB career has spanned from 1963 to the present. As a manager, La Russa guided his teams to three World Series titles, six league championships and twelve division titles in 33 seasons. His 2,728 wins as a manager ranks third all-time in major league history, behind Connie Mack and John McGraw.
As a player, La Russa made his major league debut in 1963 and spent parts of five major league seasons with the Kansas City/Oakland Athletics, Atlanta Braves and Chicago Cubs. After a shoulder injury during the 1964–65 off-season, he played much of the remainder of his professor in the minor leagues until retiring in 1977. Following his playing career, he earned a Juris Doctor degree from Florida State University.
La Russa was named manager of the White Sox in the middle of the 1979 season and guided the White Sox to an American League West division title four seasons later. Despite being fired in the middle of the 1986 season, the Athletics hired him less than three weeks later, and La Russa led the A's to three consecutive American League championships from 1988 to 1990 and the 1989 World Series title. He left Oakland following the 1995 season to manage the Cardinals, and led the team to three National League championships and the 2006 and 2011 World Series titles. La Russa retired after winning the 2011 title and 33 seasons as a major league manager. Three months later, he accepted a position assisting fellow former manager, Joe Torre, the executive vice president for MLB operations. As of 2014, he continued working for MLB until becoming the Chief Baseball Officer for the Arizona Diamondbacks.
On December 9, 2013, he was unanimously elected to the Hall of Fame by the 16-member Veterans Committee. The induction ceremony was held at Cooperstown, New York, on July 27, 2014. On August 16, 2014, he was inducted into the St. Louis Cardinals Hall of Fame Museum.
Playing career (1962–77)
La Russa was signed by the Kansas City Athletics as a middle infielder prior to the start of the 1962 season. He came up to the A's the next season, making his debut on May 10, 1963. In the following off-season, he suffered a shoulder injury while playing softball with friends, and the shoulder continued to bother him during the remainder of his playing career.
Over the next six seasons, La Russa spent most of his time in the minor leagues, making it to the now-Oakland A's roster in 1968 and 1969. He spent the entire 1970 season with the big club, and then late in 1971 the A's traded him to the Atlanta Braves. His final big league playing stop was with the Chicago Cubs, where he appeared as a pinch runner in one game, on April 6, 1973. He also spent time in the organizations of the Pittsburgh Pirates, Chicago White Sox, and St. Louis Cardinals.
In 132 total games played (40 in the starting lineup) he went 35-for-176, a batting average of .199. His 23 walks pushed his on-base percentage to 2.00. He had 7 RBI and scored 15 runs. He made 63 appearances at second base, 18 at shortstop, and two at third base, fielding .960 in 249 total chances and participating in 34 double plays.
Managerial career (1978–2011)
La Russa earned a Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree from Florida State University College of Law in 1978 and was admitted to the Florida Bar on July 30, 1980. He is associated with a Sarasota law firm although he is not eligible to practice at this time. La Russa has been quoted as saying, "I decided I'd rather ride the buses in the minor leagues than practice law for a living." Shortly before graduating from FSU College of Law, LaRussa spoke with one of his professors about his post-graduation plans, indicating to his professor that he had an opportunity to coach in the minor leagues and asking his professor what he should do. LaRussa's professor responded, "Grow up, you're an adult now, you're going to be a lawyer."
He is one of a select number of major league managers in baseball history who have earned a law degree or passed a state bar exam; others include John Montgomery Ward (New York Giants, Brooklyn and Providence, late 1800s), Hughie Jennings (Detroit, 1907–20, New York Giants, 1924), Miller Huggins (St. Louis Cardinals and New York Yankees, 1913–29), Muddy Ruel (St. Louis Browns, 1947), Jack Hendricks (St. Louis Cardinals, 1918, Cincinnati, 1924–29), and Branch Rickey (St. Louis Browns, 1913–15, St. Louis Cardinals, 1919–25). La Russa is also commonly credited for the advent of the modern specialized bullpen.
