Torino F.C.

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Torino
Torino FC Logo.svg
Full name Torino Football Club S.p.A
Nickname(s) Il Toro (The Bull),
I Granata (The Maroons)
Founded 3 December 1906; 107 years ago (3 December 1906), as Foot-Ball Club Torino
1 September 2005, as Torino Football Club[1][2]
Ground Stadio Olimpico
Piazzale Grande Torino
Turin
Ground Capacity 28,140[3]
Chairman Urbano Cairo
Head Coach Giampiero Ventura
League Serie A
2013–14 Serie A, 7th
Website Club home page
Current season

Torino Football Club (Italian pronunciation: [tɔˈrinɔ]), commonly referred to as simply Torino or Toro, is a professional Italian football club based in Turin, Piedmont, that plays in Serie A.

Among the most successful clubs in Italy, Torino have won the league title seven times. Between 1942 and 1949, the club won five successive league titles, tying the all-time record, as well as becoming the first Italian club to win the double. The club has also won the Coppa Italia five times, the last of which was in the 1992–93 season, and the Mitropa Cup, won in 1991. On the international stage, Torino were finalists in the UEFA Cup in 1991–92.

In the perpetual ranking of Serie A, which takes into account all the football teams that have played in the top flight at least once, Torino occupies 8th place, having participated in 70 of the 82 editions held.

Founded as "Football Club Torino" on 3 December 1906, it was renamed Associazione Calcio Torino in the 1936–37 season. In the 1977–78 season, the club took the name Torino Calcio which was preserved until the club was declared bankrupt at the end of the 2004–05 season. The new club, regained the rights and the title of the old association, continuing as Torino Football Club.

History[edit]

From first steps to the Great War[edit]

Torino players pose for a photograph dating back to 1906

Torino was founded as Foot-Ball Club Torino on 3 December 1906 at the Voigt brewery (today, bar Norman) in Via Pietro Micca Turin by the Swiss Alfredo Dick. Disenchanted by the professionalism of Juventus, Dick led a group of dissidents away from his former club and forged an alliance with another group of players from Football Club Torinese (one of the oldest clubs in Italian football). The meeting at the brewery was scheduled for 9 o'clock in the evening with 23 people present, mostly foreigners.[4] The founders chose to play in different colours, opting in the end for granata (maroon, or dark claret red).

The first match was played on 16 December 1906 at Vercelli against Pro Vercelli, won 3–1. Without uniform, Torino were forced to play the first match in the yellow-and-black jerseys inherited from Football Club Torinese. The historic photo of that first meeting portrays a young boy destined to play an important role in the history of Italian football, Vittorio Pozzo.

The first official match (contested in the league) was also the first Turin derby, played against perennial rivals Juventus on 30 January 1907. Torino won, 2–1. During the match, Alfredo Dick was locked into the dressing room by his rivals and had to be given updates verbally. In the qualifications for the final round of 1907, Torino defeated Juventus 4–1 away to advance to the finals of the Italian Football Championship, finishing 2nd to A.C. Milan.

In 1908 Torino withdrew from the league as a controversial new rule was passed limiting the number of foreign players a team could field. Instead, the club participated in two 'minor' tournaments: the Palla Dapples (a silver trophy in the shape of a regulation football, won 5–2 against Vercelli) and the Torneo Internazionale Stampa Sportiva (2nd to Swiss side Servette FC).[5] In 1909, Torino returned to the league, but also participated in the Sir Thomas Lipton Trophy, in which a Turin XI composed of Juventus and Torino players competed but did not make it to the final.[6]

In 1912, Vittorio Pozzo joined the technical staff. With him, Torino became the first European club to tour South America, winning six games against teams of the calibre of the Argentine national team and Brazil's Corinthians. Four different brothers would play for Torino in this period: Eugenio, Francisco, Benito and Julio (the Mosso brothers), although at different times.

During 1914–15, Torino were denied their first real championship attempt by the outbreak of World War I. With one match left to play, Torino (2nd), were two points behind leaders Genoa. In the last game Torino would have had the opportunity to play the Genoese who were beaten in the first leg 6–1.

The longest match[edit]

The Torino formation that toured Argentina in 1929, playing 3 matches with local teams

In 1920–21 there was still no single round. In Northern Italy, the winners of the regional rounds were grouped into a semi-final round; the teams that classified first thus created direct matches to face the winners of the Southern group. Torino finished its semi-final round on par with Legnano, thus a playoff was necessary.

The match ended 1–1 in normal time and the regulations of the time provided additional time "to the very end". Two extra time periods followed, 30 minutes each, after which the result was still a draw. The game went to a third overtime, but after an additional 8 minutes of play, the teams mutually agreed to forfeit and shook hands. They also refused a rematch. The early twenties also saw the rise of the "Martin brothers", like the Mosso brothers before, also in four. The strongest of which is Martin II, who made 355 league appearances for Torino.[7]

In the mid-twenties, Torino experienced its first successful period under the presidency of count Enrico Marone-Cinzano, who built around Campo Torino the first of what would later become the Stadio Filadelfia. Cinzano bought top-class players, to form a very competitive team, which in attack boasted the "Trio delle meraviglie - The trio of wonders" composed of Adolfo Baloncieri, Julio Libonatti and Gino Rossetti. Under his leadership, Torino won its first Championship in 1928, repeating the league title of the year before, that was revoked due to corruption on the part of a Torino official and Juventus player during a derby.[8][9]

Based on the findings, a Torino official (Doctor Nani) approached Juventus defender Luigi Allemandi at his home in Turin and bribed Allemandi half of the agreed sum (50 thousand lira). Torino won 2–1, however, contrary to the agreement, Allemandi distinguished himself as one of the best players on the field. For this reason, Nani refused to pay the remaining 25 thousand lire to the player. The argument was overheard, which led to the scandal being exposed and the championship unassigned.[8][9]

The Torino formation that won the third edition of the reborn Coppa Italia in 1935–36.

Beginning with the abandonment of the count and the rise of Juventus, Torino began a slow decline in the early thirties that led to a number of mid-table finishes. However, in 1935, Torino began a revival that would lay the basis for the golden age that followed represented by the Grande Torino. That year, Torino finished 3rd behind Bologna and A.S. Roma, but also won its first Coppa Italia. In 1936–37, the club changed its name to Associazione Calcio Torino due to the country's fascist regime (that did not tolerate the presence of foreign words) at the time.

In 1939, industrialist Ferruccio Novo assumed presidency of Torino. Novo was not a patron, but a careful administrator: he played for Torino in his youth, but was not a great player ("I was a duffer," he would say, smiling). He would continue to follow Torino, first as an enthusiastic fan, then as a socio-financer and adviser before he began a factory of leather accessories with his brother. Following the advice of Vittorio Pozzo, he made management more similar to the models of English clubs, then cutting-edge. Novo's first "hit", with hindsight, was to purchase a talented eighteen year old Franco Ossola for 55 thousand lire. The following year, Ossola showed his value scoring 14 goals in 22 appearances, but the team as a whole did not change standing.

