Tony Pérez

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Tony Pérez
Tony Perez All Star Parade 2008.jpg
Perez at the 2008 All-Star Game Red Carpet Parade.
First baseman / Third baseman
Born: (1942-05-14) May 14, 1942 (age 71)
Ciego de Ávila, Cuba
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
July 26, 1964 for the Cincinnati Reds
Last MLB appearance
October 5, 1986 for the Cincinnati Reds
Career statistics
Batting average .279
Hits 2,732
Home runs 379
Runs batted in 1,652
Teams

As player

As manager

Career highlights and awards
Induction 2000
Vote 77.15% (ninth ballot)

Atanasio Pérez Rigal (born May 14, 1942), more commonly known as Tony Pérez, is a former Major League Baseball player. He was also known by the nicknames "Big Dog," "Big Doggie," "Doggie", and "The Mayor of Riverfront."[1][2]

Until he was traded in December 1976, Pérez was a key member of Cincinnati's "Big Red Machine". Apart from his years with the Reds (1964–76, 1984–86), he also played for the Montreal Expos (1977–79), Boston Red Sox (1980–82) and Philadelphia Phillies (1983). He finished his career with a .279 batting average, 379 home runs, 1,652 runs batted in and 1,272 runs scored.

After retiring, Pérez went on to coach and later manage the Reds and manage the Florida Marlins. He currently holds the title of Special Assistant to the General Manager with the Marlins. He has been with the Marlins organization since they were created in 1993, as the Florida Marlins. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2000.

Early life[edit]

Pérez was born in Ciego de Ávila, Cuba in 1942, the son of José Manuel and Teodora (Rígal) Perez. Tony and his parents and siblings all lived in a two-bedroom row house owned by the sugar mill where Tony's father, and eventually Tony, worked. Tony later played shortstop for the mill's baseball team, Central Violeta.[3]

He was signed to a pro contract in 1960 at age 17 by Cincinnati Reds scout Tony Pacheco while playing on the Camaguey sugar factory team for which Tony worked. He was assigned to the instructional team of the Reds' AAA affiliate Havana Sugar Kings. His "bonus" for signing with the Reds was the $2.50 cost of a visa and a plane ticket to Miami, Florida.[4]

Early career[edit]

In the spring of 1960, he arrived in Florida and participated in the Reds' spring training in Tampa. He played his first minor league game for the Reds' Class D affiliate in Geneva, New York at age 17 on May 1, 1960 in the season-opener for the New York–Pennsylvania League team. Starting at second base, his first professional hit was a triple as he went 1-5 in a 6-5, 13-inning loss to the Auburn Yankees. He went hitless in the next game (the Redlegs' home opener) in a 17–16 Redlegs win, and in the next game he got the team's only hit (a single) in a 5–0 loss. On June 25 he was placed on the disabled list. That same day, he was replaced on the active roster by just-signed 19-year-old Pete Rose, who was inserted into the starting lineup at second base. Upon Pérez's return, Rose remained at second base and Pérez played third base. Another of his teammates was Martín Dihigo Jr., son of Baseball Hall of Fame member and Negro leagues great and Cuban native Martín Dihigo.[5] Pérez hit .279 with 6 home runs in 104 games.[6]

In 1961 he again played for Geneva and set several team batting records, batting .348 with 27 home runs in 121 games. In 1962 he was promoted to the Class B Rocky Mount Leafs in the Carolina League. He reported two weeks late, as he had trouble getting out of his homeland of Cuba. In 100 games, he hit .292 with 18 home runs and 74 RBI, making the all-star team as a third baseman, but his season was cut short after those 100 games due to a broken ankle.[7] In 1963 he was promoted to the Macon Peaches of the Class AA South Atlantic League, where in 69 games as a third baseman he hit .309 with 11 home runs and 48 RBIs before being promoted that same year to the Class AAA San Diego Padres of the Pacific Coast League. For San Diego that year, in 8 games he hit .379 with 1 home run and 5 RBI.[6]

