|This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2013)|
|Current season or competition:
2014–15 Top League
|Number of teams||16|
|Holders||Panasonic Wild Knights (2nd title) (2013–14)|
|Most titles||Toshiba Brave Lupus (5 titles)|
The Top League is a rugby union football competition in Japan. It is the highest level of rugby competition in the country and is an industrial league, where the teams are all owned by major companies. The Japan Rugby Football Union created the competition in 2003 to drive up the overall standard and popularity of the sport and improve the results of the Japan national rugby union team. The first season in 2003–04 featured 12 teams. The league was expanded to 14 teams in 2006–07 and 16 teams in 2013–14.
The chief architect of the league was Hiroaki Shukuzawa who strongly felt the urgency of improving Japanese domestic company rugby to a professional level which would allow Japan to compete more convincingly at Rugby World Cups. Many full-time foreign professionals (mainly from Australia and New Zealand) have played in the Top League, notably Tony Brown and George Gregan. In the 2010s, salaries in the Top League have risen to become some of the highest in the rugby world; in 2012, South Africa's Jaque Fourie, now with Kobe Steel Kobelco Steelers, was widely reported to be the world's highest-paid player.
- 1 Developments
- 2 Second-tier
- 3 Seasons
- 3.1 Sixteen teams: 2012 onwards
- 3.2 Fourteen teams: 2006 to 2012
- 3.3 Twelve teams 2003 to 2006
- 4 Champions
- 5 Notable Foreign Players
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
- From the 2008–09 season, three foreign players will be allowed on the field at one time, one more than previously allowed. In addition to the three foreigners, one member of an Asian union, such as South Koreans Kim Kwang Mo (Sanyo Wild Knights) and Choi Ki Joon (Fukuoka Sanix Blues), will be allowed to take the field. From the 2009–10 season one of the three must have played for Japan or be eligible to do so. (Daily Yomiuri, 28 February 2008). Video referee decisions will be introduced in this season's Microsoft Cup.
- From the 2007–08 season a timekeeping system independent of the referee was introduced.
- From the 2006–07 season the league was expanded from 12 to 14 teams.
Sixteen teams: 2012 onwards
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Fourteen teams: 2006 to 2012
Ninth season (2011–12)
NTT Shining Arcs and Yamaha Jubilo which won their 2005 promotion/relegation play-offs (Irekaesen) against Canon Eagles and Kyuden Voltex to retain their places for the 2011–12 season. The following teams were in the league:
The top 4 sides of the regular season (Suntory, Toshiba, Sanyo, and NEC) competed in the 2012 Microsoft Cup knock-out tournament for the Top League title at Chichibu, Tokyo. Suntory defeated Sanyo 47–28 in the final to win the title. Both teams met again a few weeks later in the final of the 49th All-Japan Rugby Football Championship.
Additionally, in the Wildcard play-offs, the Top League teams ranked 5th and 8th (Kintetsu Liners and Yamaha Jubilo) played each other at Hanazono, Osaka, as did the teams ranked 6th and 7th (Kobe Steelers and Ricoh Black Rams), with the winners (Kobe and Yamaha) also qualifying for the All-Japan Rugby Football Championship.
Eighth season (2010–11)
Honda Heat and Kyuden Voltex were automatically relegated at the completion of the 2009–10 season for finishing 13th and 14th. Toyota Industries Shuttles and NTT Shining Arcs won promotion through the Top Challenge series. The following teams were in the league:
The top 4 sides (Toshiba, Sanyo, Toyota and Suntory) from the regular season competed in a knock out tournament to fight for the Top League title. In the final, Sanyo defeated Suntory 28–23.
Seventh season (2009–10)
IBM Big Blue and Yokogawa Atlastars were automatically relegated at the completion of the 2008–9 season for finishing 13th and 14th. Ricoh and Honda won promotion through the Top Challenge series. Kyuden and Sanix retained their places in Top League when they won their respective promotion and relegation play-offs. The following teams were in the league:
Sixth season (2008–9)
Kintetsu Liners returned to the league, and Yokogawa Denki were promoted for the first time (and renamed Yokogawa Musashino Atlastars in the off season). They replaced Ricoh Black Rams and Mitsubishi Dynaboars. The following teams were in the league:
Fifth season (2007–8)
The top four teams (Sanyo, Suntory, Toyota and Toshiba) played in the fifth Microsoft Cup to decide the league champion. Suntory beat Sanyo 14–10 in the final to become the 2007–08 champions. Mitsubishi (14th) and Ricoh (13th) were automatically relegated.
Fourth season (2006–7)
The number of teams was increased from 12 to 14. Coca Cola became the second Kyushu-based team in the Top League. IBM returned to the league.
The top four teams in the league played in the Microsoft Cup which was officially integrated into the league from this season as the "Top League Play-off Tournament Microsoft Cup". Toshiba won the cup (and also won the All-Japan Championship. Secom and World (13th and 14th) were automatically relegated, to be replaced by Kyuden Voltex, the third team from Kyushu to enter the league, and Mitsubishi Dynaboars from Kanto.
Twelve teams 2003 to 2006
Third season (2005–6)
After the pre-season 2005 Challenge series, Secom and Sanix returned after a year out of the league, replacing Kintetsu and IBM. The following 12 teams competed in the third season:
Toshiba again won both the league round-robin and the Microsoft Cup knockout competition contested by the top 8 teams after the regular season. Coca Cola West Japan (now Coca Cola Red Sparks) gained promotion to the League at the end of the season. IBM also gained promotion to return to the league.
Second season (2004–5)
Following the 2004 Challenge series with IBM and Toyota being promoted, the following 12 teams competed in the second season:
Toshiba won both the league round-robin and the Microsoft Cup knockout competition contested by the top 8 teams after the regular season. The eleventh and twelfth teams (Kintetsu and IBM) were automatically relegated, and the ninth and tenth placed teams (World and Ricoh) had to win their 2005 promotion and relegation play-offs (Irekaesen) to stay in the Top League, which they did.
First season (2003–4)
The first season began with 12 teams:
Toshiba won the inaugural Top League title by finishing on top of the round-robin competition. The top eight teams qualified for the inaugural Microsoft Cup. Toshiba went on to lose the final of Microsoft Cup to NEC, but the cup was considered a separate competition to the Top League prior to 2007. Secom and Sanix were relegated at the end of the season. IBM and Toyota were promoted.
Notable Foreign Players
The following foreign players that have played in the Top League have either won or been nominated for a major IRB award, played in a Rugby World Cup, played for a touring side, or captained their national team.
- Microsoft Cup
- Japan national rugby union team
- Ruatangi Vatuvei – scored a record 18 tries in the 2004–5 season
- "The 4.25 million pound question". ESPN Scrum. 2012-05-24. Retrieved 2012-05-24.
- Top League awards 2005
- Team Profiles (Japanese)
- Top League official site (Japanese)
- Top League video digest