The turning point came in 1941 when Giacinto Ellena and Roberto Copernico suggested that Novo apply the "sistema" to Torino, a new tactic at the time. The team of 1941–42, which now included Pietro Ferraris, Romeo Menti and Guglielmo Gabetto, narrowly lost the race for the title, with three games remaining against the Venezia of Loik and Mazzola.

Grande Torino[edit]

The Invincibles of Grande Torino winners of 5 consecutive Serie A titles and the holders of some of the most important records in the history of Italian football

The Grande Torino was the historical period of Torino in the forties when the club were five times champions of Italy, the backbone of the Italian national team and tragically ended 4 May 1949 in the Superga air disaster. Although it commonly identifies the team that perished in the disaster, is used to define the entire sports cycle, which lasted eight years, and led to the achievement of numerous Italian football records.

In 1941–42, Torino finished 2nd. In the third last match of the season, Torino suffered a defeat to the Venezia of Valentino Mazzola and Ezio Loik that would effectively end their hopes of winning a second Scudetto. The first, a playmaker, the second a winger; both already staples of the national team of Vittorio Pozzo. The Torino president Novo sensed they were the missing pieces of his unbeatable team and went directly to the locker room after the defeat to deal with the purchase of both. Together, they cost 1.4 million lira, along with two other players. At the start of 1942–43, the Hungarian coach András Kuttik had a team at his disposition that included top-notch players: expert goalkeepers Alfredo Bodoira and Filippo Cavalli, experienced defenders Osvaldo Ferrini and Giacinto Ellena and the quality of Sergio Piacentini, midfield veteran Fioravante Baldi, with the new Loik and Mazzola; forwards Romeo Menti and Pietro Ferraris, not forgetting Guglielmo Gabetto and Ossola. On paper, Torino were the team to beat, but a poor start led to a duel for the championship with surprise Livorno. Torino won the championship on the final day of the season with a goal from Mazzola against Bari. That year, Torino also managed to win the Coppa Italia against the "terrible" Venezia of the year before; becoming the first Italian side to ever win a "double" with goals from Mazzola, Ferraris II and a brace from Gabetto (4–0).

In 1944, Italy, now ravaged by war, was broken in two by the Gothic line. To avoid the risk of call to arms, many teams collaborated with the most important industries of the country - passing off players as indispensable to the national production of the defence industry. The Torino of Novo collaborated with Torinese car maker Fiat, giving rise to "Torino Fiat". In fact, Mazzola and others, for the sake of appearance, were laborers for the Agnelli family; photos of the time even portray them operating machine tools. In the unofficial championship of war, Torino won the Northern group, beating Genoa and Biella 7–1, Alessandria 7–0, Novara 8–2 and Juventus 5–0. Torino advanced to a semi-final round, where they were grouped with Juventus, Inter Milan and Varese; winning the group, they qualified for a final round with Venezia and Spezia to be played in Milan. Torino eventually lost the tournament, complicated by a friendly with the Italian national team (organised for propaganda purposes), two days before the encounter with Spezia. Novo rejected the proposal of the Federation to postpone the match with the Luguri, who never left Milan. The tournament was not recognised by the Federation, having only been played in the Italian Social Republic.

In 1945 the Serie A returned. Italy was still broken in two. Fierce fighting along the Gothic line in the Winter of 1944 had destroyed the lines of communication on the Apennine, making it very difficult to move between the Po Valley and the Italian Peninsula. Under these conditions, the tournament was not played in a single round for the first time since 1929. Torino begun the championship with the tricolore on their shirts with the technician Luigi Ferrero in charge of the team. The backline was reinforced by Aldo Ballarin, Virgilio Maroso and Valerio Bacigalupo and the midfield by Mario Rigamonti.[10] The first match - a defeat in the derby, was decided by a Silvio Piola penalty. In the next two games, Torino scored 11 goals without conceding against Genoa and Ginnastica Sampierdarenese, beginning a run in their group that saw them break numerous records. Torino would defeat Juventus in the return derby with a goal from Castigliano and close the round with a three point advantage over Inter Milan. In the final round, Torino famously defeated A.S. Roma 7–0 in Rome.;[10] Napoli 7–1 and Pro Livorno 9–1. On the penultimate day of the tournament, another Piola penalty had given Juventus a two point advantage over Torino, however a goal from Gabetto on the return engaged the Bianconeri at the top. On the final day, Torino put nine goals past Livorno while Juventus did not go beyond a draw with Napoli; securing Torino's second consecutive championship (not considering the interruption of the war).

By 1946 Serie A returned to a single round. Torino had not made substantial changes to its lineup, but strengthened the park of players with the return of Romeo Menti and Danilo Martelli from Brescia. Still coached by Ferrero, the team started slow, only conquering the head of the table on the thirteenth day of the championship. On the eighth day, 10 November 1946, Bologna arrived at the Filadelfia unbeaten in seven matches and the goalkeeper Glauco Vanz had still not conceding a goal the entire tournament. After only a few minutes, Giuseppe Grezar missed a penalty and Torino closed Bologna in their half of the pitch. At the twentieth minute, Eusebio Castigliano scored from the edge of the box and Torino went on to win 4–0. In the locker room, Bologna's president Renato Dall'Ara shouted to his team: "Are you mad, do not you know that Torino's midfielders also score?"

Following a defeat to Alessandria, Torino lost the championship lead. Along with a home draw against Modena two weeks later, it was the last time Torino lost points before the end of the tournament. From the twenty first day, Torino only gradually strengthened their position and ended up winning the tournament with a ten point advantage over Juventus. Among the other successes, came five goals against Inter Milan, Atalanta; and six to Genoa, Vicenza, and A.C. Milan. Overall, Torino scored 104 goals and conceded 35,[10] with midfielder Valentino Mazzola Serie A top scorer with 29 goals. In May 1947, Vittorio Pozzo fielded 10 Torino players for the Italian national team (excluding only goalkeeper Valerio Bacigalupo) for an international match against Hungary. Italy won 3–2 with a brace from Gabetto and a goal from Loik.

The 1947–48 Serie A was the longest season in the history of Italian football, played by 21 teams. Torino was now coached by the pair of Mario Sperone and Roberto Coperinco. The technician Ernest Erbstein also returned to the team. The summer had also seen the acquisitions of full back Sauro Tomà and Romanian striker Josef Fabian. After a defeat in the second day at Bari, the team won 6–0 at Lucchese and 7–0 on the field at Rome. In this particular season Torino broke all records; some games make history such as the 10–0 at Alessandria, or 5–0 at Fiorentina on New Year's Day. There was a 7–1 at U.S. Salernitana 1919 and a 5–0 against Inter Milan that saw all five of Torino's attackers score. In particular, after a 0–3 deficit against Lazio, the team was able to overturn the result in half an hour with a brace from Castigliano, a goal from Gabetto and a goal from captain Valentino Mazzola. After a first leg defeat against AC Milan - Torino won the championship over the Rossoneri with a sixteen point advantage; 29 wins from 40 matches and 125 goals scored.[11] On the final day of the championship, Torino departed for a tour of South America.