Chicago White Sox (1979–1986)
La Russa credits Loren Babe and Paul Richard of the White Sox organization for helping him to become a manager. The White Sox gave La Russa his first managerial opportunity in 1978 by naming him skipper of their Double-A affiliate, the Knoxville Sox of the Southern League. La Russa spent a half-season at Knoxville before being promoted to the White Sox coaching staff when owner Bill Veeck changed managers from Bob Lemon to Larry Doby. Doby was fired at the end of the season; Don Kessinger, former star shortstop of the crosstown Cubs, was named the White Sox' player-manager for 1979, and La Russa was named manager of the Triple-A Iowa Oaks of the American Association.
The White Sox fired Kessinger with a 46–60 record two-thirds of the way through the 1979 season and replaced him with La Russa. The White Sox played .500 baseball for the rest of the 1979 campaign. He credits Paul Richards with first inspiring him to believe he could succeed as a major league manager. La Russa was named American League Manager of the Year in 1983, when his club won the AL West but fell to the Baltimore Orioles in the American League Championship Series. The White Sox fired La Russa after the club got off to a 26–38 start in 1986.
Oakland Athletics (1986–1995)
La Russa had a break of less than three weeks before his old club, the Athletics, called him to take over as manager. He led the club to three consecutive World Series, from 1988 to 1990, sweeping an earthquake-delayed Series from the San Francisco Giants in 1989. In 1988 and 1990, La Russa's Athletics lost the World Series to the Los Angeles Dodgers and the Cincinnati Reds by a wide margin, despite the fact that the A's were heavily favored on both occasions. He earned two additional Manager of the Year awards with the A's, in 1988 and 1992, again winning the Western Division in the latter year. After the 1995 season, in which the A's finished 67–77, the Haas family, with whom La Russa had a close personal relationship, sold the team after the death of patriarch Walter A. Haas, Jr. La Russa left to take over for Joe Torre at the helm of the St. Louis Cardinals.
St. Louis Cardinals (1996–2011)
In his first campaign with the Cardinals in 1996, La Russa clinched the National League Central Division title (and also finished National League runner-up), a feat his clubs repeated in 2000, 2001, 2002 (his fourth Manager of the Year award), 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2009. The Cardinals also tied for the National League Central crown with the Houston Astros in 2001. He became the first manager to win the award four times. The 2004 edition was arguably one of the finest seasons in Cardinals' history as they won 105 games and won another 100 the next year. La Russa's fourth Manager of the Year award was arguably the most emotional; La Russa led the Cardinals to the National League Championship Series (where they would ultimately lose in five games to the San Francisco Giants) in a year in which the Cardinals were traumatized by the deaths of beloved Hall of Fame broadcaster Jack Buck and 33-year-old pitcher Darryl Kile just four days later.
After a 2004 regular season in which the Cardinals led the NL in runs scored (855) while allowing the fewest (659), La Russa's Cardinals defeated the Los Angeles Dodgers in the National League Division Series, 3 games to 1. St. Louis then took on the Houston Astros in the National League Championship Series. In a tense series with opposing pitcher Roger Clemens at the top of his game, Cardinals third baseman Scott Rolen hit a game-winning two-run home run off Clemens in Game 7 following Jim Edmonds' rally saving catch. This home run sent the Cardinals to their first World Series for the first time since 1987. However, they met a Boston Red Sox team that had surmounted a 3–0 deficit against the New York Yankees who swept them in four games.
2006 saw a return to the World Series, this time with a 4–1 victory over the Detroit Tigers, managed by Jim Leyland. The team's 83–78 regular season record is the worst ever by an eventual World Series champion, usurping the 1987 Minnesota Twins' 85–77 campaign. La Russa is the second manager to win a World Series in both the American League and the National League - a distinction shared with his mentor, Sparky Anderson.
When he came to St. Louis, La Russa wore number 10 to symbolize the team's drive to their 10th championship and pay tribute to Anderson, who wore number 10 while manager of the Cincinnati Reds. After winning the championship, he chose to continue wearing number 10 to pay tribute to Anderson.
It was as a player with the A's that La Russa first met catcher Dave Duncan, who would join his coaching staff in Chicago in 1983. The two have worked together on every La Russa-managed team since, and he often credits Duncan as playing a key role in his success.
