Tony Leon

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For the football player, see Tony Leon (American football).
Tony Leon
TonyLeon.jpg
South Africa Ambassador to Argentina
In office
September 2009 – October 2012
President Jacob Zuma
Succeeded by Zenani Mandela-Dlamini
Leader of the Democratic Alliance
In office
1994 (DP) – 5 May 2007
Succeeded by Helen Zille
Leader of the Opposition in the National Assembly
In office
1999 – 5 May 2007
Preceded by Marthinus van Schalkwyk (NNP)
Succeeded by Sandra Botha
Member of the National Assembly
In office
1994–2009
Member of the House of Assembly
In office
1989–1994
Constituency Houghton
Personal details
Born (1956-12-15) 15 December 1956 (age 58)
Durban, Natal Province, Union of South Africa
Political party Democratic Alliance
Spouse(s) Michal Leon
Children Noa
Etai
Alma mater University of Witwatersrand
Religion Judaism

Anthony James "Tony" Leon (born 15 December 1956) is a South African politician who served as leader of the opposition from 1999-2007 as leader of the Democratic Alliance. He led the Democratic Alliance from its inception in 2000, until his retirement from leadership in 2007. Before that, he led the Democratic Party from 1994. He is the longest serving leader of the official opposition in parliament since the advent of democracy in 1994. Although still a member of the DA, he served as the South African Ambassador to Argentina under the ANC government from 2009 to 2012.

Since 2012, Leon has been serving as Executive Chairman of Resolve Communications (Pty) Ltd - a South African based advocacy for reputation management and strategic communications consultancy, and a Senior Advisor to K2 Intelligence, a London-NY based international investigative and risk analytics consultancy founded by Jules and Jeremy Kroll in 2009. Leon is also a contracted columnist to Times Media Group Ltd, his columns appearing weekly or monthly in Business Day, Sunday Times, and the Times respectively.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Leon was born and raised in Durban[1] during the apartheid era. He was educated at Clifton Preparatory School and Kearsney College near Durban. His father Ramon Leon was a High Court Judge. Both his parents were active in the liberal, anti-apartheid Progressive Party (which later became the Democratic Party).

Politics[edit]

In 1974 at the age of 18 he became an organiser for the Progressive Party, one of the two opposition parties represented in parliament at the time. After this, he qualified as an attorney at the University of the Witwatersrand, where he was President of the Law Students' Council and Vice-President of the Students' Representative Council, and became a lecturer in the Law Department in 1986. He has accredited Harry Schwarz and Helen Suzman as his biggest inspirations.[2] In the same year he was elected to the Johannesburg City Council for Yeoville. When the results for the election were released, it was announced that the NP candidate Sam Bloomberg had won. However Harry Schwarz, his political mentor, uncovered that this was untrue, and Leon was declared the winner. He became leader of the opposition in the city council.[3]

In 1989 he was elected to Parliament for the Houghton constituency, representing the Progressive Party's successor, the Democratic Party.

From 1990 to 1994 he chaired the DP's Bill of Rights Commission, and as such was an advisor to the Convention for a Democratic South Africa (CODESA) and a delegate to the multi-party negotiations that led to the end of apartheid and the establishment of a multi-party democracy in 1994.

At the 1994 general elections, Leon was again elected to Parliament in the first democratic National Assembly, as well as leader of the Democratic Party. At the time, the Democratic Party was perceived as merely a minor party of white liberals, an oddity in the first multiracial government of South Africa. Yet between 1994-1999 its seven members managed to become the most vocal, active and involved legislators.

In 1998, Leon published his first book on the eve of the second democratic election, entitled 'Hope & Fear: Reflections of a Democrat' (Jonathan Ball, 1998). With the second democratic elections in 1999 and the New National Party only retaining 28 seats (down from 82 in 1994), he became Leader of the Opposition as the DP took 38 seats, showing a growth of over five-fold.

After the 2004 general elections, the Democratic Alliance under Leon had a vote increased by 2.8%, as did the ANC with an increase of 3.3%. These gains came at a cost to three of the five minor opposition parties, with only the Independent Democrats — a newcomer in the elections — also attracting support.

Leon built a high media profile as opposition leader by criticising the ANC government under Nelson Mandela but more so under his successor, President Thabo Mbeki, for their inabilities to properly deal with South Africa's problems of poverty, unemployment and the AIDS epidemic.

Retirement[edit]

On 26 November 2006, Leon announced that he would step down from the leadership of the Democratic Alliance in 2007, and would not accept nomination for the leadership of the party at the party's congress in May 2007. Leon, nevertheless, kept his seat in Parliament until 2009, when its term expired.[4]

Leon retired as leader of the DA on 5 May 2007. He was succeeded by Helen Zille who was elected as the new party leader on 6 May 2007.

On his retirement, former President Nelson Mandela said: "Your contribution to democracy is enormous. You have far more support for all you have done than you might ever read about".

