Tony Wilding

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Tony Wilding
Anthony wilding, ca 1912.jpg
Full name Anthony Frederick Wilding
Country New Zealand
Born (1883-10-31)31 October 1883
Christchurch, New Zealand
Died 9 May 1915(1915-05-09) (aged 31)
Neuve-Chapelle, France
Height 1.87 m (6 ft 2 in)
Plays Right-handed (1-handed backhand)
Singles
Career titles 118
Highest ranking No. 1 (1911, Karoly Mazak)[1]
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian Open W (1906, 1909)
Wimbledon W (1910, 1911, 1912, 1913)
Other tournaments
WHCC W (1913, 1914)
WCCC W (1913)
Doubles
Grand Slam Doubles results
Australian Open W (1906)
Wimbledon W (1907, 1908, 1910, 1914)
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
Wimbledon F (1914)
Team competitions
Davis Cup W (1907, 1908, 1909, 1914)
Olympic medalist
Medal record
Competitor for  Australasia
Men's Tennis
Bronze 1912 Stockholm Indoor singles

Anthony "Tony" Frederick Wilding (31 October 1883 – 9 May 1915) was a champion tennis player from Christchurch, New Zealand and a soldier killed in action during World War I.

Wilding was the son of wealthy English immigrants to New Zealand and enjoyed the use of private tennis courts at their home. He obtained a legal education at Trinity College, Cambridge and briefly joined his father's law firm. Wilding was a first-class cricketer and a keen motorcycle enthusiast. His tennis career started with him winning the Canterbury Championships aged 17. He developed into a leading tennis player in the world during 1909–1914 and is considered to be a former World number 1. He won 11 Major titles including six in singles and five in doubles and was both World Hard Court and World Covered Court champion, then an ILTF Major. Wilding also won the Davis Cup four times playing for Australasia, and won a bronze medal at the indoor singles tennis event of the 1912 Olympics. In his ranking list of greatest tennis players compiled in 1950, Norman Brookes, winner of three Majors and president of the Lawn Tennis Association of Australia, put Wilding in fourth place. Shortly after the outbreak of World War I he enlisted and was killed on 9 May 1915 during the Battle of Aubers Ridge at Neuve-Chapelle, France. In 1978 Wilding was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame.

Early life[edit]

Wilding was the second of five children of Frederick Wilding and Julia Anthony and was named after both parents.[2] Cora Wilding was a younger sister.[3] Wilding's parents had emigrated from Herefordshire, England in 1879. His father was a well-to-do lawyer in Christchurch, New Zealand who also played tennis and won several doubles championships of New Zealand. His mother was the daughter of Alderman Charles Anthony, mayor of Hereford.[2] At their house they had two tennis courts, one asphalt court for use in the winter and one grass court for summer play.[4] He was first educated at William Wilson's private school for boys in Cranmer Square, where he was captain of the school football team at age 12.[5] Wilding passed his matriculation in 1901.[6] He then attended the Canterbury University College for six months before going to England in 1902 where he first stayed at a cramming school at Hunstanton before entering Trinity College, Cambridge University to study law.[7] There he developed his tennis game as a member of the Cambridge University Lawn Tennis Club. In his second year he became honorary secretary of the club and managed to popularize the game.[8] He visited the 1903 Wimbledon Championships to see former champion Harold Mahoney play.[9] Although Wilding did not excel academically he passed the law examination and graduated B.A. in June 1905 and returned to New Zealand to join his father's law practice.[10] Finishing his education, he was called to the English Bar at the Inner Temple in June 1906.[10]

Sports career[edit]

