|Full name||Torino Football Club S.p.A|
|Nickname(s)||il Toro (The Bull),
i Granata (The Maroons)
|Founded||3 December 1906
, as Foot-Ball Club Torino|
1 September 2005, as Torino Football Club
|Head Coach||Giampiero Ventura|
|2013–14||Serie A, 7th|
|Website||Club home page|
Among the most successful clubs in Italy, Torino have won the league title seven times. Between 1942 and 1949, the club won five successive league titles, tying the all-time record, as well as becoming the first Italian club to win the double. The club has also won the Coppa Italia five times, the last of which was in the 1992–93 season, and the Mitropa Cup, won in 1991. On the international stage, Torino were finalists in the UEFA Cup in 1991–92.
In the perpetual ranking of Serie A, which takes into account all the football teams that have played in the top flight at least once, Torino occupies 8th place, having participated in 70 of the 82 editions held.
Founded as "Foot-Ball Club Torino" on 3 December 1906, it was renamed Associazione Calcio Torino in the 1936–37 season. In the 1977–78 season, the club took the name Torino Calcio which was preserved until the club was declared bankrupt at the end of the 2004–05 season. The new club, regained the rights and the title of the old association, continuing as Torino Football Club.
- 1 History
- 1.1 The foundation (1887–1906)
- 1.2 From first steps to the Great War (1906–1915)
- 1.3 The longest match (1919–1939)
- 1.4 The Grande Torino (1939–1949)
- 1.5 The Pianelli era (1949–1970)
- 1.6 Seventh league title (1970–1980)
- 1.7 Venture in Europe (1980–1992)
- 1.8 The hard years (1992–2005)
- 1.9 Rebirth after bankruptcy (2005–)
- 2 Players
- 3 Staff
- 4 Honours
- 5 Stadium
- 6 Supporters and rivalries
- 7 Kit and badge
- 8 Club records and statistics
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
The foundation (1887–1906)
In the city of Turin the game of football arrived at the end of the nineteenth century, first introduced by the industrial Swiss and English. By 1887 Football & Cricket Club - the oldest Italian football club - had already been founded in the in the capital of Piedmont, followed in 1889 by Nobili Torino. In 1891 the two clubs merged to form Internazionale Torino, after which Football Club Torinese was then founded in 1894.
The new game quickly supplanted the popularity of pallapugno, leading to the foundation of the football sections of the sports club Ginnastica Torino and Juventus. On 8 May 1898 Internazionale Torino, Football Club Torinese and Ginnastica Torino, along with Genoa as part of the International Exhibition for the fiftieth anniversary of the Statuto Albertino, on the field of the Velodrome Umberto I of Turin gave birth to the first Italian Football Championship, won by the Genoese.
In 1900, Football Club Torinese absorbed Internazionale Torino, but the real turning point for the club arrived on 3 December 1906: at the Voigt brewery (now bar Norman) of Via Pietro Micca, when an alliance was formed with a group of Juventus dissidents, led by the Swiss financier Alfred Dick, who disagreed with the professionalism of Juventus. The meeting at the brewery was scheduled at nine o'clock in the evening with 23 people present, namely: Alfred Dick, Giovanni Secondi, Fritz Bollinger, Eugenio De Fernex, Giuseppe Varetto, Enrico Debernardi, Arthur Rodgers, Federico Ferrari-Orsi, Fritz Roth, Carlo Pletscher, Carlo Dick, Hans Kaempfer, Oreste Mazzia, Paul Boerner, Ugo Muetzell, Robert Depenheuer, Alfredo Jaquet, C. Bart, O. Quint, I. Michel, I. Faelmdrich, A. Boulaz and Walter Streule. Franz Schoenbrod, the president, was absent, with the cashier, Luigi Custer, randomly seated in his elected seat. While not intervening, Giacomo Zuffi, Gian Luigi Delleani, Vittorio Morelli di Popolo, Ademaro Biano, Ettore Ghiglione, Vittorio Berrà and Vittorio Pozzo had given their support to the club. Through the merger of Football Club Torinese and the aforementioned group of dissidents "Foot-Ball Club Torino" was born.
From first steps to the Great War (1906–1915)
The first official match was played on 16 December 1906, in Vercelli, against Pro Vercelli, finishing 3–1 for the granata, in name but not in fact, as Torino wore the yellow and black kit inherited from Football Club Torinese. The historic photo of that first meeting portrays a boy destined to play an important role in the history of Italian football: Vittorio Pozzo.
The first derby was instead played in the new year, dated 13 January 1907: at the Velodrome Umberto I, the "Bull" defeated Juventus 2–1, then successfully replicated with a larger margin of 4–1 a month later, gaining the right to enter the final round, placing 2nd behind A.C. Milan. Torino's home ground would be, until 1910, the aforementioned Velodrome Umberto I.
Torino did not participate in the 1908 Championship as a new rule passed that year limiting the use of foreign players. The club instead played in two popular "minor" tournaments: the coveted "Palla Dapples" (a silver trophy in the shape of a regulation football), won against Pro Vercelli; and an international tournament organised by La Stampa, which took place in Turin that year, lost in the final to Swiss side Servette FC.
In 1912 Vittorio Pozzo joined the technical staff: with him in 1914, Torino participated in a tour of South America, winning six games in as many games against teams of the calibre of the Argentine national team and Brazil's Corinthians.
In 1915 Torino were denied their first real championship attempt by the outbreak of World War I. With one match left to play, Torino (2nd) were two points behind leaders Genoa. In the final game of the championship (that was never played) Torino would have had the opportunity to play the Genoese head-on after defeating them in the first leg 6–1.
At that time, albeit in different years, four different siblings played for Torino, the Mossos: which at the time was a custom quite widespread.