After numerous friendlies, the championship of 1948–49 began in mid-September, with a Torino essentially identical to that of the previous championships; there was only Franco Ossola solidly in place of Pietro Ferraris that, at age 36, moved to Novara. Midfielder Rubens Fadini arrived from Gallaratese; Dino Ballarin (the younger brother of Aldo) a goalkeeper; the Hungarian-Czechoslova Július Schubert, Piero Operto, Émile Bongiorni and Roger Grava. Torino had begun the championship after a long tour of Brazil where it played the likes of Palmeiras, Corinthians, São Paulo and Portuguesa, losing only once. The Serie A was now reduced to twenty teams, with the Englishman Leslie Lievesley Torino's coach and Ernest Erbstein technical director.

In the season, there's injuries Virgilio Maroso, Eusebio Castigliano, Romeo Menti and Sauro Tomà. Torino occasionally lost first place, then recapture it. They finish the first half of the season in first place on par with Genoa, from which they suffered a third defeat of the season 3–0. Torino matured in the second half, beginning with a derby won 3–0 with Juventus. The lead in the standings increases, so that Torino comes to accumulate up to a six point advantage over Inter in second place. Then, after two draws, brought Inter four points from Torino on 30 April 1949 in Milan which ended 0–0, thus approaching the conquest of the fifth championship title in a row (the record was equaled). The team travelled to Portugal to play a friendly against Benfica.

The formation of the last game of the Grande Torino

Torino departed directly from Milan the next day. The defender Sauro Toma, stuck in Turin with an injury, and a disappointed Renato Gandolfi had been told that they would not go. Novo along with Roberto Copernico remained in Turin. On 3 May 1949, at the Estádio Nacional in Lisbon, in front of a crowd of forty thousand spectators, Torino fielded the final formation of the Grande Torino with Bacigalupo, A. Ballarin, Martelli, Grezar, Rigamonti, Castigliano, Menti, Loik, Gabetto, Mazzola and Ossola. The match ended 4–3 in favour of Benfica.

After returning from Lisbon, 4 May 1949, the three-engined Fiat 212 G. of Aviolinee Italiane found a thick fog that enveloped Turin and the surrounding hills. At 17:05, off course due to the lack of visibility, the aircraft crashed into the supporting wall of the Basilica of Superga. The impact caused the instantaneous death of all the thirty-one people on board, including players, coaching staff, journalists and crew. For the reputation of the team, the tragedy was well covered in the world press, as well as in Italy. The day of the funeral almost a million people took to the streets of Turin to give a final farewell to the champions.

Torino was forced to play the youth team in the last four games, and the opponents did the same in turn. Torino won the 1948–49 championship.

From relegation to the championship[edit]

The president Orfeo Pianelli, protagonist of the Torino rebirth in the sixties and seventies, celebrates the team winning the Coppa Italia in 1970–71

Difficult years followed in the aftermath of this grave tragedy. Miraculously, the club finished 6th in 1949–50 before facing an inconsistent and unsure decade and in 1953, Ferruccio Novo resigned from presidency. In 1958–59, Torino, under its fifth new ownership (now under the name Talmone Torino) relegated for the first time. The stay was brief, with Torino returning to Serie A in 1960–61. On 20 February 1963 Orfeo Pianelli assumed presidency of Torino.[12][13] Already by 1963–64, Nereo Rocco led Torino to a 3rd place finish and the finals of Coppa Italia for two years straight.

To help the team's return to glory Luigi Meroni arrived from Genoa in 1964. An agile winger, Meroni - nicknamed 'La farfalla Granata - The Granata butterfly' was famous for his dazzling dribbles and would become an icon for the fans of Torino. Tragically, the parable of Torino and Meroni ended on 15 October 1967 when he was struck and killed by a car after crossing a street in Corso Re Umberto I after a match against Sampdoria. The driver was Attilio Romero, who would become Torino president between 2000-2005.[14] The reconstruction of a winning team, launched by Pianelli, continued with the addition of a Coppa Italia in 1967–68 and again in 1970–71.

In 1971–72, Gustavo Giagnoni took Torino within a point of its first championship title since the Superga tragedy. This team already contained players such as Luciano Castellini, Claudio Sala, Roberto Mozzini and Paolo Pulici.

Francesco Graziani and Paolo Pulici: Torino attacking duo and Champions of Italy 1975–76

In 1975–76, Luigi Radice led Torino to its seventh Serie A championship at the end of a thrilling comeback for the title against rivals Juventus. Over the Spring, the Juventus led by Carlo Parola had come to have a five point advantage over Torino. However, a three game losing streak, the second of which was in the Turin derby, allowed Torino to overtake Juventus in the league standings. On the final day of the championship, Torino held a one point advantage and until then, were always victorious at home. Torino played Cesena, but the match did not go beyond a draw; however, Juventus would go on to lose at Perugia thus securing Torino's first championship since 1949. Paolo Pulici was league top scorer.

On 8 November 1976 Giorgio Ferrini died at the age of 37 due to an aneurysm only a few months after his retirement as a player. Ferrini was captain of the side for over a decade and made a record breaking 566 appearances for Torino. He is considered one of the symbols of Torino and a key figure of the reconstruction that took place following Superga. In 1976–77, Torino enjoyed an even stronger campaign; taking 50 of the 60 points on offer - with the best attack and defence in Serie A. The title was once again contested with Juventus, who won the title at the end of the championship by one point. Francesco Graziani was the league top scorer.[15]

In 1977–78, Torino finished tied for 2nd, but more detached from first place, before finishing 5th in 1978–79 after a season complicated by a Paolo Pulici injury and head coach Luigi Radice's absence. In 1979–80, Ercole Rabitti brought Torino to a 3rd place finish and the finals of Coppa Italia against A.S. Roma (lost on penalties). While remaining one of top teams, Torino began a slow decline and was not be able to repeat these results, with the exception of a second place in the 1984–85 championship, behind Verona.

Venture in Europe[edit]

The Brazilian Júnior, symbol of Torino in the mid-eighties

At the end of the 1988–89 Torino relegated to Serie B for the second time in its history. The year in the cadets seemed to regenerate the team, which, after a rapid ascension in 1989–90, lived an exciting period in Serie A. Under the guidance of coach Emiliano Mondonico, Torino qualified for the UEFA Cup in 1990–91, finishing ahead of rivals Juventus who, surprisingly, remained outside of Europe for the first time in twenty-eight years. The venture in the UEFA Cup during 1991–92 was almost unstoppable: Torino reached the finals after eliminating among others, Real Madrid. The final with Ajax appeared almost haunted: after a 2–2 draw in the first leg in Turin, it ended 0–0 in Amsterdam, with Torino hitting the crossbar three times and an alleged penalty denied; infuriating the coach Mondonico, who vented by raising his chair to the sky, an image that would become etched in the history of Torino. That season, Torino finished 3rd place in Serie A, remaining unbeaten at home. Then, on 4 June 1991, Torino won the Mitropa Cup - the first international title of the club. Eighties club icon Júnior returned to play in the final.[16][17]

The appointment with a cup victory was only postponed for a year: with a fifth Coppa Italia won in the 1992–93 season against Roma. This would also be another closely contested final: after a 3–0 victory at home for Torino that seemed to close contention, in the second leg the giallorossi almost prevailed 5–2, with 3 penalty kicks awarded by the referee. By virtue of the away goals rule, in the event of a tie, Torino won the cup in the same manner in which Ajax had done the previous year.