In October 1901 at the age of 17 Wilding won his first singles title at the Canterbury Championships.[11][12] He made his first appearance at the Wimbledon Championships in June 1904, defeating Albert Prebble in the first round of the singles event before losing to Harold Mahony in the second round.[13] Shortly afterwards he won his first title in England at the Championships of Shropshire followed by a win at the Thompson Challenge Cup in Redhill. In August 1904 Wilding won the Scottish national championships in Moffat. In July 1905 he made his first Davis Cup appearance as part of the Australasia team[a] in the semifinal against Austria, played at the Queen's Club, London. Australasia won 5–0 and Wilding won both his singles matches but in the final they were defeated 5–0 by the United States.[14] In 1906 Wilding toured during almost the entire year across continental Europe and England, sometimes travelling by train but most often on his beloved motorcycle. He played and won tournaments in cities throughout Europe including Cannes, Paris, Lyon, Barcelona, Wiesbaden, Reading, Prague, Bad Homburg and Vienna. At some of the tournaments in England and Germany he was accompanied by his father with whom he played in various doubles competitions. Together they won the doubles title at the Sheffield and Hallamshire tournament in June 1906. After winning the singles title at the London Covered Courts Championships in October, beating George Caridia in the final,[15] he travelled by boat to New Zealand and in December won the Australasian Championships singles title, defeating Francis Fisher in the final, and doubles title, partnering compatriot Rodney Heath.[16] A week later he also won the New Zealand Championship against Harry Parker in the final.[17] In 1908 he partnered Major Ritchie to win the doubles title at the South of France tournament against multiple Wimbledon champions Lawrence and Reginald Doherty.[18]

Between 1907 and 1909 he helped the Australasian team win three consecutive Davis Cups, the first against the British Isles at Wimbledon and the last two against the United States.[19] He won his second Australasian Championships in 1909, defeating Ernie Parker in the final in straight sets. The same year he qualified as a Barrister and Solicitor at the Supreme Court of New Zealand. Focusing on his tennis game, he won the Wimbledon singles title for four straight years between 1910 and 1913. In 1910 and 1912 he defeated Arthur Gore in the final, both times in four sets. In 1911 his opponent Herbert Barrett retired in the final at two sets all. In 1913 at Wimbledon tennis player and author A. Wallis Myers says that he played "the best game of his life", beating American Maurice McLoughlin, the 1912 U.S. National Championships winner, in three straight sets.[20][21] In 1914 he narrowly missed winning his fifth title in a row, losing in the final to Norman Brookes. In addition, he won four men's doubles titles at Wimbledon, in 1907 and 1914 with Norman Brookes and in 1908 and 1910 partnering with Major Ritchie.[22][23]

He missed the 1908 Olympics in London because of administrative bungling, but at the 1912 Olympics in Stockholm won a bronze medal in the men's indoor singles for Australasia.[24][25]

Wilding won a unique World Championships triple in 1913:[26]

At the time these were all three of the official World Championships events (Major tennis titles) as designated by the International Lawn Tennis Federation (ILTF).[27][b] In 1914 Wilding retained his World Hard Court Championship title in Paris without losing a single set, defeating Ludwig von Salm-Hoogstraeten in the final.[28]

In 1914, he returned to Davis Cup play, and together with Norman Brookes lead the Australasian team to another championship, defeating the United States team in the Challenge round before their home crowd at the West Side Tennis Club in Forest Hills, New York.[29] This turned out to be his final tournament. He had entered the 1914 U.S. Championships which followed later in August but withdrew due to the outbreak of World War I and returned to England.[30][31][32]

Wilding was a leading tennis player in the world during 1909–1914 and is considered a former World No. 1. Norman Brookes in 1950 compiled a ranking list of greatest tennis players and put Wilding fourth behind Bill Tilden and the Dohertys, and ahead of Budge, Kramer, Lacoste and Perry.[33]

Other sports

He also played for the Canterbury cricket team in the early 1900s where he participated in two first-class matches as a lower middle-order medium-pace batsman and change bowler.[34][35] During his first summer at Cambridge he focused almost exclusively on cricket before switching to tennis.[36] Wilding also played rugby at Trinity College and was part of the Trinity team that competed against Racing Club de France.[37][38] He was a keen motorcycle (with sidecar) rider with many long trips in Europe, New Zealand and America. In 1908 he won a gold medal in a reliability trial from Land's End to John o' Groats. Several "mighty rides" (Myers) in Europe in 1910 included London to Lake Geneva and back, some 3,000 miles (4,800 km), including 350 miles (560 km) from Évian-les-Bains to Paris in one day. He ventured into places with poor roads like Hungary and Serbia. He frequently used a motorcycle to travel between tennis tournaments on the European continent.[39]