The longest match (1919–1939)
After the war the league resumed in October 1919. Like other teams, Torino lost many of its players during the war. The recovery was muted when Torino squad came 3rd in the Piedmont group, behind Pro Vercelli and Juventus. Even in 1920–21, there was not a single league, but a series of regional groups. Torino finished the semi-final round of northern Italy on par with Legnano. The match against Legnano seems to be the longest official match ever played in Italy: at the end of regular time the result was 1–1; two extra times of 30 minutes each then followed, at the end of which it was still a draw. The referee decided to play a third extra time, but after 8 minutes the teams decided not to continue. The championship that year was won by Pro Vercelli who beat Pisa in the final.
In the early twenties the Martin brothers, four of them, like the Mossos, began to play for Torino. Martin II was the most talented, appearing in 359 matches for Torino. In a match against Brescia on 9 November 1924, for the first and only time, all four of the Martin brothers (Pietro, Cesare, Dario and Edmondo) played together. On 7 April 1922 Vittorio Pozzo resigned from Torino for family and professional reasons, replaced by Francesco Mosso.
In 1924 Count Marone Cinzano was elected to the presidency of Torino, who brought the first success to the club. In the summer of 1925, Cinzano brought the Argentine Julio Libonatti to Torino (the first foreign native to represent the Italian national team) and Adolfo Baloncieri. That year Torino came 2nd in their group behind Bologna, but Libonatti and Baloncieri immediately proved their worth: scoring 38 of the team’s 67 goals. The following year Gino Rossetti arrived from Spezia for a fee 25,000 lira. Rossetti, together with Libonatti and Baloncieri, gave birth to the famous "trio of wonders", enriched by the clever tactics of coach Tony Cargnelli.
1926–27 saw the inauguration of the Stadio Filadelfia: the event was celebrated on 17 October 1926 with a 4–0 victory over Fortitudo Roma. Headed by Imre Schoffer, Torino won their first Scudetto on 10 July 1927, defeating Bologna 5–0. However, the title was later revoked on 3 November 1927 for the alleged bribery of a Torino doctor and Juventus player, Luigi Allemandi, during a derby on 5 June 1927 which Torino won 2–1. It was already the end of the season when the Milanese newspaper "Lo Sport" published the news of this case of fraud in favour of Torino. The story was taken from the "Tifone" of Rome, and was expanded by a journalist who lived in the same hotel as Allemandi. The championship was revoked and Allemandi was banned for life. The Italian title in 1927 remained unassigned, although Allemandi was pardoned and served only one year of suspension.
The following year Torino were reconfirmed Champions of Italy. After cancellation of their prior Scudetto, the team responded well under the captaincy of Baloncieri, a natural leader; some of the scorelines became historic, such as 11–0 wins over Brescia and Napoli and a 14–0 over Reggiana, all at Filadelfia. The “Trio of Wonders” scored 89 goals between them. The long-awaited tricolor, which Torino won on the 22 July 1928 with a 2–2 draw against A.C. Milan, was celebrated with a tour of South America. Soon after, the Count Marone Cinzano’s resigned; he had been too badly shaken by the charge that had led to the cancellation of the title in 1927.
In the early thirties Torino saw a succession of numerous presidents after Cinzano’s departure: Ferrari, Vastapane, Gervasio, Mossetto, Silvestri and Cuniberti. It was a period of instability that was reflected by the team’s mediocre positions in the league: 7th in 1930–31, 8th in 1931–32, 7th in 1932–33, 12th in 1933–34 and 14th, a step away from Serie B in 1934–35. Meanwhile, teams in Italy began to develop youth divisions; in honour of Adolfo Baloncieri, Torino dedicated their youth sector to him: the Balon boys. From here emerged the likes of Raf Vallone, Federico Allasio, Giacinto Ellena and Cesare Gallea.
It was not until 1935–36 the club began its revival: Torino fought for the title until the middle of the second round, even though it was Bologna who eventually won the championship, one point ahead of Roma. However, Torino were consolidated by their first victory of the Coppa Italia, a tournament which began that year. Here, Torino overwhelmed Reggiana 2–0, Catania 8–2 (six goals by Buscaglia) Livorno 4–2 and Fiorentina 2–0. The final against Alessandria saw Torino prevail 5–1.
In the 1936–37 Torino was renamed "Associazione Calcio Torino" due to the Italian fascist regime which did not tolerate the presence of foreign words at the time. Torino closed the 1937–38 season in a lowly 9th place. Some satisfaction came from the Coppa Italia, where Torino were only beaten in the final. In 1938–39 Torino finished in 2nd place, behind a strong Bologna who were victorious by four points. Torino's Technical Director was the Hungarian Egri Erbstein, the coach was Mario Sperone. The Balon Boys continued to supply players to the main team, such as the three midfielders who went down in history as the midfield of the "six L’s”: Allasio, Gallea and Ellena.
In 1939–40, Torino finished 5th place. However, it would see the important arrival of the president Ferruccio Novo. A turning point for Torino, Novo provided financial support to the club and his skill as a careful administrator. With help of the valuable contributions from Janni, Ellena and Sperone, Novo was able to build a team known as the "Grande Torino".
The Grande Torino (1939–1949)
In 1940–41 Torino finished 7th with the help of Austrian coach Tony Cargnelli. Franco Ossola immediately showed his worth as Torino’s top scorer with 15 goals in 22 games. In the summer of 1941 Ferruccio Novo bought Menti II from Fiorentina, Ferraris II from Inter Milan, as well as three players from Juventus, including: Felice Borel and Guglielmo Gabetto, known as "The Baron". In 1941–42 Torino headed by Andrea Kutik finished 2nd, three points behind Roma, boasting the the best attack in the league, scoring 60 goals.
