Topeka High School

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Topeka High School
Topeka High School 2.jpg
Address
800 SW 10th Street [1]
Topeka, Kansas, 66612
United States
Information
School type Public high school
Established 1871 (1931 at current site)
School district USD 501 [2]
Principal Linda Wiley
Grades 9 to 12
Enrollment 1,840
Campus Urban
Color(s)      Black
     Gold
Mascot Trojans
Rival Topeka West High School
Newspaper The World
Website

Topeka High School (THS) is a fully accredited high school, serving students in grades 9–12, located in Topeka, Kansas. It is one of four high schools within Topeka Public Schools. In the 2010-2011 school year, there were 1,840 students enrolled.[3]

Topeka High School was established in 1871, and moved to its current location in 1931. At the time, it was among the first million dollar high schools west of the Mississippi River. Topeka High offers a variety of sports and extracurricular activities, and notable alumni include Charles Curtis, 31st Vice President of the United States. Topeka High School's mission "is to prepare all students for college and/or career readiness and success in a global society".[4]

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

Topeka High School and Manual Training School at 8th and Harrison, c. 1905-1930

The Topeka Board of Education established Topeka High School in 1871, and the first classes were held on the 3rd floor of Lincoln College (now Washburn University). Over the next 10 years, the school was moved to various locations, including the Washburn Building at 10th and Jackson, and a room situated above the Topeka YMCA and Daily Capital newspaper.[5] In 1882, the first black student graduated from Topeka High.[6] Attendance continued to outgrown the capacity of the school facilities, and in 1894 a new school was completed on the northwest corner of 8th and Harrison, at a cost of $85,000.[5] Topeka High School's student population had reached 1,000 by 1903, and a decision was made to construct a Manual Training High School across the street on the southwest corner of 8th and Harrison, at a cost of $100,000. One third of the new building would be for manual training, and the remainder used for academic classes.[5]

In 1915, an auditorium and cafeteria were added to the north school, and the old auditorium was converted to classes. Soon after, a portable frame building was constructed to serve as a study hall and library, and in 1923, an administration building known as 'The Annex' was added to the west side of the south building.[5] In 1921, Topeka High's cafeteria cook Ida M. Moyer was declared "Champion Pie Baker of the World". It was calculated that over the previous 6 years, Moyer had baked 37,248 pies.[7]

Current location era[edit]

Overcrowding persisted at the new facility, made worse in 1924 when Topeka's Fire Marshall closed the school's 4th floor, calling it "the biggest fire trap in the city".[5] A committee planning the construction of a new high school recommended that one large school be built, and that it occupy an entire city block. They wished it to be "an addition to the City's public buildings, and not just another building".[5] Bishop James Wise offered to sell the grounds of Bethany College and other church property for a price of $142,000, and in 1928, Topeka voters approved issuing bonds of $1.1 million to finance construction of the new Topeka High School.[5] Thomas Williamson (an alumnus from 1907) and Ted Griest were selected as architects, and Linus Burr Smith as designer.[5] Construction of the new school took 18 months, and the total cost was $1.8 million. The school opened in Sept. 1931, and there were 2000 students enrolled by the following year.[5]

This granite monument inscribed "Topeka High School" is located on the lawn near 10th Avenue, and was a gift from the class of 1959

A spar from the USS Constitution ("Old Ironsides") was acquired with the assistance of Vice President Curtis, and mounted on a nautical base in the plaza to serve as a flagpole. It was dedicated in Oct. 1931. After years of wear, a replacement spar, also from the U.S.S. Constitution, was installed in 2004.[8] Topeka High's 'Hoehner Auditorium' was selected as the site for the inauguration of Kansas Governor Payne Ratner, on Jan. 9, 1939.[9][10] In 1957, Time and Newsweek listed Topeka High among the 38 best schools in the nation.[5]

Two new high schools helped ease the crowded conditions at Topeka High: Highland Park High School was annexed into Topeka in 1958, and Topeka West High School was completed in 1961. Restructuring of the district curriculum meant that in 1980, students in the 9th grade would begin attending high school. In 1984, Topeka High installed a computer-assisted automated dialing device which called home each time a student was truant. Principal Ned Nusbaum commented, "It's been a very effective tool for getting kids into class".[11] The US Dept of Education recognized Topeka High as a "School of Excellence" in 1989.[5]