Singles titles[edit]

Anthony Wilding, ca 1912
No. Date Tournament Surface Opponent in final Score
early October – 17 October 1901 Canterbury Championship, New Zealand[11][40] Grass New Zealand Richard Harman[41] 2–6, 8–6, 3–6, 6–0, 6–3
27 – 31 December 1901 Ashburton, New Zealand [42][43] Grass New Zealand Thomas Lynch 6–0, 6–3
March – April 1902 Intercollegiate Championships Christchurch, New Zealand [44] Grass New Zealand F.D. Rice 6–4, 6–2
March 1903 The Freshmen's Tournament, Cambridge University , England [45][46] Grass United Kingdom R.P. Keigwin 6–0, 6–0
1. 21 – 23 July 1904 Championships of Shropshire, Shrewsbury, England [47] Grass United Kingdom E.V. Jones 4–6, 9–7, 8–6, ret.
2. 18 – 23 July 1904 Thompson Challenge Cup, Redhill, England [47] Grass United Kingdom Albert D. Prebble 6–0, 6–1, ret.
3. 1 – 8 August 1904 Championships of Scotland, Moffat [48] Grass United Kingdom C.J. Glenny 6–1, 6–1, 6–2
4. 22 – 27 August 1904 North Cumberland, Edenside Tournament, Carlisle, England [49][50] Grass United Kingdom G.C. Glenny 6–0, 6–2, 6–3
5. 4 – 8 July 1905 Hertfordshire and North Middlesex Championship, New Barnet, England [51][52] Grass United Kingdom J.L. Figgis 6–0, 6–0
6. 17 – 22 July 1905 Thompson Challenge Cup, Redhill, England [53][54] Grass United Kingdom Kenneth Powell 6–1, 6–2, 6–1
7. 12 – 21 August 1905 Championships of Germany (Pöseldorf Cup), Hamburg, Germany [55] Clay United Kingdom Major Ritchie 3–6, 6–2, 6–4, 3–6, 6–2
8. 25 August – 1 September 1905 Championship of Europe, Homburg, Germany [56][57] Clay United Kingdom George Hillyard 5–7, 7–5, 2–6, 6–3, 7–5
9. 11 – 18 September 1905 Le Touquet, France [58] Clay United Kingdom Lionel Escombe 6–2, 6–3, 6–0
10. 5 – March 1906 Championship of the Riviera, Menton, France [59] Clay United Kingdom Major Ritchie 6–1, 6–4, 6–0
11. 20 – March 1906 Championship of Cannes, Cannes Beau Site, France [60] Clay United Kingdom Wilberforce Eaves 6–2, 6–1, 6–3
12. 29 March – 1 April 1906 Championships of Barcelona, Spain [60][61] Clay Spain José Capará 6–1, 6–0, 6–0
13. Early April 1906 Lyons Covered Courts Championship, France[62] Asphalt United Kingdom Major Ritchie  ?
14. April – 18 April 1906 French Covered Court Championship, Paris, France [63][64] Wood United Kingdom Major Ritchie 6–2, 6–1, 6–1
15a. 8 – 13 May 1906 Wiesbaden Championship, Germany [60][65] Clay Germany Karl Schmidt-Knatz 6–2, 6–1, 6–3
15b. 8 – 13 May 1906 Wiesbaden Cup, Germany [60][65] Clay Germany Otto Froitzheim 6–1, 9–7, 6–3
16. 15 – 19 May 1906 Reading, Berkshire, England [66] Grass United Kingdom David M. Hawes 6–0, 6–4, 6–0
17. 4 – 6 June 1906 Sheffield and Hallamshire, England [67] Grass United Kingdom E. Watson 6–1, 6–0, 6–1
18. 9 – 14 June 1906 Championship of Austria, Prague, Austria-Hungary [68][69] Clay United Kingdom Major Ritchie 7–5, 2–6, 7–5, 6–3
19. 9 – 14 June 1906 Prague*, Austria-Hungary [70] Clay Austria-Hungary Kurt von Wessely[c] 7–5, 6–3
