Torà

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For similar terms without accent, see Tora. For the founding legal and ethical religious texts of Judaism, see Torah.
Torà
Town
Torà - Plaça del Vall - Holy Friday market (1983)
Torà - Plaça del Vall - Holy Friday market (1983)
Torà is located in Spain
Torà
Torà
Location of Torà within Spain
Torà is located in Catalonia
Torà
Torà
Location of Torà within Catalonia
Coordinates: 41°48′41.05″N 001°24′13.88″E / 41.8114028°N 1.4038556°E / 41.8114028; 1.4038556Coordinates: 41°48′41.05″N 001°24′13.88″E / 41.8114028°N 1.4038556°E / 41.8114028; 1.4038556
Country Spain Spain
Region  Catalonia
Government
 • Mayor Domènec Oliva Bonsfills (Convergence and Union)
Area
 • Land 93.3 km2 (36.0 sq mi)
Elevation 448 m (1,470 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Total 1,367
 • Density 14.68/km2 (38.0/sq mi)
Demonym toranès/toranesa
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 25750
Area code(s) 34 (Spain) + 973 (Lleida)

Torà (Catalan pronunciation: [tuˈɾa]; Spanish: Torá, pronounced: [toˈɾa], locally: [toˈɾa]) is a town and municipality in the North East of the comarca (county) of Segarra, in the province of Lleida, Catalonia, Spain. The urban structure of the center has retained most of its original design, with narrow, twisting streets and blocks formed by rows of attached buildings. The Medieval town grew around a castle or fortified place (Thoranum castrum). A particular trait of the fortified origin of the town is the presence of a number of portals to allow several streets their pass through defensive barriers formed by the rows of buildings of the town and its walls. Torà is some 10 kilometers northeast from the more populated Guissona (6,145 inhabitants in 2010), a neighbor town that has experienced an important economic development in the last half century (mainly due to meat production and generation of a meat packing industry) parallel to an unprecedented demographic growth sped up in the recent years (from 3,060 inhabitants in 1998 to 6,145 in 2010).

The municipality stretches along la Vall (valley) de la Riera (creek or brook) de Llanera (the Valley of Llanera's Creek) up to the confluence with the Llobregós River. Its orography is rather uneven with the lowest point at 430m and peaks rising up to 850m above sea level. The North sector features el Tossal (a kind of hill) de l'Aguda (L'Aguda's Hill), el Tossal de Sant Donat (Snat Donat's Hill), and the creek named la Riera de Llanera flowing across. On the other hand, the South sector features the hills el Tossal de Sant Pere and el Tossal de la Pineda, crossed by la Riera de Cellers, one of the Riera de Llanera's tributary brooks merging on its left. The town is settled by the left bank of the creek la Riera de Llanera, near the confluence with the Llobregós River, at the bottom of the mountain range la Serra de l'Aguda.[1]
In 1968, the former municipality of Llanera was integrated to Torà.

Districts and neighbourhoods[edit]

These are the populated places present in the municipality of Torà:

History[edit]

Battle of Torà[edit]

Main article: Battle of Torà

There was a battle of the Reconquista fought between an alliance of Catalonian counts and an army of the Caliphate of Córdoba in 1003 A.D. at Torà.

Culture[edit]

Festivals[edit]

  • La festa major (the main festival of the town) on 1 September, the feast day of Sant Gil (Saint Giles, the patron saint of Torà, extended to the first weekend of that month.
  • La Festa del Brut i la Bruta (the street party of He-brute and She-brute), in the weekend previous to the annual Carnestoltes (carnival).
  • La festa del Roser (Rosebush Festival), in May.
  • Revetlles populars de barri (neighborhood street verbenas, country fairs) in the beginning of the summer, after la Revetlla de Sant Joan (St. John's Eve on midsummer).


Torà in Christmas

Main sights[edit]

Torà - Torre de Vallferosa (watchtower)

Municipal constructions[edit]

  • Plaça del Vall (Valley's Square), the Main Square
  • Plaça de la Font (Fountain's Square), in the nucleus
  • Font dels Dolors (a public fountain), 200m from the nucleus
  • Casa de la Vila (the City Hall), a previous hospital located in Plaça del Vall
  • Museu del Pa (local Bread Museum)
  • Cementiri (the town's cemetery)
  • Aqüeducte dels Frares (aqueduct of the frays) behind Casa Farguell in the place known as Camí dels Tísics. Built with blind round arches, 120m remaining
  • Pont de les Merites de Torà (ancient stone bridge) nearby the cemetery, with a round arch
  • Pontet del Diable also called Pontet de la Sentiu, the remains of an aqueduct part of Rec del Moriquers also called Rec d'Ivorra, an acequia (a community-operated waterway) started in 1366, in use until 1920. Outside the town toward the South
  • Pou del Gel (an ancient ice well)

Military constructions and buildings[edit]

  • Castell de l'Aguda (castle): in l'Aguda de Torà (ruins, expoliated)
  • Torre de Vallferosa[2] (fortified watchtower): in Vallferosa (highly restored)
  • Casa Castell de Llanera (castle-house): in Llanera (fortified manor house, very damaged, expoliated)

Romanesque architecture[edit]

  • Monestir de Sant Celdoni i Sant Ermenter de Cellers (monastery): with three crossing apses and a crypt, in Cellers
  • Església de Claret (church), 12th century (highly reformed)
  • Església de Sant Miquel (church): in Fontanet
  • Església de Santa Maria de Llanera (church): in Llanera (expoliated)
  • Església de Sant Salvador (church): in l'Aguda de Torà

Jewish legacy[edit]

  • Antic call jueu de Torà (the former Jewish quarter): in Torà's central nucleus
Location: Carrer Nou, with access through two portals: Portal Nou at Plaça del Pati (Courtyard's Square), and a portal at Plaça de l'Església (Church's Square)[3]

Other monumental buildings[edit]

  • Convent de Sant Anatoni de Pàdua (a convent devoted to Saint Anthony of Padua), built between 1697 to 1747
  • L'Hostal (hostal), still in use
  • Església de Santa Maria (church): in Vallferosa (expoliated)

Communications[edit]

Torà is along the county road C-1412. Coming from Balaguer, C-1313 towards La Seu d'Urgell until Ponts and then, the road C-1412 towards Calaf. Coming from Cervera, the national road N-141, then the local road LV-3003.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population of Torà
Year 1497 1515 1553 1717 1787 1857 1877 1887 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960
Population 140 92 196 914 1 255 1 969 1 567 1 499 1 303 1 309 1 294 1 567 1 534 1 511 1 442
Historical population of Torà
(Source: [4])
Year 1970 1981 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2009
Population 1 335 1 288 1 181 1 131 1 155 1 143 1 174 1 191 1 220 1 231 1 327 1 367

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]