La Russa led the Cardinals to the 2011 World Series, after defeating the Philadelphia Phillies in the NLDS (3-2), and then the Milwaukee Brewers in the NLCS (4-2). The Cardinals defeated the Texas Rangers in Game 7 of the World Series to win the franchise's 11th World Championship, and the third of LaRussa's managerial career. He passed Bobby Cox for 2nd place on the all-time post-season wins list with his 68th win in Game 3. Three days following the World Series win, La Russa announced his retirement, ranking second all-time in post-season wins with 70, third all-time with 2,728 regular season wins, second with 5,097 games managed, and second with 33 years (tied) managing with John McGraw.
La Russa also became the first manager in Major League Baseball history to retire in the same season after winning a World Series title. Even though he had retired, La Russa managed the National League All Stars in the 2012 MLB All-Star Game for the final time in his managerial career. The National League won 8-0.
Executive career (2012–present)
Shortly after his retirement from the playing field, La Russa took a position with MLB assisting former managerial rival Joe Torre in matters of on-field discipline. He held this position for more than two seasons.
La Russa ranks third in major league history in victories (2,728), trailing only Connie Mack (3,731) and John McGraw (2,763). He managed 5,097 games, joining Mack as the second manager or coach in American sports history to reach 5,000 games. In 2004, he became the sixth manager in history to win pennants with both American and National League teams; in 2006 he became the first manager ever to win multiple pennants in both leagues and the second manager to win the World Series in both leagues. La Russa has also joined Mack as the second manager to win World Series titles in three decades and to win pennants in four. He is one of only four managers to be named Manager of the Year in both of baseball's major leagues.
La Russa is the winningest manager in St. Louis Cardinals history, with 1,408 wins and 1,182 losses (.544) and 1 tie as manager of the club since 1996. He was 522–510–3 (.506) with the Chicago White Sox 1979–1986, leading the club to its first postseason appearance in 24 years in 1983, and 798–673 (.542) with the Oakland Athletics 1986–1995, winning three consecutive AL pennants from 1988 to 1990; he also holds the record for victories by an Athletics manager since the franchise relocated to Oakland in 1968.
His 2,000th game managing the Cardinals came on May 31, 2008. Two of his wins from 1999 have been in dispute; Rene Lachemann is sometimes credited with the wins for the Cardinals while La Russa was hospitalized for a stomach ulcer, but as baseball rules give the temporary acting manager no credit for a win or loss when standing in for the manager because of absence due to illness, La Russa gets the credit for the two wins.
La Russa became the leader in wins by Cardinals' managers on August 31, 2007, when the Cardinals defeated the Cincinnati Reds 8–5, passing Red Schoendienst (1,041–955) to take the title. He managed his 2,500th win against the Royals at Kansas City on June 21, 2009, becoming only the third manager to attain that win level after Mack and McGraw.
|Tony La Russa's number 10 was retired by the St. Louis Cardinals in 2012.|
After the retirement of Atlanta Braves manager Bobby Cox in 2010, La Russa was the longest tenured manager in Major League Baseball, and with the resignation of longtime NBA head coach Jerry Sloan from the Utah Jazz on February 10, 2011, La Russa had been the longest tenured bench boss among all the Big Four sports leagues, until his retirement following his 2011 World Series victory with the Cardinals.
La Russa became eligible as a candidate for the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2013 through voting by the Expansion Era Committee for induction in 2014. On November 4, 2013, La Russa's inclusion on the Expansion Era ballot was announced with fellow former Cardinals Ted Simmons, Joe Torre and Dan Quisenberry. The Baseball Writers' Association of America's Historical Overview Committee listed the candidates on the ballot and voted the following December 8. In January, 2014, the Cardinals announced La Russa among 22 former players and personnel to be inducted into the St. Louis Cardinals Hall of Fame Museum for the inaugural class of 2014.
In 2012, he became the second manager to manage the All-Star Game (2012) after retiring since John McGraw in 1933. With his All-Star Game 8–0 win in Kansas City, he became the first manager to win an All-Star Game in both leagues.
Most recently, Tony La Russa's legacy as a manager has been blemished with repeated claims that he was willfully the greatest enabler of baseball's Steroid Era, but these claims have yet to be verified as fact.