The squad of the newly promoted Torino of Emiliano Mondonico in 1990–91, winner of the Mitropa Cup, the first international title of the club

After the conquest of the Coppa Italia, the club experienced a period of serious economic difficulties. On the verge of bankruptcy, the club was saved by Gianmarco Calleri, former president of Lazio, who dismantled the team. Changing coaches, results continued to worsen and by 1995, with a derby lost 5–0, the team relegated for a third time. In 1997–98, Torino lost the playoffs on penalties to Perugia (3–5). Torino secured promotion in 1998–99 after finishing second, due in part to striker Marco Ferrante who was league top-scorer with 27 goals.

The rebirth after bankruptcy[edit]

Even this illusion of glory would prove brief. Already at the end of the 1999–00 Torino returned to the second tier. Promotion, however, was once again achieved the following season, finishing 1st in the cadets despite a very difficult start that saw the exemption of Luigi Simoni, replaced by Giancarlo Camolese. In the 2001–02 season Torino achieved salvation and also qualified for the UEFA Intertoto Cup tournament. In 2002–03, Torino beat Austrian side SC Bregenz 2–1 across two legs, a 1–0 win and a 1–1 draw in Austria, then exited in the third round against Spanish side Villarreal, on penalty kicks 3–4, after a comprehensive 2–2 and 2–0 comeback win. In Serie A, Torino finished last, suffering its worst season in history; alternating 4 coaches (Camolese, Ulivieri, Zaccarelli and Giacomo Ferri). The identity of Torino Calcio was kept alive by its fans: unique in the history, was a popular march (50,000 people according to the organizers) that on 4 May 2003, in the aftermath of yet another relegation to Serie B, marched the streets of the capital of Piedmont, starting from the remains of the Stadio Filadelfia, passing the memorial plaque of Luigi Meroni in Piazza San Carlo, leading to the memorial of the Grande Torino of Superga.[18]

The 2003–04 championship, which saw the participation of over 24 teams, the highest ever, ended with an anonymous 12th place with Ezio Rossi on the bench. In 2004-05, Torino, under the guidance of Zaccarelli (who replaced Rossi), finished 3rd and eliminated Ascoli in the playoffs. On 26 June 2005, Torino celebrated the return to Serie A, against the nemesis of the 1998 playoff Perugia. But the joy did not last long: the heavy debts that the club had accumulated during the past administrations (the last under Cimminelli) led to the club being denied entry to Serie A, forcing Torino to await the outcome of appeals at the court of sports justice and administration. It was revealed that Francesco Cimminelli had not paid a large part of the clubs taxes in 5 years and failed to deposit a guarantee to the Italian Football Federation by the deadline. The appeals were negative and after 40 long and grueling days "Torino Calcio" was declared definitively unsuitable for participation in the league. Inevitably, after ninety-nine years of history the bankruptcy of Torino Calcio was announced on 9 August 2005 and the club ceased to exist.[19]

Roberto Muzzi, protagonist of the return to the top flight of 2005–06 after the bankruptcy of Torino Calcio

As a result of the dire situation, a new consortium of businessmen headed by the lawyer Pierluigi Marengo (among them: Sergio Rodda, Manlio Collino, Mark Supper, John Bellino, Alex Carrera), but with limited financial resources, was responsible for the rebirth of a new professional entity known as: Società Civile Campo Torino (taken from the old name of the Stadio Filadelfia). The consortium submitted an application for admission to the law Lodo Petrucci, which guaranteed registration to Serie B, so as to avoid having to start over from Serie C. A first economic proposal, however, was deemed insufficient by the FIGC; the consortium then added the sponsorship of the municipal SMAT (the company that manages the water supply in Turin), thus completing the bureaucratic process.

On 16 August 2005 the Federation officially entrusted the new company with the titles of Torino Calcio: The new company, restarting from scratch, then acquired the burden of re-establishing the whole company structure, as well as the players and the employees of the club. On 19 August, in the bar Norman (once known as Voigt brewery, origin of the club), during the press conference that was supposed to see the presentation of the new company structure, saw the creation of Torino Football Club Srl and announcement that the club would be sold to the publisher and advertiser Urbano Cairo, who the day before had launched an offer to purchase.

When everything seems to be concluded for the transition to a wealthy entrepreneur, on August 22, Luke Giovannone, an entrepreneur from Lazio, Ceccano, that had contributed €180,000 to finance the Lodo Petrucci, which guaranteed him 51% of the shares of the new Torino, refused to sell. In an ongoing push-pull negotiation that also involved the mayor of Turin Sergio Chiamparino: on 24 August Giovannone was prepared to sell, but then changed his mind (infuriating the fans, who had already proclaimed Urbano Cairo the new president), fled the city and became unavailable. Traced in a hotel in Moncalieri, he was besieged by fans, refused to mediate with the Mayor and escorted by the police to leave the city. On 26 August, at a shareholders' meeting resolution of SCC Torino, capital was raised to €10 million. On 31 August 2005, Giovannone yielded after a long and exhausting negotiation process and on 2 September 2005, Cairo became the second president in the history of the new Torino (after the lawyer Marengo). Cairo immediately called to the head of the team coach Gianni De Biasi and formed the first embryo of the club: sporting director Fabrizio Salvatori (formerly Perugia), Secretary General Maximus Ienca (formerly Genoa), responsible communication, the young Alberto Barrel. Cairo also transformed the company from Srl to Spa, pouring in €10 million for capital.

The reunification to the "old" Torino was completed on 12 July 2006 when at a bankruptcy auction Cairo purchased all the cups and memorabilia of the Grande Torino for €1,411,000, allowings fans and representatives of Torino to plan the celebrations for the Torino centenary.

The team made its debut just seven days after the signing of Cairo, reinforced by some late signings (some of whom were bought the night before) plus the players inherited from the group of lawyers and with the new coach Gianni De Biasi, debuted victoriously against AlbinoLeffe, 1–0 with a goal from Enrico Fantini, a player who would prove to be important in the early part of the season and made several decisive goals. It also highlighted a young player taken from Parma: Alessandro Rosina. In short time, Torino, with further signings in the winter transfer period finished in 3rd place and qualified directly for the playoffs; here, victories against Cesena (1–1 and 1–0) and Mantova (2–4 and 3–1 after extra time), marked the return of Torino to Serie A.