Playing for the Padres in 1964, Pérez, now playing first base, was named Most Valuable Player in the Pacific Coast League. Pérez hit .309 with 34 home runs and 107 RBI.[8] He was called up to the Reds and played his first two games in a doubleheader on July 26, 1964 at Cincinnati's Crosley Field. In his debut he started at first base, and in his first at-bat he drew a walk against left-handed pitcher Joe Gibbon. He went 0–2 against Gibbon and Don Schwall in a 7–2 Reds win,[9] then went 0–4 against pitcher Bob Veale in a 5–1 Pirates win.[10]

The following day he started at first base and batted fifth against the Braves at Milwaukee County Stadium. In an 11–2 Reds win, he got his first hit, a second-inning double off Denny Lemaster, and then scored his first run on a Johnny Edwards double. In the seventh inning he got his first RBI, a single off Lemaster to score Frank Robinson.[11]

From 1964 through 1966, he platooned at first base, primarily with Deron Johnson and Gordy Coleman. His first career home run, a grand slam, came in the Reds' second game of 1965, at home in Crosley Field against Milwaukee — and again against Denny Lemaster. The grand slam came with 2 outs and scored Vada Pinson, Frank Robinson, and Deron Johnson.[12]

Pérez became the Reds' starter at third base in 1967 and was selected to his first All-Star team in 1967. The game, played on July 11, 1967, at Anaheim Stadium, went into 15 innings, the longest All-Star Game in history (since equaled by the 2008 game).[13] Pérez's home run off future fellow Hall of Famer Catfish Hunter propelled the National League to a 2-1 victory. He was subsequently voted the Most Valuable Player of the 1967 All-Star Game.[14]

In 1970, Pérez hit the first home run in Pittsburgh's Three Rivers Stadium.[15] The 1970 campaign was his finest year, statistically: in addition to his 129 RBIs, Pérez hit .317, slugged 40 home runs and scored 107 runs. He came in third in the Most Valuable Player voting behind Billy Williams and Reds' teammate and winner Johnny Bench.[16]

Pérez also played winter ball for 10 seasons between 1964-65 and 1982-83 in the Puerto Rico Baseball League for the Santurce Crabbers (Cangrejeros de Santurce). He won the batting title and was named league MVP in 1966-67.[17][18]

Big Red Machine[edit]

After platooning and playing first base in the early part of his career (1964-66) with the Cincinnati Reds, he became a perennial all-star starting at third base from 1967-71. From 1972 onward he starred at first base. Pérez was one of the premier RBI men of his generation, driving in 100 or more runs seven times in his 23-year long career. In an eleven-year stretch from 1967 to 1977, Pérez drove in 90 or more runs each year, with a high of 129 RBIs in 1970. During the decade of the 1970s, Pérez was second among all major-leaguers in RBI, with 954, behind only his teammate Johnny Bench.

Beginning in 1970, the Reds went to the World Series four times in seven years, winning back-to-back world championships in 1975 and 1976, with Pérez starting at first base. Following the Reds sweep of the Phillies in the 1976 League Championship Series and New York Yankees in the 1976 World Series (the only time a team has ever swept the postseason since the League Championship Series was introduced in 1969), Pérez was traded to the Montreal Expos with Will McEnaney for Woodie Fryman and Dale Murray.[19] After his trade, the "Big Red Machine" — considered one of baseball's all-time greatest teams — sputtered and never again got into the Series, reaching the playoffs but one more time in 1979. Sparky Anderson, the Reds manager during the championships of the 1970s, has stated in many interviews since that Pérez was the leader, and heart and soul of those teams.

After three seasons in Montreal (in which he hit 46 home runs with 242 RBIs and a .281 batting average), for the 1980 season, Pérez signed as a free agent with the Boston Red Sox. In his first season with the Red Sox, he finished in the top 10 in the American League in home runs (25), RBIs (105) and intentional walks (11), and won the Lou Gehrig Memorial Award.[19]

Big Red Machine reunion[edit]

For the 1983 season, Pérez reunited with "Big Red Machine" teammates Pete Rose and Joe Morgan on the Philadelphia Phillies. Still a feared hitter based on his reputation, Pérez was a reserve player on the 1983 National League Champion Phillies, and batted .242 in his five World Series appearances. Following the season, he returned to the Cincinnati Reds as a free agent, where he remained until his retirement following the 1986 season.[19]

