FP Top 100 Global Thinkers

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The FP Top 100 Global Thinkers list is conducted by Foreign Policy magazine on the basis of responding readers' ballot (and requires registration to view their recent lists). The first two lists were conducted in November 2005 and June 2008 by Prospect Magazine (UK) and Foreign Policy (US) jointly. The objective was to determine the 100 most important public intellectuals who are still alive and active in public life.

2005 list[edit]

The following appeared on the original 2005 list.[1]

  1. Noam Chomsky
  2. Umberto Eco
  3. Richard Dawkins
  4. Václav Havel
  5. Christopher Hitchens
  6. Paul Krugman
  7. Jürgen Habermas
  8. Amartya Sen
  9. Jared Diamond
  10. Salman Rushdie
  11. Naomi Klein
  12. Shirin Ebadi
  13. Hernando de Soto
  14. Bjørn Lomborg
  15. Abdolkarim Soroush
  16. Thomas Friedman
  17. Pope Benedict XVI
  18. Eric Hobsbawm
  19. Paul Wolfowitz
  20. Camille Paglia
  21. Francis Fukuyama
  22. Jean Baudrillard
  23. Slavoj Žižek
  24. Daniel Dennett
  25. Freeman Dyson
  26. Steven Pinker
  27. Jeffrey Sachs
  28. Samuel Huntington
  29. Mario Vargas Llosa
  30. Ali al-Sistani
  31. Edward O. Wilson
  32. Richard Posner
  33. Peter Singer
  34. Bernard Lewis
  35. Fareed Zakaria
  36. Gary Becker
  37. Michael Ignatieff
  38. Chinua Achebe
  39. Anthony Giddens
  40. Lawrence Lessig
  41. Richard Rorty
  42. Jagdish Bhagwati
  43. Fernando Henrique Cardoso
  44. JM Coetzee
  45. Niall Ferguson
  46. Ayaan Hirsi Ali
  47. Steven Weinberg
  48. Julia Kristeva
  49. Germaine Greer
  50. Antonio Negri
  51. Rem Koolhaas
  52. Timothy Garton Ash
  53. Martha Nussbaum
  54. Orhan Pamuk
  55. Clifford Geertz
  56. Yusuf al-Qaradawi
  57. Henry Louis Gates Jr.
  58. Tariq Ramadan
  59. Amos Oz
  60. Larry Summers
  61. Hans Küng
  62. Robert Kagan
  63. Paul Kennedy
  64. Daniel Kahneman
  65. Sari Nusseibeh
  66. Wole Soyinka
  67. Kemal Derviş
  68. Michael Walzer
  69. Gao Xingjian
  70. Howard Gardner
  71. James Lovelock
  72. Robert Hughes
  73. Ali Mazrui
  74. Craig Venter
  75. Martin Rees
  76. James Q. Wilson
  77. Robert Putnam
  78. Peter Sloterdijk
  79. Sergei Karaganov
  80. Sunita Narain
  81. Alain Finkielkraut
  82. Fan Gang
  83. Florence Wambugu
  84. Gilles Kepel
  85. Enrique Krauze
  86. Ha Jin
  87. Neil Gershenfeld
  88. Paul Ekman
  89. Jaron Lanier
  90. Gordon Conway
  91. Pavol Demes
  92. Elaine Scarry
  93. Robert Cooper
  94. Harold Varmus
  95. Pramoedya Ananta Toer
  96. Zheng Bijian
  97. Kenichi Ohmae
  98. Wang Jisi
  99. Kishore Mahbubani
  100. Shintaro Ishihara

Demographics[edit]

According to location of birth, roughly 40% of those listed came from the United States and Canada, 25% from Europe, and 22% from the Middle and Far East. Other locations received less than 5%—Latin America with 4 and Africa and Australia with 3. Only 8% are women.

Criticisms[edit]

As happens with many free Internet polls, this one may have been affected by organized voting campaigns and biases introduced by the nationality and language of the organizer.[2] Almost all of the African votes were cast in Nigeria.[citation needed]

2008 list[edit]

The following appeared on the 2008 list.[1]

  1. Fethullah Gülen
  2. Muhammad Yunus
  3. Yusuf al-Qaradawi
  4. Orhan Pamuk
  5. Aitzaz Ahsan
  6. Amr Khaled
  7. Abdolkarim Soroush
  8. Tariq Ramadan
  9. Mahmood Mamdani
  10. Shirin Ebadi
  11. Noam Chomsky
  12. Al Gore
  13. Bernard Lewis
  14. Umberto Eco
  15. Ayaan Hirsi Ali
  16. Amartya Sen
  17. Fareed Zakaria
  18. Garry Kasparov
  19. Richard Dawkins
  20. Mario Vargas Llosa
  21. Lee Smolin
  22. Jürgen Habermas
  23. Salman Rushdie
  24. Sari Nusseibeh
  25. Slavoj Žižek
  26. Václav Havel
  27. Christopher Hitchens
  28. Samuel Huntington
  29. Peter Singer
  30. Paul Krugman
  31. Jared Diamond
  32. Pope Benedict XVI
  33. Fan Gang
  34. Michael Ignatieff
  35. Fernando Henrique Cardoso
  36. Lilia Shevtsova
  37. Charles Taylor
  38. Martin Wolf
  39. E.O. Wilson
  40. Thomas Friedman
  41. Bjørn Lomborg
  42. Daniel Dennett
  43. Francis Fukuyama
  44. Ramachandra Guha
  45. Tony Judt
  46. Steven Levitt
  47. Nouriel Roubini
  48. Jeffrey Sachs
  49. Wang Hui
  50. V.S. Ramachandran
  51. Drew Gilpin Faust
  52. Lawrence Lessig
  53. J.M. Coetzee
  54. Fernando Savater
  55. Wole Soyinka
  56. Yan Xuetong
  57. Steven Pinker
  58. Alma Guillermoprieto
  59. Sunita Narain
  60. Anies Baswedan
  61. Michael Walzer
  62. Niall Ferguson
  63. George Ayittey
  64. Ashis Nandy
  65. David Petraeus
  66. Olivier Roy
  67. Lawrence Summers
  68. Martha Nussbaum
  69. Robert Kagan
  70. James Lovelock
  71. J. Craig Venter
  72. Amos Oz
  73. Samantha Power
  74. Lee Kuan Yew
  75. Hu Shuli
  76. Kwame Anthony Appiah
  77. Malcolm Gladwell
  78. Alexander de Waal
  79. Gianni Riotta
  80. Daniel Barenboim
  81. Therese Delpech
  82. William Easterly
  83. Minxin Pei
  84. Richard Posner
  85. Ivan Krastev
  86. Enrique Krauze
  87. Anne Applebaum
  88. Rem Koolhaas
  89. Jacques Attali
  90. Paul Collier
  91. Esther Duflo
  92. Michael Spence
  93. Robert Putnam
  94. Harold Varmus
  95. Howard Gardner
  96. Daniel Kahneman
  97. Yegor Gaidar
  98. Neil Gershenfeld
  99. Alain Finkielkraut
  100. Ian Buruma

