Torbert Macdonald

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Torbert Macdonald
Torbert Macdonald.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 7th district
In office
January 3, 1963 – May 21, 1976
Preceded by Thomas J. Lane
Succeeded by Edward Markey
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 8th district
In office
January 3, 1955 – January 3, 1963
Preceded by Angier L. Goodwin
Succeeded by Tip O'Neill
Personal details
Born (1917-06-06)June 6, 1917
Everett, Massachusetts
Died May 21, 1976(1976-05-21) (aged 58)
Bethesda, Maryland
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Phyllis Brooks
Children Torbert H. Macdonald, Jr.; Laurie Macdonald; Brian Macdonald; Robin Macdonald
Alma mater Harvard University,B.A., 1940; Harvard Law School, LL.B., 1946
Profession Attorney
Military service
Nickname(s) Torby, The Needle
Service/branch United States Navy
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Silver Star
Purple Heart
Presidential Citation
Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal
American Campaign Medal
World War II Victory Medal

Torbert Hart Macdonald (June 6, 1917 - May 21, 1976), nicknamed Torby, was a politician from Massachusetts. He served as a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives.

Macdonald was born in Everett, Massachusetts in 1917 and grew up in Malden, Massachusetts. After several years in public school, he entered Phillips Academy in Andover. Macdonald attended Harvard University, where he was captain of the football team and the roommate of John F. Kennedy. They remained close friends throughout their lives, with Macdonald serving as an usher at then-Senator Kennedy's wedding and as an honorary pallbearer at President Kennedy's funeral. At Harvard, Macdonald earned his B.A. in 1940 and his LL.B. in 1946 from its law school.

Macdonald served in the United States Navy as a PT boat commander in the Southwest Pacific theater from 1942 to 1944 and was awarded the Silver Star Combat Award, Purple Heart and Presidential Citation. He was admitted to the bar in 1946 and commenced the practice of law in Boston, Massachusetts as a partner in the firm of Stoneman, Macdonald & Chandler. Macdonald was a member of the National Labor Relations Board for the New England area from 1948 to 1952, and he was a delegate to the Democratic National Conventions in 1960, 1964, and 1968.

Macdonald was elected as a Democrat to the Eighty-fourth Congress in 1954. During his career, he served as Majority Whip, and as ranking Democrat on the House Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce. He was often referred to as the "Father of Public Broadcasting", since he was one of the legislators primarily responsible for Public Broadcasting Act of 1967. He was also responsible for the "sports blackout bill" which provides for the broadcast of local sold -out sporting contests. Another focus was his effort to reform campaign broadcasting practices, addressing his concern that competent candidates were being priced out of the process, and others were buying their way in. While recognized as an active legislator, he was also justly noted for his high level of service to individual constituents and their problems. His sharp wit and sense of humor garnered him among his Congressional colleagues the nickname "The Needle". He was reelected ten times, and died in office on May 21, 1976, in Bethesda, Maryland.

He was married to the actress Phyllis Brooks from 1945 until his death. They had four children, the eldest of whom was President Kennedy's godson.

Macdonald was interred in Holy Cross Cemetery in Malden, Massachusetts.

References[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Angier L. Goodwin
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 8th congressional district

January 3, 1955 – January 3, 1963
Succeeded by
Ed Markey] (district moved)
Preceded by
Thomas J. Lane (district moved)
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 7th congressional district

January 3, 1963 – May 21, 1976
Succeeded by
Edward Markey