In 1984, at age 42, he became the oldest player to hit a walk-off pinch-hit home run (off the Pirates' Don Robinson). On May 13, 1985, batting against Philadelphia Phillies' reliever Dave Rucker, he became the oldest player (44) to hit a grand slam, breaking a 70-year-old record held by Honus Wagner.[20][21] The new record stood until Julio Franco broke it at age 46 in 2004. Pérez was named National League Player of the Week during the final week of his career at age 44, when he went 8-for-19 with a home run, three doubles, and 6 runs batted in.[19]

His final career hit and RBI came on October 4, 1986 at Riverfront Stadium when he hit a solo home run off San Diego Padres pitcher Ed Whitson in a 10–7 Reds win.[22] The following day was the Reds' last game of the year and the final game of his career. In his final at-bat, he flied out against Andy Hawkins in a 2–1 Padres' win.[23]

Legacy[edit]

RedsRetired24.png
Tony Pérez's number 24 was retired by the Cincinnati Reds in 2000.

Pérez was a seven-time All-Star who was voted the Most Valuable Player of the 1967 All-Star Game. He was inducted into the Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame in 1998. In 2000, in an on-field pre-game ceremony at Cinergy Field (formerly Riverfront Stadium) with family and former teammates and managers, the Reds retired his number, 24.[1]

In 2000, Pérez was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York, garnering 385 votes on 499 ballots for a total of 77.15%, just over the three-quarters minimum required for induction. He was inducted in July 2000 along with Sparky Anderson, Carlton Fisk, Bid McPhee and Turkey Stearnes. In his induction speech, he said, "I doubt that a king at his coronation feels better than me today."[24] Each year since his induction, he has attended the weekend ceremonies, including riding in the annual parade and playing in the annual golf outing and old-timers' baseball game[25]

Pérez was inducted into the Hispanic Heritage Baseball Museum Hall of Fame in 2001 at a pre-game ceremony held at the San Francisco Giants' Pacific Bell Park.[26] That same year he threw out the ceremonial first pitch at the 2001 All-Star Game at the Seattle Mariners' Safeco Field; he had played at the Mariners' previous home, the Kingdome, during the 1979 All-Star Game. Pérez in 1998 was inducted into the Caribbean Baseball Hall of Fame, which honors those that have made significant achievements in the Caribbean Series. He was one of 24 inaugural inductees into the Latino Baseball Hall of Fame in 2010.[27]He was inducted in 2010 to the Cuban Sports Hall of Fame.[28]

In 2011, with Pérez and his sons in attendance at opening ceremonies of the Museo del Deporte de Puerto Rico in Guaynabo, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, his adopted homeland, presented him with a surprise honor. He was proclaimed an official "native son" of Puerto Rico "for his dedication to the commonwealth as a family and community member, and for his impressive baseball accolades while representing the island." Also present were fellow Hall-of-Famers Orlando Cepeda and Roberto Alomar plus Vera Clemente, widow of Roberto Clemente.[29]

Pérez was never on the disabled list during his 23-year Major League career. The longest stretch of games that he missed due to injury was 10, after he was struck on the right thumb by a pitch from the Philadelphia Phillies' Jim Lonborg in 1975.[30]

Personal life[edit]

While playing winter ball in Puerto Rico in 1964, he met Juana ("Pituka") de la Cantera. She grew up in Puerto Rico but is, like Tony, of Cuban descent. She is the daughter of Pablo de la Cantera and Edilia Cortina, and sister of Matilde and Aurora.[31] Four months after Pituka and Tony met, they were married in 1965.[32] They both became American citizens on October 18, 1971, in Cincinnati.[33] They have two sons, both born in Cincinnati — Victor Pérez, born May 11, 1966, and Eduardo Pérez, born September 11, 1969.