For the 1942–43 season Novo acquired Ezio Loik and Valentino Mazzola from Venezia. The technical direction of the team was handed to Antonio Janni, who replaced Kutik. The season began with two defeats, however, in the third round Torino won the derby 5–2. The season was a battle for the Scudetto between Torino and Livorno, only resolved on the final day with a decisive goal by Mazzola against Bari. This was Torino's first championship in 15 years. That season, Torino also won the Coppa Italia with an unprecedented record: 5 wins out of 5 games against Anconitana, Atalanta, A.C. Milan, Roma and Venezia; with 20 goals and 0 against. Torino were the first Italian side to ever win a "double".
In 1944, Italy, now ravaged by war, was broken in two by the Gothic line. To avoid the risk of call to arms, many teams collaborated with the most important industries of the country. The Torino of Novo collaborated with Fiat, giving rise to "Torino Fiat". Mazzola and others, for the sake of appearance, were factory workers. Photos of the time portray them operating machine tools. An unofficial championship was played in the Italian Social Republic, in which Torino came finished runners-up to Spezia. In 1945 the Serie A returned, with Italy was still broken in two. Fierce fighting along the Gothic line in the Winter of 1944 had destroyed the lines of communication on the Apennine, making it very difficult to move between the Po Valley and the Italian Peninsula. Under these conditions, the tournament was not played in a single round for the first time since 1929.
Torino triumphed in the group stage and then went on to win the championship, earning a victory over Juventus on the penultimate day. In the final match, Torino scored nine goals against Livorno while their “white and black” cousins did not go past a draw with Napoli. This was President Novo’s second victorious championship, the third in the history of Torino.
Even more resounding was the success the following year. Midway through the season, the league was still open, but by the second half Mazzola and his teammates achieved a 16-match unbeaten run and were once again awarded the title. The attack that year scored 104 goals, nearly three per game on average, with Mazzola winning the Capocannoniere.
In 1947–48 Torino set many records throughout the season: top score in the standings, achieving 65 points in 40 games; the maximum advantage over 2nd place, 16 points over A.C. Milan, Juventus and Triestina; biggest home win, 10-0 against Alessandria; a total of 29 wins out of 40 games; the longest unbeaten run of 21, with 17 wins and 4 draws; the most number of points at home, winning 19 games out of 20 at Stadio Filadelfia; the highest number of goals scored, 125; and fewest goals against, 33.
After numerous friendlies, the championship of 1948–49 began in mid-September with a Torino essentially identical to that of the previous championships; there was only Franco Ossola solidly in place of Pietro Ferraris, who at age 36, moved to Novara. Torino relied on the new English coach Leslie Lievesley and beginning with a derby won 3–0 in the second half of the season, Torino would accumulate a six point advantage over 2nd place Inter Milan. After two draws, Torino played the Milanese in Milan on 30 April 1949, ending 0–0. Approaching a fifth consecutive title (the record was equaled), Torino travelled to Portugal to play in a friendly against S.L. Benfica. On 3 May 1949, at the Estádio Nacional in Lisbon, in front of a crowd of forty thousand spectators, Torino fielded the final formation of the Grande Torino with Bacigalupo, A. Ballarin, Martelli, Grezar, Rigamonti, Castigliano, Menti, Loik, Gabetto, Mazzola and Ossola. The match ended 4–3 in favour of Benfica.
After returning from Lisbon, on 4 May 1949, the three-engined Fiat G.212. of Aviolinee Italiane found a thick fog that enveloped Turin and the surrounding hills. At 17:05, off course due to the lack of visibility, the aircraft crashed into the supporting wall of the Basilica of Superga. The impact caused the instantaneous death of all the thirty-one people on board, including players, coaching staff, journalists and crew. For the reputation of the team, the tragedy was well covered in the world press, as well as in Italy. The day of the funeral almost a million people took to the streets of Turin.
The Pianelli era (1949–1970)
The club's restart after this grave tragedy was very difficult. Ferruccio Novo, still president, used the youth team to prepare a dignified Torino for the 1949–50 season. Benjamin Santos, the Argentine midfielder, the Swedes Åke Hjalmarsson and Pär Bengtsson, Riccardo Carapellese and the goalkeeper Giuseppe Moro also arrived. Sauro Tomà and Luigi Giuliano, from the youth ranks, still played in the team. Torino finished in 6th place, with a fantastic Santos scoring 27 goals. The following year marked the beginning of a troubled period for Torino; only surviving on the penultimate day. Torino once again fought against relegation the following year, only securing the longed-for salvation in the last match with a 0–0 draw at home against Udinese.
1952 saw the arrival of a player who proved to be very important for the following years: the German Horst Buhtz. In 1952–53, with 31 points in 34 matches, Torino finished 10th with Jesse Carver as coach and Buhtz captain. The following year, Torino finished 9th place with 33 points, with Ussello as coach, Jesse Carver as technical director and Buhtz top-scorer with 11 goals. A negative period followed, with the abandonment of Novo, who was first replaced by a committee and then by Teresio Guglielmone. Over the next two years, 1954–55 and 1955–56, Torino came 9th. In 1956, Guglielmone left the presidency to Mario Rubatto and Buhtz left the team, but Armano, Ricagni, Arce, Tacchi and Jeppson came through, enabling the club to finish 5th. Rubatto took his team to play at the Stadio Comunale and signed a contract with the Talmone chocolate company with club renamed "Talmone Torino". With this name, despite the arrival of the goalkeeper Lido Vieri, the club ended the 1958–59 season in 17th place with 23 points. It was Torino's first relegation to Serie B. In 1959 Luigi Morando became president, immediately bringing Torino back to Serie A (1959–60) and eliminated “Talmone” from the team’s name. The following year (1960–61), Torino came 7th, before finishing 12th, 7th, 10th and 7th the following years.
