Dissostichus

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Antarctic toothfish, Antarctic cod
Antarctic Toothfish (D. mawsoni) in McMurdo Sound
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Nototheniidae
Genus: Dissostichus
Smitt, 1898[1]
Type species
Dissostichus eleginoides
Smitt, 1898
Synonyms
  • Macrias T. N. Gill & C. H. Townsend, 1901

Dissostichus is a genus of cod icefishes found in the southern oceans. Individuals may live for over fifty years, reach lengths over two metres and weigh over 200 kilograms.

Species[edit]

There are currently two recognized species in this genus:[2]

Marketing[edit]

Both species are marketed in the United States as Chilean sea bass (or Chilean seabass) or less frequently as white cod.[3] "Chilean sea bass" is a marketing name, coined in 1977 by Lee Lantz, a fish wholesaler who wanted a more attractive name for selling the Patagonian toothfish to Americans.[4][5] In 1994, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted "Chilean sea bass" as an "alternative market name" for Patagonian toothfish.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Smitt, F.A. 1898 Poisson de l'expédition scientifique à la Terre de Feu.
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2014). Species of Dissostichus in FishBase. February 2014 version.
  3. ^ Johanna P. Pierre, JPEC Ltd (December 9, 2012. Updated August 6, 2013). "Chilean Seabass". Monterey Bay Aquarium Seafood Watch. Monterey Bay Aquarium Foundation. Retrieved 12 February 2014. 
  4. ^ "John Weller’s “The Last Ocean: Antarctica’s Ross Sea Project: Saving the Most Pristine Ecosystem on Earth”". Radio Times with Marty Moss-Coane. WHYY. February 12, 2014. Retrieved 12 February 2014. 
  5. ^ a b G. Bruce Knecht, Hooked: Pirates, Poaching, And the Perfect Fish", 2006. ISBN 1-59486-110-2. p. 9