Top Gear: Polar Special
|Top Gear: Polar Special|
|Country of origin||United Kingdom|
|No. of episodes||1|
|Running time||TV cut
|Original channel||BBC Two|
|Picture format||HDTV 1080i|
|Original airing||25 July 2007|
|Related shows||Top Gear|
Top Gear: Polar Special is an episode of the popular series Top Gear, first broadcast on 25 July 2007 on BBC Two. It was an attempt by the BBC's Top Gear crew to be the first to drive a motor vehicle to the 1996 location of the Magnetic North Pole.
The project was co-ordinated by the car manufacturer Toyota and Top Gear, with the help of Arctic Trucks, an Icelandic vehicle modification company. The vehicle used was a modified Toyota Hilux. Toyota promoted the event under the name Hilux Arctic Challenge.
The UKTV channel Dave has broadcast this episode in an edited 46 minute version for their one hour broadcast slots as has BBC Canada. The special has also been released on DVD as one-half of the Top Gear: The Great Adventures set, along with the Top Gear: US Special.
The idea was originally proposed by the BBC to coincide with the Polar Challenge race, an annual event where competitors race to the 1996 location of the magnetic north pole by trekking and cross-country skiing. The attempt would be shown as a one-off Top Gear special in 2007. As part of the challenge, the car would be racing against a dog sled, the traditional means of transport around the Arctic. Top Gear presenters James May and Jeremy Clarkson would drive the car, and Richard Hammond traveled with the dog sled, accompanied by driver Matty McNair.
Clarkson and May ultimately were the first to reach the finish in their Hilux, thus winning the race and achieving their goal of being the first to do so in a car.
The episode was largely scored with compositions by Clint Mansell and performed by the Kronos Quartet, particularly the pieces "Lux Aeterna" and "Death is the Road to Awe", from the soundtracks of Requiem for a Dream and The Fountain, respectively. The episode also contained a segment from the soundtrack of John Carpenter's The Thing and a segment by John Barry from the James Bond film On Her Majesty's Secret Service.
Until 15 November 2009, this was the only episode of Top Gear that had been broadcast in high definition.
The vehicles used in the challenge were two 2006 Toyota Hilux double cab 3.0l diesel pickup trucks and one Toyota Land Cruiser 120, all heavily modified by Arctic Trucks. A trailer on 38" tyres was also used to carry part of the equipment and fuel ("A freeze-resistant mixture of diesel and AvGas", according to Jeremy). One Hilux was used by the presenters and was fitted with camera and sound recording equipment, the other two were used by the film crew, two driver/repair experts and one polar expert. All vehicles underwent the same extensive modifications to make them suitable for the Arctic conditions. The major modifications to the trucks included:
- The standard wheels and tyres were replaced with bespoke Arctic Trucks wheels and 38" studded snow tyres. The tyres were able to run at pressures as low as 0.2 bar (3 psi) for better traction over snow. The tyres are called Arctic Trucks AT405
- The wheel arches were raised and extended to protect (and accommodate) the larger tyres.
- The standard 3.0-litre D-4D engine was modified to cope with the very low temperatures. Heaters were added to increase fuel and coolant temperature, a large heavy-duty battery was fitted and the air intake was modified.
- A 90 litre auxiliary fuel tank was fitted, along with an extra-thick sump guard.
- The gearing ratio was lowered to 1:4.88.
- Two winches that could be fitted either to the front or rear of each of the vehicles were carried, in case they got stuck in the snow.
The Hilux was chosen because it had proven itself to be exceptionally durable. A 1988 model of the car had featured in a Top Gear challenge taking place across two episodes, during which it was driven recklessly (into walls, a tree and the like), hit with a wrecking ball, had weights dropped onto it from a crane, washed out into the Bristol Channel, set on fire and was situated on the roof of an apartment block during the building's controlled demolition. After all this, after cleaning the engine and doing some minor repairs using no replacement parts, the Hilux was still able to be driven away. The Hilux was therefore the obvious choice for this test of endurance.
The truck used by the film crew was later re-used by James May in his attempt to get close to the still-erupting Eyjafjallajökull volcano and bring back a souvenir. The vehicle was further modified to include a tyre cooling system which included environmentally friendly vodka instead of anti-freeze and a corrugated roof to prevent damage to the vehicle from ejected debris.