La Russa and second wife, Elaine, are the founders of Tony La Russa's Animal Rescue Foundation, headquartered in Walnut Creek, California, which saves abandoned and injured animals as well as running programs to bring dog and cat visits to abused children, hospital patients, seniors and shut-ins. La Russa is also a vegetarian. The La Russas have two daughters, Bianca & Devon, and reside in Alamo, California.
La Russa has two older daughters, Andrea & Averie from his first marriage to Luzette Sarcone. La Russa and Sarcone divorced in 1973 and Sarcone received full custody of their daughters. La Russa married Elaine Coker shortly after his divorce to Sarcone became official.
La Russa is also personal friends with celebrities outside the sports world, such as pianist and songwriter Bruce Hornsby, Bruce Springsteen and jazz bassist Christian McBride. In 2007, at a concert in San Francisco on La Russa's birthday, Hornsby played a comedic song he named "Hooray For Tony". The original song, titled "Hooray For Tom," is La Russa's favorite Hornsby song. In the "Hooray For Tony" version, Hornsby mentions the "Bash Brothers" Mark McGwire and José Canseco (from La Russa's days as the manager of the Oakland A's), Albert Pujols, Jim Edmonds, ARF, and La Russa's World Series Championships.
La Russa is a graduate of the University of South Florida and the Florida State University College of Law.
La Russa has Italian and Spanish ancestry, and speaks fluent Spanish. He was inducted into the National Italian American Sports Hall of Fame in 1998. La Russa was also inducted into the Hispanic Heritage Baseball Museum Hall of Fame on April 11, 2008 in a pregame ceremony at AT&T Park.
La Russa and his family had an uncredited extra role in the film Angels in the Outfield. The La Russas also made an appearance in an episode of Housecat Housecall, a reality show on Animal Planet presented by Purina Cat Chow, during the show's third season, which began on June 5, 2010. In 1980, La Russa appeared as a contestant on the game show To Tell The Truth, and helped fool the celebrity panel.
In June 2010, La Russa was asked about a tea party protest taking place during his game against the Arizona Diamondbacks that criticized the Diamondbacks' position against the controversial new Arizona immigration statute. La Russa expressed support for the Tea Partiers' right to free speech to protest at the ballpark. He also stated, "I'm actually a supporter of what Arizona is doing... you know if people don't fix their problems they have to take care of it themselves."
La Russa and Pujols attended Glenn Beck's "Restoring Honor" rally on August 28, 2010 in Washington, D.C. while the Cardinals were in town for a series against the Washington Nationals. LaRussa decided to attend after being told by Beck that the rally was not political in nature.
Throughout the 2011 season, La Russa has been struggling with shingles. He originally disclosed that it was conjunctivitis, however, on May 10, after a visit to the Mayo Clinic (Scottsdale, Arizona), he disclosed that he was dealing with a case of shingles, and had to take off a few days for treatment and rest. Because bench coach Joe Pettini was named 'acting manager' instead of 'interim manager', it assures that La Russa will be credited for all wins and losses the team plays without him there.
On March 22, 2007 La Russa was arrested in Jupiter, Florida for suspicion of driving under the influence of alcohol. He was found asleep at the wheel of his running SUV with the car in park at a stop sign. He was booked at the Palm Beach County Jail and blew a .093 blood- alcohol content, above the legal limit of .08. Calling his arrest on the DUI charge an "embarrassment," La Russa apologized to "anyone who is close to me, members of the Cardinals organization, our fans." He was defended by the organization and players, such as Albert Pujols. On November 28, 2007 La Russa pleaded guilty to DUI, saying it was in the best interest of all concerned. "I accept full responsibility for my conduct, and assure everyone that I have learned a very valuable lesson and that this will never occur again," La Russa said in a statement released by his attorney.