In 2001, Topeka High awarded an honorary diploma to the Honorable Eric S. Rosen, Justice, Kansas Supreme Court—a longtime supporter of the school.[12] The school celebrated its 75th Anniversary at its current site on Sept. 17, 2006.[13] In 2007, Topeka High School was ordered to stop providing free condoms to students, as it was contrary to school district policy.[14] The annual Martin Luther King event, sponsored by the state of Kansas, took place in Hoehner Auditorium in 2012. Topeka High is located near the Statehouse, and the governor’s celebration at the new venue was well received.[15]

Campus[edit]

Topeka High School
Topeka High School is located in Kansas
Topeka High School
Location 800 SW 10th Street Topeka, Kansas
Coordinates 39°2′57″N 95°41′8″W / 39.04917°N 95.68556°W / 39.04917; -95.68556Coordinates: 39°2′57″N 95°41′8″W / 39.04917°N 95.68556°W / 39.04917; -95.68556
Built 1870
Architect Leeper, John M.
Architectural style Late Gothic Revival
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 5000550[16]
Added to NRHP Sept. 2005

The 1931 campus is a stunning, three-story Gothic building of almost 278,000 square feet.

Notable architecture includes an ornate carillon tower, which rises 165 feet over the main building entrance. In 1974, the tower was rededicated in honor of Thomas Williamson.

The library was modeled after the Great Hall at Hampton Court Palace. Much of the wood shelving is hand-carved, and about half of the ceiling is hand-painted. The original chairs, now 75 years old, remain in the library and efforts are underway to refinish them by the Topeka High School Historical Society.

The 1931 building was fitted with a water supply and drain for a pool, though rising costs and concerns about segregation delayed the pool's construction until 1957.[5] In 2005, the 20-yard swimming pool located underneath the gym was closed and converted into Laney Gym (after former swim coach Chet Laney). It is used for P.E. classes and wrestling. An additional gym was constructed on the soccer field located on the northwest side of the school where JV basketball games, Freshman basketball games, and volleyball games are played. Varsity basketball continues to be played in the "Dungeon."

The school building contains 4 fireplaces, and a greenhouse built in the late 1970s.

In 2000, the school installed air conditioning.

Topeka High School was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Sept. 2005.

Academics[edit]

Topeka High has seven classes on a traditional bell schedule Monday, Tuesday, and Friday. On Wednesday and Thursday, the schedule changes to a modified block schedule. Odd numbered classes are on Wednesday and even numbered classes are on Thursday, with the addition of "Trojan Time" on Thursdays. Trojan Time allows students to sign out to specific locations for further help from teachers, or just stay in their current class and study. Six percent of Topeka High's enrollment comes as transfer students. Students outside the attendance zone come to the school for its strong fine arts program, including a music program (jazz band, drum line, wind ensembles, orchestra, and concert choirs,) its forensic and debate teams, as well as its foreign language program, which offers Spanish, German, Mandarin, and French. Also, THS also supports a Marine Corps JROTC drill team (1999–present). The school newspaper, The World, is a member of the High School National Ad Network. The school yearbook is "The Sunflower". Both publications are members of JEA and NSPA. Topeka High, under the former direction of Richard Green, has also built up its broadcast journalism program. The Newsdesk a bi-monthly news broadcast showcasing student news and feature packages. Under the direction of Green, The Newsdesk has won multiple state-wide broadcasting awards. "The Newsdesk" is filmed on campus in "The Tom Browne Memorial News Room".

Students[edit]

Students arrive from USD 501 middle schools, including: Robinson, Jardine, Landon, Eisenhower and Chase. Six percent transfer into THS from outside the Topeka Public Schools district, such as other school districts or parochial schools. The senior class of 2011 had 370 students, and more than 80% enrolled in some kind of post secondary education. More than $1.2 million in scholarships were awarded to Topeka High seniors in 2005. Scholarships were awarded from such schools as Stanford, Vassar College, Vanderbilt, Georgetown and Brandeis.

National merit scholars (1999–2005)[edit]

The National Merit Scholarship Program is a college scholarship competition that includes taking the PSAT/NMSQT. The school has had 19 Semi-finalists, 35 Commended Scholars, 7 National Achievement Scholars, 3 Corporate Sponsor Merit Scholars, and 3 Hispanic Scholars.[citation needed]

Foreign exchange programs[edit]

Ten to fifteen students per year attend THS from countries such as Belgium, Turkmenistan, Japan, South Korea, Turkey, Germany, Thailand, Brazil, Mexico and Switzerland. Students are sponsored by the following exchange programs: AFS, AIFS, ASSE, CHI, AYUSA, ERDT, WISE, ISE, and Share.[citation needed]

Traditions[edit]

Running of the halls: During first period of days that THS has a home football game, the students gather in the halls of Troy, cheerleaders and the drill team, flag team, and marching band march through the halls to promote school spirit. The Topeka High Marching Trojans have been a part of the school for years. They travel the country regularly and have been on a national stage on multiple occasions, including the Disney Music Days Parade every other year in Orlando, Florida, as well as the Cotton Bowl Classic Parade in Dallas, Texas in 1988.[citation needed]

Extracurricular activities[edit]

The school offers many extracurricular activities, including performing arts, school publications, and clubs.