The return to the top flight for the 2006-07 Serie A was characterised by the arrivals of Christian Abbiati, Stefano Fiore and Simone Barone. Gianni De Biasi was sacked even before the season began and replaced by Alberto Zaccheroni; the team would end up settling in mid-table at the end of the first half. In the second half of the season, however, a six-game losing streak cost the coach Zaccheroni his place. De Biasi returned and managed to bring Torino to salvation with a day in advance. The young Alessandro Rosina was the leading scorer with 9 goals. The 2007-2008 season saw the arrival on the bench of Walter Novellino, who led the team until 15 April 15, 2008, when, following a series of negative results (6 defeats and one victory in seven matches) was sacked. With five remaining fixtures, De Biasi was recalled and led the team to a 15th place finish. The leading scorer was once again Alessandro Rosina, always with 9 goals. The following season, despite many purchases (such as Rolando Bianchi, Blerim Dzemaili and Ignazio Abate) the team was extremely troubled, with three coaches (Gianni De Biasi, Walter Novellino and, finally, Giancarlo Camolese) taking turns on the bench, failing to avoid third to last place and relegation to Serie B. Seasonally, the top scorer was Rolando Bianchi, with 10 goals total (9 in the league and one in Coppa Italia 2008-09).

Following relegation, Torino fired Camolese and hired Stefano Colantuono. After a brilliant start to the season, the second part of the season saw a performance crisis of results that led to the exemption of the new coach Colantuono and the arrival of Mario Beretta. However, the situation did not improve, and after the defeat to Citadella, Beretta was sacked: in his place Colantuono was recalled. Meanwhile, Cairo named Gianluca Petrachi, famous for his work at Pisa, as the new sporting director at Torino. Petrachi had to re-establish the entire team almost completely in a period of two weeks. In this short period he completed 10 outgoing and 12 incoming operations, bringing in a mix of young and old players, but almost always unknown. The strong group amassed 42 points in the second half of the season. The week after the return of Colantuono, Torino recorded a victory 4–1 at Grosseto. On 26 February 2010 the president Urbano Cairo announced that he had officially put up for sale Torino. On 2 May 2010, through a letter to the fans, the chairman communicated that he would not participate in the Holy Mass at Superga in memory of the fallen on 4 May, something he had always done since beginning of his term. Torino closed the league in 5th place, qualifying the team for the playoffs. Here Torino eliminated Sassuolo in the semi-finals (1–1 at home and 2-1 away) but lost in the final with the Brescia (0-0 at home and 2-1 away). For the following season, after the transfer of Colantuono to Atalanta, Franco Lerda was on the bench. He was relieved on 9 March 2011, to make way for Giuseppe Papadopulo but on March 20, after eleven days, he was fired. Lerda returned and did not lose until the final day of the season, until a loss at home to Padova (0-2) thus remaining outside the playoff zone and for a third consecutive year in the second tier.

On 6 June 2011 Torino officially announced Giampiero Ventura as new head coach ahead of the 2011–12 season with an annual contract. After a long season, Torino achieved promotion, with one game left to play, beating Modena 2–0. Torino closed the season on equal points with Pescara, but in second place by virtue of goal difference. In the following season in the top flight, Torino mathematically attained salvation and therefore confirmed their stay in Serie A on 12 May 2013, thanks to a 1–1 draw at Chievo Verona. The 2013–14 season marked a sharp reversal for Torino, finishing 7th place and qualifying for the 2014–15 UEFA Europa League after a twelve season absence from European competition;[20] the protagonists of the positive year were Ciro Immobile and Alessio Cerci, who became the most prolific striking-partnership in Serie A. With 22 goals, Immobile was the league top scorer which a Torino player has not achieved since Francesco Graziani in 1977–78.[21][22]

Club badge and colours[edit]

The Torino away shirt that pays homage to Club Atlético River Plate

Torino is represented by the colour maroon. It is often stated that the Swiss Alfredo Dick was a fan of Servette FC, the Genevan team which also wore maroon. It, however, also seems plausible that it was adopted in honour of the Duke of the Abruzzi and the House of Savoy, which, after the victorious liberation of Turin from the French in 1706, had adopted a blood-coloured handkerchief in honour of a messenger killed bringing the news of victory.[23] Another theory is that it was adopted from the maroon shirts of Sheffield FC, one of the world's oldest football club, also initially adopted by Internazionale Torino.[24] In Italian, maroon translates to "granata", one of the clubs common nicknames.[25]

The traditional Torino home kit consists of a maroon shirt with white shorts and black socks.[26] Away from home, the colours are usually inverted with a white shirt and maroon shorts (sometimes also white).[27] Since 1953, a cyclically recurring away shirt has been white with a maroon diagonal band: this is a homage to Club Atlético River Plate, the Argentine club which has close historical ties to Torino.[28][29][30]

During 2007–08, Torino unveiled a third kit with yellow-and-black stripes, referring to the ones used by Football Club Torinese; one of the first football clubs in Turin and considered the historical progenitor of Torino.[31]

Historically, the Torino emblem has always featured a rampant bull, the symbol of the city of Turin. The current club logo has been in use since 2006; in the 2005–06 season, the first after the bankruptcy of Torino Calcio. The "1906" on the left side of the shield was later added to recall the foundation of Foot-Ball Club Torino. In the eighties the Torino emblem was square in shape, with the words "Torino Calcio" and a stylised bull: this symbol is still very much loved by the fans, and was voted in 2013 by the readers of Guerin Sportivo as the most beautiful club logo of all time.[32]

Supporters and rivalries[edit]

The Curva Primavera of the Stadio Olimpico in Turin

Torino are the most supported club within the city of Turin itself, although supporter groups of the club can be found all over Italy and the world.[30][33] The blood-coloured shirts represent an unrivalled passion and intensity, and the Curva Maratona is one of Italy's most ardent and vibrant, home to Italy's oldest ultras group: the "Fedelissimi Granata" - who date back to 1952.[30] During the 1998–99 season, the then president Massimo Vidulich retired the number 12 jersey, assigning it symbolically to the Maratona, considered in all respects the twelfth man on the field for Torino.

Torino's biggest rivalry is with neighbours, Juventus, against whom they contest the Turin derby. Their minor rivalries are with Sampdoria, Hellas Verona, A.S. Roma, Atalanta, Brescia, Mantova, Lazio, Bologna, Lecce, Perugia, A.C. Milan, Inter Milan, Pescara, Padova, Ternana and Piacenza. Of note, there was also a rivalry with the fans of Reggina that began in 1989 and ended in 2004. A thirty-year-old friendship with the fans of Genoa ended in 2009 during the penultimate fixture of the season that saw Torino lose and effectively relegate to Serie B.[34]

Twin Clubs[edit]

Fans of Torino retain a relationship with Fiorentina, born in the early seventies to a shared anti-Juventus sentiment and a closeness between the viola and granata since the time of Superga.[30] Torino fans are also on good terms with the Curva Nord of fellow Piedmontese club Alessandria and the Curva Nord of Nocerina based in Campania.[35][36] Internationally, Torino fans maintain a good rapport with the fans of River Plate, Peñarol, Corinthians, Raith Rovers, Celtic Glasgow, Nizza, Manchester City, S.L. Benfica and Millwall. The link to the Corinthians dates back to 1914. That year Torino became the first Italian club to tour South America and played in six friendlies, all at the Estádio Palestra Itália in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. On 15 August 1914 Torino played in the first international match in the history of the Corinthians won 3–0. A second match was played on 22 August 1914; Vittorio Pozzo told a São Paulo newspaper that it proved the most difficult game of the entire tour. The match was officiated by referee Charles Miller (who introduced football to São Paulo in 1894) and ended 2–1 in favour of Torino. Despite the result, the two clubs cultivated and maintained a friendship.

