TootsieToy

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Tootsietoy is a manufacturer of die cast toy cars and other toy vehicles which was traditionally based in Chicago, Illinois. Though the Tootsietoy name has been used since the 1920s, the company's origins date from about 1890.

History[edit]

Tootsietoy has its beginnings in the dual diecasting companies of the Dowst and the Shure Brothers who established diecasting businesses near the same time in the 1890s (Strombecker 2004). The Dowst brothers originally established a trade paper called the National Laundry Journal and later purchased a linotype machine to cast metal buttons and cuff links related to the laundry business (Strombecker 2012).

The Tootsietoy brand has its origins in a range of miniature cars in the form of charms, pins, cuff links and the like, introduced circa 1901 by the Chicago based Cosmo Company owned by the Shure Bros. which bought Dowst in 1926. The name, however, remained Dowst Manufacturing Co. (see brochure in Seeley No Date). The first actual model car from the company was produced between 1909 and 1911. One was a closed limousine which was followed by a 1915 Ford Model T open tourer.

Pre-War toys[edit]

By the early 1920s the name 'tootsie' was being used as a brand name and "Tootsietoy" was registered as a trade mark in 1924. The 'Tootsie' moniker apparently came from one of the Dowst Brothers' granddaughters, whose name was "Toots" (Waggoner 2007). Tootsietoy also made metal prizes for Cracker Jack boxes (Rogers 2009, p. 65). Perhaps this success in the 1930s also led Dowst to provide cast pieces for the Monopoly game (Strombecker 2004). The company also produced a large assortment of die-cast dollhouse furniture (Scott 2010).

In the 1920s trains, cars, trucks, military vehicles, aircraft, pistols and a variety of other toys were manufactured by Dowst. Vehicles often had white rubber tires which over time become brittle and often have not survived play-wear and time. One of the unique offerings were a set of 1932 Graham diecast cars - Tootsietoy offered a Graham sedan, town car, coupe, roadster, dual cowl convertible, delivery panel truck and tow truck (Seeley No Date a). A marque not often seen in miniature since, Graham was a household name in Tootsietoy. The Tootsietoy Grahams were available in boxes with "Graham" on the sides - indicating that they may have been used as promotional models for the Graham company (Seeley No date a).

One car that definitely was a promotional model was the 1935 Lasalle made for General Motors and which came in sedan and coupe versions packaged in a special smallish blue and dark rose box. Another interesting model was the 1936 Lincoln Zephyr which came with a 'Roamer' camper trailer (Seeley No Date b).

World War II work later had the Dowst Co. making detonators for grenades and mines as well as belt and parachute buckles. As would be expected, little toy production was seen, though some paper toys were produced (Strombecker 2004).

Toy construction[edit]

Tootsietoy Hard Body diecast 1969 Plymouth GTX. Made in China, these were more sophisticated than the U.S. made plastic toys.

In 1961, Strombeck-Becker, later abbreviated to 'Strombecker' was a hobby company purchased by Dowst / Tootsietoy (Strombecker 2004). Strombecker had previously made popular plastic models mainly for slot car racing - and continued to do so, but by the end of the 1960s this trend had largely run its course (Strombecker 2004). Later, plastic as well as diecast toys were identified with both names as "Tootsietoy-Strombecker".

By the late 1960s, Tootsietoys were made in both the United States and Hong Kong. Though most Tootsie toys are produced in Asia today, they were traditionally produced in Chicago, and were also made in a few other American factories such as Rockford, Illinois, though Tootsietoy should not be confused with the similar brand Midgetoy which was also made in Rockford.

The usual fare in the 1960s were American offerings like a 1959 Oldsmobile convertible, a 1959 Ford Wagon, or a 1960 Chrysler convertible. Vehicles were made in many sizes but 5", 3.5" and even smaller were all produced. As time passed the larger sizes generally faded, but in the 1970s the 1 dollar, 10 car "JamPac" of tiny, simple diecast cars became known as the worlds best child "shutter-upper" (Strombecker 2004).

Large plastic Tootsietoy Lamborghini Countach (about 1:24 scale in size).

Whether small or large, metal or plastic, Tootsietoys were usually simply made - often with only seven parts: a single diecast metal body, two axles, and four wheels. Arms protruding from the underside of the body were pinched around the axles after the wheels were added, which held wheels and axles in place. Many Tootsietoy cars are still made in this basic manner, though in the 1970s and 1980s, plastic interiors and other parts were also added.

Tootsietoy, which is now owned by J. Lloyd International, Inc. is still based in Chicago, makes about 40 million cars per year.

References[edit]

Rogers, W. Sherman. 2009. Rogers, W. Sherman. The African American Entrepreneur: Then and Now. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. ISBN 0313351112

Scott, Sharon M. 2010. Toys and American Culture: An Encyclopedia. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. ISBN 0313347999

Seeley, Clint. No Date a. A History of Pre-War Automotive Tootsietoys. Tootsietoys.info website. Edited by Robert Newson. [1]

Seeley, Clint. No Date b. 1933-1941 Tootsietoy Models. Found on Toy Museum at Home. Website of the De Lespinay Collection. [2]

Strombecker Corporation History. 2004. Entry in Funding Universe company profiles. Information from International Directory of Company Histories published by St. James Press. [3]

Waggoner, Susan. 2007. Under the Tree: the Toys and Treats That Made Christmas Special, 1930-1970. Stewart, Tabori & Chang. ISBN 1584796413

External links[edit]