Criticism[edit]

Prospect itself placed an editorial explaining its surprise that the top 10 in the 2008 list were from Muslim background, and noted the sudden surge in votes in their favor after Zaman internationally published an article notifying the Gulen community of the ongoing poll.[3]

2009 list[edit]

(Registration may be required view this list.)

2010 list[edit]

The following appeared on the 2010 list.[4]

  1. Warren Buffett and Bill Gates
  2. Dominique Strauss-Kahn and Robert Zoellick
  3. Barack Obama
  4. Zhou Xiaochuan
  5. Ben Bernanke
  6. Celso Amorim
  7. Ahmet Davutoglu
  8. David Petraeus
  9. Robert Gates
  10. Angela Merkel
  11. Michael Bloomberg and Feisal Abdul Rauf
  12. Nouriel Roubini
  13. Bill and Hillary Rodham Clinton
  14. Steven Chu
  15. George Soros
  16. Liu Xiaobo
  17. Jeff Bezos and Steve Jobs
  18. Shivshankar Menon
  19. Ron Paul
  20. Mohamed ElBaradei
  21. Sergey Brin and Larry Page
  22. Christine Lagarde
  23. Salam Fayyad
  24. Elizabeth Warren
  25. Henry Kissinger, Sam Nunn, William Perry, and George Shultz
  26. Paul Krugman and Raghuram Rajan
  27. Fareed Zakaria
  28. Shai Agassi
  29. Paul Collier
  30. Joseph Stiglitz
  31. David Cameron
  32. Cécile Duflot, Monica Frassoni, Renate Künast, Marina Silva
  33. Thomas Friedman
  34. John Kerry and Richard Lugar
  35. Paul Farmer
  36. Michelle Bachelet
  37. Martin Wolf
  38. Esther Duflo
  39. Mohamed Nasheed
  40. Abdolkarim Soroush
  41. Mehdi Karroubi
  42. Agnes Klingshirn and Peter Scott
  43. Nandan Nilekani
  44. Zheng Bijian
  45. Mohamed El-Erian
  46. Kwame Anthony Appiah
  47. Jacques Attali
  48. Robert Shiller
  49. Vaclav Smil
  50. Ashraf Ghani and Clare Lockhart
  51. Ahmed Rashid
  52. Mo Ibrahim
  53. Miles Morland and Rosa Whitaker
  54. Paul Romer
  55. Christopher Hitchens
  56. John Bolton
  57. Nathan Myhrvold
  58. Sendhil Mullainathan and Richard Thaler
  59. Ory Okolloh
  60. Fan Gang
  61. Ayaan Hirsi Ali
  62. Tariq Ramadan
  63. Vinod Khosla
  64. Mario Vargas Llosa
  65. Bjorn Lomborg
  66. Sabina Alkire
  67. Clay Shirky
  68. Malcolm Gladwell
  69. Steven Pinker
  70. John Arquilla
  71. Louise Arbour
  72. Atul Gawande
  73. Carmen Reinhart and Kenneth Rogoff
  74. Michèle Flournoy and Anne-Marie Slaughter
  75. Aung San Suu Kyi
  76. Richard Clarke
  77. Helene Gayle
  78. Lester Brown
  79. George Papandreou
  80. Niall Ferguson
  81. Ethan Zuckerman
  82. Hu Shuli
  83. Nicholas Christakis and James Fowler
  84. Kamal Kar
  85. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
  86. Han Han
  87. Mozah bint Nasser al-Missned
  88. Daron Acemoglu
  89. David Grossman
  90. Martha Nussbaum
  91. Edwidge Danticat
  92. Kishore Mahbubani
  93. Malalai Joya
  94. Madeleine Albright
  95. Carl Bildt
  96. Bruce Ackerman
  97. Unity Dow
  98. Michael Mandelbaum
  99. Tarja Halonen
  100. Ian Buruma

2011–2013 lists[edit]

(Registration may be required view these lists.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Intellectuals". Prospect magazine. 2009. Retrieved 19 February 2010. 
  2. ^ Global public intellectuals poll November 2005, Prospect Magazine, No. 116
  3. ^ http://www.prospectmagazine.co.uk/2008/07/howglentriumphed/
  4. ^ "The FP top 100 global thinkers". Prospect magazine. 2010. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 

External links[edit]