20. 9 – 12 July 1906 Epsom Open Lawn Tennis Tournament, Epsom, England [71] Grass United Kingdom E.L. Bristow 6–2, 6–3
21. 16 – 18 July 1906 Shropshire Championship Lawn Tennis Tournament, Shrewsbury, England [72][71] Grass United Kingdom Edward R. Allen 5–7, 6–0, 6–1, 3–6, 6–4
[d] 26–29 July 1906 Marienbad Cup (Auersperg Prize), Austria-Hungary [73][74][75] Clay Germany Otto Froitzheim 7–5, 6–0, 6–3
22. 26–30 July 1906 Marienbad Championship, Austria-Hungary [73][75][76] Clay Germany Otto Froitzheim 6–2, 6–1, 6–0
23. 19 – July 1906 [77] Franzensbad, Austria-Hungary [78] Clay Austria-Hungary Ladislav Žemla 6–2, 6–3, ret.
24. 3 – 5 August 1906 City of Carlsbad Cup, Carlsbad, Austria-Hungary [79] Clay Austria-Hungary Kurt von Wessely 6–2, 7–5, 6–4
25. 3 – 5 August 1906 Carlsbad, Austria-Hungary Clay Ackerland 6–2, 6–1, 6–3
26. 23 – 30 August 1906 Homburg, Germany [80][81] Clay Germany Otto Froitzheim 6–1, 6–1, 6–4
27. 6 – 10 September 1906 Baden-Baden, Germany [82] Clay United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland George Ball-Greene 6–1, 6–2, 6–1
28. 11 – 16 September 1906 South of England Championships, Eastbourne [83][84] Grass United Kingdom Roderick McNair 6–2, 6–3, 6–2
29. 1 – 6 October 1906 London Covered Courts Championships, Queen's Club, London [15][85] Wood United Kingdom George Caridia 6–3, 6–0, 6–3
30. 26 – 31 December 1906 Australasian Championships, Christchurch, New Zealand [16] Grass New Zealand Francis Fisher 6–0, 6–4, 6–4
31. December 1906 – 1 January 1907 New Zealand Championship, Christchurch [17] Grass New Zealand Harold Parker 6–4, 2–6, 6–3, 6–1
32. 11 – 18 March 1907 South of France Championships, Nice, France [86][87] Clay United Kingdom Major Ritchie 6–0, 6–0, 6–3
33. 28 March – 2 April 1907 French Covered Court Championship, Paris, France [88][89] Wood France Max Decugis 4–6, 6–1, 1–6, 4–1, ret.
34. 4 –7 April 1907 Lyon Covered Court Championship, France [90][91] Asphalt France Maurice Germot 6–1, 6–1, 6–4
35. 15 – 20 April 1907 Queen's Club Championship (Covered Court), England [92] Wood United Kingdom Lawrence Doherty walkover
36. 6 – 11 May 1907 Wiesbaden Cup, Germany [93][94] Clay Germany Adolf Hammacher walkover
37. 6 – 11 May 1907 Championship of Wiesbaden, Germany [93] Clay United Kingdom George Simond 6–1, 6–2, 6–3
38. 15 – 22 May 1907 Championship of Austria, Prague, Austria-Hungary [95][96] Clay Germany Oscar Kreuzer 6–1, 6–1, 6–1
39. 24 – 30 May 1907 Vienna, Austria [97] Clay Austria-Hungary Kurt von Wessely 6–3, 7–5, ret.
40. 31 May – 5 June 1907 Budapest International Championships, Hungary [98] Clay Austria-Hungary Hartmann 6–4, 6–2, 6–4
41. 6 – 8 June 1907 Sheffield and Hallamshire, England [99] Grass United Kingdom Reg Webster 6–0, 6–4, 6–1
42. 12 – 16 June 1907 Kent Championships, Beckenham [100][101] Grass United Kingdom Arthur Gore 9–7, 6–2, 3–6, 0–6, 6–1
43. 17 – 22 June 1907 London Championships Queen's, England Grass United Kingdom Major Ritchie 6–2, 6–1, 6–0
