Topalu

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Topalu
Commune
Topalu is located in Romania
Topalu
Topalu
Location of Topalu
Coordinates: 44°33′0″N 28°3′0″E / 44.55000°N 28.05000°E / 44.55000; 28.05000Coordinates: 44°33′0″N 28°3′0″E / 44.55000°N 28.05000°E / 44.55000; 28.05000
Country  Romania
County Constanța County
Status Commune
Component villages Topalu, Capidava
Government
 • Mayor Gheorghe Murat (Social Democratic Party)
Area
 • Total 79.29 km2 (30.61 sq mi)
Population (2011[1])
 • Total Decrease1,708
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.primariatopalu.ro

Topalu is a commune located on the right bank of the Danube in Constanţa County, Dobruja, Romania.

Administration[edit]

The commune includes two villages:

  • Topalu (historical name: Turkish: Topal)
  • Capidava (historical names: Calichioi, Turkish: Kaleköy)

Demographics[edit]

At the 2011 census, Topalu had 1,707 Romanians (99.94%), 1 others (0.06%).[1]

History[edit]

Capidava on Tabula Peutingeriana (upper center)

Tabula Peutingeriana[edit]

Capidava is depicted in the form Calidava/Calidaua in Segmentum VIII of Tabula Peutingeriana (1st-4th century AD) on a Roman road between Axiopolis and Carsium.[2][3] The map provides accurate data on the distances between Axiopolis, Capidava and Carsium. These distances coincide with the distances between the present localities of Hinog - Capidava and Capidava - Hârşova. This is also verified by the discovery of military marking pillar at Seimenii Mici that indicates the distance of 18,000 feet (27 km) from Axiopolis to Capidava.[4]

Ancient times[edit]

Ruins of the Geto-Dacian fortress Capidava

The village Capidava is the site of the fortified Geto-Dacian center with the same name, Capidava.

After the Roman conquest of Dacia it became a Roman city and castra in the province of Scythia Minor (modern Dobruja).

Etymology[edit]

Capidava is a Getic toponym, meaning the "curve fortified settlement".[4]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Constanta County at the 2011 census" (in Romanian). INSSE. February 2, 2012. Retrieved March 8, 2012. 
  2. ^ Tabula Peutingeriana, Segmentum VIII,3.
  3. ^ Olteanu, Toponyms.
  4. ^ a b Capidava cIMeC.

References[edit]

Ancient[edit]

Modern[edit]

  • Florescu, Radu; Manea, Florentina. Oberländer-Târnoveanu, Irina; Bor, Corina, eds. "Capidava". Bucharest, Romania: Institute for Cultural Memory (Institutul de Memorie Culturală) - cIMeC. Archived from the original on 2 February 2011. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  • Olteanu, Sorin. "Linguae Thraco-Daco-Moesorum - Toponyms Section". Linguae Thraco-Daco-Moesorum (in Romanian, partially in English). Archived from the original on 3 January 2010. Retrieved 3 January 2010. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]