In 1948 the Grande Torino toured Brazil and played the Corinthians. This time, the Brazilians took the victory 2–1, the only defeat of the Grande Torino in the entire tour. When the Grande Torino perished in the Superga air disaster, Corinthians paid tribute by wearing playing in the Torino home shirt in a friendly against Portuguesa.[37] In the 2010–11 season, Corinthians wore a third jersey that was maroon with "1949" on the back in memory of the Grande Torino.[38][39]

Stadium[edit]

Stadio Olimpico
Stadio Olimpico di Torino
Stadio Olimpico Torino Italy.jpg
Location Via Filadelfia 96/b,
10134 Turin, Italy
Broke ground 1932
Opened 14 May 1933
Renovated 2006
Owner Municipality of Turin
Operator Torino F.C.
Construction cost € 30,000,000 (2006)
Architect Raffaello Fagnoni (1932)
Capacity 28 140 seated
Tenants
Torino (1958–1990, 2006-present), Juventus (1934–1990, 2006-2011)
For more details on this topic, see Stadio Olimpico di Torino.

Torino's stadium is the 28,140 seat Stadio Olimpico. Constructed in the thirties, it was previously known as the Stadio Municipale "Benito Mussolini" and the Stadio Comunale "Vittorio Pozzo". Torino initially moved to the stadium in 1958, however the move was short-lived due to superstition following the club's first relegation in history that season. Popularly known as the Comunale, the move was completed in 1963 and was the site of all Torino home games until 1990. It holds the distinction as being the site of Torino's last championship in 1975–76. In 2006, the stadium was renovated and renamed the Stadio Olimpico on the occasion of the 2006 Winter Olympics, with a capacity of 28,140 (38,000 less than the original Comunale) in accordance with modern safety standards.[40]

Prior to the Comunale, Torino led somewhat of a nomadic existence. On 13 January 1907, Torino played its first official match at the Stadio Velodrome Umberto. On 9 January 1910, the club began using the Piazza d'armi where there were numerous fields; the Lato Ferrovia and from 26 February 1911 the Lato Crocetta. In the 1913 season, Torino transferred to the Stradale Stupinigi. With the outbreak of the First World War it was converted for military purposes. From 11 October 1925 and for the duration of the 1925–26 season Torino played its home games at the Motovelodromo di Corso Casale while awaiting transfer to the Stadio Filadelfia. Today, the Motovelodromo has been restored and dedicated to Fausto Coppi, where it holds American football meetings.

The Stadio Filadelfia is the ground inextricably linked to the deeds of the Grande Torino. Located in Via Filadelfia in Turin, the ground first opened on 17 October 1926 in a 4–0 victory over Fortitudo Roma in the presence of Umberto II and 15,000 spectators. It hosted all of Torino's home games until the 1962–63 season and was the site of six of their seven Scudetti (not counting the one revoked in 1927). In this stadium, Torino remained unbeaten for six years, 100 consecutive matches from 17 January 1943 to the Superga tragedy, including the 10–0 defeat of Alessandria (still a record in Serie A).

On 27 May 1990, the Comunale was abandoned in favour of the Stadio delle Alpi, a stadium with a capacity of 70,000 seated purposely built for the 1990 FIFA World Cup. The stadium cost an estimated €200 million to build and was paid for by the city of Turin and the Italian National Olympic Committee; that in return demanded it be fitted with athletics tracks. The result was a "soulless" stadium that spectators hated.[41] Design flaws reduced visibility and left fans exposed to the elements.[41] The ground was shared with Juventus and abandoned in 2006.

Players[edit]

First team squad[edit]

As of 2 July 2014.[42]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Belgium GK Jean-François Gillet
2 Uruguay DF Guillermo Rodríguez
4 Albania MF Migjen Basha
5 Italy DF Cesare Bovo
7 Morocco MF Omar El Kaddouri (on loan from Napoli)[43]
8 Sweden MF Alexander Farnerud
10 Brazil FW Paulo Vitor Barreto
11 Italy MF Alessio Cerci
14 Italy MF Alessandro Gazzi
16 Argentina FW Marcelo Larrondo
19 Serbia DF Nikola Maksimović
20 Italy MF Giuseppe Vives
22 Italy DF Marco Chiosa [44]
24 Italy DF Emiliano Moretti
25 Poland DF Kamil Glik (captain)[45]
No. Position Player
26 Italy GK Alfred Gomis
29 Montenegro DF Marko Vešović
30 Italy GK Daniele Padelli
36 Italy DF Matteo Darmian
77 Italy MF Simone Verdi
93 Senegal FW Abou Diop
Sweden DF Pontus Jansson
Venezuela FW Josef Martinez
Italy DF Cristian Molinaro
Italy MF Marco Benassi
Serbia MF Alen Stevanović
Italy DF Davide Cinaglia [44]
Italy MF Antonio Nocerino (on loan from Milan)[46]
Spain MF Rubén Pérez (on loan from Atlético Madrid)[47]
For recent transfers, see 2014–15 Torino F.C. season.

On loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Senegal GK Lys Gomis (at Trapani until 30 June 2015)[48]
Italy DF Andrea Ientile (at Südtirol until 30 June 2015)[49]
Italy DF Antonio Barreca (at Cittadella until 30 June 2015)[50]
No. Position Player
Italy MF Mattia Aramu (at Trapani until 30 June 2015)[51]
Romania MF Sergiu Suciu (at Crotone until 30 June 2015)[52]
Ghana FW Emmanuel Gyasi (at Pisa until 30 June 2015)[53]

Co-ownership[edit]

The following are players who have been transferred to another team with Torino retaining the right of participation (i.e. 50% of the patrimonial rights) to their contracts. For further information, see: Co-ownership.