[e] June – July 1907 Wimbledon (All England Plate) Grass Austria-Hungary Kurt von Wessely 6–3, 6–4
44. 28 July – August 1907 Marienbad Cup (Auersperg Prize), Austria-Hungary [102] Clay Austria-Hungary Kurt von Wessely 4–6, 10–8, 2–6, 7–5, 8–6
28 July – August 1907 Marienbad Championship, Austria-Hungary [102] Clay Canada Kenneth Powell 6–0, 6–2
45. 4 – 8 August 1907 Franzensbad, Austria-Hungary [103] Clay Austria-Hungary Kurt von Wessely 6–4, 6–0, 7–5
46. August 1907 Carlsbad, Austria-Hungary Clay Germany Oscar Kreuzer 6–0, 6–1, 6–2
47. 1 – 8 September 1907 Baden-Baden, Germany [104][105] Clay Germany Otto Froitzheim 6–3, 6–2, 6–3
48. 9 – 16 September 1907 Championship of Lucerne, Switzerland [106] Clay United Kingdom Edward R. Allen 3–2 ret. [f]
49. February 1908 San Remo, Italy [107] Clay United Kingdom S. Turton 6–0, 6–0, 6–1
50. 24 February – 1 March 1908 Monte Carlo, Monaco [108] Clay United Kingdom Wilberforce Eaves 6–3, 2–6, 6–3, 4–6, 6–0
51. 9 – 17 March 1908 South of France Championships, Nice, France [109] Clay United Kingdom Major Ritchie 6–0, 6–1, 6–2
52. March 1908 Championship of Cannes, Cannes Beau Site, France Clay United Kingdom Major Ritchie 6–3, 6–4, 6–0
53. March – April 1908 Cannes (Métropole), France Clay France H. Bertoult 6–1, 6–3, 6–1
54. 8 – 12 April 1908 Lyons Covered Courts Championships, France [110] Asphalt France Maurice Germot 6–2, 6–1, 6–0
55. 14 – 19 May 1908 Wiesbaden (Cup), Germany [111][112] Clay Austria-Hungary Rolf Kinzl 6–1, 6–1, 6–2
56. 14 – 19 May 1908 Wiesbaden Championship, Germany [111][112] Clay Germany Otto Widmann 6–1, 6–0, 6–2
57. May 1908 Lille, France [113] Clay United States Clarence P. Dodge 6–0, 6–3, 6–2
58. July 1908 Bordeaux, France Clay France Daniel Lawton 6–2, 6–0, 6–1
59. July 1908 Sheffield and Hallamshire, England [114] Grass United Kingdom Edward R. Allen 6–1, 6–4, 6–3
60. August 1908 Dieppe, France [115] Clay United Kingdom Charles P. Dixon 6–3, 6–1, 6–3
61. 2 – 6 September 1908 Baden-Baden, Germany [116] Clay Germany Otto Froitzheim 6–4, 6–3, 6–4
62. 14 – 20 September 1908 South of England Championship, Eastbourne [117] Grass United Kingdom George Hillyard walkover
63. 19 – 23 November 1908 Championship of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia [118][119] Grass United States Fred Alexander 4–6, 6–0, 6–2, 6–2
64. 26 – 31 December 1908 New Zealand Championship, Nelson [120] Grass New Zealand Harold Parker 6–2, 6–1, 6–4
65. 14 – 18 January 1909 New Plymouth, Taranaki, New Zealand [121][122] Grass New Zealand Harold Parker 6–4, 5–3 ret.
66. 22 – 25 January 1909 Wairarapa Tournament, Masterton, New Zealand [123] Grass New Zealand Cecil Cox 6–2, 6–4
67. 9 – 14 April 1909 Otago Championships, Dunedin, New Zealand [124][125] Grass New Zealand Geoff Ollivier 3–6, 6–1, 6–0
68. 18 – 25 October 1909 Championship of Australasia and Western Australia, Perth, Australia [126] Grass Australia Ernie Parker 6–1, 7–5, 6–2