In 1963, Orfeo Pianelli came to presidency, replacing Angelo Filippone. Nereo Rocco was instated coach, while Giorgio Puia and the great Gigi Meroni, the “Granata butterfly” also arrived. Rocco led Torino to the finals of Coppa Italia in 1963 and 1964. In 1964–65, Torino got the best placement of the post-Superga era: 3rd behind Inter Milan and A.C. Milan with 44 points. Even in the Cup Winners' Cup Torino did well, reaching the semifinals where they were eliminated by TSV 1860 München. Over the next two seasons Torino settled for 10th and 7th place. In 1967, Torino lost the Coppa Italia final against Roma (0–0 and return match 1–0).
The 1967–68 season opened with a change of coach: Edmondo Fabbri replaced Nereo Rocco, criticised by fans for his overly defensive game. That year another tragedy befell Torino: Gigi Meroni’s death. On 15 October 1967, Meroni was run over and killed by a car in Corso Re Umberto in Turin after Torino’s victory over Sampdoria at the Stadio Comunale. A week later, Meroni’s teammates won the derby 4–0 against Juventus, filled with anger and despair. The player Alberto Carelli, wearing Meroni's number seven shirt scored in the second half. Torino closed the season in 7th place, but triumphed in the Coppa Italia, defeating A.C. Milan, Inter Milan and Bologna.
The 1968–69 season ended with Torino finishing in 6th place, however, the team was growing from the contributions of Rosario Rampanti, Aldo Agroppi and Paolo Pulici, who scored his first goal in Serie A on 6 April 1969 against Inter Milan. The reconstruction of a winning team, first launched by Pianelli, continued with the addition of another Coppa Italia in 1970–71, Torino's fourth. In the final Torino defeated A.C. Milan on penalties with Luciano Castellini able to parry two penalty kicks by Gianni Rivera.
Seventh league title (1970–1980)
In 1971–72, the coach was Gustavo Giagnoni that finished 3rd in Serie A, just one point away from the Scudetto. There was then a lull in the championship: Toro ended the 1972–73 season in 6th place, with Pulici as league top-scorer for the first time with 17 goals. In the 1973–74 season, Ciccio Graziani also began to play in Serie A, and by the end of the year had scored 6 goals. The team, led by Mondino Fabbri, finished the season in 5th place. The following year, again with Fabbri as coach, Torino finished in 6th place with 34 points at the end of the season. The 1975–76 season opened with a change of coach: Luigi Radice was brought in to coach a very strong team, enriched by the arrival of Vittorio Caporale, Eraldo Pecci and Patrizio Sala. An exciting season, marked by the "goal twins", Graziani and Pulici, helped by the "goal poet" Claudio Sala, followed. Torino won the championship with 45 points, two ahead of Juventus. The title came as the result of a comeback against the bianconeri, who in the spring had been 5 points ahead of Torino. But three straight losses for the “white and black stripes”, the second of which was the derby, allowed Torino to overtake. The last day, with Torino one point ahead and, until then, always victorious at home, ended in a draw with Cesena and the defeat of Juventus in Perugia.
It was the seventh title, celebrated by seventy thousand fans delighted by the title, won 27 years after the Superga tragedy. Pulici won the league top scorer award, ranking with 21 goals, followed by Graziani, with 15 goals. The team was: Castellini, Santin, Salvadori, Patrizio Sala, Mozzini, Caporale, Claudio Sala, Pecci, Graziani, Zaccarelli and Pulici.
After immense joy came another great sorrow: on the 8 November 1976, Giorgio Ferrini, captain for over a decade, died, the victim of two consecutive bleedings to the brain. "Captain Ferrini", the great midfielder, had abandoned competitive activity in 1974–75 after playing for the Torino team in 16 consecutive championships, playing a total of 566 matches and scoring 53 goals.
The duel with Juventus was repeated the following year. The 1976–77 season saw Torino in great shape once again, finishing the championship with 50 points, but it was not enough to become Italian champions. Juventus finished with 51 points. Pulici and Graziani scored 21 and 16 goals respectively. Torino were eliminated in the second round of the European Cup by Borussia Mönchengladbach after a 1–2 defeat at the Comunale and 0–0 draw in Germany (playing 8 against 11, with Graziani as goalkeeper).
In 1977–78, Torino came 2nd again, equaling Paolo Rossi’s Vicenza on points, behind Juventus. This led to the 1980s with two less-successful championships, some aging players, many transfers (Castellini, Mozzini, Santin) and Ercole Rabitti as coach instead of Radice. In 1978–79, the club finished in 5th place, while in the 1979–80 season, they came 4th, with a bitter taste in their mouths after the Coppa Italia final against Roma lost on penalties.
Venture in Europe (1980–1992)
In 1980–81 foreign players returned to Serie A. Torino purchased the Dutch Michel van de Korput from Feyenoord. Ercole Rabitti and then Romano Cazzaniga managed an unexciting Torino, that started strong but performed poorly in the second half of the season, failing to score a single goal in seven games. In the same year Torino lost the Coppa Italia final against Roma on penalties again.
The 1981–82 season saw the painful farewell of Pecci and Graziani. The team was headed by Massimo Giacomini, who drew liberally from Torino’s youth team, fielding 9-10 home-grown players. At the end of the season, Torino finished 8th and reached another Coppa Italia final, losing again, this time to Inter Milan (1–0 defeat at the San Siro and a 1–1 draw at the Stadio Comunale). After protests, president Orfeo Pianelli also left and was replaced by Sergio Rossi, who created a whole new team (Paolo Pulici also left the team, going to Udinese after 134 league goals with the maroon shirt). Selvaggi, Hernández, Galbiati, Corradini and Torrisi joined the team. The support of the fans returned and subscriptions doubled. The 1982–83 season ended with the team finishing 8th. In the return derby, Torino recovered from 0–2 down to 3–2, scoring three goals (Dossena, Bonesso and Torrisi) in three and a half minutes.