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Italy DF Filippo Scaglia (Cittadella)[54][55]
Italy DF Nicolò Sperotto (Carpi)[56]
Italy FW Gianmario Comi (Milan)[57][58]

Youth team squad[edit]

Main article: Torino F.C. Primavera

Non-playing staff[edit]

As of 2 May 2014.[59][60]
Position Name
Chairman Urbano Cairo
Vice-chairman Giuseppe Cairo
Head coach Giampiero Ventura
Assistant coach Salvatore Sullo
Team Manager Giacomo Ferri
Fitness coaches Alessandro Innocenti
Paolo Solustri
Goalkeeping coach Giuseppe Zinetti

Presidents and managers[edit]

Presidential history[edit]

Ferruccio Novo, Torino president 1939–1953
 
Name Years
Hans Schönbrod 1906–1907
Alfredo Dick 1907–1908
Giovanni Secondi 1908–1911
Guido Castoldi 1911–1919
Giovanni Secondi 1919–1920
Luigi Paissa 1920–1922
Giuseppe Bevione 1922–1924
Enrico Marone Cinzano 1924–1928
Giacomo Ferrari 1928–1930
Giuseppe Vastapane 1930–1931
Vittorio Gervasio 1931–1932
 
Name Years
Giovanni Battista Mossetto 1932–1934
Euclide Silvestri 1934–1935
Giovan Battista Cuniberti 1935–1939
Ferruccio Novo 1939–1953
Board of regents 1953–1955
Teresio Guglielmone 1955–1956
Executive Board 1956–1957
Mario Rubatto 1957–1959
Luigi Morando 1959–1961
Angelo Filippone 1961–1963
Orfeo Pianelli 1963–1982
 
Name Years
Sergio Rossi 1982–1987
Mario Gerbi 1987–1989
Gian Mauro Borsano 1989–1993
Roberto Goveani 1993–1994
Gianmarco Calleri 1994–1997
Massimo Vidulich 1997–2000
Giuseppe Aghemo 2000
Attilio Romero 2000–2005
Pierluigi Marengo 2005
Urbano Cairo 2005–

Managerial history[edit]

Below is a list of Torino coaches from 1912 until the present day.[61][62]

 
Name Nationality Years
Vittorio Pozzo Italy 1912–1922
Karl Stürmer Austria 1922–1924
Peter Farmer England 1924–1926
Imre Schoffer Hungary 1926–1927
Tony Cargnelli Austria 1927–1929
Karl Stürmer Austria 1929–1930
Vittorio Morelli di Popolo Italy 1930–1931
Adolfo Baloncieri
Giuseppe Aliberti
Italy
Italy
1931–1932
Franz Hänsel
Augusto Rangone
Czech Republic
Italy
1932–1933
Augusto Rangone
Eugen Payer
Italy
Hungary
1933–1934
Tony Cargnelli Austria 1934–1936
Gyula Feldmann Hungary 1936–1938
Mario Sperone
Egri Erbstein
Italy
Hungary
1938
Ignác Molnár Hungary 1938–1939
Angelo Mattea
Andreas Kuttik
Italy
Hungary
1939–1940
Tony Cargnelli Austria 1940–1941
Andreas Kutik Hungary 1941–1942
Antonio Janni Italy 1942–1945
Luigi Ferrero Italy 1945–1947
Mario Sperone
Roberto Copernico
Italy
Italy
1947–1948
Leslie Lievesley
Egri Erbstein
England
Hungary
1948–1949
Oberdan Ussello
Roberto Copernico
Italy
Italy
1949
Giuseppe Bigogno Italy 1949–1951
Mario Sperone
Roberto Copernico
Italy
Italy
1951–1952
Oberdan Ussello
Roberto Copernico
Italy
Italy
1952–1953
Oberdan Ussello
Jesse Carver
Italy
England
1953
 
Name Nationality Years
Luigi Miconi
Annibale Frossi
Italy
Italy
1953–1954
Annibale Frossi Italy 1954–1956
Fioravante Baldi Italy 1956–1957
Antonio Vespucio Liberti
Oberdan Ussello
Argentina
Italy
1957
Blagoje Marjanović Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 1957–1958
Fioravante Baldi Italy 1958
Federico Allasio Italy 1958
Quinto Bertoloni Italy 1958–1959
Giacinto Ellena Italy 1959
Imre Senkey Hungary 1959–1960
Giacinto Ellena Italy 1960
Benjamin Santos Argentina 1960–1963
Giacinto Ellena Italy 1963
Nereo Rocco Italy 1963–1967
Edmondo Fabbri Italy 1967–1969
Giancarlo Cadè Italy 1969–1971
Beniamino Cancian Italy 1971
Gustavo Giagnoni Italy 1971–1974
Edmondo Fabbri Italy 1974–1975
Luigi Radice Italy 1975–1980
Ercole Rabitti Italy 1980–1981
Romano Cazzaniga Italy 1981
Massimo Giacomini Italy 1981–1982
Eugenio Bersellini Italy 1982–1984
Luigi Radice Italy 1984–1988
Claudio Sala Italy 1988–1989
Sergio Vatta Italy 1989
Eugenio Fascetti Italy 1989–1990
Emiliano Mondonico Italy 1990–1994
Rosario Rampanti Italy 1994
Lido Vieri Italy 1994
Nedo Sonetti Italy 1994–1995
Franco Scoglio Italy 1995–1996
 
Name Nationality Years
Lido Vieri Italy 1996
Mauro Sandreani Italy 1996–1997
Lido Vieri Italy 1997
Giancarlo Camolese
Graeme Souness
Italy
Scotland
1997
Edoardo Reja Italy 1997–1998
Emiliano Mondonico Italy 1998–2000
Luigi Simoni Italy 2000
Giancarlo Camolese Italy 2000–2002
Renato Zaccarelli Italy 2002
Renzo Ulivieri Italy 2002–2003
Renato Zaccarelli Italy 2003
Giacomo Ferri Italy 2003
Ezio Rossi Italy 2003–2005
Renato Zaccarelli Italy 2005
Daniele Arrigoni Italy 2005
Paolo Stringara Italy 2005
Gianni De Biasi Italy 2005–2006
Alberto Zaccheroni Italy 2006–2007
Gianni De Biasi Italy 2007
Walter Alfredo Novellino Italy 2007–2008
Gianni De Biasi Italy 2008
Walter Alfredo Novellino Italy 2008–2009
Giancarlo Camolese Italy 2009
Stefano Colantuono Italy 2009
Mario Beretta Italy 2009–2010
Stefano Colantuono Italy 2010
Franco Lerda Italy 2010–2011
Giuseppe Papadopulo Italy 2011
Franco Lerda Italy 2011
Giampiero Ventura Italy 2011–

Honours[edit]

Domestic[edit]

League[edit]

  • Champions (3): 1959–60, 1989–90, 2000–01
  • Runners-up (1): 2011–12

Notes:
^1 Torino won the title in the 1926–27 season, but it was later revoked.

Cups[edit]

  • Champions (5): 1935–36, 1942–43, 1967–68, 1970–71, 1992–93
  • Runners-up (8): 1937–38, 1962–63, 1963–64, 1969–70, 1979–80, 1980–81, 1981–82, 1987–88
  • Runners-up (1): 1993

European[edit]

International[edit]

  • Winners (1): 1990–91

Club records and statistics[edit]

Giorgio Ferrini, 566 matches and 56 goals for Torino

Giorgio Ferrini holds the record for all-time appearances for Torino with 566 appearances accumulated between 1959–1975.