69. 8 – 13 November 1909 Championship of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia [127][128][129] Grass Australia Norman Brookes 2–6, 3–6, 6–3, 6–3, 9–7
70. 27 – 29 December 1909 Championship of New Zealand, Auckland [130] Grass New Zealand Francis Fisher 6–1, 6–1, 6–1
71. 20 – 26 April 1910 Championship of South Africa, Johannesburg [131][132] Clay Union of South Africa Harold A. Kitson 6–0, 6–3, 6–4
72. May 1910 Lille, France Clay Belgium A. Georges Watson 6–0, 6–1, 6–0
73. May 1910 Brussels (Leopold Club), Belgium Clay France Max Decugis 6–1, 6–0, 6–2
74. 29 May 1910 (start date) Brussels (International Lawn Tennis Singles), Belgium [133][134] Clay France Max Decugis 6–1, 6–2, 6–0
75. 13 – 18 June 1910 London Championships Queen's, England [135] Grass United Kingdom Major Ritchie 6–4, 6–3, 2–0 ret.
76. 20 June – 2 July 1910 Wimbledon, England [136] Grass United Kingdom Arthur Gore 6–4, 7–5, 4–6, 6–2
77. 1 – 7 August 1910 Ostend, Belgium [137][138] Clay Belgium Louis Trasenster 6–2, 6–2, 6–1
78. 9 – 13 August 1910 International Dutch Championships, The Hague [139] Clay Belgium Paul de Borman 6–2, 6–1, 6–1
79. 22 – 28 August 1910 Évian-les-Bains, France [140] Clay France Etienne Micard 6–3, 6–0, 6–1
[g] 22 – 29 September 1910 Sapicourt Invitation Meeting, France Clay
80. September 1910 Territet, Montreux, Switzerland [141] Clay France Maurice Germot 6–1, 6–3
81. 10 – 15 October 1910 London Covered Courts Championships, Queen's Club, London, England [144] Wood United Kingdom Arthur Lowe 6–2, 6–1, 6–3
82. 13 – 18 February 1911 Championships of the Italian Riviera, San Remo, Italy [145] Clay Germany Friedrich W. Rahe 6–4, 2–6, 3–6, 6–4, 6–2
83. 27 February – 5 March 1911 Monte Carlo, Monaco [146][147] Clay France Max Decugis 5–7, 1–6, 6–3, 6–0, 6–1
84. 6 – 12 March 1911 Championship of the Riviera, Menton, France [148] Clay France Max Decugis 6–2, 6–3, 3–6, 5–7, 6–3
85. 14 – 22 March 1911 South of France Championships, Nice, France [149][150] Clay France Max Decugis 9–7, 6–0, 6–3
86. 22 – 28 March 1911 Cannes (Beau Site), France [151] Clay Germany Friedrich W. Rahe 6–1, 6–4, 6–2
87. 5 – 9 April 1911 Lyons Covered Courts Championships, France[152] Asphalt France Félix Poulin 6–0, 6–1, 6–0
88. 12 – 17 June 1911 Kent Championships, Beckenham[153][154] Grass United Kingdom Major Ritchie 6–0, 6–0, 6–3
89. 19 – 24 June 1911 London Championships Queen's, England[155] Grass United Kingdom Alfred Beamish 7–5, 6–2, 6–3
90. 26 June – 8 July 1911 Wimbledon, London, England [h][158] Grass United Kingdom Herbert Roper Barrett 6–4, 4–6, 2–6, 6–2, ret.
91. 12 – 18 February 1912 Monte Carlo, Monaco [159][160] Clay United Kingdom C. Moore 6–3, 6–0, 6–0
March 1912 Menton (Formé-Bécherat Cup), France [i] Clay United Kingdom A. Wallis Myers 6–0, ret.
92. 10 – 15 June 1912 Kent Championships, Beckenham [153][161] Grass United Kingdom Herbert Roper Barrett 6–2, 4–6, 6–2, 1–6, 6–2
