Toray Industries

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Toray Industries, Inc.
Native name 東レ株式会社
Romanized name Tōre Kabushiki-gaisha
Type Public KK
Traded as TYO: 3402
OSE: 3402
NAG: 3402
TOPIX 100 Component
Nikkei 225 Component
Industry Chemicals
Textiles
Founded (January 1926 (1926-01))
Headquarters 5F, Nihonbashi Mitsui Tower 2-1-1, Nihonbashi-Muromachi, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 103-8666, Japan
Area served Worldwide
Key people Sadayuki Sakakibara, (Chairman)
Akihiro Nikkaku, (President)
Products
Revenue

Increase $ 17.86 billion (FY 2014)

(¥ 1,837 billion) (FY 2014)
Net income

Increase $ 579 million (FY 2014)

(¥ 59.6 billion) (FY 2014)
Employees 45,881 (consolidated, as of March 31, 2014)
Website Official website
Footnotes / references
[1][2][3]

Toray Industries, Inc. (東レ株式会社 Tōre Kabushiki-gaisha?) is a multinational corporation headquartered in Japan that specializes in industrial products centered on technologies in organic synthetic chemistry, polymer chemistry, and biochemistry.

Its founding business areas were fibers and textiles, as well as plastics and chemicals. The company has also diversified into areas such as pharmaceuticals, biotechnology and R&D, medical products, reverse osmosis bigmembranes, electronics, IT-products, housing and engineering, as well as advanced composite materials.

The company is listed on the first section of Tokyo Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the TOPIX 100[4] and Nikkei 225[5] stock market indices.

History[edit]

Toray Industries had been originally established as Toyo Rayon in 1926 by Mitsui Busan, one of the two largest Japanese trading companies (sogo shosha) of the time (the other being Mitsubishi Shoji). The fact that Mitsui did not allow the company to be named as a Mitsui company indicates their skepticism of the risk on the business. Risk arose from the fact that, when it was established, the company did not have the right technology to produce Rayon. It had approached Courtaulds and then Du Pont to buy the technology but, because the price was too high, it decided to buy equipment from a German engineering company and hire about twenty foreign engineers to start the operation.[6]

When Nylon was invented in 1935 by Wallace Carothers of DuPont, Toray immediately got hold of a sample product through the New York branch of Mitsui Busan, and started research by dissolving this sample in sulfuric acid. Because of the patent protection, the company had to make its own effort to synthesize polyamide and make fibre out of it. In 1941, just three years after Du Pont's announcement of nylon, Toray completed the basic research on nylon and started building a small plant to produce Nylon 6. The operation started in 1943 and the product was sold, mainly to make fishing nets.

In 1946, following the end of World War II, Du Pont requested an investigation by GHQ (the General Headquarters of Allied Powers) of Toray's infringement of Du Pont's nylon patents but GHQ found no evidence of infringement, certifying that Toray's nylon technology was its own.[6]

Toray is currently the world's largest producer of carbon fiber, and Japan's largest producer of synthetic fiber.[7] Its carbon fiber is extensively used in exterior components of the Boeing 787 airliner.[8]

Operations[edit]

In 2013, Toray acquired an approximately 13% stake in Spectral Diagnostics, a Canadian pharmaceutical company focused on sepsis.[9] In Sep-2014, Toray ventured into joint partnership with Textile manufacturing company Kusumgar from gujarat. The subsidiary is named as" Toray Kusumgar Advanced Textile Private Limited" . The company is expected to infuse FDI of INR 458,000,000 [10]

Recently, by developing a unique microarray technology utilizing “black resin substrate with uneven structures” (3D-Gene® technology[11]), Toray succeeded in increasing gene detection sensitivity of nucleic acids by about 100-fold making 3D-Gene® technology ideal for miRNA and mRNA profiling and biomarker discovery.[12]

Gallery[edit]

Nihonbashi Mitsui Tower, headquarters of Toray, in Chūō, Tokyo 
Nakanoshima Mitsui Building, Osaka head office of Toray, in Kita-ku, Osaka 
The company's plant in Saint-Maurice-de-Beynost, France 
A roof assembly for the SRT Viper from Toray made carbon fiber composite material 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Company Outline". Retrieved August 2, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Financial Results 2014". Retrieved August 2, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Company Board of Directors". Retrieved August 2, 2014. 
  4. ^ "TOPIX Large70 Components". Japan Exchange Group. Retrieved August 2, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Components:Nikkei Stock Average". Nikkei Inc. Retrieved August 2, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b Odagiri, Hiroyuki (1996). Technology and Industrial Development in Japan. Clarendon Press, Oxford. pp. 88, 127–128. ISBN 0-19-828802-6. 
  7. ^ "Toray planning 50%-plus boost in carbon fiber capacity". Nikkei Asian Review (Nikkei Inc.). December 18, 2013. Retrieved August 2, 2014. 
  8. ^ Suga, Masumi (November 20, 2007). "Boeing, Toray in Talks to Expand $6 Billion 787 Deal (Update5)". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved August 2, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Toray takes $5M Stake in Spectral Diagnostics". Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News (paper). April 1, 2013. p. 12. 
  10. ^ http://allcompanieslist.com/Industry/Textiles-Apparels/TORAY-KUSUMGAR-ADVANCED-TEXTILE-PRIVATE-LIMITED
  11. ^ "'TORAY' Innovation by chemistry - 3D-Gene® technology". 3d-gene. 
  12. ^ "tebu-bio Adopts Toray's 3D-Gene Platform for miRNA and mRNA Arrays Services". PRLog. September 18, 2014. Retrieved September 20, 2014. 

External links[edit]