Among the all time top goal scorers, Paolo Pulici leads with 172 official goals from 1967 to 1982. He is also the only Torino player to have won the Capocannoniere more than once: 1972–1973 (17), 1974–1975 (18), 1975–1976 (21). In 1976–1977, he was succeeded as the league top scorer by teammate Francesco Graziani (21) and most recently: Ciro Immobile (22) in 2013–14. The most goals scored in a single season was set by Gino Rossetti (36) in 1928–29; this also constitutes the Italian football record. Julio Libonatti narrowly missed the record in 1927–28 (35).

The longest serving coach is Luigi Radice, who led Torino on two different spells between 1975–1980 and 1984–1989. He also holds the distinction of being the only Torino coach to win Serie A since Superga.[63]

Most appearances

Most goals scored overall


Kit manufacturers and shirt sponsors[edit]

Years Kit manufacturer Sponsor
1990–1991 ABM Indesit
1991–1993 Beretta
1993–1994 Lotto
1994–1995 Bongioanni
1995–1996 SDA Courier
1996–2000 Kelme
2000–2001 Directa
2001–2002 ASICS Conto Arancio
2002–2003 Ixfin
2003–2005 Bavaria
2005–2008 Reale Mutua Beretta
2008–2009 Kappa Renault Trucks
2009–2011 Italporte Dahlia TV
2011–2012 Valmora Aruba
2012–2013 Beretta
2013–2015 Suzuki[64]

See also[edit]

Club related topics[edit]

Historical information[edit]

Lists[edit]

Records and recognitions[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • AA.VV, "Football Club Torino-25º anniversario", Artale, Torino, 1931
  • AA.VV, "A.C.Torino-Storia della squadra granata", Edizioni juventus, Milano, 1942
  • AA.VV, "Gabetto" (assi dello sport), Milano, 1948
  • AA.VV, "A.C.Torino" (assi dello sport), Milano, 1948
  • AA.VV, "In memoria Caduti di Superga" (bollettino straordinario), F. I.G.C. Roma, 1949
  • AA.VV, "Carapellese", Edizioni S.E.S.S., Milano, 1951
  • AA.VV, "Il Torino compie 50 anni" (numero unico), Arzio Editore, Torino, 1956
  • AA.VV, "Forza TORO !", La stamperia, Torino, 1959
  • AA.VV, "Forza TORO !", La stamperia, Torino, 1960
  • AA.VV, "Forza TORO !", La stamperia, Torino, 1963
  • AA.VV, "A.C. Torino", Saep, Torino, 1965
  • AA.VV, "Obbiettivo: il 7º scudetto", (supplemento intrepido n°16), 1970
  • AA.VV, "Pianelli e lo Sport", E.S.T.P., Torino, 1971
  • AA.VV, "Toro chiama coppa", Torino, 1971
  • AA.VV, "Renato Zaccarelli", A.C. Torino, Torino, 1974
  • AA.VV, "Ricordo del Grande Torino – A Superga 25 anni dopo", A.C. Torino, Torino, 1974
  • AA.VV, "Siamo campioni", Zinetti editore, Torino, 1976
  • AA.VV, "Torino calcio: Superga nella sua storia", Edizioni Litograph, Firenze, 1981
  • AA.VV, "Renato Zaccarelli", Forte Editore, Milano, 1986
  • AA.VV, "Il Torino nella storia", Forte Edizioni, Milano, 1987
  • AA.VV, "Beppe Dossena", Forte Editore, Milano, 1987
  • AA.VV, "Indimenticabile Grande Torino", Torino Calcio, Torino, 1989
  • AA.VV, "Quel giorno a Superga - 40anni dopo" (suppl. Repubblica), Milano, 1989
  • AA.VV, "65 artisti e il Grande Torino", La cittadella-Galleria d'arte, Torino, 1989
  • AA.VV, "Speciale Grande Torino", Q&P, Torino, 1999
  • AA.VV, "Un fiore a Superga chiamato Grande Torino", Associazione memoria storica granata, Torino, 1999
  • AA.VV, "Mitissimo, il Grande Torino mezzo secolo dopo Superga", Toro club Melfi, Melfi, 1999
  • AA.VV, "La concertina del Grande Torino", Agami, Cuneo, 1999
  • AA.VV, "Torino: Il Mito e i Campioni", Ed.La Stampa, Torino, 1999
  • AA.VV, "Il Toro e il Giglio", Edizioni Scramasax, Firenze, 2000
  • AA.VV, "Almanacco del Torino 2001", Graphot, Torino, 2000
  • AA.VV, "Collezione Torino Calcio", T.C.P., Torino, 2000
  • AA.VV, "La concertina del Grande Torino", Agami, Madonna dell'Olmo, 2001
  • AA.VV, "1º Concorso Poesie Granata - Giovanni Arpino", Toro Club Cuore Granata, Vigone, 2001
  • AA.VV, "2º Concorso Poesie Granata - Piero Dardanello", Toro Club Cuore Granata, Vigone, 2002
  • AA.VV, "Maratona, affare di cuori. Viaggio dentro la curva più "sopraelevata" del mondo", Alfagrafica Volonnino, Lavello, 2002
  • AA.VV, "3º Concorso Poesie Granata - Renato Casalbore", Toro Club Cuore Granata, Vigone, 2003
  • AA.VV, "4º Concorso Poesie Granata - Renato Tosatti", Toro Club Cuore Granata, Vigone, 2004
  • AA.VV, "5º Concorso Poesie Granata - Luigi Cavallero", Toro Club Cuore Granata, Vigone, 2005
  • AA.VV, "6º Concorso di Letteratura Granata – Voglia di raccontare... Cent'anni di Toro...- "Premio Orfeo Pianelli"", Toro Club Cuore Granata, Vigone, 2006
  • AA.VV, "100 anni da Toro", a cura di Franco Ossola, Cairo editore, 2006
  • AA.VV, "3 dicembre 2006: cento anni di fede granata", Cantelli, 2006
  • AA.VV, "CenToro. Un secolo di sogni, segni e disegni", Alfa Grafica Volonnino, Lavello, 2006
  • AA.VV, "Toro, che fenomeno, 100", Nuova Editoriale Sportiva-Tuttosport, Torino, 2006
  • AA.VV, "7º Concorso di Letteratura Granata – Voglia di raccontare... Cent'anni di Toro...- "Premio Sergio Rossi"", Toro Club Cuore Granata, Vigone, 2007
  • Albrigi Enrico, " Giorgio Ferrini. Il capitano di mille battaglie", Graphot Editrice, Torino, 1999
  • Albrigi Enrico, " Giorgio Ferrini. Il capitano di mille battaglie", Graphot per "La Stampa", Torino, 2006
  • Ansaldo-Lo Presti, "Vecchio cuore granata", Graphot, Torino, 1988
  • Ansaldo-Lo Presti, "Torino: gli scudetti del Comunale", Rizzoli, Milano, 1989
  • Baggioli Vincenzo, "Il Torino oltre la vita", Arti Grafiche Pezzini, Milano, 1949
  • Barbero Sergio, "Il Toro Addosso", Graphot, Torino, 1985
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External links[edit]