Victor played one year (1990) in the Reds' minor league system.[34] He attended and graduated from Xavier University in Cincinnati with a Bachelor of Applied Science degree in Finance and Computer Science. He later moved to New York City, where he worked in real estate and in telecommunications. He also attended acting school there and became a professional actor, first in New York, and then for several years in London, England. [32][35]

Eduardo was an All-American third baseman at Florida State University and played in the College World Series. He was drafted in the first round (17th overall pick) by the California Angels. He played Major League Baseball for 13 seasons. After retiring as a player, he served as an ESPN commentator for five years. In 2009 he managed Leones de Ponce to the Puerto Rican League championship, and in 2011 and 2012 he was hitting coach for the Miami Marlins. He was bench coach of the Houston Astros for the 2013 season, and will be an Astros' base coach in 2014. He is married to Mirba (Rivera) and they have two daughters, Andreanna and Juliana.[36]

In November, 1972, Tony Pérez was granted a 20-day visa to return to Cuba for the first time since a 1963 trip; however, the visa did not permit his wife and children to go, according to "Latino Baseball Legends: An Encyclopedia" by Lew Freedman. He took 17 suitcases of gifts, clothes, and medical supplies and reunited with his family in Central Violeta, Cuba -- a 400-mile train ride from Havana.[4]

Tony's father, Jose Manuel — with whom Tony worked alongside as a teenager at the Camaguey sugar factory, hauling and stamping the company's name on the bags — died in 1979 at age 84 (some sources list his year of death as 1977). Tony has stated that, during his playing career, his family in Cuba would listen to the Voice of America, which would give daily updates on Cuban players playing in the majors.[4][37][32]

Tony's mother, Teodora ("Tita"), was 88 when Tony called her with the news in 2000 that he had been elected to the Hall of Fame.[38] Tony was able to make a return visit to Cuba in 2002, only this time with his sons. Teodora died in 2008. Tony's oldest sister died in 1997. In 2000, for a luncheon honoring Tony, the Marlins arranged to surprise him by helping his two living sisters, Argelia and Gloria, secure visas and come to Miami from their homes in Central Violeta, Camaguey, Cuba.[39][40][41][42]