93. 17 – 22 June 1912 Queen's Club Championships, London, England [162] Grass German Empire Otto Froitzheim walkover
94. 24 June – 8 July 1912 Wimbledon (Challenge Round) [h] Grass United Kingdom Arthur Gore 6–4, 6–4, 4–6, 6–4
95. August 1912 Deauville, France [163] Clay Germany Heinrich Kleinschroth 6–2, 6–1, 7–5
96. 24 February – 3 March 1913 Monte Carlo, Monaco [164][165] Clay France Félix Poulin 6–0, 6–2, 6–1
97. 3 – 7 March 1913 Menton (Formé-Bécherat Cup), France [166][167] Clay France Max Decugis 6–4, 6–1, 3–6, 6–3
98. 3 – 9 March 1913 Riviera Championship, Menton, France [166] Clay Germany Friedrich W. Rahe 6–2, 6–3, 6–1
99. 7 – 15 June 1913 World Hard Court Championships, Paris, France [j][168][169] Clay France André Gobert 6–3, 6–3, 1–6, 6–4
100. 23 June – 4 July 1913 World Grass Court Championships, Wimbledon [h][170][171] Grass United States Maurice McLoughlin 8–6, 6–3, 10–8
101. 26 – 31 August 1913 Deauville, France [172] Clay Round robin [k]
102. 8 September 1913 Le Touquet, France Clay Australia A.B. Jones 6–2, 6–8, 6–3, 6–1
103. 15 September 1913 Montreux Autumn Meeting, Territet, Switzerland Clay United States Craig Biddle 6–1, 6–2, 6–0
104. 22 September 1913 Montreux Palace Autumn Meeting, Switzerland Clay Germany Robert Kleinschroth 6–1, 6–4, 6–2
105. September – October 1913 Lausanne Autumn Meeting, Switzerland Clay Germany Robert Kleinschroth 6–4, 6–2, 6–2
106. 13 – 20 October 1913 London Covered Courts Championships, Queen's Club, London, England [174] Wood United Kingdom Arthur Lowe 7–5, 6–0, 6–2
107. 18 October 1913 World Covered Court Championships, Stockholm, Sweden [175] Wood France Maurice Germot 5–7, 6–3, 6–2, 6–1
108. January 1914 Cannes (Carlton) 1st meeting, France [176] Clay United Kingdom Gordon Lowe 6–4, 6–1, 6–2
109. 27 January – 1 February 1914 Bordighera, Italy [177] Clay United Kingdom Gordon Lowe 6–2, 7–5
110. 9 – 15 February 1914 Beaulieu-sur-Mer, France [178][179] Clay United Kingdom Gordon Lowe 6–0, 6–2, 6–3
111. 17 – 20 February 1914 Côte d’Azur Championships, Cannes (Beau Site), France [180] Clay United Kingdom Gordon Lowe 6–3, 6–2, 6–4
112. 23 February – 2 March 1914 Monte Carlo, Monaco [181] Clay United Kingdom Gordon Lowe 6–2, 6–3, 6–2
113. 3 – 7 March 1914 Riviera Championship, Menton, France [182][183] Clay United Kingdom Gordon Lowe 6–1, 6–4, 6–2
114. 9 – 17 March 1914 South of France Championships, Nice, France [184] Clay United Kingdom Gordon Lowe 6–4, 6–4, 1–6, 6–2
115. 18 – 25 March 1914 The Country Club, Nice, France [185][186] Clay France Félix Poulin 10–8, 6–2, 6–4
116. 23 – 30 March 1914 Championships of Cannes, Cannes (Beau Site), France [187][188] Clay Australia Norman Brookes 6–4, 6–2, 6–1
117. 6 – 12 April 1914 Cannes (Carlton Club) 2nd meeting, France [189] Clay Australia Norman Brookes 6–2, 6–2, 6–2
118. May – 8 June 1914 World Hard Court Championships, Paris, France [j][190] Clay Austria-Hungary Ludwig von Salm-Hoogstraeten 6–0, 6–2, 6–4