The team only managed 5th place in 1983–84, which was marked by the purchase of Walter Schachner by Sergio Rossi. The following year, Luigi Radice returned as coach and made a great purchase: the Brazilian Júnior, a true leader of the midfield. Torino had a great championship in 1984–85, coming 2nd behind Verona, with Serena and Schachner in attack and Júnior, Zaccarelli and Dossena in the midfield. There was another close contest in the derby, with Serena scoring the winning goal in the 90th minute. The team was not at its best in 1985–86, but still managed 5th place. In the UEFA Cup, after beating Panathinaikos, Torino could not overcome Hajduk Split. In 1986–87, Radice recalled Roberto Cravero from loan at Cesena, and brought up Gianluigi Lentini and Diego Fuser, two bright talents from the youth team who also played for the national team. With Fabrizio Lorieri as goalkeeper and the Dutch striker Kieft, Torino finished 11th.
The 1987–88 season opened with the departure of Sergio Rossi, replaced by Mario Gerbi. Dossena, Zaccarelli and Júnior also left, while Toni Polster arrived as a striker, starting with an excellent season. It was the Torino of Roberto Cravero, Massimo Crippa, Antonio Comi and Antonio Sabato: a good team, which finished 7th in the league. The Coppa Italia final against Sampdoria ended in defeat.
In 1988–89, the purchases of Müller, Edu and Škoro caused the expectation of a great Torino. Instead, the club was relegated to Serie B. Radice was criticised from the beginning, being replaced in December by Claudio Sala, but the team did not change. The overseas players did not play well, and the team slipped further and further down in the standings. Sala was replaced by Sergio Vatta for the last five matches but there was nothing to do, and Torino returned to Serie B 30 years after the first relegation. In March 1989, Torino was bought by Gian Mauro Borsano who built a team that returned to Serie A. Fascetti was the coach, and the team included Luca Marchegiani, Roberto Policano, Francesco Romano, Müller and Cravero. In May 1990, with a 3–0 victory over Messina, Torino returned to Serie A and said goodbye to the old Stadio Comunale: from the next season, matches would be played at the Stadio Delle Alpi.
In the 1990–91 season, the team, led by Emiliano Mondonico and with players likes Martin Vazquez and Luca Fusi, finished the season in 5th place, a result that qualified Torino for the UEFA Cup. They also won the Mitropa Cup, beating Pisa 2–1 after extra time. Júnior returned to play in the final. In the 1991–92, the enthusiastic fans signed over 26,000 subscriptions. The five star attack of Gianluigi Lentini, Enzo Scifo, Walter Casagrande, Martin Vazquez and Giorgio Bresciani led to 3rd place in Serie A, as well as a place in the UEFA Cup in 1992. On 15 April 1992, at the Delle Alpi stadium, Torino overturned the 1–2 result from Santiago Bernabeu and eliminated Real Madrid with an emphatic 2–0, achieving the right to participate in the final against Ajax. The match against the Dutch team finished 2–2 after the first leg in Turin, but thanks to a 0–0 draw in Amsterdam (Torino hit the woodwork 3 times, one of which was in the 90th minute), the Cup was won by Ajax.
The hard years (1992–2005)
The beginning of the 1992–93 season was marked by huge financial problems that led the club to the brink of disaster. Torino were required to sell the team’s most valuable players: Roberto Cravero, Silvano Benedetti and fan favorite Gianluigi Lentini, the sale of whom sparked riots. Despite financial difficulty, Mondonico’s team finished in 9th place and achieved Torino’s fifth victory in the Coppa Italia. In the semifinals, Torino eliminated Juventus before defeating Roma at the Stadio Delle Alpi 3–0 during the first leg of the final. In the away tie, Roma were awarded three penalties with the match ending 5–2. The trophy’s winning team was composed of Luca Marchegiani, Pasquale Bruno, Roberto Mussi, Daniele Fortunato, Sandro Cois, Luca Fusi, Gianluca Sordo, Giorgio Venturin, Carlos Aguilera, Enzo Scifo and Andrea Silenzi.
President Borsano sold Torino at the end of the season and was replaced by Roberto Goveani. In 1993–94, Torino finished 8th in Serie A, with Silenzi scoring 17 goals. In the quarter-final of the Cup Winners' Cup, Torino were eliminated by Arsenal. In the spring of 1994 Gianmarco Calleri replaced Goveani. Mondonico was no longer coach, replaced by Rosario Rampanti, who was relieved after three days by Nedo Sonetti. Torino had a positive season, that began with the intent of merely avoiding relegation, but ended with an attempt for UEFA Cup qualification and success in both derbies: Ruggiero Rizzitelli scored four goals across both ties and 19 goals by the end of the season.
The 1994–95 season saw Sonetti’s place confirmed, along with Abedi Pelé, Jocelyn Angloma, to which Hakan Şükür and Mauro Milanese were also added. In December, after a 5–0 defeat in the derby, Sonetti was replaced by Franco Scoglio, who was in turn replaced by Lido Vieri. The season ended with Torino's third relegation after a 16th place finish and the beginning of one of the darkest periods of Torino history. Three seasons in Serie B followed: in 1996–97, the coach Sandreani had no big names in the team: Milanese, Rizzitelli, Angloma and Pelé all departed the club, with Torino finishing 9th. In early March, Calleri gave the club to a group of entrepreneurs led by Massimo Vidulich. The following year, the team was driven by Graeme Souness and then Edoardo Reja who led Torino to the final of the playoffs against Perugia. In the final played in Reggio Emilia, with only 10 men from the seventh minute onward, Torino lost on penalties after Tony Dorigo hit the woodwork. Promotion came only in 1998–99, with a team coached by Emiliano Mondonico. Torino closed the season in 2nd place behind Hellas Verona with Marco Ferrante Serie B top scorer with 27 goals.
