Topsham Air Force Station

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Topsham Air Force Station

Airdefensecommand-logo.jpg

Part of Air Defense Command (ADC)
Coordinates 43°56′42″N 069°57′46″W / 43.94500°N 69.96278°W / 43.94500; -69.96278 (opsham AFS DC-05)
Type Air Force Station
Site information
Controlled by  United States Air Force
Site history
Built 1957
In use 1957-1969
Garrison information
Garrison Bangor Air Defense Sector
36th Air Division
Emblem of the Bangor Air Defense Sector
Emblem of the 36th Air Division
Topsham AFS is located in Maine
Topsham AFS
Topsham AFS
Magnify-clip.png
Location of Topsham AFS, Maine

Topsham Air Force Station is a closed United States Air Force station. It is located 2.1 miles (3.4 km) north of Brunswick, Maine. It was closed in 1969.

History[edit]

Topsham AFS was initially the headquarters of the Air Defense Command Bangor Air Defense Sector (BaADS), which was activated activated on 8 January 1957.

In 1958 a Semi Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) Data Center (DC-05) was established at Topsham AFS. The SAGE system was a network linking Air Force (and later FAA) General Surveillance Radar stations into a centralized center for Air Defense, intended to provide early warning and response for a Soviet nuclear attack. A GATR site (R-25) was also constructed at Topsham as part of the 654th Radar Squadron at Brunswick AFS, but was reassigned to the BaADS at Topsham AFS when the 654th RADS was inactivated in 1965.

The BaADS was absorbed by the 36th Air Division, being moved to Topsham from Davis Monthan AFB, Arizona on 1 April 1966. DC-02 with its AN/FSQ-7 computer remained under the 34th AD until it, and the Air Division was inactivated on 30 September 1969 when technology advances allowed the Air Force to shut down many SAGE Data Centers.

With the inactivation of the 36th AD, the station and GATR site were closed. The former Topsham AFS is now an annex of the now-closed Naval Air Station Brunswick. The SAGE DC blockhouse was demolished in August 1985 and is now a recreation field.

Known ADCOM units assigned[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization 1946 - 1980, by Lloyd H. Cornett and Mildred W. Johnson, Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center, Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado
  • Winkler, David F. (1997), Searching the skies: the legacy of the United States Cold War defense radar program. Prepared for United States Air Force Headquarters Air Combat Command.
  • Information for Topsham AFS, ME

External links[edit]