Major titles[edit]

Davis Cup[edit]

All-time tournament records[edit]

Championship Record accomplished Player tied
All 114 career outdoor titles (1901–1914) Rod Laver
All 75 career clay court (1905–1914) Stands alone
All 23 singles titles won in a single season (1906) Stands alone
All 4. 12+ title seasons 1906,07,08,10 Rod Laver
All 3 consecutive 13+ title seasons 1906,07,08 Stands alone

Military service and death[edit]

Wilding in his armoured car in Paris in January 1915

Shortly after the outbreak of World War I, Wilding joined the Royal Marines on advice of Winston Churchill who was then First Lord of the Admiralty.[191] He was gazetted a second lieutenant in early October 1914.[192] Wilding remained in the Marines for just a few days and was then attached to the Intelligence Corps due to his intimate knowledge of the continent and his skills as a motorist.[192][193] At the end of October he joined the Royal Naval Armoured Car Division in the battlefields of northern France where he had thirty men, three guns and armoured cars under his command. After a week's leave in London in February 1915 he returned to France on 16 March 1915 and was posted to a new squadron made up of armoured Rolls Royce cars under the command of the Duke of Westminster.[192] He was ranked a lieutenant. Before long the squadron was moved near the front and on 2 May Wilding received notice of his promotion to captain. In his last letter dated 8 May he wrote "For really the first time in seven and a half months I have a job on hand which is likely to end in gun, I, and the whole outfit being blown to hell. However if we succeed we will help our infantery no end.".[194][195] The next day, 9 May, he was killed in action at 4:45 in the afternoon during the Battle of Aubers Ridge at Neuve-Chapelle, France when a shell exploded on the roof of the dug-out he was sheltering in.[10][33][196]

Captain Tony Wilding was buried the next day at the front but was later re-interred at the Rue-des-Berceaux Military Cemetery in Richebourg-l'Avoué, Pas-de-Calais, France.[197] He had been dating and was about to marry Broadway star Maxine Elliott, 15 years his senior.[198]

Legacy[edit]

In 1978, he was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame.[199] Wilding Park, the principal venue for tennis in Christchurch, New Zealand, was named after his father, Frederick, but in the public perception became associated with him.[200] The New Zealand Post issued a stamp of Anthony Wilding in 1992 as part of the Health Stamps series to support children with emotional and behavioural problems.[201] Wilding Foundation, that grants scholarships was set up in 2009 in part to honour Anthony Wilding. The Wilding Foundation was active in the Christchurch quakes that destroyed the city, raising and donating money to local causes. In mid 2013 Anna Wilding discovered that Wilson Tennis Rackets, sold and made, without permission, a line of "Wilding" tennis rackets for a period spanning 20 years after Wilding's death. This lead to an article in New York Times in 2012 by sports journalist Harvey Araton.[202]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Between 1905 and 1914 Australia and New Zealand entered the Davis Cup competition as a combined Australasia team. Wilding would be the only New Zealander to play for the team while it existed.
  2. ^ The current four majors were only made officially so from 1924/1925
  3. ^ Von Wessely played under the pseudonym "Hartmann"
  4. ^ It is not clear if it was a different tournament from the following one in the list
  5. ^ The All England Plate was a tournament played by the losers of the first two rounds of the Wimbledon Men's Singles tournament (in 1907 Wilding lost in five sets in the 2nd round to the future winner Norman Everard Brookes)
  6. ^ The final was halted due to heavy rain. Allen retired the match in favour of Wilding. The Allen brothers had argued that Wilding should have been scratched from the tournament as he arrived three days late due to problems with his motorcycle.[106]
  7. ^ Tournament played on a private court belonging to Dr. Luling at Château de Sapicourt near Reims. Wilding won against Germot and Froitzheim.[141][142][143]
  8. ^ a b c Up until 1921, the winners of the previous year's competition (except in the Ladies Doubles and Mixed Doubles) were automatically granted byes into the final round (then known as the challenge round). This led to many winners retaining their titles for successive years, as they were able to rest while their opponent competed from the start of the competition. From 1922, the title holders played through from the start of the championships. In 1912 at Wimbledon he had offered to "play through" instead of standing out to meet the All Comers' winner, though his offer was not accepted.[156][157]
  9. ^ Tournament not added to title count as it had only four participants (Wilding, Wallis Meyers, Salm, de Martino).
  10. ^ a b "Hard Court" in the Commonwealth countries (UK, Australia, ...) and Europe at the time meant "Clay Court"
  11. ^ After the initial two rounds the remaining semifinalists (Decugis, Doust, Rahe, Wilding) played each other in a round robin format. Wilding won all three of his matches and thus the Coupe de Deauville.[173]

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Sources[edit]

External links[edit]