Torino began the 1999–00 season with the aim of retaining its place in Serie A, but on 7 May 2000 lost a decisive match against Lecce 2–1 and retreated back to Serie B. The club was bought by Francesco Cimminelli who appointed Attilio Romero president. Luigi Simoni was instated coach, but the beginning of the season saw Torino risk being relegated to Serie C. Giancarlo Camolese, head of the youth team, was then appointed at the helm of team. With eight consecutive home wins and ten away wins, Torino managed to recover and ended 2000–01 in 1st place with 73 points.
In 2001–02 Torino achieved salvation in Serie A and qualified for the UEFA Intertoto Cup. The return to European competition came against Austrian side SC Bregenz, won 2–1 across both legs, before exiting in the third round to Spanish side Villarreal on penalties (3–4). That season, Torino suffered its worst performance in Serie A: finishing last after alternating 4 coaches (Camolese, Renzo Uliveri, Renato Zaccarelli and Giacomo Ferri). On 4 May 2003, in the aftermath of yet another relegation to Serie B, the identity of Torino Calcio was kept alive by its fans: unique in its history was a popular march (50,000 people, according to event organisers) of the capital of Piedmont that began from the remains of Stadio Filadelfia, passing the memorial of Luigi Meroni in Piazza San Carlo, to the Basilica of Superga.
The 2003–04 season saw the participation of over 24 teams (the highest ever) and ended in an anonymous 12th place with Ezio Rossi on the bench. In 2004-05, Torino, under the guidance of Zaccarelli finished 3rd, qualifying for the playoffs. On 26 June 2005 Torino celebrated its return to Serie A after defeating the nemesis of the 1998 playoffs, Perugia. However, the joy did not last long: heavy debts accumulated during past administrations (the last under Francesco Cimminelli) meant the club was denied entry to Serie A. Forced to await the outcome of appeals, it was revealed that Cimminelli had not paid a large part of the clubs taxes in five years and failed to deposit a guarantee to the FIGC by a deadline. The appeals were negative and after 40 long days "Torino Calcio" was declared definitively unsuitable for participation in Serie A. Inevitably, after 99 years of history, the bankruptcy of Torino Calcio was announced on 9 August 2005 and the club ceased to exist.
Rebirth after bankruptcy (2005–)
As a result of this dire situation, a new consortium of businessmen (headed by the lawyer Pierluigi Marengo) was responsible for the rebirth of a new professional entity known as "Società Civile Campo Torino" (taken from the old name of the Stadio Filadelfia). The consortium submitted an application for admission to the law Lodo Petrucci, which guaranteed registration to Serie B. A first economic proposal, however, was deemed insufficient by the FIGC. The consortium added the sponsorship of the municipal SMAT (the company that manages the water supply in Turin), thus completing the bureaucratic process. On 16 August 2005 the FIGC officially entrusted the new club with the titles of "Torino Calcio". The new club, restarting from scratch, acquired the burden of re-establishing the company structure, as well as players and the employees of the club. On 19 August 2005, in the bar Norman (once known as "Voigt brewery", origin of the club), during a press conference that was supposed to see the presentation of the new company structure, it was announced that the club would be sold to the publisher and advertiser Urbano Cairo, who just the day before had launched an offer to purchase the club. When everything seemed to be concluded, on August 22, Luke Giovannone, entrepreneur from Ceccano, that had contributed €180,000 to finance the Lodo Petrucci (which guaranteed him 51% of the shares of the new Torino), refused to sell. In an ongoing push-pull negotiation that involved the mayor of Turin, Sergio Chiamparino, Giovannone was prepared to sell on 24 August - but changed his mind, infuriating fans. Fleeing Turin, Giovannone was traced to a hotel in Moncalieri and besieged by Torino supporters. Refusing to mediate with the Mayor, Giovannone was escorted by the police and left the city.
On 26 August, at a shareholders meeting resolution of SCC Torino, capital was raised to €10 million. On 31 August, Giovannone yielded after a long negotiation process: with Cairo becoming the second president of the new Torino on 2 September. Cairo immediately called to the head of the team coach Gianni De Biasi and formed the first embryo of the football club. Torino was transformed from Srl to Spa, with Cairo pouring in €10 million for capital. The reunification to the "old" Torino was completed on 12 July 2006 when at a bankruptcy auction, Cairo purchased all the cups and memorabilia of the Grande Torino for €1,411,000, allowings fans and representatives of Torino to plan the celebrations for the Torino centenary. The team made its debut just 7 days after the signing of Cairo, reinforced by some late signings (some of whom were bought the night before). Torino debuted victoriously on 10 September 2005 against AlbinoLeffe, 1–0 with a goal from Enrico Fantini. The match would also highlight a young player taken from Parma, Alessandro Rosina. In short time, Torino, reinforced with further signings in the winter transfer period finished 3rd and qualified directly for the playoffs. Here, victories against Cesena (1–1 and 1–0) and Mantova (2–4 and 3–1 after extra time) marked the return of Torino to Serie A in 2006-07.
The return to the top flight was characterised by the arrivals of Christian Abbiati, Stefano Fiore and Simone Barone. Gianni De Biasi was sacked before the season began and replaced by Alberto Zaccheroni, who led Torino to a mid-table position halfway through the season. However, a six-game losing streak cost Zaccheroni his job and De Biasi was reinstated, who achieved salvation on the penultimate day of the season. The young Alessandro Rosina was Torino's top scorer that season. In 2007-08, Walter Novellino arrived on the bench, but was fired on 15 April 2008 following a series of negative results. With 5 remaining games, De Biasi was recalled, with Torino finishing 15th. Torino's leading scorer was once again Alessandro Rosina. The following season, despite many purchases (Rolando Bianchi, Blerim Dzemaili and Ignazio Abate) Torino performed poorly, with three different coaches (De Biasi, Novellino and, finally, Giancarlo Camolese) and failed to avoid relegation to Serie B.