On June 4, 2009, the St. Louis Post-Dispatch reported that La Russa had sued the online social network platform Twitter the previous month for a fake page established under his name on the site. La Russa claimed that he had "suffered significant emotional distress (and) damage to reputation" because of the profile. The fake profile made several "distasteful references" to La Russa and his team, according to the suit. Twitter's terms of service forbids impersonation directly, stating that users "may not impersonate others through the Twitter service in a manner that does or is intended to mislead, confuse, or deceive others." Reports that Twitter had settled the suit ("the first celebrity lawsuit against the 32-million-user site," according to the Wall Street Journal) were rebuffed on the official Twitter blog, and the status of the lawsuit remains undetermined.
In other media
In 2012, La Russa released his New York Times bestselling memoir, One Last Strike, which recounts his legendary last season as manager of the St. Louis Cardinals and their remarkable journey to becoming the 2011 World Series Champions from ten and a half games back.
In 2005, La Russa was the focus of a book by sportswriter Buzz Bissinger. Bissinger's Three Nights in August delves into La Russa's role as manager during a 3-game series in 2003 between his Cardinals and manager Dusty Baker's Chicago Cubs, their longtime rivals. The book received much praise from both fans and critics, though some complained that Bissinger sets out to glorify La Russa's "old school" managerial style as a direct challenge to the statistical analysis theses of Michael Lewis's 2004 book Moneyball.
As David Leonhardt of The New York Times wrote of the "stats vs. hunches" debate in an August 29, 2005 piece, "what makes this fight truly comparable to those that periodically roil the world of art history or foreign policy is that the differences between the sides are not as great as the sniping between them suggests. La Russa spends much of his time jotting down information on index cards and studying statistics in his office."
George Will's book Men at Work likewise depicted La Russa and his long-time pitching coach Dave Duncan as making more use of statistical analysis than any other team in the major leagues (this book was published in 1990, more than a decade before the Moneyball revolution).
La Russa also provided the AI for a series of successful video games, Tony La Russa Baseball (1991–1997). The games won numerous awards and featured "new" statistics selected with La Russa (and provided by prominent sabermetrics authors John Thorn and Pete Palmer) as tools for players as they managed their teams.
- Bissinger, Buzz (2006). Three Nights in August: Strategy, Heartbreak, and Joy Inside the Mind of a Manager. Mariner. ISBN 978-0-54-752671-3.
- Will, George (1991). Men at Work: The Craft of Baseball. Harper. ISBN 978-0-02-628470-7.
- In-line citations
- Goold, Derrick; Hummel, Rick (December 9, 2013). "La Russa, Torre, Cox unanimously elected to Hall". St. Louis Post-Dispatch.
- "Tony LaRussa Statistics". Baseball Reference. Retrieved April 28, 2007.
- Palazzolo, Joe (October 17, 2011). "TLR: A Manager’s Manager, And A Lawyer Too". The Wall Street Journal Law Blog. Retrieved November 3, 2011.
- "Member Search". The Florida Bar. Retrieved November 7, 2011.
- Verducci, Tom (October 25, 2011). "How to mismanage: La Russa gives a clinic in Cards' Game 5 disaster". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved April 17, 2012.
- "The Man in the Dugout". Computer Gaming World. 1993-04. p. 10. Retrieved 6 July 2014. Check date values in:
- "2004 St. Louis Cardinals batting, pitching & fielding statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 4, 2013.
- "2004 League Division Series – St. Louis Cardinals over Los Angeles Dodgers". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 4, 2013.
- Leach, Matthew (October 21, 2004). "Cards earn trip to World Series". www.stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com. Retrieved November 4, 2013.
- Dodd, Mike (October 27, 2004). "Finally! Red sox win World Series". USA Today. Retrieved November 4, 2013.
- Sheinin, Dave (October 29, 2006). "La Russa Gets Number He Wants". Washington Post.
- Leach, Matthew (October 28, 2006). "Cards secure 10th World Series title". MLB.com. stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com. Retrieved February 21, 2011.
- La Russa climbs postseason wins list: Veteran skipper moves past Cox into second behind Torre, MLB.com (Oct 23, 2011)
- Tony La Russa announces his retirement as skipper: Steps down after three titles in 33 seasons, 16 with Cardinals, MLB.com (Oct 31, 2011)
- "Tony La Russa, All-Star manager for NL, misses baseball relationships but not dugout". huffingtonpost.com. July 9, 2012. Retrieved July 10, 2012.