Athletics[edit]

The school teams are known as the "Trojans", and are classified as a 6A school, the largest classification in Kansas according to the Kansas State High School Activities Association. Throughout its history, Topeka has won 28 state championships in various sports.[17] Many graduates have gone on to participate in Division I, Division II, and Division III athletics.

Boys' Basketball[edit]

An important part of the school's men's basketball history was the 1949 separation of the basketball teams between black and white players.[18] White basketball players were on the Trojan team, and black athletes were on the Rambler basketball team. There were two different cheer-leading teams. While classes were integrated, blacks didn't have equal representation on the student council and separate school parties were held for black couples and white couples. The first black Topeka High basketball team, the Cardinals, started in 1929, and the Ramblers started in 1935.[citation needed] In 2009 the school looked back at the historic separation of the teams. Former UNC coach Dean Smith came back with a number of others that were associated with the Ramblers to discuss the team's history. There is no separation of the teams now, and is currently one of the most diverse basketball teams in Topeka.[citation needed] In the 2009–10 basketball season they were shown to be a lot stronger than past seasons after beating cross-town rival, Highland Park High School, the defending state champions for the past three years. The 2009–10 team is coached by Pat Denney.[citation needed]

State Championships[edit]

State Championships[17]
Season Sport Number of Championships Year
Fall Cross Country, Boys 3 1950, 1952, 1953
Soccer, Boys 1 1997
Winter Basketball, Boys 3 1932, 1973, 1986
Basketball, Girls 2 1981, 1982
Spring Golf, Boys 2 1949, 1961
Baseball 1 1947
Track and Field, Boys 6 1916, 1948, 1956, 1963, 1973, 2013
Track and Field, Girls 2 1974, 1975
Tennis, Boys 9 1931, 1932, 1933, 1935, 1936, 1943, 1976, 1977, 1989
Total 29

Notable alumni[edit]

Notable faculty[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ GNIS entry for Topeka High School
  2. ^ USD 501
  3. ^ "Topeka High". School Directory Information. U.S. Department of Education. 
  4. ^ "Program of Studies". Topeka High School website. 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Topeka High School". National Register of Historic Places. 2005. 
  6. ^ Cox, Thomas c. (1982). Blacks in Topeka, Kansas, 1865-1915: A Social History. Louisiana State University. 
  7. ^ "She Bakes 37,248 Pies in Six Years". Pittsburgh Press. July 25, 1921. 
  8. ^ Purinton, Cait (Jan 14, 2004). "Topeka High School to receive ship's spar". The Topeka Capital-Journal. 
  9. ^ "To Face Facts, Ratner Says In First Speech". The Hutchinson News. Jan 9, 1939. 
  10. ^ "Inauguration Sidelines". Lawrence Journal-World. Jan 9, 1939. 
  11. ^ "School Cuts Absentees with Calling Machine". St. Joseph News-Press. May 3, 1985. 
  12. ^ "Honorable Eric S. Rosen, Justice, Kansas Supreme Court 2005-". Kansas Judicial Center. 2007. 
  13. ^ Johnson, Fredrick J. (Aug 10, 2003). "Topeka High School: Landmark testimony to history". The Topeka Capital-Journal. 
  14. ^ "No More Free Condoms at Topeka High". The Daily Union. Oct 18, 2017.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  15. ^ Anderson, Phil (Jan 12, 2012). "King Celebration Held in New Venue". The Topeka Capital-Journal. 
  16. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  17. ^ a b "State Records & State Champions". Catch It Kansas. Catch It Kansas. 2010-02-11. 
  18. ^ Steve Fry, '49 basketball teams segregated, cjonline.com, Posted: October 10, 2009
  19. ^ "Former Topeka Bowler Barnes Wins Again on National TV". Topeka Capital-Journal. Dec 9, 2012. 
  20. ^ "Ruth Gagliardo and the William Allen White Children's Book Award". Emporia State University. 2013. 
  21. ^ "Lutie Lytle". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved January 2014. 
  22. ^ "Topeka Teacher is National Teacher of the Year". Fort Scott Tribune. May 8, 1962. 

External links[edit]