Stefano Colantuono was appointed coach following relegation. After a brilliant start to the season, the second part saw a performance crisis that led to the arrival of Mario Beretta. However, the situation did not improve, and after the defeat to Cittadella, Beretta was sacked. In his place, Colantuono was recalled. Meanwhile, Cairo named Gianluca Petrachi, famous for his work at Pisa, the new sporting director at Torino. In a period of two weeks Petrachi almost re-establish the entire team, completing 10 outgoing and 12 incoming transfers. The new team amassed 42 points in the second half of the season. On 26 February 2010, Urbano Cairo announced that he had officially put the club up for sale. On 2 May 2010, through a letter to the fans, the chairman communicated that he would not participate in the annual Holy Mass at Superga in memory of the Grande Torino, something he had always done since beginning of his term. Torino finished in 5th place, qualifying for the playoffs. Here, Torino eliminated Sassuolo in the semi-finals (1–1 at home; 2–1 away) but lost in the final with the Brescia (0–0 at home; 2–1 away). The following season, Colantuono moved to Atalanta, with Franco Lerda named his replacement. He was relieved on 9 March 2011 to make way for Giuseppe Papadopulo, but on 20 March, after just 11 days, he was fired. Lerda returned and did not lose until the final day of the season, a 0–2 at home to Padova, thus remaining outside the playoff zone and the second tier for a third consecutive year.
On 6 June 2011 Torino officially announced Giampiero Ventura as new head coach ahead of the 2011–12 season with an annual contract. After a long season, Torino achieved direct promotion, finishing 2nd, with one game left to play, defeating Modena 2–0. Torino finished on equal points with Pescara, but 2nd by virtue of goal difference. The following season in the top flight, Torino mathematically attained salvation, thus confirmed their stay in Serie A on 12 May 2013, thanks to a 1–1 draw with Chievo Verona. The 2013–14 season marked a sharp reversal for Torino, who finished 7th in Serie A. The protagonists of the positive year were Ciro Immobile and Alessio Cerci, who became the most prolific striking-partnership in Serie A. With 22 goals, Immobile won the Capocannoniere award for league top scorer, which a Torino player had not achieved since Francesco Graziani in 1977–78. In the final game of the season, Cerci missed a crucial penalty in a 2–2 draw against Fiorentina, that would have saw the club qualify directly for the 2014–15 UEFA Europa League, finishing one point behind Parma. However, Parma were denied entry into the 2014–15 Europa League, due to an unpaid tax bill, with Torino promoted into the competition at their expense. This marked Torino's return to European competition after a twelve season absence.
First team squad
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Youth team squad
- The following are players who have been transferred to another team with Torino retaining the right of participation (i.e. 50% of the patrimonial rights) to their contracts. For further information, see: Co-ownership.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
|Head coach||Giampiero Ventura|
|Assistant coach||Salvatore Sullo|
|Team Manager||Giacomo Ferri|
|Fitness coaches||Alessandro Innocenti|
- Champions (3): 1959–60, 1989–90, 2000–01
- Runners-up (1): 2011–12
- Champions (5): 1935–36, 1942–43, 1967–68, 1970–71, 1992–93
- Runners-up (8): 1937–38, 1962–63, 1963–64, 1969–70, 1979–80, 1980–81, 1981–82, 1987–88
- Runners-up (1): 1993
- Runners-up (1): 1991–92
- Winners (1): 1990–91
- Amsterdam Tournament:
- Runners-up (1): 1987
|Stadio Olimpico di Torino|
|Location||Via Filadelfia 96/b,
10134 Turin, Italy
|Owner||Municipality of Turin|
|Capacity||28 140 seated|
|Opened||14 May 1933|
|Construction cost||€ 30,000,000 (2006)|
|Architect||Raffaello Fagnoni (1932)|
|Torino (1958–1990, 2006-present), Juventus (1934–1990, 2006-2011)|
Torino's stadium is the 28,140 seat Stadio Olimpico. Constructed in the thirties, it was previously known as the Stadio Municipale "Benito Mussolini" and the Stadio Comunale "Vittorio Pozzo". Torino initially moved to the stadium in 1958, however the move was short-lived due to superstition following the club's first relegation in history that season. Popularly known as the Comunale, the move was completed in 1963 and was the site of all Torino home games until 1990. It holds the distinction as being the site of Torino's last championship in 1975–76. In 2006, the stadium was renovated and renamed the Stadio Olimpico on the occasion of the 2006 Winter Olympics, with a capacity of 28,140 (38,000 less than the original Comunale) in accordance with modern safety standards.
Prior to the Comunale, Torino led somewhat of a nomadic existence. On 13 January 1907, Torino played its first official match at the Stadio Velodrome Umberto. On 9 January 1910, the club began using the Piazza d'armi where there were numerous fields; the Lato Ferrovia and from 26 February 1911 the Lato Crocetta. In the 1913 season, Torino transferred to the Stradale Stupinigi. With the outbreak of the First World War it was converted for military purposes. From 11 October 1925 and for the duration of the 1925–26 season Torino played its home games at the Motovelodromo di Corso Casale while awaiting transfer to the Stadio Filadelfia. Today, the Motovelodromo has been restored and dedicated to Fausto Coppi, where it holds American football meetings.
The Stadio Filadelfia is the ground inextricably linked to the deeds of the Grande Torino. Located in Via Filadelfia in Turin, the ground first opened on 17 October 1926 in a 4–0 victory over Fortitudo Roma in the presence of Umberto II and 15,000 spectators. It hosted all of Torino's home games until the 1962–63 season and was the site of six of their seven Scudetti (not counting the one revoked in 1927). In this stadium, Torino remained unbeaten for six years, 100 consecutive matches from 17 January 1943 to the Superga tragedy, including the 10–0 defeat of Alessandria (still a record in Serie A).