One of South Africa's leading political commentator, Justice Malala wrote about him: "Every South African should wake up today and say a little thank you to Tony Leon ... he was fearless when many were fearful, vocal when many had lost their voices, openly critical when many would only speak in whispers ... the man has done a remarkable job." ~ Justice Malala, (7 May 2007)

Leon was voted 16th in the TV channel SABC3's Top 100 Great South Africans.[5] He became the first South African politician to record a podcast when his was launched during the 2006 local government election campaign.[citation needed]

From September to December 2007, Leon was a Fellow at the Institute of Politics at Harvard's John F. Kennedy School of Government.[6][7]

On 29 November 2007, Mr. Leon was a guest at the prestigious Yale Political Union, keynoting a student debate on the topic "Resolved: The Nation Should Not Be Tied To Ethnicity." After a vigorous debate, the motion passed.[8]

In 2008, Leon released his autobiography 'On the Contrary'. The book was favourably received, The Economist described it as "eloquent, funny and rich... an important record of South Africa’s young democracy, witnessed from the other side of the fence".[9][10] The book was also serialized by the Johannesburg Sunday Times.[11]

The book won the Recht Malan Prize in the Via Afrika Book Awards for the best work of non fiction in 2009 [12]

In the last quarter of 2008 Leon was a Visiting Fellow at the Cato Institute Center for Liberty and Global Prosperity in Washington DC. His research paper: The State of Liberal Democracy in Africa - Resurgence or Recession was published in May 2010 [13]

He published a series of articles in Business Day from the campaign trail of the recent South African general election, 2009.[14]

After Leon completed his over 20 years as an MP, he was invited to write two weekly columns in leading South African Sunday paper "Sunday Times" and in leading daily paper "Business Day", winning excellent reviews for his writing and analysis even from previous political opponents. Journalist Xolela Mangcu wrote: "As for Tony Leon? The man is the best thing to have happened to the media in the past many years, particularly over the course of the nastiest political analysis in the history of our young democracy. His turn of phrase is impeccable, and his analysis without any trace of prejudice. Through political analysis Tony may make up for what he lost in active politics."

Since 2012, Tony Leon has been a contracted columnist to Times Media Group Ltd, with his columns appearing weekly or monthly in Business Day, Sunday Times, and the Times respectively.

South African Ambassador[edit]

In August 2009 President Jacob Zuma appointed Tony Leon as Ambassador to Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay.[15] After receiving diplomatic training, Leon took up his post in September. Leon follows many Democratic Alliance and Democratic Party members who have become Ambassadors - such as Harry Schwarz, Zach de Beer, Douglas Gibson and Sandra Botha.

On his return in January 2013, he was awarded a fellowship at the Stellenbosch Institute for Advance Study (STIAS). He wrote a paper entitled 'Where in the World is South Africa?', which was subsequently published in the South African journal of International Affairs, 2013, Vol.20,No.3,447-457

After his return from his diplomatic posting, Leon published a memoir of his ambassadorial life titled 'The Accidental Ambassador: From Parliament to Patagonia' (Pan McMillan, 2013). The book received critical acclaim with Business Day, where it was said to be "fascinating... Leon is an excellent writer and recounter... eloquent and heartwarming." (Sue Grant-Marshall). The Cape Times described the book as "intelligent, engaging and incredibly funny" (Shaun Swingler).[16]

Nelson Mandela

Shortly after Nelson Mandela's death in December 2013, Tony Leon published yet another book, this time concerning Mandela's presidency and leadership from the perspective of the parliamentary opposition. 'Opposite Mandela: Encounters with South Africa's Icon' was published in May 2014 by Jonathan Ball Publishers. Sue Grant-Marshall in Business Day wrote: "It is no surprise that in the year after Mandela's death a cascade of books by those who know the international icon are flooding the shops and bookshelves. Leave space for this one - it's written from Leon's particular perspective as Mandela's political opponent. It does not disappoint in this, his fourth book, for he tells fascinating tales with characteristic frankness and vigour."[17]

Personal life[edit]

In 2000, Leon married Michal (formerly Even-Zahav) from Israel, the mother of his two stepchildren, Noa and Etai Even-Zahav.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/anthony-james-tony-leon
  2. ^ http://drum.lib.umd.edu/bitstream/1903/11329/2/Rothenberg_ResearchPaper.pdf
  3. ^ "Tony Leon : Leader of the Democratic Alliance". Democratic Alliance. Archived from the original on 2006-10-06. Retrieved 2006-11-27. 
  4. ^ Guy, Duncan (2006-11-27). "Time has come for me to go, says Leon". Independent Online. Retrieved 2006-11-27. 
  5. ^ Great South African list-topper no surprise IOL. 27 September 2004
  6. ^ Tony Leon: Back to South Africa, still sharp, still not shy Daily Maverick. 11 October 2012
  7. ^ Tony Leon profile Harvard University Institute of Politics. Fall 2007. Retrieved on 26 December 2012
  8. ^ http://www.yale.edu/ypu/minutes/fall07minutes/current/ypu11292007.doc
  9. ^ The other side of the fence The Economist. 14 August 2008
  10. ^ Launch of the Honourable Tony Leon's Biography "On The Contrary" IFP. 19 August 2008
  11. ^ How DP came to Fight Back Sunday Times. 3 August 2008
  12. ^ http://book.co.za/blog/2009/06/13/2009-via-afrika-awards-winners
  13. ^ [1]
  14. ^ Zille does the Mitchell s Plain shuffle to lure key Cape votes Business Day. 19 March 2009
  15. ^ Leon, Skweyiya, Balfour earmarked for diplomatic posts Mail & Guardian, 3 August 2009
  16. ^ "How Tony Leon was thrown into the deep end as an ambassador." Review: Shaun Swingler: Cape Times. April 26, 2013, p.32
  17. ^ Sue Grant-Marshall Book Review: Opposite Mandela, Business Day, June 3, 2014 - http://www.bdlive.co.za/life/books/2014/06/03/book-review-opposite-mandela

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Marthinus van Schalkwyk
Leader of the Opposition in the National Assembly
1997–2007
Succeeded by
Sandra Botha
Party political offices
Preceded by
Zach de Beer
Leader of the Democratic Party
1994–2000
Succeeded by
himself
as Leader of the Democratic Alliance
Preceded by
himself
as Leader of the Democratic Party
Leader of the Democratic Alliance
2000–2007
Succeeded by
Helen Zille