Tony Pérez has cited Cuban-born Minnie Minoso as his boyhood idol.[43] Pérez has been an advocate for many years in articles, speeches, and discussions to get Minoso elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame.[44]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Atanasio (Rigal) Perez | reds.com: Hall of Fame". Cincinnati.reds.mlb.com. Retrieved 2013-03-31. 
  2. ^ "Hall of Fame induction colored Red". Reds.enquirer.com. 2000-07-23. Retrieved 2013-03-31. 
  3. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=2206&dat=19800328&id=qrwlAAAAIBAJ&sjid=afMFAAAAIBAJ&pg=985,3311816
  4. ^ a b c "Latino Baseball Legends: An Encyclopedia - LEW FREEDMAN - Google Books". Books.google.com. 2010-08-31. Retrieved 2013-03-31. 
  5. ^ Geneva Daily Times
  6. ^ a b "Tony Perez Minor League Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. 1942-05-14. Retrieved 2013-03-31. 
  7. ^ http://newspaperarchive.com/rocky-mount-evening-telegram/1964-08-05/page-14
  8. ^ Tony Perez, Topps Baseball Cards, 1968, card number 130.
  9. ^ "July 26, 1964 Pittsburgh Pirates at Cincinnati Reds Play by Play and Box Score". Baseball-Reference.com. 1964-07-26. Retrieved 2013-03-31. 
  10. ^ "July 26, 1964 Pittsburgh Pirates at Cincinnati Reds Play by Play and Box Score". Baseball-Reference.com. 1964-07-26. Retrieved 2013-03-31. 
  11. ^ "July 27, 1964 Cincinnati Reds at Milwaukee Braves Play by Play and Box Score". Baseball-Reference.com. 1964-07-27. Retrieved 2013-03-31. 
  12. ^ "April 13, 1965 Milwaukee Braves at Cincinnati Reds Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. 1965-04-13. Retrieved 2013-03-31. 
  13. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=PSVIAAAAIBAJ&sjid=XgANAAAAIBAJ&dq=tony-perez%20victor&pg=2941%2C1043048
  14. ^ "1967 All-Star Game". Baseball-almanac.com. Retrieved 2013-03-31. 
  15. ^ "Pittsburgh Pirates - Three Rivers Stadium". Baseball-statistics.com. Retrieved 2013-03-31. 
  16. ^ "Baseball Awards Voting for 1970". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2008-09-08. 
  17. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=ce8wlREHG_0C&pg=PA19&lpg=PA19&dq=tony+perez+santurce+crabbers&source=bl&ots=a67c7b6uTb&sig=nIm0haCa5vTyuyieC_G9thkzMSA&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ZH9xUZrbHtWp4APcyoGAAQ&ved=0CC4Q6AEwADgK#v=onepage&q=tony%20perez%20santurce%20crabbers&f=false
  18. ^ http://www.aleida.net/festivals/ismael/vanhyning.html
  19. ^ a b c d "Tony Perez Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2013-03-31. 
  20. ^ "The Ballplayers - Tony Perez". BaseballLibrary.com. Retrieved 2013-03-31. 
  21. ^ "May 13, 1985 Philadelphia Phillies at Cincinnati Reds Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. 1985-05-13. Retrieved 2013-03-31. 
  22. ^ "October 4, 1986 San Diego Padres at Cincinnati Reds Play by Play and Box Score". Baseball-Reference.com. 1986-10-04. Retrieved 2013-03-31. 
  23. ^ "October 5, 1986 San Diego Padres at Cincinnati Reds Play by Play and Box Score". Baseball-Reference.com. 1986-10-05. Retrieved 2013-03-31. 
  24. ^ "Atanasio Perez Rigal - Induction Speech | Baseball Hall of Fame". Baseballhall.org. 1979-03-29. Retrieved 2013-03-31. 
  25. ^ "Hall of Famers | Baseball Hall of Fame". Baseballhall.org. 1982-03-31. Retrieved 2013-03-31. 
  26. ^ "Hispanic Heritage Baseball Museum". Retrieved 2008-07-21. 
  27. ^ http://www.baseball-reference.com/bullpen/Latino_Baseball_Hall_of_Fame
  28. ^ http://www.cubanball.com/sportshall.html
  29. ^ "Victor Perez « Cooperstown Chatter". Baseballhall.mlblogs.com. 2011-12-19. Retrieved 2013-03-31. 
  30. ^ Newhan, Ross (2000-07-24). "Red-Letter Day". Los Angeles Times. 
  31. ^ "E-mail Directory of Cardenenses (English)". Delafe.com. Retrieved 2013-03-31. 
  32. ^ a b c "Perez: From Cuba to Hall". Reds.enquirer.com. 2000-01-13. Retrieved 2013-03-31. 
  33. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1798&dat=19711019&id=EPgeAAAAIBAJ&sjid=HY0EAAAAIBAJ&pg=1718,3170115
  34. ^ http://www.greatest21days.com/2014/04/interview-part-1-victor-perez-that.html
  35. ^ "Victor Perez Minor League Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. 1968-05-11. Retrieved 2013-03-31. 
  36. ^ "Manager and Coaches | astros.com: Team". Houston.astros.mlb.com. Retrieved 2013-03-31. 
  37. ^ Araton, Harvey (2009-03-17). "Tony Pérez on Cuba and Its Team - NYTimes.com". Bats.blogs.nytimes.com. Retrieved 2013-03-31. 
  38. ^ "Atanasio Perez Rigal - Induction Speech | Baseball Hall of Fame". Baseballhall.org. 1979-03-29. Retrieved 2013-03-31. 
  39. ^ http://articles.sun-sentinel.com/2000-08-26/sports/0008260113_1_pituka-perez-reds-hall-sisters
  40. ^ "Tony Perez left his life behind to play baseball in America". retro.Cincinnati.com. 2013-03-10. Retrieved 2013-03-31. 
  41. ^ June 11, 1998 (1998-06-11). "To Understand Joy, Visit Perez's Sorrow - Sun Sentinel". Articles.sun-sentinel.com. Retrieved 2013-03-31. 
  42. ^ "Hall Door Finally Open To Perez - Sun Sentinel". Articles.sun-sentinel.com. 2000-01-12. Retrieved 2013-03-31. 
  43. ^ "Minnie Minoso gets his moment". Chicago Tribune. 2012-12-07. 
  44. ^ http://www.chicagonow.com/white-sox-observer/2011/11/the-push-to-get-minoso-in-the-hall-of-fame-continues/

External links[edit]