On 27 May 1990, the Comunale was abandoned in favour of the Stadio delle Alpi, a stadium with a capacity of 70,000 seated purposely built for the 1990 FIFA World Cup. The stadium cost an estimated €200 million to build and was paid for by the city of Turin and the Italian National Olympic Committee; that in return demanded it be fitted with athletics tracks. The result was a "soulless" stadium that spectators hated. Design flaws reduced visibility and left fans exposed to the elements. The ground was shared with Juventus and abandoned in 2006.
Supporters and rivalries
Torino have retired the number 12 shirt, which usually occurs after a player has left the team or retired, assigning it definitively to the "Curva Maratona", symbolically giving its fans the role of the twelfth man on the pitch.
Fans of Torino are "twinned" with the supporters of Fiorentina. The link between the two sides was born in the early seventies to a shared anti-Juventus sentiment and the proximity of the club viola since the times of Superga. Torino supporters are also on good terms with the Curva Nord of Alessandria and Curva Sud of Nocerina.
A friendship between Sport Club Corinthians Paulista and Torino dates back to 1914: that year, Torino became the first Italian club to tour South America to participate in a tournament, disputing 6 friendly matches, 2 of which were against the Corinthians. Despite the results on the field, the two clubs - both popular at home - cultivated and maintained a friendship. In 1949, when the Grande Torino perished in the plane crash of Superga, the Corinthians paid tribute their Italian friends in a friendly match against Portuguesa, when the 11 players took to the field in the granata kit. In the 2010–11 season, Corinthians wore a third jersey that was maroon with "1949" on the back in memory of the Grande Torino.
The Argentines of Club Atlético River Plate are historically twinned with Torino since the time of the tragedy of Superga. In the period following the disaster, the Argentine club particularly close to the Italian club, organised a friendly and fundraiser to help the devastated team. On 26 May 1949, River flew to Turin for charity friendly match organized by the FIGC, together with a selection of the most prominent Italian players of the era, gathered under the name of "Torino Symbol". As testimony today of this link between the two clubs, on several occasions the away kit of River was maroon (the last time in the 2005–06 season), while similarly Torino have sported several variations of an away kit with a diagonal band, in homage to River's home kit.
The rivalry with Juventus is the most heartfelt, with the two teams giving life to the so-called Derby della Mole. As of 23 February 2014, 229 matches have been played (of which 188 are related to official competitions). Overall, the official tally of the matches see Juventus lead 79 wins to 55, with 54 draws; 273 goals scored by Juventus, 232 from the Torino. The first derby was played in Turin in 1907 and ended with the victory of Torino, 2–1; the most recent meeting, however, was the second leg of the 2013–14 Serie A, which ended with a 1–0 home win for the Bianconeri.
Kit and badge
The first uniform of "Foot Ball Club Torino", used only a few days after the club's foundation - in the first game in its history - against Pro Vercelli, was a yellow and black striped jersey previously worn by Internazionale Torino and Football Club Torinese.
Later, given the need to adopt a definitive color for the new club, the founders opted for granata, an Italian word for a shade of red (Maroon). The most accepted story is that it was adopted in honour of the Duke of the Abruzzi and the House of Savoy, which, after the victorious liberation of Turin from the French in 1706, adopted a blood-colored handkerchief in honour of a messenger killed bringing the news of victory. Other reconstructions, considered less reliable, speak of a tribute to the founder Alfredo Dick, who was a fan of the Genevan team Servette FC, or even the color born from a washing accident, a story repeated with many other club's kits.
Since then, the traditional Torino home kit is composed of a of a maroon shirt with white shorts (sometimes also maroon) and black socks with maroon cuffs; However, in recent times, it is not unusual to see the team take to the field with maroon socks as well, permanently adopting a complete maroon kit. Away, the colors are usually inverted with a white shirt and maroon shorts, although these are also sometimes white. Since 1953, a cyclically recurring away shirt has been white with a maroon diagonal band: this is an homage to Club Atlético River Plate, the Argentine club which has close historical ties to Torino since the tragedy of Superga. During 2007–08, Torino unveiled a third kit with yellow and black stripes, referring to the ones used by Football Club Torinese; one of the first football clubs in Turin and considered the historical progenitor of Torino.
The Torino club badge has always featured a rampant bull, the symbol of the city of Turin. The current badge was adopted in the 2005–06 season; the first after the bankruptcy of Torino Calcio. The "1906" on the left side of the shield was later added to recall the founding year of the historic "Foot-Ball Club Torino".
In the 1980s, the Torino badge was square in shape with a stylised bull and the words "Torino Calcio". This badge is still very much loved by the fans, and in 2013 it was voted by the readers of Guerin Sportivo the most beautiful club logo of all time. From 1990 until the bankruptcy, the badge in use recalled the one used at the time of the Grande Torino, with the important difference that the right side of the oval crossed the letter "T" and "C" (initials of "Torino Calcio") instead of the letters "A", "C" and "T" (initials of "Associazione Calcio Torino").
Kit manufacturers and shirt sponsors
Club records and statistics
Giorgio Ferrini holds the club's official appearance record, playing for Torino in 566 matches from 1959 to 1975. Paolo Pulici holds the record for most goals scored for Torino with 172 official goals in 437 appearances. He also holds the distinction of being the only Torino player to have won the Capocannoniere more than once: 1972–1973, 1974–1975 and 1975–1976.
In 1928–29 Gino Rossetti set the all-time Italian football record for most goals scored in a single season (36). This record still stands today. Torino teammate Julio Libonatti narrowly missed the record in 1927–28 with 35 goals.
Luigi Radice is the club's longest serving coach between two different spells 1975–1980 and 1984–1989. He also holds the distinction of being the only Torino coach to win the Serie A since Superga.
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