- Gilbert, Steve (May 17, 2014). "D-backs name La Russa chief baseball officer: Overseeing baseball operations, newly created position will report to team president". MLB.com. Retrieved May 17, 2014.
- Associated Press (May 17, 2014). "Arizona hires La Russa to run baseball operations". ESPN.com. Retrieved May 17, 2014.
- Jaffe, Jay (May 18, 2014). "Diamondbacks hire Tony La Russa as new chief baseball officer". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved May 21, 2014.
- Cards blanked as La Russa manages 5,000th, MLB.com (June 10, 2011)
- La Russa on threshold of historic milestone, MLB.com (June 10, 2011)
- "Cards' La Russa set to pass McGraw: Skipper to move to No. 2 all-time in games managed". MLB.com. September 30, 2009.
- "1999 St. Louis Cardinals". Baseball Library.com. Retrieved August 16, 2007.
- Hummel, Rick (July 22, 1999). "LaRussa is hospitalized because of stomach ailment". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved August 16, 2007.
- "La Russa just third to notch 2,500 wins: St. Louis skipper joins Mack, McGraw with milestone victory". MLB.com. June 21, 2009. Retrieved June 22, 2009.
- "Pujols powers sweep of Royals: Sluggers two homers, six RBIs net La Russa's 2,500th win". MLB.com. June 21, 2009. Retrieved June 22, 2009.
- National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. "Rules for election for managers, umpires, executives and players for expansion era candidates to the National Baseball Hall of Fame". National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. Retrieved November 5, 2011.
- Hummel, Rick (November 4, 2013). "La Russa, Torre, Simmons on Hall of Fame ballot". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved November 4, 2013.
- Cardinals Press Release (January 18, 2014). "Cardinals establish Hall of Fame & detail induction process". www.stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com. Retrieved January 29, 2014.
- "La Russa's last game is a first". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. July 11, 2012.
- "La Russa one the era’s great enablers | Talking Baseball". Talkingbaseball.wordpress.com. November 2, 2011. Retrieved November 5, 2013.
- "Tony La Russa's managerial legacy has one big asterisk next to it - MLB News | FOX Sports on MSN". Msn.foxsports.com. November 3, 2011. Retrieved November 5, 2013.
- Greenya, John (April 3, 2005). "A triple play of new books to usher in opening day.". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 20, 2010.
- Associated Press (March 30, 1995). "Estranged Daughters Sue La Russa.". The San Francisco Gate. Retrieved October 26, 2011.
- "Tony LaRussa". National Italian American Sports Hall of Fame. Retrieved January 4, 2014.
- Pi-Gonzalez, Amaury (October 23, 2006). "St Louis Cardinals win their 10th World Series". Hispanic Heritage Baseball Museum News.
- Pi-Gonzalez, Amaury (Summer 2008). "Tony La Russa Inducted to Our Hall of Fame, Pre-Game induction ceremony at AT&T Park". Hispanic Heritage Baseball Museum News. Retrieved December 25, 2008.
- "Tony La Russa on Tell the Truth". YouTube. August 20, 2011. Retrieved November 5, 2013.
- Tony LaRussa says he supports Arizona immigration law KSDK
- Glenn Beck rally: Albert Pujols, Tony La Russa scheduled to appear
- La Russa, Pujols will appear at Washington rally
- La Russa will be out indefinitely, St. Louis Post-Dispatch (May 11, 2011)
- Goold: Cardinals enter a Hug-Free Zone, by Derrick Goold (#7), St. Louis Post-Dispatch, (May 13, 2011)
- "Cops: La Russa was asleep at intersection". Retrieved March 22, 2007.
- "St. Louis Cardinals' manager Tony LaRussa sues Twitter". Retrieved June 17, 2009.
- "three strikes against Tony La Russa's Twitter lawsuit". Retrieved June 17, 2009.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tony La Russa.|
- Tony La Russa managerial career statistics at Baseball-Reference.com
- Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference (Minors)
- Animal Rescue Foundation home page
- Baseball Almanac
- Tony La Russa page at stlcardinals.scout.com