Work began on the vehicles in December 2006, at Resolute, Canada, from where the expedition would begin. Over 240 man-hours of labour were spent completely refitting the two vehicles in preparation for the journey. Testing of the vehicles began in February 2007, after which some further modifications were made to the vehicles — the suspension was altered and the original 29" tyres were replaced with 38" ones. Testing of the vehicles continued until April 2007 with repeated cold start evaluations being taken to make sure that the vehicles would start in all conditions. Meanwhile the presenters were sent to Austria to begin their cold weather training. This included learning how to erect a tent, build a makeshift aircraft runway, pull a sled and deal with polar bears. Also, Clarkson was pushed into the frigid water by their trainer, an SAS veteran. On 20 April 2007 the Top Gear presenters arrived in Resolute where they completed their training with a two-night expedition camping on sea ice. With help from satellite images provided by the BBC, the support team plotted the route that the expedition would take.
Polar explorer Sir Ranulph Fiennes was called in to speak with the presenters after their constant joking and horseplay during their cold weather training. As a former guest on the show who was familiar with their penchant for tomfoolery, Fiennes bluntly informed them of the grave dangers of polar expeditions, showing pictures of his own frostbite injuries and what remained of his left hand.
The expedition set out from Resolute, Nunavut at 1300 on 25 April 2007. The destination for this day was Bathurst Island, an uninhabited island where they would make camp. After leaving Bathurst Island, the team had to rely on satellite navigation to plan their route.
Travel on the first three days was fairly easy, as the ice was smooth and the expedition was able to make good speed. Things got more difficult on 28 April, however, as the terrain became more difficult to cross, with sharp-edged ice covered in thick snow making it difficult to obtain traction, as well as posing a danger to the tyres. At this point, the team were relying on their guides to scout ahead for a safe route, demolishing outcrops of ice with axes when necessary. The terrain became even more perilous further north, with the team having to cross a field of very thin ice. There was a real danger of the ice cracking and the car falling through due to the weight, so the vehicles had to be driven very slowly. At one point, Clarkson & May's vehicle became trapped when it fell partly through the ice, and had to be pulled free by an accompanying vehicle.
On the morning of 2 May 2007 the GPS system confirmed that the team had reached the 1996 location of the magnetic north pole at Isachsen weather station, where they made camp and checked the vehicles to make sure they were in good enough condition to make the return trip to Resolute.(or at least at , the reading showing on the GPS in the program, which is 0.7 miles SSE of it), making them the first people to reach within a mile of the magnetic north pole location of any year in a motor vehicle. From there, the Top Gear presenters were evacuated by plane, while the team drove on to the disused
Richard Hammond never made it to the pole, as it "seemed cruel to make him go the extra distance just so Clarkson could gloat".
During the Polar Special, Jeremy Clarkson was seen to be drinking a gin and tonic whilst driving through an ice field in the Arctic. Despite the producer's claims that they were beyond the jurisdiction of drunk driving laws in international waters at the time and Clarkson stating on the programme that he was not driving but sailing - piloting a vehicle on (frozen) water as opposed to actual land - the BBC Trust found that the scene could "glamorise the misuse of alcohol", and that the scene "was not editorially justified in the context of a family show pre-watershed".
A speaker of Greenpeace condemned the feature as "highly irresponsible". She stated that “Perhaps Clarkson and his cronies felt that climate change wasn’t destroying the Arctic quick enough, so they decided to do this", that "Top Gear doesn’t take seriously any of the issues facing us on transport" and that "Clarkson is a problem because he has represented some climate-sceptic views".
Similar to the Top Gear: US Special, the show's credits included each crew member names with the words "Sir Ranulph" (e.g. "Sir Ranulph Clarkson, Sir Ranulph Hammond, Sir Ranulph May") in homage to Sir Ranulph Fiennes.
DVD and Blu-Ray release
In 2008, the BBC packaged an extended version of the Polar Challenge, along with a cut-down version of the American East Coast Challenge on a twin DVD box set entitled Top Gear - The Great Adventures (also known as The Great Adventures: Polar and U.S. Special). This "Director's Cut" includes an extra ten minutes of previously unseen footage and various other changes, including new voice-overs and an alternative soundtrack to the original BBC broadcast release.
The BBC released the extended Polar Special as a stand-alone Blu-ray disc on 20 October 2008. The extended version included scenes of frostbitten extremities during the training in Austria, and Clarkson & May discovering the abandoned Isachsen weather station (left vacant since 1978), among others.
- "Invincible Hilux official site". Retrieved 5 December 2007.
- "4x4 offroad article". Retrieved 5 December 2007.
- "Top Gear: Polar Challenge". BBC. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
- http://www.bbc.co.uk/topgear/extras/production_notes/polar_special.shtml (3rd bullet)
- "Top Gear rapped for alcohol use". BBC News. 2 July 2008. Retrieved 3 July 2008.
- David Stephenson (July 15, 2007). "Top Gear team in hot water over Pole race". Daily Express.
- May, James (12 July 2008). "James May: Slow down while I cut the lemon". The Daily Telegraph (Telegraph Group Ltd.). Retrieved 14 July 2008.